What are biomes?
The biosphere is divided into
major areas called biomes.
BIOMES
• A biome is determined mainly by its
climate-like temperature and rainfall.
• Each biome has a different climate, ...
1. TUNDRA
• Bitterly cold and covered with snow and
ice.
• Ground remains permanently frozen
(permafrost).
• Only certain ...
Tundra
2. CONIFEROUS FOREST
• Confers = cone-bearing trees (pines, fir)
• Cold climate
• Dense forests (tree tops block out a lot...
3. DECIDUOUS FOREST
• Maples and oaks – shed leaves in Fall.
• Thrive in moderate climates.
• Summers may be hot and winte...
Deciduous forest in Winter
Deciduous forest in Spring
Deciduous forest in Fall
4. TROPICAL RAIN FOREST
• Very warm and very moist all the time.
• Receives plenty of sunlight and rain.
• Excellent for p...
5. GRASSLANDS
• Mostly grass!
• Temperatures similar to deciduous forest.
• Do not receive much rainfall – enough rain
to ...
6. DESERT
•
•
•
•

Very dry; receives very little rainfall.
Very hot during the day, cold at night.
Soil is very dry and p...
Whatarebiomes 090421062025-phpapp01 (4)
Whatarebiomes 090421062025-phpapp01 (4)
Whatarebiomes 090421062025-phpapp01 (4)
Whatarebiomes 090421062025-phpapp01 (4)
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Whatarebiomes 090421062025-phpapp01 (4)

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Whatarebiomes 090421062025-phpapp01 (4)

  1. 1. What are biomes? The biosphere is divided into major areas called biomes.
  2. 2. BIOMES • A biome is determined mainly by its climate-like temperature and rainfall. • Each biome has a different climate, which, in turn, affects the soil. • The earth’s land areas are divided into 6 major biomes.
  3. 3. 1. TUNDRA • Bitterly cold and covered with snow and ice. • Ground remains permanently frozen (permafrost). • Only certain small plants such as mosses and grasses can grow. • Some animals like reindeer and foxes move in during the growing season.
  4. 4. Tundra
  5. 5. 2. CONIFEROUS FOREST • Confers = cone-bearing trees (pines, fir) • Cold climate • Dense forests (tree tops block out a lot of sunlight) • Grasses, small trees cannot grow – only some shrubs, ferns and mosses thrive. • Animals such as squirrels, moose, birds, and insects live here.
  6. 6. 3. DECIDUOUS FOREST • Maples and oaks – shed leaves in Fall. • Thrive in moderate climates. • Summers may be hot and winters may be cold. • Receive a good supply of water. • Dense forests • Provides habitats for many animals.
  7. 7. Deciduous forest in Winter
  8. 8. Deciduous forest in Spring
  9. 9. Deciduous forest in Fall
  10. 10. 4. TROPICAL RAIN FOREST • Very warm and very moist all the time. • Receives plenty of sunlight and rain. • Excellent for plant growth and soil development. • Plants grow thick and tall. • Found in areas near the equator. • Support more plant life and animal species than any other biome.
  11. 11. 5. GRASSLANDS • Mostly grass! • Temperatures similar to deciduous forest. • Do not receive much rainfall – enough rain to support grasses but not trees. • Excellent for grazing animals. • Soil is very rich. • Wheat and corn grow here. • Home for many small, burrowing animals.
  12. 12. 6. DESERT • • • • Very dry; receives very little rainfall. Very hot during the day, cold at night. Soil is very dry and poor. Only a few kinds of plants grow in the desert. • Very few animals can survive in the desert.

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