Drawing trigonometric graphs.

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Drawing trigonometric graphs.

  1. 1. Drawing Trigonometric Graphs.
  2. 2. The Basic Graphs.You should already be familiar with the following graphs:Y = SIN X
  3. 3. Y= COS X
  4. 4. Y = TAN X
  5. 5. Changing Trigonometric Graphs.You should know how the following graphs differ from the basictrigonometric graphs:Y= 2 SIN X The 2 in front of the sin x changes the “amplitude” of the graph.
  6. 6. Y = 5 COS XAs expected the amplitude of the graph is now 5. Hence thegraph has a maximum value of 5 and a minimum value of –5.
  7. 7. Y = SIN 2X By introducing the 2 in front of the X , the “period” of the graph now becomes 360o ÷ 2 = 180o.
  8. 8. Y= COS 6XThe period of the graph has now become 360o ÷ 6 = 60o asexpected.
  9. 9. Y= SIN X + 1The plus 1 has the effect of “translating” the graph onesquare parallel to the y axis.
  10. 10. Y = COS X - 5 The cosine graph is translated 5 squares downwards parallel to the y axis.
  11. 11. Y= – SIN XThe minus sign in front of the function “reflects” the whole graphin the X axis.
  12. 12. Y = – COS X As expected the cosine graph is reflected in the X axis.
  13. 13. Summary Of Effects.(1) Y= K COS X & Y = K SINX +k -k The amplitude of the function is “K” .(2) Y = COS KX & Y = SIN KX 360 ÷ K The period of the function is “360 ÷ k” .
  14. 14. (3) Y= COS X + K & Y = SIN X + K +k -k Translates the graph + K or – K parallel to the y axis. (4) Y = - COS X & Y = - SIN X. Y = - COS X Reflects the graph in the x axis.
  15. 15. Combining The Effects.We are now going to draw more complex trigonometric graphslike the one shown above, by considering what each part of theequation does to the graph of the equation.
  16. 16. y = 4 sin xExample 1.Draw the graph of : 4 y = 4sin2x + 3Solution. y = 4 sin 2xDraw the graph of :y = sin x 180o y = 4sin 2x + 3 +3
  17. 17. Example 2 y = - 6cos5xDraw the graph y = 2 – 6 cos 5xSolution.Draw the graph of :y = cos x y = 2 – 6 cos 5xy= 6cos5x 72o 6
  18. 18. Creating A Phase Shift.Shown below is the graph of y = sin xoNow compare it with the graph of y= sin( x - 60o) + 60o The graph is translated 60o to the right parallel to the x axis.
  19. 19. Shown below is the graph of y = cos x.Now compare it to the graph of y = cos ( x + 45o) -45o The graph is translated 45o to the left parallel to the x axis.

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