Khmer nation leaders 12

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Khmer nation leaders 12

  1. 1. esckIþEføgGMNrKuN (Acknowledgment) Cabzm´sUmelIkhtßfVaybgÁM nigsUmeKarBEføgGMNrKuNy:agRCaleRCAcMeBaH elak«Buk GñkmþaynigCatiExμr EdlCaGñkmanKuNd¾elIslub )anpþl;CIvit pþl;kMeNIteGaykUn nigxitxMciBa©wmbI)ac;EfrkSakUn. CaBiess ´RBHkruNasUmGrRBHKuNcMeBaH RBHetCKuNRKb;RBHGgÁ Edl)anKaMRT nigCYysMrYlkñúgkic©karenH. sUmeKarBEføgGMNrKuNelakRKU GñkRKU saRsþacarüTaMgGs; Edl)anpþl;cMeNHdwgdl;´ nigkulbuRtkulFItaExμrRKb;rUb. sUmEføgGMNrKuN Gs;elak elakRsI Edl)anCYy]btßmÖKaMRT. esovePAenHcgRkgeLIgedIm,I]TÞisdl;GñkdwknaM GñkesñhaCati nigGñkCatiExμrniym EdlsuxcitþlHbg; kMlaMgkay citþ rhUtdl;bUCaCIvitedIm,IbuBVehtukarBarCatimatuPUmiExμrRKb;CMnan; eGay)anKg;vgSrhUtmkdl;bc©úb,nñenH. esovePAEdl´xitxMcgRkgeLIgenH KWkñúgeKalbMNgrYmcMENkkñúgkarbNþúHsμartICatiniym nigbNþúHqnÞ³RbCaCatiExμr eGaymankaryl;dwgbEnßmGMBI emdwknaMCatiExμr nigyuT§saRsþdwknaMrbs;bNþaRbeTsGPivDÆn_mYycMnYn edIm,ITajykbTBiesaFn_ nigKMnit mkGPivDÆRbeTsExμreGaymankarrIkcMerIn dUcbNþaRbeTsTaMgLayenAelakxaglic. ´sgÇwmfa esovePAenHnwgCYybMPøWdl; RBHetCKuN sisS nisiSt CMnan;eRkay nigGs;elak elakRsIEdlmanbMNgcg;køayCaemdwknaMd¾l¥ sMrab;sgÁmCatiExμr b¤tambNþasßab½nepSg². esovePAenH KWCakBa©k;qøúHbBa©aMgBIKMnit nigbTBiesaFn_pÞal;rbs;´ d¾tictYcsþÜcesIþg minTan;)anRKb;RCugeRCayenAeLIyeT. ´rIkraynigTTYlyknUvkarriHKn;Eklm¥ RKb;Ebbya:gGMBIelakGñkGan. CacugbBa©b;enH ´sgÇwmfa Gs;elakGñkGanBitCanigTTYl)annUvKMnityuT§saRsþemdwknaM edIm,IGPivDÆsgÁmCatieyIgeGaymankarrIkcMerInrugerOg nigeFVIeGayxøÜneyIgkøayCa kMBUlemdwknaMKMrUl¥kñúgsgÁmCatiExμrnaeBlGnaKt. eFIVenATIRkugva:sIunetan éf¶TI07 Exkkáda qñaM2007 bNÐit s FmμrgSIeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI i rkSasiT§i
  2. 2. GarmÖkfa emdwknaM mantYnaTIsMxan;Nas; kñúgkardwknaMRbeTsCati shRKas Rkumh‘un GgÁkar b¤sßab½nepSg² edIm,I»ymankarvivDÆn_ lUtlas;eCOnelOneTAmux. dUecñH edIm,I»yRsbeTAnwgkal³eTs³ énkarvivDÆn_rbs;tMbn; nigsaklelak esovePAemdwknaMCatiExμrenH nwgqøúHbBa©aMgTaMgRTIsIþ nigkarGnuvtþn_ EdlCakarBiesaFn_ rbs;emdwknaMkMBUl² enAelIelakenH . eyIg)andkRsg;mkcgRkgpgEdr nUvKMrUvIrPaB rbs;vIrburs mhabursExμreyIgykmkKYbpSM nwgsßankarN_ RbvtþisaRsþBitnana EdlRbeTsCati nigExμreyIgRKb;rUb)anEhlqøgkat;sMrab;CaKMnit dl;karRtiHriHBicarNaeRbobeFob kñúgkardwknaMRbeTsExμr eGayrs;ranKg;vgSCaExμrdUcGarüRbeTsnanaelIelakenH. edIm,IBüa)alCMgW evC¢bNÐit caM)ac;RtUvsÁal;eraKsBaØaBit. y:agNamij edIm,IrkviFIEkbBaðasgÁmExμr eyIgral;Kña CaGñkdwknaM mankarxVayxVl; cMeBaHGayuCIvitrbs;RbeTsCati RtUvEtsÁal;dl; b¤sKl; énbBaða sikSaKas;kkay rkeGayeXIjkarBit CaedImcm. GñkniBn§BüayamtaMgcitþ CakNþal Etfa karsikSarknUvGIVEdlBit rEmgb:Hdl;tYrGgÁNamYy edayecosminrYc dUcPasitExμreBalfa{BaküBitErgrwg RsaErgRsvwg minsUvCa }. karsikSarkkarBit minRKan;EtCameFüa)ayeGayeyIgGacrkviFIEkéxbBaðaCati b:ueNÁaHeT EtnwgCYy eGayeyIgGacnaMmknUvyutþiFm’ dl;GñkEdl)an)at;bg;CIviteTA nigdl;sgÁmCatieTotpg. eRBaHfa enAkñúgsgÁmExμreyIg Gñkcaj;ehIysøab;EtgEtxus ÉGñkrs;ehIyQñH eTaHmankMhusF¶n;F¶rkMritNa rEmgEkxøÜnlak;kMhus ykRtUvCanic©. bBaðaEbbenH ekItmankñúgsgÁmExμreyIg Caerogd¾rabmk EdlCaehtueFVI»yBUCsasn_Exμr cuHGn;exSayesÞIputBUCdUcsBVéf¶. müa:geTot karcgRkgesovePAenH CaÉksar edIm,IbNþúHKMnit sisS nisSit RbCaCatiExμr »ykøayeTACaemdwknaMmYyd¾l¥mYyedayxøÜnÉg sMrab;sgÁmCatiExμr naeBlGnaKt kñúgbMNgcg;eGay matuPUmieyIg sm,ÚredayemdwknaMl¥² manRbsiT§iPaB manKMnitesñhaCatiBit² RKb;RsTab;énsgÁm. sgÁmCatimYy sm,ÚredayemdwknaMl¥RKb;sßab½nCati nwgeFIV»ysgÁmenaH mankarrIkcMerIn eCOnelOnya:gR)akd. sm½yGgÁr Ca]TahrN_ sMrab;eyIgCaExμr ykmkeFVIkarsikSa. RBHBuT§GgÁ)anTUnμan Tukfa {mñalPikçú PikçúnI ])ask ])asikaTaMgLay sm½ykalNamanRBHraCa¬emdwknaM¦l¥ sm½yenaH namWunmRnþIk¾RbkbedayFm’ emXdIxül; GakasFatuk¾l¥ karbgábegáInpl k¾)anpll¥ RbCanikr k¾rs;)ansuxekSmkSanþ eTAtamenaHEdr. pÞúyeTAvij sm½ykalNa manRBHraCaminl¥ sm½ykalenaH namWunmRnþIk¾minRbkbedayFm’ emXdIxül;GakasFatu k¾ERbRbYlmineTogTat; naM»ymanTwkCMnn;raMgs¶ÜthYtEhgxusRbRktI karbgábegáInpl k¾min)anpll¥ mðÚbGaharsMbUredayCatiBisBul RbCanikr k¾maneraKaCMgWQWfáat;EbøkBIRbktI nigrs;edaykarlM)akRkIRk Gt;Xøan P½yxøac l¶g;exøA efakTab y:ab;yuWn eTAtamenaHEdr }.Ep¥ktamRBHsURtenH eyIgGaceRbobeFob)any:aggay cMeBaHsgÁmExμrsBVéf¶enH fay:agNa?.eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI ii rkSasiT§i
