Do I teach “game time”? Or maybe “so many” somatic cells?
Tomorrow, talk more about WHY the gametes are different when you go over the process.
Make it a contest by offering prizes to the first groups to successfully complete the card sort.
Meiosis and mitosis
Babies develop from zygotes… but
where do zygotes come from?
Where do zygotes come from?
• A zygote forms when a sperm cell and an egg
cell join together.
• This process is called fertilization.
• Normal human cells each have 46 chromosomes.
Human zygotes also have 46 chromosomes.
• If a human zygote has 46 chromosomes, how many
chromosomes do you think are in the gamete
(Hint: What + what = 46?)
What are haploid cells and diploid cells?
• Haploid cells: cells with only one set of
chromosomes. “n” is used to represent haploid.
• Diploid cells: cells with 2 sets of chromosomes.
“2n” is used to represent diploid.
• Fruit flies have 4 different types of chromosomes.
(They’re called chromosome #1, chromosome #2,
• Draw a picture to illustrate what a haploid fly cell
and a diploid fly cell would look like. Label them
“haploid” and “diploid.” Label one “n” and the
What are gamete cells?
• Normal cells; everything that’s not a gamete.
• In humans and most other animals, they are
What are somatic cells?
• Sex cells; male sperm cells and female egg cells
• They are ALWAYS haploid.
• Look at the drawings you made for haploid and diploid
cells. Label one “gamete” and the other “somatic.”
• Why is it important for gametes to be haploid? What would
happen if gametes were diploid?
What is meiosis?
• When a diploid somatic cell divides twice to
produce 4 haploid gamete cells.
• The 4 gametes are genetically unique (different).
They are different from the original cell and from
• Draw a picture to illustrate the difference
between mitosis and meiosis.
(Remember, mitosis is when a cell divides once
to produce 2 identical daughter cells.)
What’s one memory trick for remembering the
difference between mitosis and meiosis?
• Mitosis = “My Toe Grows” This is when cells divide to
produce 2 identical daughter cells. This is how your
Also, remember “t” for TWO new cells produced.
• Meiosis = “My, oh my, we’re talking about sex cells.”
Meiosis produces 4 different gametes (sex cells).
• Another trick (I did not make this up):
Think “gametes” = “game time” to remember that gametes
are sex cells.
• Make a T chart to contrast mitosis and meiosis.
Come up with at least 2 differences.
Instructions for Card Sort
1. Sort the cards into to groups: Mitosis and Meiosis
2. Raise your hand when you’re done so I can check.
3. After I check it, copy the information onto your
4. Have a seat and start working on your
1) How many cells does meiosis produce?
2) Are the cells produced by meiosis…
a. Identical or genetically unique?
b. Haploid or diploid?
c. Gametes are somatic cells?
3) Why is it important that gametes only have 1
set of chromosomes instead of 2?