Principles of Information Systems Eighth Edition Chapter 7 The Internet, Intranets, and Extranets
Principles and Learning Objectives <ul><li>The Internet is like many other technologies—it provides a wide range of servic...
Principles and Learning Objectives (continued) <ul><li>Originally developed as a document-management system, the World Wid...
Principles and Learning Objectives (continued) <ul><li>Because the Internet and the World Wide Web are becoming more unive...
Principles and Learning Objectives (continued) <ul><ul><li>Define the terms  intranet  and  extranet  and discuss how orga...
Why Learn About the Internet? <ul><li>Internet is an important part of most people’s lives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individua...
Use and Functioning of the Internet <ul><li>Internet:  a collection of interconnected networks, all freely exchanging info...
Use and Functioning of the Internet (continued) <ul><li>Internet Protocol (IP):  communication standard that enables traff...
Use and Functioning of the Internet (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.1: A Brief Histo...
How the Internet Works <ul><li>Internet transmits data from one computer (called a  host ) to another </li></ul><ul><li>If...
How the Internet Works (continued) <ul><li>Data is passed in chunks called  packets </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission Control...
How the Internet Works (continued) <ul><li>Accessing the Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect via LAN server </li></ul><...
How the Internet Works (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.1: Routing Messages over the...
How the Internet Works (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.2: U.S. Top-Level Domain Affi...
How the Internet Works (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.2: Internet Growth: Number o...
How the Internet Works (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.3: Several Ways to Access th...
Internet Service Providers <ul><li>Internet service provider (ISP): any company that provides individuals or organizations...
Internet Service Providers (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.3: A Representative List ...
Internet Service Providers (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.4: Approximate Times to P...
The World Wide Web <ul><li>Also called the Web, WWW, or W3 </li></ul><ul><li>Menu-based system that uses the client/server...
The World Wide Web (continued) <ul><li>Hypertext Markup Language (HTML):  standard page description language for Web pages...
The World Wide Web (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.4: Sample Hypertext Markup Langu...
Web Browsers <ul><li>Web browser:  software that creates a unique, hypermedia-based menu on a computer screen, providing a...
Search Engines and Web Research <ul><li>Search engine:  Web search tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Yahoo.com, Google....
Search Engines and Web Research (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.6  Popular Search En...
Web Programming Languages <ul><li>Java </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Object-oriented programming language from Sun Microsystems ba...
Web Programming Languages (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.6: Downloading an Applet ...
Web Programming Languages (continued) <ul><li>Other programming languages used to develop Web sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Developing Web Content <ul><li>Suggestions for creating a Web page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer must be linked to a Web ...
Developing Web Content (continued) <ul><li>Suggestions for creating a Web page (continued): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See HTML...
Developing Web Content (continued) <ul><li>Suggestions for creating a Web page (continued): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add soun...
Web Services <ul><li>Web services:  standards and tools that streamline and simplify communication among Web sites for bus...
Web Services (continued) <ul><li>Other components used in Web service applications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SOAP (Simple Obj...
Internet and Web Applications <ul><li>The types of Internet and Web applications available are vast and ever expanding </l...
Business Uses of the Web <ul><li>In 1991, Commercial Internet Exchange (CIX) Association was established to allow business...
E-Mail, Instant Messaging, and Push Technology <ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No longer limited to simple text messa...
E-Mail, Instant Messaging, and Push Technology (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.7: So...
Internet Cell Phones and Handheld Computers <ul><li>Cell phones connected to the Internet allow people to search for infor...
Career Information and Job Searching <ul><li>Use search engines to look for specific companies or industries </li></ul><ul...
Telnet and FTP <ul><li>Telnet:  terminal emulation protocol that enables users to log on to other computers on the Interne...
Web Log (Blog), Video Log (Vlog), and Podcasting <ul><li>Web log  or  blog:  Web site that people create and use to write ...
Usenet and Newsgroups <ul><li>Usenet:  system closely allied with the Internet that uses e-mail to provide a centralized n...
Usenet and Newsgroups (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.8: Selected Usenet Newsgroups
Chat Rooms <ul><li>Chat room:  enables two or more people to engage in interactive “conversations” over the Internet </li>...