  3. 3. GñkniBn§ minh‘anGHGagfaÉksarviPaKTand¾sþÜcesþIgenH CatMrad¾manRbsiT§PaBmYy jMaugeGayeyIgRKb;KñaBitCakøayeTACaGñkdwknaMExμr d¾l¥enaHTaMgRsug)aneLIy. EtvaGaRs½yelI qnÞHrbs;eyIgRKb;rUbkñúgkarRbtibtþi nigkardak;Fur³citþkaybMerICati enaHmankMritmutmaMb:uNÑa. GñkniBn§ min)anGFib,ayeGay)anek,aHk,aylMGitBIrebobdwknaMeT RKan;Etpþl;KMniteKal² BIrebobdwknaM nigRKwHsMxan;²xøHCaKMnit dl;elakGñkGanykeTAsikSaRsavRCavbEnßm eGay)andl;CMerABuT§ieTotcuH. GIVCaeKaledA kñúgPaKTI 1 énesovePAenH GñkniBn§cg;epþatelIkarbNþúHqnÞ³ Catiniym dl;kulbuRt kulFItaExμr eGayPJak;rlwk KitKUrseRgÁaH RbeTsCatieyIgedayxøÜnÉgmincaM)ac;edkcMasgÇwmbuKÁlGs©arü b¤rg;caMGñkmanbuNüNaeLIy. eRBaHfaGñkmanbuNü EdlExμrPaKeRcIn kMBugedksgÇwmenaH CakarsgÇwmemX sgÇwmxül;Etb:ueNÑaH. enARbeTsExμr BYkemRtYtRta minEdl)anbNþúHqnÞ³Exμr»ynwkcg;køayxøÜnCa emdwknaM esaHeLIy. elIsBIenH eKEtgBgVk;Exμr »yrs;luHlg; kñúg])aykle)akR)as PuUtPr KμankarBit. pÞúyeTAvij enAbs©wmRbeTs eKEtgbNþúHelIkTwkcitþBlrdæeKTaMgGs; eGaymancMeNHdwg eGaymanqnÞ³ eFIVCaemdwknaM RKb;²Kña. RbeTsGaemrik Ca]TahrN_Rsab; eTIbcab;kMeNItRtwmCag 200 qñaM esaHRbeTsenHGacsagxøÜnCamhaGMNacRtYtBiPBelakenH)an k¾eRBaHEt eKdwknaMRbCaCatieK tammaKa’EdlRbkan;karBit¬sc©³¦ enH nigEp¥kelIRbeyaCn_Cati CnrYmCatiCaeKalFMcMbgx<g;x<s; CagRbeyaCn_buKÁltamRKwHénlT§iRbCaFibetyü esrIPaB smPaBBit rbs;BlrdæenHÉg KμanbuKÁlNa manbuBVsiT§enAeRkAc,ab;GgÁúyelIc,ab;eLIy RKb;²Kña RtUvEtsßitenAeRkamc,ab;rdæEtmYy EdlxusRsLH rdæFmμnuBaØExμrEbrCaman x maRta EcgfabuKÁlBUCBgS sßabn½enH minGacb:HBal;riHKn;)andac;xat ¬sUmGanrdæFmμmnuBaØraCaNacRkkmçúCa CMBUkTI 2 maRta TI 7 vKÁxNÐTI 3¦. etI buKÁlén RkumRKYsarenaH eFVIGIVminxusrhUtb¤?.enHCaTegVIbEgVgdan xVHkarTTYlxusRtUvkñúgPaBCamnusS nigritEtminskþ×sm CaGñkdwknaMmanTsBitraCFm’enaHeTAeTot. RBHBuT§)anTUnμanRbedAeyIgeGayrs;enAkñúgPaB PøWsVagén BuT§i nigbBaØa edayEp¥ktameKalkarN_ {kmμpl} evorcak GviC¢a. )ann½yfa mineCOCatid¾éTgayedayxVHkarBicarNatam ehtu pl .ebIeyIgeFIVGMeBIya:gNa nwgTTYlmkvijnUv plEbbenaH b¤Gacfa{ ebIeyIgdaM eBat pl )anmkvijCaEpøeBat.ebIeyIgmanemtþaeday PaBl¶g;exøA nwig)anplmkvijdUcerOg GñkbreTHnigRkeBIdac;Twk kñúgel,IkExμr)anRbedATukmkdUecñaHEdr. cuHebI esþc sIhnu EdlciBa©wmRkeBI yYn lT§pl )anmkvij vadUc ExμreyIgsBVéf¶enH.KWeBlyYnmankMlaMghk;mkxaM Rt)ak;k,alExμrya;:ghñwg. møwgehIy esþcenH enAEteBalTaMg gegIlEbbLb;²stiedayKμaneGonxμas; KμanvicarNBaØaNCamnusSbnþicesaH enAcMeBaHmuxhVÚgnisSit naqñaM 1991 ÉsalaPUminÞrdæ)alkñúgTIRkugPμMeBjfa {BYksaFarNrdæecHEtecaTfa yYn² ´RKan;EtCYyyYn rMedaHTwkdIeKesaH¬rMedaHExμrkm<úCaeRkamBI yYnxagt,Úg eTACarbs;yYnTaMgRsug ¦ BYksaFarNrdæecaT´fa k,t;CatiEdr}. enHCasMdIlIlaEbbmnusSk,t;Cati Edlsm,CBaسCamnusS. }¬sUmcucsþab;sMdI sIhnu> cucsþab;enAkñúg sIuDIEdlP¢ab;mkCamYy¦ D:Kh Hist D:Kh Hist coup-1970-a.mp3 coup-1970-b.mp3eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI iii rkSasiT§i
  4. 4. Exμrsøab; 3lannak; minEmnCaerOgécdnü b¤ExμrRtUvEtrgTukçeTas tamBuT§TMnayeLIy. EtvaCa kMhusrbs;GñkdwknaM KWesþc sIhnu enHÉgya:gR)akd. TwsedARBHBuT§GgÁ EsVgrkkarRtas;dwg edIm,IrkpøÚvCYystVelakeGayrYcputTukçesak PaBGviC¢aepSg². RBHGgÁBMu)andak;TMnayeTasTNÐ Cati sasn_NaeLIy. erOgBuT§TMnayGacCa kll,ic xagcitþsaRsþmYyrbs;yYn tak;EtgeLIgedIm,IeFIVeGayExμr sgÇwmemXsgÇwmpáay nigeFVIeGayExμr Gs;CMenOelImaKa’rbs;RBHBuT§GgÁ EdlCamaKa’cak;RKwHkñúgsgÁmExμr rab;Ban;qñaMmkehIy nigk¾CamaKa’ EdlFøab;naMExμreGaykøayCacRkPBmYyd¾Gs©arü eRkamkardwknaMd¾eqøovqøatrbs; BUCBgS vr½μn dUcCa RBH)aTCy½vrμ½nTI7 CaedIm. edaysarBuT§sasnaenHEdr EdleFVIeGayExμrGacQñH nwgTMgn;Can;QøI b:unb:grMlayGkSrsaRsþExμr BIGaNaniKmn_)araMg eGayenAKg;vg; sMrab;kUnExμrrhUtdl;sBVéf¶. Cak;EsþgCagenH edaysar RBHBuT§sasnaenHÉg Edl)aneFIVeGayyYn minGacrMlayqnÞHCatiniymExμreRkam )angay²tamTMenIgcitþva. maKa’Ep¥kelI karBit {sc©³}enHehIy CamaK’a Exμrsm½ycRkPBGgÁr nigGaemrikRbkan;yk. »kUnExμreGIy sUmGñksMlwgemIlR)agÁR)asaTTaMgLay enAedrdasBaseBjTwkdIéneRCaysuvNñPUmienHmanR)asaTGgÁr CasñÚldYgRBlwgrbs;Exμr CaskçIén TwkdIcRkPBd¾FMlwVgelIVy nigGtItkal d¾rugerOgGs©arü KμaneRbobrbs;Exμr nasm½yGgÁr¬kñúgrC¢kal RBH)aTC½yvrμ½nTI2/ sUrüvrμ½nTI1-TI2/ C½yvrμ½nTI7¦. EtLÚvenH KYreGaysegVKhYsnisS½y R)agÁR)asaTEdlminGackat;éføy:agl¥RbNitTaMgenH RtUvsißtenAeRkamecaryYneTAvij naeBlbc©úb,nñ ¬sux Kg; GtItTahanyYn A50¦ EdlkMBugEteFIVGaCIvkmμ elIGcäriyvtßú CaRBlwgdUntaExμr EtBYkk,t; h‘un Esn minEdlnwkxVl;xVayTal;EtesaH TukeGayExμrrs;kñúgGnøg; Gt;Xøan l¶g;exøA P½yxøac. GñkniBn§xitxMsresr nigRsavRCavtamcMeNH dwgbnþicbnþÜc kñúgeBlEdlrYcputBIeKaledAtamsMlab; rbs;EqábMerIyYn nigbkSBYk h‘un Esn. EteTaHCa rgnUvkartamRbmaj:ya:gNakþI esckþIBüayamcgRkgenH GñkniBn§manbMNgEtmUyKt; cg;eGaykUnExμrTaMgGs; PJak;rlwk kMuxøacrGaesckIþsøab; xitxMeronsURt sikSaRbvtþisaRsþBitrbs;Exμr ehIyeRkakQreLIgeFVIkartsU‘karBarRbeTsCati kMu»yrlay)at;bg;eTA kñúgédecaryYns½ysasn_ EdlmanGay:g h‘un Esn CaEqábMerIi. esckþIsøab; mancMeBaHmnusSRKb;rUb Kμanmñak;nNaGacecosputeLIy EtebIeyIgh‘anlHbg;CIvit h‘ansøab;edIm,IRbeyaCn_Exμr Cakarsøab;kñúgkitþiys. eyIgsøab;BitEmn Etekrþ×eQμaHeyIg minsøab;eLIy nwgenArs;CaGmt³ RkGUbBieraHrNþM kñúgcitþKMnit sμartI dYgRBlwgGarmμN_kUnExμr CMnan;eRkay CaragdrabminesaHsUnüCanic©RKb;CMnan;. ExμrRKb;rUb nwgyktMrab;tamKMrUvirPaBd¾RbéB edIrtamlMGand¾l¥ rbs;eyIgenH Cak;CaminxanCaerogrhUt. tamRTwsþIBuT§sasna CnTaMgLay EdleFIVTandl;RbeyaCn_saFarN³ rEmgTTYlplbuNükusl ya:geRcInelIslb; CaGenkGnnþCagkareFIVTan edaycMeBaHeTAelIbuKÁl mann½yfa vIrkmμrbs;eyIg Edl)anlHbg;GayuCIvit eBlevla FnFan nigesckþIsuxpÞal;xøÜn edIm,IkarBar EfrkSa PaBrs;ranKg;vS karrIkcMerInénsgÁmCatiExμr ¬RbeyaCn_saFarN³¦ rEmgTTYlplbuNüy:agtKNna nig)aneTAekItesaysux y:agRbesIrx<g;x<s; enAGnaKtCatiya:gR)akd. karsøab;EbbenH eTaHCaekItsøab; 100CatieTot k¾eyIgCaExμr enAEteBjcitþeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI iv rkSasiT§i
  5. 5. søab;. vIrbursExμreyIg eRcInrab;minGs; )anbUCaCIvit edIm,IkarBarCati TwkdIExμr eGayKg;vgS dl;bc©úb,nñ manCaGaT× RBH)aTCy½vrμ½nTI2 sUrüvrμ½nTI1-TI2/ RBH)aTC½y vrμ½nTI7/ GgÁ DYg/ ]kj:a RkLaeham Kg/; ]kj:a sWn Kuy/swug g:ukfaj;/ )a:g xat;/ )a:c QWn/ nYn DYg/ b‘uNÑ c½nÞmu:l/ Gacarü Ehm ecov/ Gacarü eBarkMe)ar/ semþc sgÇraCCYn Nat/ eGov ekIs/ yutþivgS/ sm sarI/ RBab Guin/ RBHetCKuN sM b‘uneFOn/ CaedIm.l. ExμrPaKeRcInemIlmindwg RbwgKitminyl; xMsMKal;k¾mineXIj )anedaygayeLIy nUvkll,ic exμARkxVk;EdlyYn )anerobcMxMsMlab;bMputBUCExμr. kñúgraCkSRtI GgÁmIu ¬1835-1841¦emT½ByYn eQμaH eRTOg mijy:ag)aneRbIviFIekþA rMlayBUCsasn_ExμrEtmin)ansMerc. stvtSr_TI 18 yYn )aneRbIRsI CaFñak;Tak;esþc C½yeCdæa elbykTwkdIExμreRkamGs;mYyPaKFM. stvtSr_TI20 yYn hU CImij )anbþÚryuT§saRsþBIkareRbIviFIekþAmkeRbIviFIRtCak;d¾RbkbedayBisBul edayyklT§ikumμúnisþCameFüa)ay elbRt)ak;RbeTsExμrCabnþ. TsvtSr_qñaM 1980 eRkamelsfa CYyrMedaHExμr BIrbbRbl½yBUCsasn_ yYn)anQøanBanTwkdIExμr bøn;ykRTBüsm,tiþExμrGs; bnSl;TukEtsMbkRbeTs. yYn elIkbnþúbCnkgVak; h‘un Esn elμaPGMNac k,t;Cati eGayeFVIkarbMerIplRbeyaCn_va edIm,IsMerceKaledAcugeRkay elbbegðIyTwkdIExμr dUcyYn Føab;elbyk RbeTscM):a nigdIExμrkm<úCaeRkamCaedIm. kll,ic d¾sμúKsμajTaMgenH RtUv)anGay:g h‘un Esn kMBugEtGnuvtþn_sBVéf¶tambBa¢a yYnecAhVayva.vaeRbIRKb;meFüa)ay edIm,IBgVk;Exμr eGaygab;sμartICati nwksμanfaRbeTsCati mansnþiPaB EtCasnþiPaB sißtenAmat;eRCaHmrN³ BUCsasn_ExμrTaMgmUl nwgRtUvrlaysabsUnü. yYn h‘un Esn BgVk;Exμr»yvk;vegVgnwgfñaMejonEl,g RsIRsa GMeBIBalaGava:EsepSg² karsb,ay hWuha gb;gl; nwgmasR)ak; sMParH buNüskþ× muxmat; GYtKña.EtCaGMnYtRbehagkñúg CaPaBePøItePøIn enAmat;reNþAmrN³. eFIV»yExμr )at;kþIsgÇwm )at;CMenOelIesckþIl¥ elIPaBRtwmRtUv elIkarecHdwg elIKMnitbBaØa sμartI smtßPaBExμrxøÜnÉg EdlmatuPUmi Bn§úBgSExμr )anpþl;eGayBIkMeNIt.vajauMg»yExμrmanEtKMnitBwgEp¥kelIecaryYn edayePøcesckþIsøab; . vaeFVIeGaysgÁmExμr ERbBIseTACaexμA BIl¥eTACaGaRkk; BIecareTACa]kj:a BIPaBCaCnk,t;Cati laPlnBN’CaGñkmanbuNüGMNac. BI)atédRbLak;Qamrs;kñúgføúkTukçTaruNÐExμr