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European Union Climate Diplomacy

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Join Ambassador Gerhard Sabathil and Dr. Kilaparti Ramakrishna for a discussion on climate change.

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European Union Climate Diplomacy

  1. 1. Climate Action Prof. Dr. Gerhard SABATHIL EU Ambassador to Republic of Korea Climate Change: the EU as a global leader
  2. 2. Climate Action The latest climate science IPPC 5th Assessment Report – Key findings: • Warming of the climate system is unequivocal • Human influence on the climate system is clear • Each of the last three decades has been successively warmer at the Earth’s surface than any preceding decade since 1850 • Continued emissions of greenhouse gases will cause further warming and changes in all components of the climate system. • Limiting climate change would require substantial and sustained reductions in greenhouse gas emissions which, together with adaptation, can limit climate change risks.
  3. 3. Climate Action 3 Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal. - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Source: NASA Global Climate Change
  4. 4. Climate Action 4
  5. 5. Climate Action Source: IPCC 5th Assessment Report 
  6. 6. Climate Action Source: IPCC 5th Assessment Report
  7. 7. Climate Action 7
  8. 8. Climate Action Staying below 2°C: global action 2020-2030 is critical Source: Climate Action Tracker Warming projected by 2100 Baselines 4.1- 4.8 °C (Before Paris) policy projections 3.6 – 4.2 ° C With EU, US, CN pledges (INDC)2.9 – 3.1 ° C Below 2 C: 1.5 – 1.7 ° C Below 1.5 C: 1.3 – 1.5 ° C • No new action: 3.7 – 4.8°C rise • Delays will lead to high mitigation and adaptation costs • Can stay below 2°C and maintain economic growth with global action and smart policies • Investment shift in power sector towards low emissions required
  9. 9. Climate Action 9
  10. 10. Climate Action 10
  11. 11. Climate Action 11 Mumbai
  12. 12. Climate Action 12
  13. 13. Climate Action An historic Agreement • A new chapter in international climate governance and action • A win for multilateralism • A strong signal to policy makers, investors and businesses • Great example of EU unity and leadership
  14. 14. Climate Action Wider context: Regional patterns of GHG emissions are shifting along with changes in the world economy.
  15. 15. Climate Action 5 21.3 17.3 16.8 16.5 15.9 14.2 12.4 12.3 11.8 10.1 9.4 9.3 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.4 6.7 6.5 0 5 10 15 20 25 World United Arab… Australia Saudi Arabia US Canada Kazakhstan Russia South Korea Taiwan Japan Netherlands Germany Iran Poland China Malaysia South Africa EU UK Emissions per capita (t) by country in 2013 Emissions per capita (t) in 2013
  16. 16. Climate Action The Paris Agreement • A legally binding, universal agreement • 189 nationally determined contributions (NDCs) • Ambitious long-term goals (well-below 2°C/pursue 1.5°C/global peaking asap/climate neutrality in the second half of the century) • Dynamic 5-year ambition cycle • Enhanced transparency and accountability • Greater emphasis on adaptation • Support for poor and vulnerable countries 16
  17. 17. Climate Action A transparent Agreement • All Parties must account for their contributions – track progress on targets • Methodologies and common metrics will apply • Enhanced transparency and accountability framework, with biennial reporting and expert review • No double counting : essential for linking of emission trading systems 17
  18. 18. Climate Action A fair Agreement • Support for vulnerable countries • Goal of mobilising US$100bn per year extended to 2025, new goal to be set before 2025 widening the donor base • Capacity building and technology transfer for developing countries ; support for monitoring, reporting and verification • Adaptation at political par; Loss and Damage for the first time part of an international agreement 18
  19. 19. Climate Action Global emission profiles by 2030 (business‐as‐usual) Staying below 2°C – a global mitigation scenario
  20. 20. Climate Action The process of decoupling emissions from the economy is underway. 20
  21. 21. Climate Action Critical mass of states will reach emissions peak by 2030 under climate deal 21
  22. 22. Climate Action 22
  23. 23. Climate Action 23
  24. 24. Climate Action 2030 Climate and Energy Framework 24
  25. 25. Climate Action 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Index 1990=100 GDP GHG emissions GHG intensity The EU Decoupling example: climate action and economic growth can go hand-in hand - Source: European Commission based on data compiled by EEA + 46% GDP - 23% GHG emissions 25
  26. 26. Climate Action Supporting Climate Action  ENGAGEMENTS The EU has agreed that at least of its budget for 2014- 2020- as much as € 180 billion- should be spent on climate change-related action. OBJECTIVES Promoting low emissions and climate-resilient development through, among others: - supporting countries in building capacity for low emission development strategies (LEDS) and related nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) - supporting development countries in designing, preparing and submitting Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC), which allow governments to determine what effort they will make to reduce emissions - promoting Low-Emissions Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy Countries - promoting International Cooperative Initiatives (ICI) and encouraging low-emission development pathways in key sectors like energy efficiency, renewable energy or the reform of energy subsidies - promoting the development and transfer of climate relevant technologies GCCA+ ENER GY BLEN DING FORE STRY MITI GATI ON AGRI CULT URE
  27. 27. Climate Action EU International cooperation: delivering on finance  commitments The EU is a leader in the provision of climate finance for developing countries –€1.7bn in 2014‐ 2015 to support mitigation and adaptation At least 20 per cent of the EU budget in the 2014‐2020 period will be spent on climate‐related projects and  policies, in the EU and externally. EU development cooperation will contribute to achieving the 20 per cent  overall commitment, with an estimated €14bn from this budget for climate spending in developing countries  in the period 2014‐2020. $4.6bn from EU Member States to the Green Climate Fund in addition to bilateral and  multilateral funding, and a commitment to scale up private finance too. EU‐funded Global Climate Change Alliance supports 51 projects in 38 countries 
  28. 28. Climate Action 28 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ld22xHODs24
  29. 29. Climate Action Thank you! Visit DG Climate Action online: facebook.com/ EUClimateAction youtube.com/ EUClimateAction pinterest.com/ EUClimateAction twitter.com/ EUClimateAction ec.europa.eu/ clima/

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