Russian History Timeline

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Russia History

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Russian History Timeline

  1. 1. Russian History Timeline
  2. 2. Bloody Sunday <ul><li>Happened on Jan 22, 1905 </li></ul><ul><li>People were asking for food, medical help </li></ul><ul><li>The army fired shots against the people </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Last Czar: Czar Nicholas Romanov <ul><li>Believed in Autocracy - absolute rule by one man </li></ul><ul><li>Living conditions very bad: no food , health care, or education for common people </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Last Czar, con’t <ul><li>1914 goes to fight with his army in WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Czarina (his wife Alexandra) in charge </li></ul><ul><li>Rasputin helps Alexis (their son) & corrupts Czarina </li></ul>Alexis Romanov RASPUTIN!!
  5. 6. Russian Revolution <ul><li>Nicholas forced to resign in 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic government set up; it fails! </li></ul><ul><li>1917, the Red or Bolshevik army kidnaps the Romanov family and kills them </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin becomes the leader </li></ul>
  6. 7. Last picture of Romanov family
  7. 8. Lenin <ul><li>Leader of Bolshevik revolution in Oct 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Famous saying “Peace, Land, Bread, NOW!” </li></ul><ul><li>Followed the ideas of Karl Marx: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No social classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone equal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone works for the common good; called collectivism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gov’t runs the businesses & owns the land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lenin died in 1924 </li></ul>“ Lenin the man became Lenin the god!”
  8. 9. Lenin’s tomb Lenin’s body
  9. 10. Trotsky <ul><li>Leon Trotsky takes over; second in command </li></ul><ul><li>Outsmarted by Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>Sent into exile (hiding) in Mexico-Stalin sends secret police to kill him </li></ul>
  10. 11. Stalin <ul><li>Known as the “Man of Steel” </li></ul><ul><li>Began many programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 year plans for industrial & agriculture improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved education system; required math and science </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RULED THROUGH TERROR! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All who opposed him were killed or sent to work camps in Siberia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brought great progress at a great cost </li></ul>
  11. 12. Kruschev , Brezhnev, Andropov, & Chernenko <ul><li>Kruschev </li></ul><ul><li>Denounced Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>Began “Cold War”: war of words with U.S </li></ul>Kruschev
  12. 13. Cold War Images
  13. 14. Kruschev , Brezhnev, Andropov, & Chernenko <ul><li>Breshnev </li></ul><ul><li>Began “détente” (talking) with President Nixon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved relations with U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended détente when he invaded Afghanistan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Andropov/Chernenko </li></ul><ul><li>Both ruled less than two years </li></ul><ul><li>Both ill to do too much </li></ul>Brezhnev Andropov Chernenko
  14. 15. Gorbachev <ul><li>First of the younger communists to take power </li></ul><ul><li>Held election; he won </li></ul><ul><li>Old communists and army didn’t like him </li></ul><ul><li>Last leader of the U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union) </li></ul>
  15. 16. Failed Coup Attempt <ul><li>Coup (pronounced “Coo”) means military takes over government </li></ul><ul><li>Kidnapped Gorbachev </li></ul><ul><li>Went on TV and said they were in charge </li></ul><ul><li>People went and protected gov’t buildings </li></ul>
  16. 17. Commonwealth of Independent States <ul><li>1991 Soviet Union breaks apart </li></ul><ul><li>Countries become independent </li></ul><ul><li>Countries work together on common projects </li></ul>
  17. 18. Boris Yeltsin <ul><li>Becomes President of Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted from 1991-2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Had alcohol problems </li></ul>
  18. 19. Vladimir Putin <ul><li>Elected in 2000; served through 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Many fear he is turning Russia into a dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>No freedom of the press </li></ul><ul><li>Rigged elections so he would win </li></ul>
  19. 20. Dmitry Medvedev <ul><li>Current President </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed Putin as the Prime Minister </li></ul>

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