Internet Phone and Videoconferencing Services <ul><li>Internet phone service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively inexpensive,...
Content Streaming <ul><li>Method for transferring multimedia files, radio broadcasts, and other content over the Internet ...
Shopping on the Web <ul><li>You can shop for almost anything over the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Convenient, easy, and cos...
Web Auctions <ul><li>Web auction:  Internet site that matches buyers and sellers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses grow or ...
Music, Radio, Video, and TV on the Internet <ul><li>Audio and video programs: play on the Internet or download files for l...
Music, Radio, Video, and TV on the Internet (continued) <ul><li>Video and TV are increasingly becoming available on the In...
Office on the Web <ul><li>Internet office:  Web site that contains files, phone numbers, e-mail addresses, an appointment ...
Internet Sites in Three Dimensions <ul><li>Some Web sites offer three-dimensional views of places and products </li></ul><...
Other Internet Services and Applications <ul><li>Libraries: provide vast amounts of information </li></ul><ul><li>Movies: ...
Other Internet Services and Applications (continued) <ul><li>Distance learning: online courses </li></ul><ul><li>Internet ...
Intranets and Extranets <ul><li>Intranet:  internal corporate network built using Internet and World Wide Web standards an...
Intranets and Extranets (continued) <ul><li>Extranet:  network based on Web technologies that links selected resources of ...
Intranets and Extranets (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.9: Summary of Internet, Intr...
Net Issues <ul><li>Management issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventing attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Service and speed iss...
Summary <ul><li>Internet: collection of interconnected networks, all freely exchanging information </li></ul><ul><li>Inter...
Summary (continued) <ul><li>Uniform Resource Locator (URL): assigned address on the Internet for each computer </li></ul><...
Summary (continued) <ul><li>Intranet: internal corporate network built using Internet and World Wide Web standards </li></...
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Collaboration Tools And Wireless Networking

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Collaboration Tools And Wireless Networking

  1. 1. Principles of Information Systems Eighth Edition Chapter 7 The Internet, Intranets, and Extranets
  2. 2. Principles and Learning Objectives <ul><li>The Internet is like many other technologies—it provides a wide range of services, some of which are effective and practical for use today, others that are still evolving, and still others that will fade away from lack of use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Briefly describe how the Internet works, including alternatives for connecting to it and the role of Internet service providers </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  3. 3. Principles and Learning Objectives (continued) <ul><li>Originally developed as a document-management system, the World Wide Web is a menu-based system that is easy to use for personal and business applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the World Wide Web and the way it works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain the use of Web browsers, search engines, and other Web tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify and briefly describe the applications associated with the Internet and the Web </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  4. 4. Principles and Learning Objectives (continued) <ul><li>Because the Internet and the World Wide Web are becoming more universally used and accepted for business use, management, service and speed, privacy, and security issues must continually be addressed and resolved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify who is using the Web to conduct business and discuss some of the pros and cons of Web shopping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline a process for creating Web content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe Java and discuss its potential impact on the software world </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  5. 5. Principles and Learning Objectives (continued) <ul><ul><li>Define the terms intranet and extranet and discuss how organizations are using them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify several issues associated with the use of networks </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  6. 6. Why Learn About the Internet? <ul><li>Internet is an important part of most people’s lives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals can investigate career opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses sell and advertise online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees can communicate with coworkers and bosses </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  7. 7. Use and Functioning of the Internet <ul><li>Internet: a collection of interconnected networks, all freely exchanging information </li></ul><ul><li>ARPANET </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancestor of the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project started by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) in 1969 </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  8. 8. Use and Functioning of the Internet (continued) <ul><li>Internet Protocol (IP): communication standard that enables traffic to be routed from one network to another as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Research to make Internet faster and easier to use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Digital objects”: allow all types of computer systems to use and share programs and data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet2 (I2), Next Generation Internet (NGI), Abilene: provide Internet speeds of up to 2 Gbps or more </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  9. 9. Use and Functioning of the Internet (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.1: A Brief History of the Internet
  10. 10. How the Internet Works <ul><li>Internet transmits data from one computer (called a host ) to another </li></ul><ul><li>If the receiving computer is on a network to which the first computer is directly connected, it can send the message directly </li></ul><ul><li>If the receiving computer is not on a network to which the sending computer is connected, the sending computer relays the message to another computer that can forward it </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  11. 11. How the Internet Works (continued) <ul><li>Data is passed in chunks called packets </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission Control Protocol (TCP): widely used transport layer protocol that is used in combination with IP by most Internet applications </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform Resource Locator (URL): assigned address on the Internet for each computer </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  12. 12. How the Internet Works (continued) <ul><li>Accessing the Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect via LAN server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect via Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP)/Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect via an online service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other ways to connect cell phones, PDAs, and home appliances: e.g., wireless application protocol (WAP) for cell phones </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  13. 13. How the Internet Works (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.1: Routing Messages over the Internet
