Apartheid Pres

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8th grade global studies presentation about apartheid in South Africa

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Apartheid Pres

  1. 1. Apartheid in South Africa
  2. 2. Colonization: <ul><li>Settling in another country & taking it over politically and economically. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Apartheid? <ul><li>System of racial segregation in South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted from 1948-1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Created to keep economical and political power with people of English descent/heritage </li></ul>
  4. 4. Four Groups <ul><li>White (not discriminated against) </li></ul><ul><li>Black </li></ul><ul><li>Colored (mixed race, Malayan) </li></ul><ul><li>Asian (Pakistanis and Indians) </li></ul><ul><li>* Family members often in different groups </li></ul>
  5. 5. Purpose and Impact <ul><li>Black people (75% of the population) sent to “homelands” (like U.S. Indian reservations) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Purpose, cont <ul><li>Prevented non-white people from having the right to vote or hold political office </li></ul><ul><li>Education, medical care, & other services were segregated. Black option was usually inferior in quality and care </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ Homeland” System <ul><li>Once apartheid was implemented, blacks wouldn’t be citizens of South Africa; only to their “Homeland” </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1960s-1980s, 600,000 people were forced to move to their “Homeland” </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ Rules”
  9. 9. “ Rules, cont”
  10. 10. Ending of Apartheid <ul><li>In 1980’s white government saw the need for change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to violence, protests, and pressure from the rest of the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feb 13, 1989 President F.W. de Klerk ends apartheid </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nelson Mandela <ul><li>Protested Apartheid </li></ul><ul><li>In Jail from 1963-1990 for protesting </li></ul><ul><li>April 24, 1994-1999 President of South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>1993 won Nobel Peace Prize </li></ul>

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