OER Africa A Health OER Case Study


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OER Africa A Health OER Case Study

  1. 1. 1OER Africa:A Health OER Case StudyPresentation to the Kenya National Symposium onOpen EducationHilton Hotel, Nairobi6th June 2013
  2. 2. 2OER Africa is: An innovative initiative of Saide, Headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya Established to play a leading rolein driving the development anduse of OER in Africa. Funded by the William & FloraHewlett Foundation, the Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation, anda variety of projects andpartnerships across Africa.
  3. 3. 3The OER Concept• Educational resources that are freely available foruse by educators and learners, without anaccompanying need to pay royalties or licence fees.• OER is not synonymous with online learning or e-learning;• Within an African context, it is anticipated that manyof the resources produced – while shareable in adigital format (both online and via offline formatssuch as CD-ROM) – will be printable.
  4. 4. 4Dependence on lectures:• Too few learning resources for learners andlecturers in African universities, and many of thoseavailable are too expensive to be purchased byuniversities or students.• Limited ICT infrastructure to gain access to up-to-date information available on the Internet andparticipate in inter-institutional, geographicallydispersed collaborative activities.Some Challenges to Higher Educationin Africa in this Digital Era
  5. 5. 51. READ CourseMaterials5. PRODUCE /PERFORMAPPROPRIATELY4. PRACTICE newskills3. ENGAGE inlearningconversations2. EXPLORE withinthe disciplineHE - Facilitating LearningEducatorswantstudents to:
  6. 6. 6Rationale for Health OERAfrican health sector aware of the need to developsocially relevant and culturally appropriate trainingmaterials and experiences:• Need to find new ways of delivering health educationcontent in a format that will enable students to haveincreased access to the material, e.g. case based studies using video or print; recorded demonstrations by clinical experts of techniquesin history taking, physical examination, and clinicalprocedures made available to students for review andpractice in their own time. (Clinical Skills Demonstration)
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  9. 9. 9Ward rounds at Komfo AnokyeTeaching Hospital in Ghana
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  11. 11. 11HIV Research ProgramMakerere University, Uganda
  12. 12. 12Kamuzu College of NursingPolicies to Transform HE: eLearning &OER• Review (and amendment) of institutionalpolicies• Investment in more effective teaching,learning and research environments, usingresource-based learning• Embrace open licensing environments• Bandwidth and access have becomeessential
  13. 13. 13What are we learning?OER & improved teaching and learning:• effective use of teaching and learning resources(RBL) can be more effective than some forms ofcontact, e.g. rote transfer of content via lectures.• judicious mix of teaching strategies may serve tofree up time of academics from delivery ofcontent, to instead, investing time in curriculumand resource development, more problem-basedinteraction and more varied assessment strategiesthat do not focus on rote recall of content.
  14. 14. 14OER & Improved Teaching & Learning• In this digital era, educational institutions willsucceed by guiding their students effectively througheducational resources via well-designed teaching andlearning pathways and providing accreditation.• Use by other educational providers of yourinstitutions materials will build institutionalreputation and thereby attract new students.• Where there is no commercial or strategic advantageto be gained, making this intellectual capital availablevia an open license, can only be of benefit to teachingand learning.
  15. 15. 15Here at Last!
  16. 16. 16The Opportunities…• Telecommunications capacity is growing rapidly• Growth in range of devices at reducing cost• Lower power use and growth in solar power• And there is an explosion of freely available, highquality content online that educators and studentscan link to…
  17. 17. 17Thank youCatherine NgugiProject Directorcatherine.ngugi@oerafrica.orgThis work is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.