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Logistics management information system(lmis)


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logistics are the integral part of health care and health care system in is basic tool of running the health program.

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Logistics management information system(lmis)

  1. 1. Logistics Management and Information System(LMIS) Presented by Roshan Kumar Thapa 8/14/2016 1Logistic management information system
  2. 2. What is Logistics ? Logistics includes all the management activities involved in making products and getting it to the client, beginning with flow of materials from initial source and ending with the delivery to the end users (clients). • Logistics system includes the total flow of products from the acquisition of raw materials to the delivery of finished goods to users and the related flow of information that both controls and records the movement of those products. 8/14/2016 2Logistic management information system
  3. 3. Logistics management division • LMD has established under the Department of health service in 2050/51 (1993) with a network of central and regional medical stores as well as district level stores. • The major function of LMD is to procure, store and distribution of health commodities for the health facilities of government of Nepal. • It also involves repair and maintenance of biomedical equipments, instrument and the transportation vehicles. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 3
  4. 4. Contd…. • In order to systemic the management of logistics, the logistics management information system unit was established in LMD in 1994. • LMIS unit collects and analysis quarterly LMIS reports from all of the health facilities across the country, prepare report and disseminates it to; Forecast annual requirements of commodities for public health programme including family planning maternal, neonatal, and child health,HIVand AIDS commodities, vaccine and Essential Drugs. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 4
  5. 5. • Help to ensure demand and supply of drugs, vaccines, contraceptives , essential medical supplies at all levels; • Quarterly monitor the national pipeline and stock level of key health commodities. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 5
  6. 6. Overall objective of LMD • To plan and carry out the logistics activities for the uninterrupted supply of essential medicines, vaccines, contraceptives, equipment, HMIS/LMIS forms and allied commodities (including repair and maintenance of bio‐medical equipment) for the efficient delivery of healthcare services from the health institutions of government of Nepal in the country. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 6
  7. 7. Strategies of LMD • Logistics management for procurement, storage, and distribution of essential health care commodities. • Introduce effective and efficient procurement mechanism like multi- year procurement and central bidding system. • Use of LMIS information in the decision making at all level. • Strengthen physical facilities at the central regional ,sub- regional and district level for the storage and distribution of health commodities. • Promote web based LMIS and Equipments/expendable items inventory system in districts and regional. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 7
  8. 8. Contd… • Repair and maintenance of bio-medical equipment, instrument, cold store and transportation vehicle. • Capacity building of required human resources on logistics management at all level. • Implement effective Pull System for year round availability of Essential Drugs and other health commodities at all levels (central, regional, district and health facilities). 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 8
  9. 9. Major activities of LMD • LMD implemented the following major activities during the FY 2068/69: • Plan for the efficient management on procurement, storage, distribution and transportation of health commodities required for the delivery of healthcare services to all health institutions of government of Nepal in the country. • Develop tender documents as per public procurement rules and regulations and procure • essential medicines, vaccines, contraceptives, equipment, different forms including HMIS/LMIS and allied commodities. • Store, re‐pack and distribute medicines, vaccines, contraceptives equipment and allied commodities. • . 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 9
  10. 10. • Conduct health logistics management trainings/orientation in collaboration with NHTC up to regions, districts and other stakeholders. • Manage to print and distribute HMIS/LMIS forms, stock books and different forms required for all health institutions. • Support on implementation and functioning of web‐based LMIS, web‐based Equipment Inventory System and Inventory Management System software. • Manage to maintain the bio‐medical equipment, machineries and transport vehicles. • Implement and monitor Pull System for contraceptives, vaccines and essential drugs in the districts. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 10