eRsabedayeRsameTvta RkéLBgSavtaExμr eGayR)ascakkarBit CaehtujaMugeGayExμrCMnan;eRkay vegVgvgVan; rkxusRtUvmineXIj. kll,icEbbenH yYn)anGnuvtþn_taMgEt sm½yraCesþc sIhnu TI1¬Cy½vrμ½nTI9¦mkemøH trhUtmkdl;nayRtsk;Ep¥m¬RbEhl esom CaGñkerobcM¦nigsBVéf¶enHÉg. sUmemtþaGanGanlMGit kñúgesovePA TsSnviC¢a neya)ay rbs;elak sa®sþacarü eTog NariT§ nigsþab;RbvtþisaRsþExμr EdlpSayedayviTüúGasIuesrI PaK 22 dl;PaK 24. enATIbBa©b; GñkniBn§sUmrMlwkdl;KuNbuBVbursExμr vIrburs vIrHnarI RBlwgGñkesñhaCatiTaMgGs; Edl)aneFVIBlikmμedIm,IPaBrs;ran Kg;vgSénCati sasna RbCaCatiExμrTaMgGs; cUlmksNæit kñúgdYgRBlwgviBaØaNkUnExμrRKb;rUb eGayPJak;rlwk emIleXIjpøÚvRtUv mansμartIkøahanGg;GaceRkakQreLIgBYtédKña CYyse®gÁaHkarBar matuPYmiExμr d¾CaTIRsLaj;elIsCIviténeyIg eGayrYcputBIRkjaMuecaryYn nigBYkGay:gk,t;Cati Edlmanectnay:agKeXøInkñúgkarrMelaPrMlayBUCBgSExμr nigelbykTwkdIExμr naeBlbc©úb,nñ tamry³GaNaniKmn_yYn EbbfμIenH.eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI v rkSasiT§i
  6. 6. matikaesckþIEføgGMNrKuN ---------------------------------------------------------------- iGarmÖkfa ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ii EpñkTI 1eKalkarN_emdwknaMesñhaCatiExμr ------------------------------------------------------1 I. eyIgCaExμr RtUvsÁal;GIVCaExμr ----------------------------------------------------1 II. GñkesñhaCatiExμrBitR)akd-----------------------------------------------------6 III. eKalbMNg nigTisedA--------------------------------------------------------10 IV. smtßPaB ÉkeTs nigkarBiesaFn_c,as;las; ---------------------------------------11 V. esckþIkøahan karlHbg; nigkarebþCJacitþ -------------------------------------------15 VI. suxPaBl¥ -----------------------------------------------------------------16 VII. KuNFm’ ------------------------------------------------------------------17 k-RBhμviharFm’ ------------------------------------------------------------17 1- emtþa---------------------------------------------------------------17 2- kruNa--------------------------------------------------------------18 3- muTita--------------------------------------------------------------18 4- ]ebkça -------------------------------------------------------------18 x-TsBiFFm’ ---------------------------------------------------------------19 1- Tan ---------------------------------------------------------------19 2- sIl---------------------------------------------------------------19 3- bric©aK-------------------------------------------------------------21 4- GaC¢v³ -------------------------------------------------------------22 5- mTÞv³ --------------------------------------------------------------24 6- tb³---------------------------------------------------------------24 7- GekáaF³ ------------------------------------------------------------26 8- GvihwgSa------------------------------------------------------------26 9- xnþI ----------------------------------------------------------------27 10-GvieraFn³------------------------------------------------------------27 VIII. eFIVKMrUnaMmuxeK--------------------------------------------------------------29 IX. h‘anTTYlxusRtUvcMeBaHskmμPaBrbs;xøÜnÉg ---------------------------------------30eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI vi rkSasiT§i
  7. 7. X. ]sSah_sikSaeronsURtbEnßm ---------------------------------------------------32 XI. RtUvsMerccitþeGayTan;eBlevla-------------------------------------------------33 XII-RtUvecHCYyKña lak;Kña karBarKña eTAvijeTAmk---------------------------------------34 EpñkTI 2sil,³kardwknaM --------------------------------------------------------------------36 I. ckçúvis½y --------------------------------------------------------------------36 1- neya)ayvatTwkdIrbs;kumμúynisþNÐÚcin ----------------------------------------36 2- rbbkumμúynisþ ehg sMrin h‘un Esn Gay:gyYn -----------------------------------49 3- GaNaniKmn_yYnEbbfμI nigCnGenþaRbevsn_yYn -----------------------------------51 4- h‘un Esn Kabsgát;CiHCan;RbCaBlrdæExμreGayexSay RkIRk l¶g;exøAnigP½yxøac------------57 k- etIyYn h‘un Esn eFVIeGayExμrRkIRktamviFINaxøH?