  14. 14. How the Internet Works (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.2: U.S. Top-Level Domain Affiliations
  15. 15. How the Internet Works (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.2: Internet Growth: Number of Internet Domain Names
  16. 16. How the Internet Works (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.3: Several Ways to Access the Internet
  17. 17. Internet Service Providers <ul><li>Internet service provider (ISP): any company that provides individuals or organizations with access to the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Most charge a monthly fee </li></ul><ul><li>Many ISPs and online services offer broadband Internet access through digital subscriber lines (DSLs), cable, or satellite transmission </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  18. 18. Internet Service Providers (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.3: A Representative List of Internet Service Providers
  19. 19. Internet Service Providers (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.4: Approximate Times to Perform Basic Tasks with Various Internet Connections
  20. 20. The World Wide Web <ul><li>Also called the Web, WWW, or W3 </li></ul><ul><li>Menu-based system that uses the client/server model </li></ul><ul><li>Organizes Internet resources throughout the world into a series of menu pages, or screens, that appear on your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Hypermedia: tools that connect the data on Web pages, allowing users to access topics in whatever order they wish </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  21. 21. The World Wide Web (continued) <ul><li>Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): standard page description language for Web pages </li></ul><ul><li>HTML tags: let the browser know how to format text on a Web page and whether images, sound, and other elements should be inserted </li></ul><ul><li>Extensible Markup Language (XML): markup language for Web documents containing structured information, including words, pictures, and other elements </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  22. 22. The World Wide Web (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.4: Sample Hypertext Markup Language
  23. 23. Web Browsers <ul><li>Web browser: software that creates a unique, hypermedia-based menu on a computer screen, providing a graphical interface to the Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Menu consists of graphics, titles, and text with hypertext links </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Web browsers: Microsoft Internet Explorer, Netscape Navigator, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Computer’s Safari </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applet: small program embedded in Web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Web browser plug-in: external program that is executed by a Web browser when it is needed </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  24. 24. Search Engines and Web Research <ul><li>Search engine: Web search tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Yahoo.com, Google.com, Bling de Microsoft </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most search engines are free </li></ul><ul><li>Searches can use words, such as AND and OR to refine the search </li></ul><ul><li>Meta-search engine: submits keywords to several individual search engines and returns results from all these search engines </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  25. 25. Search Engines and Web Research (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.6 Popular Search Engines
  26. 26. Web Programming Languages <ul><li>Java </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Object-oriented programming language from Sun Microsystems based on C++ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows small programs (applets) to be embedded within an HTML document </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  27. 27. Web Programming Languages (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Figure 7.6: Downloading an Applet from a Web Server
  28. 28. Web Programming Languages (continued) <ul><li>Other programming languages used to develop Web sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JavaScript </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VBScript </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ActiveX </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  29. 29. Developing Web Content <ul><li>Suggestions for creating a Web page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer must be linked to a Web server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web browser program needed to view the HTML pages you create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Options for designing the Web page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write your copy with a word processor, and use an HTML converter to convert the page into HTML format </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use an HTML editor to write text and add HTML tags </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Edit an existing HTML template to meet your needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use an ordinary text editor and type the start and end tags for each item </li></ul></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  30. 30. Developing Web Content (continued) <ul><li>Suggestions for creating a Web page (continued): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See HTML page in browser; correct any mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add links to your home page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store pictures as files before adding them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Draw them using a graphics software package </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copy pictures from other Web pages (with permission) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buy a disk of clip art </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scan photos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use a digital camera </li></ul></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  31. 