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  1. 1. Bill of Rights
  2. 2. It is a set of rights and privileges of the citizens articulated in the constitutions. It is a protection of the people against the infringement of the government.
  3. 3. Importance of Bill of Rights It protects citizen against the power of government. It outlines what the citizens can do and cannot do.
  4. 4. It is a boundary between the government and the people. It is where the rights and privileges of the individuals are defined.
  5. 5. Kinds of Rights
  6. 6. these set of rights are believed to be the rights that are inherently found in the very nature of our existence. Natural Rights
  7. 7. rights that are found in the constitution. Constitutional Rights
  8. 8. rights granted by statutes or laws that are passed by congress. Statutory Rights
  9. 9. these are rights that belong to every individual citizen or to any inhabitant of the state. Civil Rights
  10. 10. refer to the right to participate in the administration of the government. Political Rights
  11. 11. The constitutional provisions in the bill of rights are composed of 22 sections which can be located in Article III of the constitution. Constitutional Provisions
  12. 12. The proper right to invoke whenever confronted with a governmental act of oppressive nature. Right to Due Process of Law
  13. 13. Substantive and Procedural Due Process refers to the intrinsic validity of a law. Substantive due process can be simply understood by the phrase notice and hearing. Procedural due process
  14. 14. Difference between Judicial Proceedings and Administrative Proceedings conducted before Courts of Justice Judicial Proceedings those heard by bodies, government agencies or offices Administrative Proceedings
  15. 15. Right to Equal Protection of the Law The right to be invoked when threatened by a governmental act which is discriminatory in nature.
  16. 16. Requirements for a Valid Classification • Substantial Distinctions • Relevance to the Purpose of Law • Duration • Applicability to all
  17. 17. Rights against Unreasonable Searches and Seizures The safeguard against state intrusion also extends not only to an individual’s abode but also his own body and his belongings.
  18. 18. Requirements for a Valid Warrant of Arrest and Search Warrant • It must be based upon probable cause • The probable cause must be determined personally by the judge. • The determination must be made after examination under oath or affirmation of the complainant and the witnesses he may produce.
  19. 19. • It must particularly describe the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized. • No search warrant shall issue for more than one specific offense.
  20. 20. Warrantless Arrests • In Flagrante Delicto or caught in the act arrest • In Hot Pursuit • Escaped Prisoner