How to Conduct a Community Assessment for Water Projects


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How to Conduct a Community Assessment for Water Projects

  1. 1. 2014 ROTARY INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION How to Conduct a Community Assessment for Economic and Community Development Projects Moderator: Gulam Vahanvaty
  2. 2. Resources Rotary supports investments in people to create measurable and enduring economic improvement in their lives and communities.
  3. 3. Economic and Community Development Goals: Building the capacity of entrepreneurs, community leaders, local organizations, and community networks to support economic development in impoverished communities; Developing opportunities for productive work; Reducing poverty in underserved communities; Supporting studies for career-minded professionals related to economic and community development.
  4. 4. Rotary’s Support of Economic and Community Development Narrow Focus Broad FocusGlobal Grants District Grants Service Projects Rotarian Action Group for Microfinance and Community Development Rotary Community Corps
  5. 5. Agenda: • Introduction • Presentations by Panelists • Q/A • Workshop Activity in Groups • Q/A • Closing Remarks
  6. 6. Panelists: Tusu Tusubira, Member of TRF Cadre of Technical Advisors, Past Future Vision Trainer, Past DRFC Chair, RC Kampala North, Uganda District 9211 Rabeya Yasmin, Director of Ultra Poor Program, BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  7. 7. 2014 ROTARY INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION Effective Community Needs Assessment: Four Experiential Pointers
  8. 8. • Takes time, but establishes effective communication • Know them as individuals, NOT under the anonymous umbrella of beneficiaries Invest Time in Creating Trust
  9. 9. • Seeding Points for Economic and Community Development are Assets the community has – skills, resources, leadership, organised groups, etc. Identify seeding points – community assets
  10. 10. • Many t0 many conversations • Separately: women, men, community leaders, groups • Observation • Statistics Triangulate Information on Assets and Needs
  11. 11. • Awareness of what could be when the minds open up helps communities dare to think beyond traditional limitations. Address Mindset as part of Assessment
  12. 12. Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction Targeting the ultra poor Rabeya Yasmin Director , BRAC
  13. 13. • Founded in Bangladesh in 1972, BRAC is considered “by most measures the largest, fastest-growing non-governmental organization in the world.” (Source: Economist, 2010). • BRAC has since inception been at the forefront of poverty alleviation, and microfinance in Bangladesh and 10 other countries • BRAC creates opportunities for the poor, through comprehensive programming in financial inclusion, education, agriculture and food security, water and sanitation, healthcare, community empowerment and legal rights • We are reaching about 120 million population About BRAC
  14. 14. Targeting the ultra Poor • The poorest are caught up in a complex trap and lack the complementary asset base needed to benefit from regular microfinance. • Food aid, the traditional instrument for the poorest is designed as a “crisis management instrument” that fails to create the foundations for sustainable livelihood change • Conventional development programs lack graduation concept • The challenge is to design an approach that uses grants as a strategic entry point to equip the ultra poor graduate in to mainstream program
  15. 15. Since 2002 BRAC’s Special Investment Program for the ultra poor Program Activities Purpose Asset transfer; weekly stipend Build economic asset base, ensure regular cash flow, improve livelihoods. Weekly stipend for reducing opportunity cost of asset operation Enterprise development and life skill training Ensure good return from assets transferred, knowledge and awareness of rights and justice Tailor made health intervention Improve health seeking behavior, reduce income erosion in health Engaging with the community To create an supportive/ enabling environment at village level to ensure long term sustainability of improved livelihood of the ultra poor members.
  16. 16. Asset transfer We offer 12 enterprise options to our program participants
  17. 17. To allow the client breathing room, and time to start earning income from her assets, the client receives a cash transfer or stipend, and in some cases a food to supplement their diet. Stipend
  18. 18. Client receives weekly home visits and training on how to use their asset, on health and hygiene matters, basic skills and literacy, and general support and counseling Training
  19. 19. Panel doctor give prescription to ultra poor members BRAC Health staff visiting ultra poor member Client receives healthcare support with access to community medical workers, physicians and medications Tailor made health support
  20. 20. Clients increase their social standing and receive guidance on integrating better with their community. Here, a village poverty reduction committee, organized by BRAC, conducts a regular monthly meeting to help clients address various issues they face. Social Integration
  21. 21. Community participation in Social Integration •Targeting program participants • Mobilizing community support through formation of Village Poverty Reduction Committees
  22. 22. Community targeting of program participants : Ultra Poor households are selected through a participatory wealth ranking exercise by the community and BRAC. The methodology applies two techniques: •Social Mapping •Wealth Ranking
  23. 23. Community participates in a spatial mapping and wealth ranking exercise to identify community members in the most need
  24. 24. Village Poverty Reduction Committee •9-11 member committee •Formed with village elites •Representative from ultra poor members
  25. 25. Why Village Poverty Reduction committee ? In order to make best use of all the assistances provided from the program the committee ensures : -social security to the ultra poor Households -security of the assets transferred by the program - Integration of the ultra poor in to the mainstream community
  26. 26. Sl no Activities Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1 Make a list of non-enrolled children, ensure their admission in school and stipend 2 Provide free coaching for school- going poorest children 3 Provide school bag and shoes for school-going poorest children 4 Ensure security of the targeted ultra poor households 5 Stop open defecation in village 6 Ensure every child is immunized under national immunization campaign 7 Provide support for medical treatment 8 Repair/ construct house for the poorest community members 9 Assist in installing tube-well and latrine at the poorest households 10 Keeping their village clean Activity Calendar for Village Committee
  27. 27. Village committee meeting Free coaching by committee Winter cloth distribution by committee
  28. 28. Free coaching by committee School bag ting School bag distribution by committee
  29. 29. Annual sports organized by committee Prize distribution in annual sports
  30. 30. Tube well installation by the committee Village cleaning campaign by the committee
  31. 31. Contribution village committee to the ultra poor members Sl. No. Nature of Support Number 1. No. of Total Village committee formed 9244 2. No. of children get free tutorial support 3423 3. No. of school bags distributed among ultra poor children 5,589 4. Pair of shoes distributed among ultra poor children 3,777 5. Sanitary Latrine installed 23,692 6. No. of houses repaired 105,000 7. Birth registration done 45,479
  32. 32. Village Poverty Reduction Committee unique case of community participation and contribution in combating ultra poverty in rural Bangladesh
  33. 33. RESULTS AND IMPACT •In Bangladesh, more than 95% of participants achieve graduation with 92% crossing an ultra- poverty threshold of 50 cents per day and maintaining their improved conditions for the next 4 years •Internationally, reports from the various CGAP and Ford Foundation funded pilots show that in 18-36 months, 75% to 98% of participants meet the country specific graduation criteria
  35. 35. Join us in the movement to end ultra-poverty. Contact us to learn more.
  36. 36. Questions for the Moderator and Panelists?
  37. 37. Workshop Activity Instructions: 1. Read the community description of page 1 of the activity handout. 2. In groups, discuss the questions on page 2 of the activity handout. 3. Note any important points or questions that arise as you discuss. 4. Ask for assistance from the moderator, panelists, or Rotary staff members as needed.
  38. 38. Community Assessment and Economic and Community Development Resources: • Communities in Action: A Guide to Effective Projects Publication; • Community Assessment Tools Publication; • Area of Focus Publication; • Economic and Community Development Policy Statement (global grants); • Rotarian Action Group for Microfinance and Community Development; ;
  39. 39. Thank you for your time and service to Rotary. Questions?