31. Developing Web Content (continued) <ul><li>Suggestions for creating a Web page (continued): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add sound by using a microphone connected to your computer to create a file, and then adding a link to the file on a Web page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upload the HTML file to your Web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review the Web page to make sure that all links are correctly established to other Web sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertise your Web page to others and encourage them to take a look and send feedback by e-mail </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  32. 32. Web Services <ul><li>Web services: standards and tools that streamline and simplify communication among Web sites for business and personal purposes </li></ul><ul><li>XML is used within a Web page to describe and transfer data between Web service applications </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  33. 33. Web Services (continued) <ul><li>Other components used in Web service applications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WSDL (Web Services Description Language) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UDDI (Universal Discovery Description and Integration) </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  34. 34. Internet and Web Applications <ul><li>The types of Internet and Web applications available are vast and ever expanding </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  35. 35. Business Uses of the Web <ul><li>In 1991, Commercial Internet Exchange (CIX) Association was established to allow businesses to connect to the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Firms use the Internet for many types of applications </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  36. 36. E-Mail, Instant Messaging, and Push Technology <ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No longer limited to simple text messages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can embed sound and images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can attach files </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instant messaging: online, real-time communication between two or more people who are connected to the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Push technology: automatic transmission of information over the Internet rather than make users search for it with their browsers </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  37. 37. E-Mail, Instant Messaging, and Push Technology (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.7: Some Common Abbreviations Used in Personal E-Mail
  38. 38. Internet Cell Phones and Handheld Computers <ul><li>Cell phones connected to the Internet allow people to search for information, buy products, and chat with business associates and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Short Message Service (SMS) or texting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief text messages can be sent between two or more cell phone users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Handheld computers and other devices are connected to the Internet using phone lines or wireless connections </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  39. 39. Career Information and Job Searching <ul><li>Use search engines to look for specific companies or industries </li></ul><ul><li>Internet sites specialize in helping you find job information and apply for jobs online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: www.monster.com , www.hotjobs.com , and www.careerbuilder.com </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  40. 40. Telnet and FTP <ul><li>Telnet: terminal emulation protocol that enables users to log on to other computers on the Internet to gain access to public files </li></ul><ul><li>File Transfer Protocol (FTP): protocol that describes a file transfer process between a host and a remote computer and allows users to copy files from one computer to another </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  41. 41. Web Log (Blog), Video Log (Vlog), and Podcasting <ul><li>Web log or blog: Web site that people create and use to write about their observations, experiences, and feelings on a wide range of topics </li></ul><ul><li>Video log or vlog: video content placed on the Internet using the same overall approach as a blog </li></ul><ul><li>Podcast: audio broadcast over the Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People and corporations use podcasts to listen to audio material, increase revenues, or advertise products and services </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  42. 42. Usenet and Newsgroups <ul><li>Usenet: system closely allied with the Internet that uses e-mail to provide a centralized news service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protocol that describes how groups of messages can be stored on and sent between computers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newsgroups: online discussion groups that focus on specific topics </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  43. 43. Usenet and Newsgroups (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.8: Selected Usenet Newsgroups
  44. 44. Chat Rooms <ul><li>Chat room: enables two or more people to engage in interactive “conversations” over the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Relay Chat (IRC) requires participants to type their conversation rather than speak </li></ul><ul><li>Voice chat allows participants to speak their conversation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must have a microphone, sound card, speakers, a fast modem or broadband, and voice-chat software compatible with the other participants’ </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  45. 45. Internet Phone and Videoconferencing Services <ul><li>Internet phone service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively inexpensive, especially for international calls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voice-over-IP (VoIP) technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Network managers can route phone calls and fax transmissions over the same network they use for data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet videoconferencing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports both voice and visual communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Webcasts or Webinars </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  46. 46. Content Streaming <ul><li>Method for transferring multimedia files, radio broadcasts, and other content over the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Data stream of voice and pictures plays more or less continuously without a break, or with very few breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Enables users to browse large files in real time </li></ul><ul><li>Works best when the transmission of a file can keep up with the playback of the file </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  47. 