these set of rights are believed
to be the rights that are inherently
found in the very nature of our
rights that are found in the
rights granted by statutes or
laws that are passed by
these are rights that belong
to every individual citizen or to
any inhabitant of the state.
refer to the right to
participate in the administration
of the government.
provisions in the bill of rights
are composed of 22 sections
which can be located in Article
III of the constitution.
The proper right to invoke
whenever confronted with a
governmental act of
Right to Due Process of Law
Substantive and Procedural Due Process
refers to the intrinsic validity of a law.
Substantive due process
can be simply understood by the phrase
notice and hearing.
Procedural due process
Difference between Judicial Proceedings
and Administrative Proceedings
conducted before Courts of Justice
those heard by bodies, government
agencies or offices
Right to Equal Protection of the Law
The right to be invoked when
threatened by a governmental act
which is discriminatory in nature.
Requirements for a Valid Classification
• Substantial Distinctions
• Relevance to the Purpose of Law
• Applicability to all
Rights against Unreasonable
Searches and Seizures
The safeguard against state
intrusion also extends not only to
an individual’s abode but also his
own body and his belongings.
Requirements for a Valid Warrant
of Arrest and Search Warrant
• It must be based upon probable cause
• The probable cause must be determined
personally by the judge.
• The determination must be made after
examination under oath or affirmation of the
complainant and the witnesses he may
• It must particularly describe the place to
be searched and the persons or things to
• No search warrant shall issue for more than
one specific offense.
• In Flagrante Delicto or caught in the act arrest
• In Hot Pursuit
• Escaped Prisoner