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  1. 1. Iraq: A brief history
  2. 2. World Islamic Population
  3. 3. Islam in Iraq <ul><li>World Islamic population: 85% Sunni, 15% Shia </li></ul><ul><li>In Iraq, the Shia are the majority (one of three countries in the world) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Religious Population in Iraq
  5. 5. Oppressed Majority <ul><li>Saddam Hussein took power in 1979. He was a Sunni Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Shia Muslims and Kurds (an ethnic group) were long oppressed by Saddam’s rule </li></ul>
  6. 6. Iran/Iraq War <ul><li>Iraq invaded Iran in 1980 over border disputes and Iran support of a Shia revolution in Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq attacked Iranian civilians and soldiers with chemical weapons. </li></ul><ul><li>US supported Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>The war ended in a draw (tie) </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq devastated </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reagan’s Response: <ul><li>“ The US can not afford to allow Iraq to lose the war to Iran. We will do whatever is necessary to prevent Iraq from losing the war with Iran.&quot; </li></ul>
  8. 8. Iraq Invades Kuwait <ul><li>Occurred in 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq invaded Kuwait for control of their oil </li></ul><ul><li>US intervenes on Kuwait’s behalf; became known as the Persian Gulf War </li></ul>
  9. 9. Oil wells set on fire by Iraqi soldiers U.S. Stealth bomber Images from the Persian Gulf War
  10. 10. What happened in 2003? <ul><li>US invades Iraq in 2003. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspicions of WMD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Saddam overthrown and captured. </li></ul><ul><li>New democratic govt set up </li></ul><ul><li>Shia Muslims (the majority) take control </li></ul>