47. Shopping on the Web <ul><li>You can shop for almost anything over the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Convenient, easy, and cost effective </li></ul><ul><li>Many Web sites also offer free shipping and pickup for returned items </li></ul><ul><li>Bot: a software tool that searches the Web for information, products, or prices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finds the best prices or features from multiple Web sites </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  48. 48. Web Auctions <ul><li>Web auction: Internet site that matches buyers and sellers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses grow or reach customers for a low cost per transaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the most popular auction sites: eBay </li></ul><ul><li>Potential problems with auction Web sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Auction sites cannot always determine whether the people and companies listing products and services are legitimate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Web sites have illegal or questionable items offered </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  49. 49. Music, Radio, Video, and TV on the Internet <ul><li>Audio and video programs: play on the Internet or download files for later use </li></ul><ul><li>Music players and music formats such as MP3: download music from the Internet and listen to it anywhere </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Musicians can gain exposure without a lucrative music contract </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio broadcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Audio books </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  50. 50. Music, Radio, Video, and TV on the Internet (continued) <ul><li>Video and TV are increasingly becoming available on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>New, innovative devices let you record TV programs and view them at any time and place </li></ul><ul><li>Many content providers offer their programs over the Internet </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  51. 51. Office on the Web <ul><li>Internet office: Web site that contains files, phone numbers, e-mail addresses, an appointment calendar, and more </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows your desktop computer, phone books, appointment schedulers, and other important information to be with you wherever you are </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many services and software products give you remote access to your files and programs over the Internet </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  52. 52. Internet Sites in Three Dimensions <ul><li>Some Web sites offer three-dimensional views of places and products </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-D Internet auto showroom: allows people to get different views of a car </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3-D real estate site: people can tour the property, go into different rooms, etc. </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  53. 53. Other Internet Services and Applications <ul><li>Libraries: provide vast amounts of information </li></ul><ul><li>Movies: ordered and delivered over the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Critical information during times of disaster or terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Translation: words, sentences, or complete documents from one language into another </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  54. 54. Other Internet Services and Applications (continued) <ul><li>Distance learning: online courses </li></ul><ul><li>Internet cameras: conduct job interviews; hold group meetings with people around the world; monitor young children at daycare centers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Connect with friends or others with similar interests </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  55. 55. Intranets and Extranets <ul><li>Intranet: internal corporate network built using Internet and World Wide Web standards and products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used by employees to gain access to corporate information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces the need for paper </li></ul></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  56. 56. Intranets and Extranets (continued) <ul><li>Extranet: network based on Web technologies that links selected resources of a company’s intranet with its customers, suppliers, or other business partners </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual private network (VPN): secure connection between two points across the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Tunneling: process by which VPNs transfer information by encapsulating traffic in IP packets over the Internet </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  57. 57. Intranets and Extranets (continued) Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition Table 7.9: Summary of Internet, Intranet, and Extranet Users
  58. 58. Net Issues <ul><li>Management issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventing attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Service and speed issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping up with Internet traffic and traffic on company intranets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Unauthorized Internet sites </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  59. 59. Summary <ul><li>Internet: collection of interconnected networks, all freely exchanging information </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Protocol (IP): communication standard that enables traffic to be routed from one network to another as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Packets: Internet data passed in chunks </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission Control Protocol (TCP): widely used transport layer protocol that is used in combination with IP by most Internet applications </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  60. 60. Summary (continued) <ul><li>Uniform Resource Locator (URL): assigned address on the Internet for each computer </li></ul><ul><li>World Wide Web: menu-based system that organizes Internet resources into a series of menu pages, or screens, that appear on your computer </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): standard page description language for Web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Search engine: Web search tool </li></ul><ul><li>Internet and Web applications: e-mail, instant messaging, Internet cell phones, Web logs, newsgroups, Web shopping, etc. </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition
  61. 61. Summary (continued) <ul><li>Intranet: internal corporate network built using Internet and World Wide Web standards </li></ul><ul><li>Extranet: network based on Web technologies that links selected resources of a company’s intranet with its customers, suppliers, or other business partners </li></ul><ul><li>Network issues: management, service, speed, privacy, fraud, security, and unauthorized Internet sites </li></ul>Principles of Information Systems, Eighth Edition

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