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Medieval castles


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Medieval castles

  1. 1. Early castles• Typical castles during the Norman period, built on a motte surronded by a bailey courtyard at the bottom
  2. 2. Later castles• The motte was replaced by a strong tower called keep, the focal point of the castle
  3. 3. Easier to defendRound keep
  4. 4. The most common in Wales• Concentric castles with outer or curtain walls
  5. 5. Later with king Henry VIII• To protect England from Spanish invasions he built rose-shaped castles
  6. 6. For safer protectionA moat was a deep ditch filled with water all around the castles
  7. 7. To get to the castleA drawbridge was built
  8. 8. The entrance• A portcullis was a strong wooden and iron grating for blocking or allowing access
  9. 9. Against the enemy• Machicolations are holes in parapets through which stones and other weapons were thrown
  10. 10. Against the enemy• Murder holes are holes in the roof through which rocks or other things capable of causing death were dropped
  11. 11. Against the enemy• An arrow slit is a hole in a wall through which defenders could quickly fire arrows from bows
  12. 12. Against the enemyA gun loop is a holethrough which to firecannons.
  13. 13. For prisoners• A Dungeon was the jail were prisoners were held and tortured
  14. 14. Connections• Spiral staircases inside towers connect the separate floors of a castle
  15. 15. Connections• Wall walks are passage ways between towers for soldiers on guard
  16. 16. Launceston castle in Cornwall is still standing nowadays