  11. 11. • Coordinate with all development partners supporting health logistics management. • Supervise and monitor the logistics activities of all region (RMS) and district levels (DPHO/DHO). • Implement Telemedicine program in the hill and mountain districts. • Procure, store and distribute various health commodities for Program Divisions of the DoHS. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 11
  12. 12. Components of Logistics System • Product Selection • Forecast • Procurement • Distribution • Logistics Management Information System (LMIS) • Human Resource Management • Finance and budgeting 8/14/2016 12Logistic management information system
  13. 13. Logistics Cycle Product Selection Procurement Forecasting Purchasing Ordering Receiving Use, Serving Customers Distribution Warehousing Re-packing Processing Orders Transportation LMIS Human Resources Budgeting Supervision 8/14/2016 13Logistic management information system
  14. 14. Existing MOH Logistics System • Physical structure • Management structure • Commodities in the system • Information flow • Inventory control system 8/14/2016 14Logistic management information system
  15. 15. LMD Organogram of Nepal 4 Loader/Packer 1Senior PHO (GII. Tech) 1 Electrician (NG I Tec.)1 HI/Pharmacist Officer 3 HA/Pharmacist Director General DHS Director, LMD Indent and Procurement Section Storage and Supply Section EPI Section Administrative Section 1 Senior PHO (GII Tec) 6 HA/Pharmacist (NG. I Tec.) 1 Senior PHO (GII Tec.) 1 Refrigerator Specialist (NG I. Tec) 1 Supervisor (NG I Tec.) 4 Cold Chain Assistants (N.G. II Tec.) 3 Na Su (NG. I Admin.) 2 Kharidar (NG. II Admin) 7 Peons 8/14/2016 15Logistic management information system
  16. 16. Logistics Management and Information System(LMIS) in Nepal • An effective Logistics Management Information System (LMIS) collects essential data about stock status and consumption and ensures accountability and cost effectiveness for all products in the supply chain. • In the course of implementing logistics system improvement activities , an LMIS for the ministry of health and population was designed in 1994 . • And tested in four districts of eastern region with support of JSI and USAID and further by 1997 the system was expanded nationwide. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 16
  17. 17. Logistics Management and Information System(LMIS) in Nepal • At present LMIS tracts inventory data from more than 4 thousand health institution including NGOs of the country quarterly . • Central Store, Transit Store, Regional Medical Store, District Store, District Hospitals, PHCs, DCs, HPs, SHPs and NGOs report every quarter basis. 8/14/2016 17Logistic management information system
  18. 18. • LMIS Unit collects and analyses quarterly (three monthly) LMIS reports from all of the health facilities across the country; prepares report and disseminates it to: • Forecast annual requirements of commodities for public health program including family planning, maternal, neonatal and child health, HIV and AIDS commodities, vaccines, and Essential Drugs; • A logistics management information system (LMIS) is a system of records and reports – whether paper-based or electronic – used to aggregate, analyze, validate and display data (from all levels of the logistics system) that can be used to make logistics decisions and manage the supply chain. 8/14/2016 18Logistic management information system
  19. 19. GOAL of LMIS • The goal of LMIS is to ensure availability of quality health commodities at health facilities and community level round year. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 19
  20. 20. The basic Motto of any LMIS are • the Right Goods • in the Right Quantity • in the Right Condition • to the Right Place • at the Right Time • for the Right Cost 8/14/2016 20Logistic management information system
  21. 21. Overview of LMIS Unit Data Entry Personnel Unit Supervisor Director, LMD LMIS Coordinator Data Entry Personnel Data Entry Personnel Quarterly Pipeline Report Quarterly Feedback Report 8/14/2016 21Logistic management information system
  22. 22. Implementing Web-based LMIS • The information captured in the web-based LMIS mirrors the paper- based quarterly reporting from the health facilities, but districts now generate updated logistics information monthly as opposed to quarterly. • The inventory management system at the district level is linked to the web-based LMIS in such a way that once the storekeeper updates data in the inventory management system, the information required in the web-based LMIS can be uploaded with the click of a button. • This saves the storekeeper from typing • information into the web-based LMIS, reducing the risk of inaccuracies. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 22
  23. 23. • Linking the inventory management system to the LMIS has helped the LMD monitor the stock levels in all 75 districts, and it can now supervise and guide districts on key issues of inventory management. • This process also helps maintain the practice of updating inventory data regularly in the districts. • As part of the implementation, districts were supplied with networking accessories to set up reliable high speed internet connections. • Some DPHOs even contributed by installing Internet access at their own cost. • opportunity to learn about computers and the Internet. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 23
