YEO 2012_One Way Exchanges: The Timor-Leste (East Timor) Experience
One way ExchangesThe Timor-Leste (East Timor) Experience PDG Peter Kaye D9550 Australia
Class of 2012Solange Pinto Ribiero Pires Maria Jose Sanches
Why one-way?D9550 is certified to support Outbound studentsonly, as the government of Timor-Leste is yet todevelop child protection laws.Reciprocal exchanges therefore will be prohibiteduntil such time Certification requirements can bemet.
Champions for independence 2002 Coat of Arms Timor-LesteXanana Gusmao Jose Ramos-Horta
Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao with Rebounds 2008
Keeping the peaceSince independence in 2002, the UN has maintained a peace keeping force in East Timor recently lead by Australia. Australian soldiers on patrol Australian Major General Peter Cosgrove - right
Timor Leste - Basic Statistics Area 15,410 sq klm (5,950 sq miles) Government Democratic republic Population 1.1 Million (50% under 30) Languages Tetum and Portuguese (official languages) Indonesian, English Religion Catholic – 96% Literacy 41% Income 42% of population $1 per day or less Currency US Dollar
Rotary presence One Rotary club RC of Dili Membership Average 20 Programs Humanitarian Health Water Rotaract 65 (members) YEP (2 outbound annually)
Elisabeth Monez Class of 06/07 Pelagia Soares Class of 07/08
YEP History Timor-LesteRodolfo Testa Peter Kaye Non reciprocal agreement negotiated between D4610 Brazil and D9550 Australia in 2004, with first placement in 2005. Two students selected each year for long term program since 2006 Hosting Brazil Districts 4610, 4650, 4430 and 4590 Students continue to travel to Australia for Orientation and training.
First student fromTimor-Leste 2005Ligia Da Costa Santos
Why Brazil?• Brazil and East Timor share a common background being colonised by the Portuguese in XVI century.• Brazil was one of the first countries to recognise East Timor’s independence in 2002• Brazil and East Timor share Portuguese as an official language.• Rotary Brazil has adopted Timorese students, providing an opportunity of learning for the benefit of their young country.
Participants to date2004-05 Da Costa SANTOS Ligia2005-06 MENDONCA Sandra2006-07 MESQUITA Gisela2006-07 MONEZ Elizabeth2007-08 AMARAL Fernando2007-08 SOARES Pelagia2008-09 SOARES MENEZES Alberto2008-09 SOARES Ivo Jaime Menezes2009-10 SOARES Natalino de Jesus2009-10 GOMES de JESUS Herval Duarte2011-12 PIRES Solange2011-12 SANCHES Maria
The AgreementD9550 obligations: All travel and visa costs to and from Australia and to and from Brazil Insurance Blazer Emergency FundD4610 obligations Accommodation/hosting costs School expenses Pocket Money Tour
Funding D9550 provides 100% sponsorship for two students annually, funded by Rotary clubs who otherwise do not sponsor or host students. Total Cost $15,000 D4610 meets all expenses for the students while in Brazil. (approx. $5,000-$6,000 each)
Application process Selection is by way of an application to the RC of Dili. With preliminary interviews carried out by a club panel. Successful applicants given a full Rotary application for completion, then interviewed by District for final selection. Applications forwarded to Brazil for acceptance
Sandra Mendonca in traditional dress with host parents 2006
Challenges Poor communication within East Timor Slow turn around time of paperwork Multiple visas required Nearest embassy in Jakarta Indonesia if NZ stop over is required Command of English for training and travel Customs and Immigration inflexible at some airports Funding
Herval Duarte Gomes de Jesus Class of 2010 Sao Paulo
The benefits• The program offers an opportunity to young people, who because of financial constraints might otherwise never experience life in another country.• Enhance the use of Portuguese, which although an official language is not widely spoken in Timor- Leste.• The experience has enhanced employment opportunities for some participants who have shown excellent character development.• The awareness of the plight of young people in Timor-Leste is greater because of the program.
Post Exchange achievements Secretary to the TL Minister of Foreign AffairsSandra Mendonca 2006 Law scholarship University in the Philippines Gisela Mesquita 2007 Studying law Deacon University Australia Elizabeth Moniz 2007
Post Exchange achievements Scholarship to study at UWC College Norway Alberto Soares Menezes 2009 University studying International Relations Natalino de Jesus Soares 2010 University student studying LawHerval Duarte Gomes de Jesus 2010
Comments - Brazil Perspective• Thorough selection process by D9550 imperative clearly indicating school subjects of interest.• Reasonable knowledge of Portuguese language• Host Counsellor selection critical assuming the role of coach in addition to normal role• Better results may be achieved with students over the age of 18 years
YEP- an observationFrom time to time there are comments that YEis a program for the children of affluentRotarians.The Timor-Leste experience demonstrates thatthe principles of Rotary are at work, providingan equal opportunity to the youth of this youngcountry.
QuestionCan the costs of this arrangement be justified?Of all the successful traditional long termexchanges managed by D9550 Australia, nonehave had the profound impact on individualstudents as this one-way exchange program.The value of this opportunity should not bemeasured in monetary terms, rather it should bemeasured in terms of Rotary ideals.