------------------------------57 x- etIyYn h‘un Esn eFVIeGayExμrl¶g;exøAtamviFINaxøH? ----------------------------58 K- etIyYn h‘un Esn eFVIeGayExμrP½yxøac)ak;s,attamviFINaxøH?---------------------58 5- karsnñidæanvasnaGnaKtCatiExμr-----------------------------------------------59 II. eKalbMNg nigTisedAemdwknaMCatiExμr ---------------------------------------------59 III. yuT§sa®sþTwk ---------------------------------------------------------------60 1- Twktamniymn½yviTüasa®sþ --------------------------------------------------60 2- TwkRbdUckmøaMgGñkesñhaCatiExμr-----------------------------------------------61 3- GtþsBaØaNrbs;kmøaMgGñkesñhaCatiExμr -----------------------------------------61 4- KuNsm,tþi nigTwkcitþrbs;kmøaMgGñkesñhaCatiExμr----------------------------------62 5- virPaBrbs;Twk -----------------------------------------------------------64 6- kMlaMgGñkesñhaCatiExμrBitR)akd ---------------------------------------------64 7- yuT§sa®sþrbs;TwkenAkñúgkarRbyuT§ --------------------------------------------65 8- yuT§sa®sþrbs;TwkenAkñúgkarkarBarxøÜn ------------------------------------------67 9- Twk nigsil,³sRgÁam s‘un s‘U -------------------------------------------------67 10-l,icd¾l,Il,ajnanaenAkñúgsRgÁam --------------------------------------------68 k- l,icsMlab;sRtUvedayx©IdaveK---------------------------------------------68 x- l,icbþÚrRsemal nigPaBBit -----------------------------------------------72 K- l,icTIRkugKμanmnusS----------------------------------------------------73 X-l,icdkfytamyuT§sa®sþ ------------------------------------------------74eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI vii rkSasiT§i
  8. 8. 11-bNþaMRBlwgemKgÁ --------------------------------------------------------75 IV. yuT§saRsþ -----------------------------------------------------------------76 1- eKaledA k- eKaledA yYn h‘un Esn-------------------------------------------------78 x- eKaledAemdwknaMCatiExμr ------------------------------------------------78 2- vayluk --------------------------------------------------------------79 3- RbmUlpþMú --------------------------------------------------------------81 4- kll,ic --------------------------------------------------------------82 k- yYnykRsIeFVIFñak; Tak;emdwknaM ------------------------------------------82 x- l,icekþAeFVIsRgÁamQøanBanExμr -------------------------------------------84 K- l,icx©IdavsRtUveRbI ¬yYneRbIl,iceGayExμrsmøab;Exμr¦--------------------------85 X-EpnkaryYnsMlab;Exμr kñúgrbbraCaNacRkEkøgkøay ---------------------------86 5- ÉkPaBGñkdwknaM --------------------------------------------------------90 6- snSMsMéc -------------------------------------------------------------91 7- qμk; -----------------------------------------------------------------91 8- snþisux---------------------------------------------------------------91 9- gayRsYl -------------------------------------------------------------92 10- RBmKña ---------------------------------------------------------------93 V. begIátRkumkargar ------------------------------------------------------------93 1- RkumkargarKWCamnusSmanqnÞ³EtmYy -----------------------------------------93 2- eRCIs EtgtaMgmnusSEdlmanfVIéd nigkarBiesaFn_x<s;kñúgkargar --------------------94 3- mnusSenAkñúgRkumkargar RtUvebþCJacitþTaMgGs;Kña ---------------------------------94 VI. karerobcM ------------------------------------------------------------------95 1- kareRCIserIssmaCik ----------------------------------------------------97 2- Par³rbs;smaCik -------------------------------------------------------97 VII. Par³GñkdwknaM ------------------------------------------------------------ 101 1- RbmUlBt’man-------------------------------------------------------- 102 2- eFVIEpnkar----------------------------------------------------------- 103 3- Gnuvtþ ------------------------------------------------------------- 105 4- tamdanRtYtBinitü ---------------------------------------------------- 105 5- RtYtBinitülT§pl----------------------------------------------------- 105eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI viii rkSasiT§i
