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Detailed Lesson plan Sample Digestive Process

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A lesson plan created to be used in the microteaching.

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Detailed Lesson plan Sample Digestive Process

  1. 1. Philippine Normal University College of Teacher Development Faculty of Education Sciences Manila IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS IN EDUCATION 4: PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN SCIENCE: THE DIGESTIVE PROCESS PREPARED BY: BAMBICO, ROSE ANN BATHAN, WARREN JAY DELOS REYES, MARIA LAURA CTP 2015
  2. 2. I. OBJECTIVES A. At the end of the lesson,the students will be able to: 1. List down the parts and their functions in the digestive process 2. Locate the parts of the digestive system 3. Enumerate the importance of the digestive system II. PRELIMINARIES Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity GREETING “Good morning class.” PRAYER “Okay class. Mr./Ms.___, please lead us in prayer.” “Good morning teachers!” “Classmates are you ready to pray?” “Yes we are.” “Lord, wethank You for this day that you have given. Please help us understand our lessonsand guide us in everything we do. Thank You once again, Lord. In Jesus name we pray, Amen.” MOTIVATIONAL ACTIVITY Food Roulette (Game of Food) Students willbe divided into 5 groups – They will count from 1-5 then they willbe group according to the number assigned to them. Theywill be arranged like in this diagram: BLACK BOARD Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 5 Group 4
  3. 3. Mechanics: Rules: Trial: Teacher willsay … “Fried Chicken” Round 1. I was doing house chores and I think of … “Jackfruit”. Round 2. One Student will read the Mechanics: 1. Groupings 2. The Teacher willsay a Food Word and Group 1 will say another food from the last letter of the food given by the Teacher, Then Group 2 will say another Food from the Last letter of the food given by Group 1; Group 3 from Group 2; Group 4 from Group 3; Group 5 from Group 4. (End) 3. Another Set willstart - same sequence as No. 2. It will be 3 sets. One student will read the Rules: 1. Each Group willbe given 3 seconds to answer. 2. Brand Name is not allowed but Proper noun will. 3. Beverage is allowed. 4. After Group 5, Teacher will begin another set. 5. The team/s who get/s the highest score willbe the winner. 6. There will be three teachers who willbe the time keeper and will help facilitate the game. 7. Price willbe given to a winner/s. Group 1 willsay “Nuggets”. Group 2 willsay “Soup”. Group 3 willsay “Popcorn”. Group 4 willsay “Nuts”. Group 5 willsay “Suha”. Group 1 willanswer “_________”. Group 2 willanswer “_________”. Group 3 willanswer “_________”. Group 4 willanswer “_________”. Group 5 willanswer “_________”. Group 1 willanswer “_________”.
  4. 4. I went to Mall, while driving I am thinking of … “Seafood Marinara” for lunch. Round 3. I got hungry whileShopping and I am thinking of … “Ice cream” for merienda. Are you Hungry now? In a little whileit willbe lunch already. Group 2 willanswer “_________”. Group 3 willanswer “_________”. Group 4 willanswer “_________”. Group 5 willanswer “_________”. Group 1 willanswer “_________”. Group 2 willanswer “_________”. Group 3 willanswer “_________”. Group 4 willanswer “_________”. Group 5 willanswer “_________”. Yes, we are! III. LESSON PROPER TEACHER ACTIVITY STUDENT ACTIVITY PUZZLE Thank you. Tr. Warren. Okay class. Don’t return to your seats just yet. Let’s do another activity. Here are 5 envelopes. Choose one representative of your group and proceed in front. Choose one envelope. Then proceed to your respective groups. Now,open your envelopes and identify the specific image and discuss its function in 3minutes. Okay, time is up! What have you noticed with the pictures? Yes. You have learned the following parts in your previous year. Now will (5 Students approaches in front) (Students return to their groups with own envelopes) (Student discussion) They are parts of the digestive system.
  5. 5. discuss the Digestive process in detail. So with that what is the function of the digestive system? Yes. The digestive system Is responsible for breakdown and absorption of nutrients from food thereby bringing energy for the body. So now, One representative per group willdiscuss their collaboration in front. Who among you have the mouth image? Okay! Be the first to discussyour work. Good job! Yes! The mouth breaks down food into bits to facilitate transfer thru the esophagus to the stomach.This is a process called mastication. It also servesas the initial stage of digestion with the enzyme converting carbohydrates. What is that enzyme? The system responsible for food after we eat isDigestive System.” We have have it! The mouth offers an entry of food into the body. It is also where the mechanical breakdown begins. Salivary amylase! And now let’s follow the food as it passes through the digestive system. From the mouth, food passes through the? What connects the mouth and stomach? Yes. And who have the esophagus? Can you share your ideas? That’s correct! So what do we call that rhythmic movement? Esophagus! The esophagus transact food from the mouth to the stomach by a movement. Peristalsis! That’s right. So through peristalsis, the food,or now called chyme, goes through the cardiac sphincter, a ring-shaped musclewhere food enters from esophagus to stomach that prevents food reflux. The food then is transported to the stomach. So again, what is that muscle that