  24. 24. • The district storekeepers received computer training, and most of them responded very positively to the innovative approach of using an online logistics information system. • It gave them and their co-workers the • Because district storekeepers are frequently transferred, the flow of the quarterly LMIS and monthly web-based • LMIS reports is sometimes delayed. To improve reporting and strengthen the web-based LMIS in the 75 DPHOs, the USAID|DELIVER PROJECT subcontracted with a private-sector partner to provide training over a ten-month period. • DPHO staff welcomed the support, and the effort resulted in 100 percent reporting from the districts. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 24
  25. 25. • In a few districts, monthly LMIS reporting can be delayed because of Internet outages; when this happens, staff try to find other ways to report, sometimes using their own mobile phones. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 25
  26. 26. Figure 1. Data Display Screen in Nepal’s Web-based LMIS 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 26
  27. 27. • Throughout the implementation, the LMD led the effort to create a well-functioning LMIS, with technical support from JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. and USAID under the Logistics and Child Health Support Services Project. • The Nepal Family Health Program (NFHP) and the USAID | DELIVER PROJECT have continued to provide technical assistance to the LMD’s LMIS unit since 2001. • Joint technical support visits by NFHP and the LMD to healthfacilities also help to improve the LMIS, and the LMD and NFHP continue to provide logistics training for existing staff and newly recruited storekeepers. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 27
  28. 28. • Today, the LMIS is an integrated system, tracking 206 items at the district level, including family planning, maternal and child health, vaccines, cold chain accessories, and surgical and miscellaneous items from nine different programs are given next slide. There are--- 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 28
  29. 29. LMIS Includes Program and Regular Items  Family Planning Program (five contraceptives  Expanded Programme on Immunizations (eight vaccines plus immunological agents)  Malaria/Kala-Azar Program(five anti malarial drugs)  Tuberculosis (TB) Program (23 TB drugs as well as glass slides and sputum containers)  Control of Diarrheal Disease Program (oral rehydration salts and zinc sulphate)  Acute Respiratory Infection Program (Cotrim Pediatric and Cotrim)  Nutrition Program (vitamin A, iron tablets, and albendazole)  Leprosy Program (four leprosy drugs)  Essential Drugs (56 standard plus other essentials drugs). 8/14/2016 29Logistic management information system
  30. 30. • At the central level, the LMIS unit at the LMD compiles the data, generates various reports, and distributes them to different divisions at the Department of Health Services and external donor partners. • LMIS data is used extensively for key logistics decision making, such as forecasting, procurement, and distribution of health commodities. • At the national level, policymakers used LMIS data (stock outs of health commodities) for indicators in the Nepal Health Sector Programme II, a plan that will guide the country's health sector • improvement activities from 2010–2015. • The plan includes activities to strengthen the inventory management system and the LMIS. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 30
  31. 31. • Reporting within the LMIS has improved significantly over the years. The percentage of LMIS forms regularly submitted by health facilities on time has increased from 36 percent in 1996 to 96 percent in 2011 Both health facilities and districts are increasingly using the LMIS data; districts use the data to monitor the fluctuation of stocks for supply decisions, and health facilities use it to decide how much product to order from the districts 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 31
  32. 32. Using Data to Support Decision making • A strategic approach, good collaboration among the various levels and actors in the supply chain, and strong commitment from the Government of Nepal have been key components in the success of the LMIS. • Even during a decade of Maoist-movement (1996–2006), support for the health sector continued from both sides of the conflict. • Access to timely and relevant logistics data enables coordinating bodies along the supply chain to make the right decisions in support of product availability. • Each year, the LMD conducts a regional-level logistics review meeting to discuss LMIS reporting, stockouts, and other logistics- related activities, as well as the impact these activities have on increasing reporting and reducing stockouts. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 32