  9. 9. 6- sikSaeLIgvij -------------------------------------------------------- 105 VIII. karCYbRbCMu ------------------------------------------------------------- 106 IX. karelIkTwkcitþbuKÁlik ------------------------------------------------------ 107 X. karR)aRsy½Tak;Tg-------------------------------------------------------- 108 XI karkMNt;mitþ nigsRtUv------------------------------------------------------109 XII karedaHRsayTMnas;--------------------------------------------------------110 XIII. RbePTénkardwknaM ------------------------------------------------------- 111 1- kardwknaMEbbpþac;kar---------------------------------------------------- 111 2- kardwknaMEbbkumμúynisþ -------------------------------------------------- 112 3- kardwknaMEbbRbCaFibetyü ---------------------------------------------- 112 4- kardwknaMEbbGnaFibetyü------------------------------------------------ 113 XIV. ktþasMxan;²edIm,IeFVI[kardwknaMmanRbsiT§PaB ----------------------------------- 115 XV. ktþaEdlnaMeGaybraC½y ---------------------------------------------------- 115 XVI.GMeBIGaRkk; 22 Rbkar EdlemdwknaMCatiExμrRtUvecosevog --------------------------- 122Éksareyag-------------------------------------------------------------------- 123 3C3eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI ix rkSasiT§i
  10. 10. EpñkTI 1eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI x rkSasiT§i
  11. 11. eKalkarN_emdwknaMesñhaCatiExμr (Principles of Khmer Patriot Leaders) GñkdwknaMExμr CaCnEdlRsLaj; Cati sasna nigRbCaCatiExμrBit² bþÚrpþac; EfrkSa karBarplRbeyaCn_Exμr karBar ksagsgÁmCatiExμreGayKg;vgS manvibulPaB nig]tþmPaB Rbkbedayckçúvis½yEvgq¶ay. emdwknaMExμr CaGñkminQøk;vegVg nwgGMNac ysskþ× laPskáar³ RbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜn bkSBYk b¤G)aymuxepSg²manRsI RsaEl,g fñaMjaNCaedIm. emdwknaMExμr RtUvEtCaCnmansSrPaB TaMgkarpþÜcepþImKMnit karKit kardwknaM nigminsßiteRkamKMnabbreTsNaeLIy. emdwknaMExμr RtUvEtRbkan;maKa’mYyd¾Cak;lak; kñúgkareFVIeGaysgÁmCatimanÉkPaBsSrPaB manGFibetyüPaB vibulPaB RbCaFibetyü CaCatimYyesμImux enAelIelakeyIgenH. emdwknaMExμr KitCacMbgdl; suxmalPaBrbs;Exμr RKb;RsTab;kñúgsgÁm. RtUvEtdwgKuNCati dUcdwgKuN «BukmþayxøÜn eRBaHCatiTwkdIExμrenHehIy Edl)anpþl;kMeNIt»yeyIgmanQamCr½CaExμr. ehtuenH kñúgnameyIgCaExμr RtUvEteFIVkartbsñgsgKuN cMeBaHCatieyIg enARKb;kal³eTs³EdlGaceFVI)an. kñúgzan³CaGñkdwknaMExμr eyIgRtUvEtsÁal;eGayc,as;BIGIVCaExμr nig taMgcitþRsLaj; karBarGPirkS½ nigGPivDÆn_ GVIEdlCaExμr enaHeGayKg;vgS rugerOgRbesIreLIgCanic©nirnþ. emdwknaMExμrRtUvsÁal;eGayc,as;BI GtItkal bc©úb,nñkal nigGnaKtkal. emdwknaMExμrRtUvriHrkmeFüa)ayCYyRbCaCatiExμrTaMgGs; enARKb;TWsTI eGayrYcputBIkar )at;bg;GtþsBaØaNCaExμr BIPaBRkIRk Gt;Xøan l¶g;exøAP½yxøac nignaMmknUv siTi§esrIPaBeBjelj CUndl; BlrdæExμrTaMgGs; CaBiess ExμrEdlkMBugrs;rgTukçenAelITwkdIExμrsBVéf¶. {yYneFVIBlikmμFMeFg mutRsYcxøaMgNas; eTIbvaGacykdIExμr)an edIm,irMedaHCatiBIyYneyIgRtUvEtmansμartI lHbg; bþÚrpþac; Gg;Gac ekøovkøa mutRsYc Gt;Fμt; s‘URTMa R)akdniym skmμelIs ;yYneRcInsibdg}{edIm,IPaBrs;ranKg;vgSsßitesßrrbs;RbCaCatiExμrGñkdwknaMCatiExμrRtUvEth‘aneFVIGIVRKb;y:agminfaCaGIVeLIy}.I-eyIgCaExμr RtUvsÁal;GIVCaExμr (We are Khmer so we have to know about Khmer) GñkdwknaMCatiExμr RtUvEtCaExμrBitR)akd RtUvsÁal;GIVCaExμr sÁal;BIRbvtþisaRsþCatiBit TMenomTMlab;RbéBNIExμrvb,Fm’Exμr nigGIVEdlmanelITwkdIExμr. tamRTwsIþrbs;elak sun s‘uI )aneBalfa {sÁal;xøÜnÉgc,as; sÁal;sRtUvc,as; ‘sÁal;briyakasCMuvijxøÜnÉgc,as; c,aMgmYYyrydg QñHTaMgmYyrydg}. dUcenH munnigykQñHelI GñkdéT eyIgRtUvsÁal;xøÜnÉgeGayc,as; KWykQñHxøÜnÉgCamunsin. ebIsaÁ l;xnÉg EtminsÁal;sRtUvGacQñHGaccaj;.sÁal;sRtUv ÜøEtminsÁal;xøÜnÉg k_GacQñH Gaccaj;. EtebIminsÁal; xøÜnÉg minsÁal;sRtUvkarbraC½yrg;caMeyIgCanic© . Rtg;cMNucenH GñkdwknaMExμr EdlsÁal;xøÜnÉgc,as; eFIVeGayGñkdwknaMenaH manPaBeCOCak;elIxøÜnÉg PaBeCO Cak;elIxøÜnÉg naM[GñkdwknaMenaH manPaBR)akdniym PaBR)akdniymCakþIsgÇwm kalNamankIþsgÇwm mankMlaMgcitþenaHehIyCafamBld¾mhasal GacrujRcaneGayQaneTArkeCaKC½y)an. GñkdwknaMRtUvsÁal;c,as;las; nUvmaK’a EdlRtUvnaMExμr edIreTArkeCaKC½y PaBrugerOg vibulPaB nigGacBüakrN_dwgmunBI ]bsKÁ nigPaBbraC½ypgEdr edIm,Icat;viFankarN_karBar muneBlplvi)akekItmaneLIg. ehtuGIV)anCaGñkdwknaMExμr RtUvEtsÁal;eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 1 rkSasiT§i
