Writing a Critical Reflection
Assignment
Write a short critical reflection on your experience on the course
and course this semester.
Your final essay s...
Critical Reflection
Reflection offers you the opportunity to consider how your
personal experiences and observations shape...
Critical Reflection
This model describes how to approach writing a critical reflection:
1. DESCRIPTION (Event)
What happen...
The structure of reflective writing
Reflective writing, then, essentially asks you to look at
experience and offer:
DESCRI...
The structure of reflective writing
You need to create a formal written piece similar to an academic essay in form. This
s...
Language use in critical reflective writing
Avoid writing basic and twee comments like, “I had problems
understanding the ...
Language use in critical reflective writing
How does the writer indicate that he/she is addressing or responding to
someth...
Language use in critical reflective writing
How does the writer demonstrate interpretation of events?
Use of phrases such ...
Additional Information
Your critical reflection SHOULD include reference
to at least one course reading and you SHOULD
sho...
APA referencing
Use of secondary sources with proper citations and referencing
demonstrates academic integrity and success...
Critical Reflection Exercise
1. Write a paragraph describing your expectations of the
course.
ASK YOURSELF:
1. What did yo...
Critical Reflection Exercise
Write a paragraph describing your expectations of the
course.
ASK YOURSELF:
1. What did you t...
Critical Reflection Exercise
Write a paragraph describing what you did on the course.
ASK YOURSELF:
1. Was there some theo...
Critical Reflection Exercise
Write a paragraph describing what you learned on the
course.
ASK YOURSELF:
1. Was there somet...
Critical Reflection Exercise

Share your writing with your partner.
Is there anything about your experiences that are simi...
Adapted from a slide deck by:

Linda Macdonald PhD
The Dalhousie Writing Centre
http://www.slideshare.net/dalwritingcentre...
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Communications: Writing a critical reflection

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A presentation given on a communications theory course for journalism students at Zhejiang University of Media and Communications. A generic slide deck that aims to introduce a reflective writing assignment and give the students an experience of reflective writing. It really needs an exampe of reflective writing but alas I dont have one. Adapted from a slide deck by: Linda Macdonald PhD, The Dalhousie Writing Centre. http://www.slideshare.net/dalwritingcentre/critical-reflective-writing

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Communications: Writing a critical reflection

  1. 1. Writing a Critical Reflection
  2. 2. Assignment Write a short critical reflection on your experience on the course and course this semester. Your final essay should be between 500 and 700 words or roughly two pages of A4 at 12pt, Arial, double spaced. Hand in your assignment to your tutor during your lesson in week 17. There will be NO late assignments!
  3. 3. Critical Reflection Reflection offers you the opportunity to consider how your personal experiences and observations shape your thinking and your acceptance of new ideas. Critically engage with concepts from your course by making connections between your observations, experiences, and opinions. Critical reflective writing demonstrates your ability to explore, to question, and to analyse experience and to use academic content to enhance your understanding of this experience. The best reflections are done by those students who have regularly taken notes throughout the semester of their
  4. 4. Critical Reflection This model describes how to approach writing a critical reflection: 1. DESCRIPTION (Event) What happened? What is being examined? 2. INTERPRETATION (Analysis) What is most important/ interesting/useful/relevant about the object, event, or idea? How can it be explained with theory? How is it similar to and different from other events or experiences? 3. OUTCOME (Implications) What have I learned from this? What does it mean for my future in this field?
  5. 5. The structure of reflective writing Reflective writing, then, essentially asks you to look at experience and offer: DESCRIPTION ANALYSIS IMPLICATIONS
  6. 6. The structure of reflective writing You need to create a formal written piece similar to an academic essay in form. This style of response requires an introduction, body, and conclusion. In crafting your response, consider the following: INTRODUCTION Identifies an issue and why it is important May use theory to explain relevance Outlines key themes that the paper will address BODY PARAGRAPHS Each paragraph introduces a theme or topic Provides evidence from practice or current literature/theory Introduces multiple perspectives CONCLUSION Restates the issue Reiterates key points Emphasizes the implications of the points
  7. 7. Language use in critical reflective writing Avoid writing basic and twee comments like, “I had problems understanding the language” or “I found the website difficult”. You need to move beyond these difficulties. How did you overcome these issues? What did the experience of having an issue teach you? It is perfectly acceptable to discuss how you feel or how you felt about an experience. You should use the first person singular “I” rather than talk about yourself in the abstract second or third person.
  8. 8. Language use in critical reflective writing How does the writer indicate that he/she is addressing or responding to something he/she has been involved in or observed? Use of personal pronoun “I”; use of thinking and sensing words such as “I feel”, “I realize”, “I question”, “I wonder”. How does the writer indicate how the event took place? Use of temporal language, such as “previously”, “first”, “then”, “afterwards”, “subsequently”. How does the writer demonstrate knowledge of the subject discipline? Use of terms and technical language specific to the field of social work. How does the writer relate this event to similar incidents of personal experiences? Use of comparison/contrast language (“similarly”, “unlike”, “alternatively”); use of example.
  9. 9. Language use in critical reflective writing How does the writer demonstrate interpretation of events? Use of phrases such as “the most significant element…”, “initially I questioned…”, “the relevant aspects were…”, “probably because of…”, “this issue may have resulted in..” How does the writer reason and explain why things happened the way they did? Use of causal language, such as “because” ,“since” , or “due to the fact that”; use of references to literature and practice as evidence. How does the writer look to the future and indicate how he/she will reconstruct and apply new knowledge? Use of words indicating the future, such as “will”, “going to”, “should”, “may” or “can”. How does the writer reinforce the implications? Use of phrases such as “this knowledge could useful to me as a practitioner because..”, “this understanding will be important to me as a learner because…”, or “this skill is essential for…”
  10. 10. Additional Information Your critical reflection SHOULD include reference to at least one course reading and you SHOULD show how this is linked to the topics discussed in class and how it relates to your own group project.
  11. 11. APA referencing Use of secondary sources with proper citations and referencing demonstrates academic integrity and successful engagement in the profession. Use proper author/date in-text citation. Include page numbers for direct quotations. Alphabetise the reference list and use hanging indents. Follow the guidelines for APA 6th edition: http://libraries.dal.ca/content/dam/dalhousie/pdf/library/Style_Guides/apa_style6.pdf
  12. 12. Critical Reflection Exercise 1. Write a paragraph describing your expectations of the course. ASK YOURSELF: 1. What did you think communications theory was about? 2. What did you think you would learn? 3. Why did you want to do this course?
  13. 13. Critical Reflection Exercise Write a paragraph describing your expectations of the course. ASK YOURSELF: 1. What did you think communications theory was about? 2. What did you think you would learn? 3. Why did you want to do this course?
  14. 14. Critical Reflection Exercise Write a paragraph describing what you did on the course. ASK YOURSELF: 1. Was there some theory that was particularly interesting for you? 2. How did it link with the group work you did? 3. Was the theory similar or different to other courses you have studied?
  15. 15. Critical Reflection Exercise Write a paragraph describing what you learned on the course. ASK YOURSELF: 1. Was there something that made you think... Aha! (what we call a light bulb moment) 2. How was the course different from what you expected? 3. What would you do differently next time?
  16. 16. Critical Reflection Exercise Share your writing with your partner. Is there anything about your experiences that are similar?
  17. 17. Adapted from a slide deck by: Linda Macdonald PhD The Dalhousie Writing Centre http://www.slideshare.net/dalwritingcentre/critical-reflective-writing

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