  6. 6. prevent reflux? Correct. Now, whichgroup now hold the stomach? Can you discussit in front? Yes that’s correct. Now,where does the food go after passing the stomach? Now who among you the small intestine picture? Please go in front and discuss. Yes, that’s correct. You may return to your seat. Furthurmore in the small intestine, bile acts on the food. Bile is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It break down fats into smaller droplets. What organ produces bile? How about the one that stores bile? The cardiac sphincter! The stomach further forms the food into smaller portions and contains HCl that aids digestion and destroys the bacteria present in the ingested food. It also has pepsin the breaksdown protein into smaller forms. Small intestines! The small intestine is where pancreatic juices aids in digestion of protein, carbohydrates and fats. It is also the longest part of the digestive system. Liver! Gallbladder! That’s correct! Small intestinesthe remains of the digestion and absorption are now enters the large intestine who happens to be in the last group. Yes, that true. You may now return to your seat. The large intestine is composed by the ascending, transverse and descending colon, the appendix, anus and rectum. It is alsowhere absorption of water occurs. The remains after water has been absorbed are now called STOOL or FECES then it willbe stored in the rectum then excrete to The large intestine is composed by the ascending, transverse and descending colon, the anus and rectum. It is also wherethe appendix is. It also contains the feces ready for excretion.
  7. 7. the anus. So in summary, the digestive system is composed of? All are whichfunction to do what? Very good! So now, I willturn you over to Tr. Rose for the next activity. The mouth, esophagus, stomach, large and small intestines! They are responsible for breakdown and absorption of nutrients from food thereby bringing energy for the body. IV. ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY EXAM Direction: Choose the best answer and write the letter on the space provided. ______ 1. Digestion is ___________. a. The breakdown of food into smaller substance that can be absorbed by the body b. The breakdown of food in the mouth which contains salivary amylase c. The breakdown of starches into simple sugars to be easily swallowed in the esophagus d. The breakdown of protein into smaller peptides. ______ 2. It is where the process of digestion begins. a. Tongue b. Teeth c. Mouth d. Esophagus ______ 3. The enzyme whichis responsible for protein digestion. a. Chyme b. Salivary amylase c. Pepsin d. Hydrochloric acid ______ 4. A ring-shaped muscle where food enters from esophagus to stomach. One student will read the directions. “Direction: Choose the best answer and write the letter on the space provided.” Students will be given 5 minutesto answer.
  8. 8. a. Pyloric sphincter b. Cardiac sphincter c. Epiglottis d. Pyloric valve ______ 5. Where does the absorption of water occur? a. Stomach b. Liver c. Small intestine d. Large intestine CHECKING THE QUIZ Exchange papers with your seatmates. Who wants to read and answer number 1? What’s the answer? “CORRECT!” Alright number 2. (Teacher callsanother student) Okay! Great! Next let’s havenumber 3 . (Teacher callsa student) Students raise their hands. “Ma’m” 1. Digestion is ___________. a. The breakdown of food into smaller substance that can be absorbed by the body b. The breakdown of food in the mouth which contains salivary amylase c. The breakdown of starches into simple sugars to be easily swallowed in the esophagus d. The breakdown of protein into smaller peptides. The answer is A. “Ma’m” (another student raiseshis/her hand) 2. It is wherethe process of digestion begins. a. Tongue b. Teeth c. Mouth d. Esophagus The answer is C. “Ma’am”(another student raises his/her hand) 3. The enzyme which is responsible for protein digestion. a. Chyme b. Salivary amylase
  9. 9. That isRight! It’s C. Let’s continuewith number 4. (Teacher callsanother student) Okay! Correct! Let’s have the last number. (Teacher callsanother student) Definitelyright. That’sall. Anyone has a question? Alright class, who got 5? Okay pass your papers. “Pass your papers according to your scores.” “5” “4” “3” “2” “1” “0” c. Pepsin d. Hydrochloric acid The answer is C. “Ma’am” (students raise hands) 4. A ring-shaped musclewhere food enters from esophagus to stomach. a. Pyloric sphincter b. Cardiac sphincter c. Epiglottis d. Pyloric valve The answer is B. “Ma’am” (Students raise hands) 5. Where does the absorption of water occur? a. Stomach b. Liver c. Small intestine d. Large intestine The answer is D. Students raise their hands.
  10. 10. V. ENRICHMENT TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY “Your assignment for tomorrow.” Please read…. Number 1 Number 2 “List down three (3) digestive system disorders. Write down the causes and the wayson how to treat them. “Bring the following: cotton balls,ice candy plastic, two pieces of straw,rubber bands

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