  33. 33. • In 2001, the LMIS unit created a logistics data bank by archiving all previous years’ LMIS data. • The data is compiled to show trends over time, which can provide powerful insights for decision makers at the national level. • The information is used by different program divisions for long-term forecasting and quantification of health commodities on a semi-annual and annual basis. • It is also used extensively to monitor the stock situation for seven key commodities at district and health facility levels. • Using the LMIS, the LMIS unit and the LMD monitor the flow of commodities at the national level, the RMSs monitor it at the district level, and the DPHOs monitor it at the field level. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 33
  34. 34. • The LMIS unit sends the monthly reporting status to all 75 districts and RMSs and sends the quarterly feedback report to districts and regions. • The most common reporting problem has been discrepancies in the quarterly opening balance. • When such a problem is identified, the LMIS unit notifies the supervisor and health facility of the error, and staff provide on-the- job training at the facility to correct the report. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 34
  35. 35. Flow of LMIS Data 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 35
  36. 36. Units of LMD in Nepal • Logistics Management Division/ • DOHS • Regional Health Directorate (5) • Regional Medical Stores (5) • Central Store, Transit Store (2) • District Health Offices(75) • Program Divisions/DOHS (5) • External Donor Partners(USAID, DFID, KfW, UNFPA) • District Clinics(33) • Primary HealthCare Centers(185) • Health Posts(697) • Sub Health Posts (3130) • District Hospital - NGOs (115) 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 36
  37. 37. • NFHP and its district staff assist in monitoring the LMIS but the system is mostly operated by the government in the country’s more than 4,000 health facilities. • NFHP and the USAID | DELIVER PROJECT staff help maintain the quality of reporting and provide on-the-job training to new staff in the districts. • While the MOHP is committed to supporting the LMIS and recognizes its value, sustained long-term donor support is needed until the MOHP is able to fully absorb the LMIS unit into the MOHP's structure and assume full management and funding responsibility for the system. Options for the future include— 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 37
  38. 38. Options for the future include - • Advocating with government to create civil service positions for the staff of the LMIS unit (currently donor supported) Approaching other donors who can fund the LMIS unit. • Advocating with government and donor partners to contract out the LMIS unit to the private sector using development funds or other resources. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 38
  39. 39. Key achievements • The improvements in the LMIS and the addition of web-based reporting have led to profound changes in the way information is used and shared throughout Nepal’s public health supply chain. • With commitment from the Government of Nepal and support from its partners, the following results have been achieved: • Nepal has a national LMIS producing reliable logistics data for decision making at all levels and functions of the health supply chain, including forecasting, inventory management, distribution, pipeline monitoring of key health commodities, and prevention of stockouts. • Policymakers accept LMIS data as credible and use it to make nationwide policy and operational decisions. • LMIS reporting has improved storage practices, reducing waste and expiry of commodities. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 39
  40. 40. • Improvements in LMIS made it possible to successfully introduce the demand-based supply system (also known as the pull system) for essential drugs. • With the insertion of data elements like ASL, EOP, and Quantity to Order in the LMIS form, the system can easily generate ASL and EOP for the health facilities and districts and calculate the stock needed for resupply. • The pull system has generated a consistent reduction of stock outs since its introduction in 2005. • At all levels of the government health system, managers are able to make supply decisions based on accurate and timely logistics data generated by the LMIS. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 40
  41. 41. • The system is used to establish actual quantity needed, and facilities and districts can order supplies according to authorized stock level(ASL)and emergency order point (EOP), reducing the incidents of excess stock and waste due to expiry. • The MOHP now recognizes the LMIS as one of its main information systems, along with the country’s health management information system. • The LMIS has become a key information source, raising the level of visibility throughout the supply chain. With a web-based LMIS, the center, regions, and districts are empowered to make evidence-based logistics decisions, ultimately ensuring year-round availability of key health commodities and essential drugs to the end user. 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 41
  42. 42. reference • Nepal: Transforming Decision making with Web-based LMIS- USAID | DELIVER PROJECT/JCI (2012) • Nepal Family Health Program Gov Nepal. • DoHS Nepal • Textbook of public health officer– Mukesh and Parashu 8/14/2016 Logistic management information system 42
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