  12. 12. eGayc,as; BIGIVCaExμr? ebIeyIgsÁal;Exμrminc,as; eyIgnigcaj; b¤k¾QñHedIm,Icaj;. Cak;Esþg GñkdwknaMbc©úb,nñmYyPaKFM CaCnCatiyYn EdlecHniyayExμr dUcCa huk LgDI/ b‘un sm/ sux Kg;/ cay saMgyun/ mas suPa/pan; gYn/ nigmYycMnYneTot RBmTaMgBBYkQøk;vegVgnwgmenaKmn_viC¢ayYn ¬BYkeqVgniymRCul¦ dUcCa h‘un Esn/nig ehg sMrin/ Ca sIuIm. BYkenHmin)anbMerIplRbeyaCn_Cati nigRbCaCatiExμreT,Iy pÞúyeTAvij BYkvaCabIsacCBa¢k;Qam Cati nigRbCaCatiExμr edIm,IplRbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜn bkSBYk nwigCaexμackñúgEdleGayéd eTAecAhVayvaKWyYn EdlCaGñkeRKageGaymankarsMlab;rgÁalBUCsasn_Exμr edayviFIbMPnþ½ya:gRtCak;bMput. ehtuenHehIyCMhandMbUgrbs;GñkdwknaM KWRtUvsikSaBIxøÜnÉg edIm,IEsVgrkcMNucexSay nigcMNucxøaMg. ebIeyIgdwgBIcMNucexSayrbs;xøÜnÉgehIy eyIgRtUvEtEkERb sikSabEnßm eFIVya:gNaeGaycMNucexSayenaH)at;bg;eTA ehIyEkéxxøÜneGaykan;EtmanPaBrwgbwugRbesIreLIg. ebIeyIgdwgBIcMNucxøaMgrbs;xøÜnehIy eyIgRtUvEtkarBar EfrkSanigeFIVxøÜneGaykan;EtRbesIreLIg² erogral;éf¶bEnßmeTAmuxeTot kMu»yenAdEdl edayeRbobeFobCamYy niwgKUrRbECgEdlxøaMgCageyIg. etIeFIVdUcemþc eTIbsikSadwgBIxøÜneyIg)an? KWeyIgRtUvEtxitxMrkBt’man EdlTak;TgnwgxøÜneyIg tamry³karsþab; Gan emIl Gegát nigkarRsavRCavBIRKb;mCÄdæan ykmkRtiHriHBicarNa ehIyeRbobeFobxøÜneyIgeTAnwgGVIEdl)anGan emIl sþab; >>> edIm,I EkERb eFIVxøÜneGayRbesIreLIg. kalNaGñkdwknaM sÁal;xøÜnÉgc,as;enHCaktþacitþsaRsþmYyFMNas; kñúgkardwknaMxøÜnÉg k¾dUcCakardwknaMCatipgEdr. tamRTwsIþ BuT§sasnafa {QñHbuKÁldéTBuMesμInwgQñHxøÜnÉgeLIy} . dUecñHGñkdwknaMExμr RtUvykQñHcitþRbCaBlrdæExμrTaMgGs;Camunsin. edIm,IykQñHcitþRbCaBlrdæ)an luHRtaEteyIgsÁal;BI RbvtiþsaRsþExμr critExμr TMenom TMlab;RbéBNIExμr vb,Fm’ cMNg;cMNUlcitþ nigesckIþRtUvkar rbs;RbCaCatiExμr naeBlbc©b,nñ. etI BlrdæExμrkMBgRtUvkarGICacaM)ac;? RkumGñkdwknaMExμr ú u VRtUvmankaresμaHRtg; nwg ]tþmKtirYm ha‘nlHbg ; kþIsuxpÞal;xøÜn TaMgGayuCIvit RTBüFn eBlevlaya:g bþÚrpþac;bMput edIm,IeFVIRbeyaCn_CUn Cati CnrYmQamExμr nigRtUvrs;enArYmsukçrYmTukç y:agsitrmYtCamYyRbCaBlrdæExμr ¥edaymineKcevssMgMykrYcxøÜn kñúgRKaGasnñ CaBiess enAkñúgkal³eTs³enH. eyIgRtUvq¶l;fa ehtuGIV)anCayYn EdlCaecartamRBMEdncinesaH vaGacvatTIykTwkdICatid¾éT )anFMliVwgelIVy rhUtykTaMg TwkdIcM)a: nigTwkdIExμrenAkm<úCaeRkam)anTaMgRsug ehIyRBmTaMgbnþ mkelbykTwkdIExμrsBVéf¶eTot. edaysar yYn)ansikSa sÁal;c,as;BIcMNucexSayrbs;Exμr rbs;BYkemRtYtRtaExμr EdlelμaPnwgGMNacRsI Rsa GMeBIBala eRskXøanmuxmat; ysskái laPskáar³ KμanRBMEdnenHÉg . cMENkÉRbCaBlrdæExμr qab;lg;qab;eCO Gñkd¾éT Catid¾éT edayxVHkareRtHriHBicarNarkxusRtUv eGay)aneRCARCH nigkarxVHcMeNHdwgkñúgkarføwgEføg nUvehtuplepSg² k¾eRBaHEtkardwknaM xVHTsBitFm’rbs;esþcGay:genHÉg. hU CImij )anerobcMEpnkarbgáb;Exμreyokmij yYneyokmijEdlecHExμr EdlyYnva)an bMBak;bMb:nmenaKmn_viC¢akumμúynisþrYcehIy Cacarkmμrbs;va eGaymkbegáIt PaBvwkvr kñúgCYrExμrRkhm naMeGaymankarkab;sMlab;Exμr y:agrgÁalkñúgrbb b:ul Bt¬km<úCaRbCaFibetyü ¦kñúg bMNgkkUrsßankarN_ kñúgrbbenHeGayexμAggwt Ebk)ak;Kña. edaysarPaBRCulniymrbs;RkumenH )aneFVI»y ExμrEbk)ak; kab;sMlab;Kñavwkvr cuHexSayxøaMg ehIyyYnva vayQøanBan bøn;RTBüsm,tþielbykRbeTsExμrEtmþg nigEkEkøg RbvtþisaRsþExμr eTACaRbvtþisaRsþNÞÚcin tMrUveGaykUnExμr eronRbvtþisaRsþeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 2 rkSasiT§i
