Higher Education in a time of Economic
Crisis:
OER as an equaliser?
GUIDE Association 6 th International
Conference, Megar...
OER Africa is:
 An innovative initiative of Saide
 Headquartered in Nairobi,
Kenya
 Established to play a leading role
...
What are OER?
Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type
of educational materials that are in the public
domain or int...
HE Quality & Quantity
• African universities are dealing with
significant pressure to increase access
to HE programmes
• M...
Higher Education in Africa
GFC: Global Response re HE?
Possible government responses:
•Cut back / re-prioritise
•Maintain status quo
•Invest

7
Running to Stand Still…
3 Key Factors in Support of HE in Crisis:
1.Govts should maintain status quo (in real terms)
or in...
Institutional Response:
African faculty providing
socially relevant and
culturally appropriate
training materials and
expe...
Kamuzu College of Nursing PBL
Kamuzu College of Nursing

11
Practicing Skills

12
Practicing 21st Century Skills
Use / Possible use of OER in African HEIs
Openly share learning objects, modules, courses,
programs, OA research or other ...
Here at Last!
Use / Possible use of OER in African HEIs
Openly share skills-based relevant OER across
institutions and thus:
•

Encourag...
Leadership
African Nobel Laureates
Madiba with Wangari Maathai

18
This work is licensed under a 
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Thank you
Catherine Ngugi
OER Africa Pr...
Higher Education in crisis: Role of OER as an equalizer - GUIDE Conference 2013 (public version)
Higher Education in crisis: Role of OER as an equalizer - GUIDE Conference 2013 (public version)
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Higher Education in crisis: Role of OER as an equalizer - GUIDE Conference 2013 (public version)

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  • (See images anti-clockwise)
    *(Making the Most of Africa’s Commodities: Industrializing for Growth, Jobs and Economic Transformation, Economic Report on Africa 2013, , United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, 2013, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, http://www.uneca.org/publications/economic-report-africa-2013, Accessed 2nd September 2013)
  • V. Lynn Meek and Mary Leahy, The Impact of Economic Crisis on Higher Education, UNESCO Bangkog, Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau 2012, ISBN 978-92-9223-400-3 (Electronic version) accessed September 5th 2013
    http://www.whycos.org/cms/sites/default/files/images/projects/SADC_map.gif
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  • http://face2faceafrica.com/article/calculated-optimism-africa-s-booming-youth-population-and-demographic-dividends
  • http://www.zimbio.com/Wangari+Maathai/articles/zb2JBAZSqNU/Wangari+Maathai+life+pictures
  • Higher Education in crisis: Role of OER as an equalizer - GUIDE Conference 2013 (public version)

    1. 1. Higher Education in a time of Economic Crisis: OER as an equaliser? GUIDE Association 6 th International Conference, Megaron Athens, Greece 3 – 4 October 2013 1
    2. 2. OER Africa is:  An innovative initiative of Saide  Headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya  Established to play a leading role in driving the development and use of OER in Africa.  Funded by the William & Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Bill & Foundation Melinda Gates Foundation, and a variety of projects and partnerships across Africa. 2
    3. 3. What are OER? Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/openeducational-resources/what-are-open-educational-resources-oers/ 3
    4. 4. HE Quality & Quantity • African universities are dealing with significant pressure to increase access to HE programmes • Most institutions are having to increase enrolments despite structural underfunding to discharge their core functions effectively • Most programmes (including many at postgraduate level) rely heavily on lecturing as a primary mode of transmission of content
    5. 5. Higher Education in Africa
    6. 6. GFC: Global Response re HE? Possible government responses: •Cut back / re-prioritise •Maintain status quo •Invest 7
    7. 7. Running to Stand Still… 3 Key Factors in Support of HE in Crisis: 1.Govts should maintain status quo (in real terms) or increase allocation 2.Institutions must restructure and revitalise HE 3.Individuals & households must invest, lest the short-term unemployed become the long-term unemployables 8
    8. 8. Institutional Response: African faculty providing socially relevant and culturally appropriate training materials and experiences for their students HEALTH OER 9
    9. 9. Kamuzu College of Nursing PBL
    10. 10. Kamuzu College of Nursing 11
    11. 11. Practicing Skills 12
    12. 12. Practicing 21st Century Skills
    13. 13. Use / Possible use of OER in African HEIs Openly share learning objects, modules, courses, programs, OA research or other relevant OER across institutions and thus: • realise economies of scale • encourage joint development of curriculum and courseware • provide faculty and students with a similar standard (high quality) of educational content • encourage student-centred learning 14
    14. 14. Here at Last!
    15. 15. Use / Possible use of OER in African HEIs Openly share skills-based relevant OER across institutions and thus: • Encourage the development of 21st century skills amongst students in-school and potential out-ofschool students / life-long learners to new  Ways of thinking: Creativity, critical thinking, problem- solving, decision-making and learning  Ways of working: Communication and collaboration  Tools for working : Information and communications technology (ICT) and information literacy  Skills for living in the world: Citizenship, life and career, and personal and social responsibility 16
    16. 16. Leadership African Nobel Laureates Madiba with Wangari Maathai 18
    17. 17. This work is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Thank you Catherine Ngugi OER Africa Project Director catherine.ngugi@oerafrica.org 19

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