  13. 13. enHeTAvij. edIm,IbnþEpnkarelb ykTwkdIExμr yYn)anbnþúbBYkExμrRkhm h‘un Esn ehg sMrin CaGay:gcab;taMgBIéf¶TI 7mkra qñaM1979 mk. erOgRbvtþisaRsþNÐÚcin minxusKñaBIsm½yeRkaysm½yGgÁrbnþic esom)anerobcM eGaymanbdivtþn_mYy enAkñúgRbeTsExμr ehIyeFVIeGaynayRtsk;Ep¥m EdlCaXatkrsMlab;esþcenaH minRtwmEt minmaneTasb:ueNÑaHeT EtRtUv)aneK cat;TukfaCaGñkmanbuNü eLIgesayraCüCMnYsesþcRKgraCüEdlRtUv)aneFIVXatenaHeTAvij . cUreyIgnaMKñaKitbnþiceTAemIl_fa kñúg1000qñaMmun GMNacesþc kMBugmanT§iBleBjbnÞúk swgminmanraRsþNaemIlmuxcM)an etIehtuGIV)anCa nayRtsk;Ep¥meFVIXatesþcehIy RtLb;CaminmaneTasrYcehIyelIkeLIg [esayraCüeTot. etIGacekIteTArYceT ebIsinKμankMlaMgBIeRkAekobsgát;bgçM eGaymRnþICatinigBlrdæExμrEdlesμaHRtg; nwgraCvgS TwkdI Cati RbCaCatiExμr TTYlyl;RBmykTaMgbgçMeTenaH. müa:geTot karkrekItCamhacRkPBmYyeTArYc etImanmhabNÐit GñkecHdwg eRcInes¥ksáHkMritNa eTIbGacksagRsukeTs [)ansMercdl;kMritenaH ehIyetI vrCnTaMgenaH suxcitþTTYlyk PaBexμAggwt EbbenHedaygay² b¤? b¤mYyk¾ RtUvBYkQøanBan ¬ebIminEmn esom k¾ yYn EtGacesomeRcInCag¦ eRbIl,ickab;sMlab; y:agrgÁalelICnTaMgenaH dUcyYn eRbIBYkkumμúynisþeqVgRCul niym eGaysMlab;ExμrkalBI 1975-93 nigbnþrhUtdl;sBVéf¶ dUecñHEdr. karRbRBitþikarsMlab;rgÁalEbbsenH RtUv)anlb; lagbEgVgdan bM)at;karBit edaykartak;EtgRbvtþisaRsþEkøgkøayelIkdMekIg]RkidæCnrUbenH nigbgb¥Ún¬nay Rtsk;Ep¥m nigb¥Ún¦faCaGñkmanbuNümanGayudl;Cag 400qñaM EdlhYsBivis½ymnusSeCO)aneGaykUn Exμreron rhUtdl;sBVéf¶. vak¾minxusKñanwgeBlsBVéf¶Edr BYkk,t;CatiGtItExμrRkhmédRbLak;Qam h‘un Esn/ ehg sMrin/ Ca sIum EdlRtUvExμrTUTaMgRbeTsmineBjcitþ eFVIkarts‘URbqMagy:agKRKWkKeRKgkalBIqñaM 1979-93 nig)ane)aHeqñatTMlak;ecalkalBIqñaM 1993 RtUv)anyYnerobcMbnþúb[kan;GMNac nigeGayBYkk,t;mYykþab;tUcenH bnþúb esþcGay:gbnþeTot. kñúgbMNg[esþcGay;:gCYyBRgwgGMNack,t;Cati EdlmanecaryYnCaecAhVayvaenABIeRkayxñg[kan;EtrwugmaMeLIg edaykartMeLIggar BYkk,t;TaMgenH CasemþcmhaecaredkeCa cRkIenHcRkIenaH b¤k¾faCa mKÁúeTsk_CneTAvij. minyUreLIy RbvtþisaRsþExμr nwgRtUvBYkvaEkRkéLbnþeTot edaycat;Tuk BYkk,t;CaBUCGñkmanbuNü b¤k¾fa CaExSelahitRBH)aT h‘un eTon mkcab;CatiCak;Caminxan. rYcehIy va[kUnExμrsm½yeRkay eronRbvtþiEkøgkøayqáÜtlIlaenHteTAeTot. ehtuGIV)an CayYnnigGay:gerobcM eGaymanRbvtþisaRsþEkøgkøay ? dUceBalrYcmkehIy ebIExμrminsÁal;xøÜnÉgCaGñkNa mkBINamanRbvtþirugerOgy:agNa etImanGVIGaceFIV»y kUnExμrsm½yeRkay manKMnitCatiniymduHdaleTArYc. cuHebIyuvCnKμanKMnitCatiniym KμanKMnitRsLaj;CatimatuPUmi etImanKMnitkarBarCatiBINamkekIt. CaTUeTA kardwknaMnanaEbbsm½yTMenIb eKEtgEtsikSaBIkMhusqÁg GtItkal b¤BIGIV EdleK)aneFIVrYcehIy nigcgRkgTuk edIm,IkMueGaykMhusqÁgdEdl² enaHekIteLIgeTotenAeBlGanaKt. Etkartak;EtgRbvtþisaRsþEkøgkøay CaviFImYyeFVIeGayExμrCMnan;eRkay minGacrkkMhusqÁgGtItkal EdlCabuBVehtu naMeGayExμrcuHexSay naMeGaybraC½yenaH)an. edIm,ITuk»kas eGayecaryYnTaMgenH ykkll,icdEdl²hñwg mkGnuvtþelICatieyIg enAeBlmuxeTot. ÉBYkesþcGay:g)anRbeyaCn_Etmüa:g KWedIm,IkMueGayExμrsm½yeRkay cab;kMhuscMeBaHGMeBIqáÜtlIlarbs;va nigkarkarBarmuxmat;raCvgSesþcGayEtb:ueNÑaH ebIeTaHCa raCvgSesþcGayenHsßitenAeRkam)ateCIg Gay:gyYnkþI k¾suxcitþEdr¬minRBmeFVIsm<n½§miRtCamYyGaemrik mhaGMNacelIelakeT Etsuxcitþ t,úlk,altRtukTaMgBUC mkeFVICakBa¢H)ateroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 3 rkSasiT§i
  14. 14. eCIg h‘un Esn Gay:gyYn eTAvij enHCaKMnitEqáetO¦. sUmbgb¥ÚnExμrrYmQam rYmelahit emtþaBicarNaeLIgvijeGay)anditdl;. CaBiess BYkbNÐit b¤GñkswikSaRbvtþisaRsþ emtþaykkarecHdwg eFIVCaRbeyaCn_dl;Cati kMuykkarecHdwgeTAbMerIsRtUv dUcbNÐitkmμúynisþ EdlFøab;;)anCYyyYn kñúgkarbMpøaj RbeTsCatiknøgmk. srubmk kñúgnameyIgCaExμr CaCatimYyFøab;manGarüFmrugerOg CaBUCmanelahitedIm rbs;mnusSenAtMbn;GasIuenH ¬tamkarsikSaRsavRCavrbs;elak saRsþacarü ekg va:n;sak; EdlcuHpSaytamviTüúGasIuesrIfa Exμr-mn manExSQam kñúgCMBYk kumb:UhSg; GW Caelahit BYkmnusS dMbUgeKenA tMbn;GasIuenH¦ etIeyIgGaceGabédlak;xøÜn BYnyksux minh‘aneRkak karBarCatixøÜnedayxøÜnÉgeTb¤? b¤mYysuxcitþsMgM beNþayeGay ecaryYns½ysasn_ mkCiHCan; eKgRbv½Ba© ykRTBüsm,tþiExμr TwkdIExμr luHrlayBUCBgSbg;sUnü Etmþgb¤y:agNa?.etIeyIgrs;enA mann½yGIV? ebICatisøab; eyIgnwgrs;enAya:gevTna KμantMélCamnusSesaHeLIy.manKMrURsab;ehIy bgb¥ÚnrYmelahitExμr EdlenAkm<úCaeRkam RtUvvaeFIVTukçbukemñj qk;bøn;ykdIFøI bM)at;esrIPaBCMenOsasna cab;pSwkRBHsgÇ y:agyg;Xñg hYsnisS½yCamnusS. rs;enAelImatuPUmiminekIt xMRbevRbv:art;TaMgRtdabRtdYsBIeRkam mkenAmatuPUmixagelI sgÇwmfaCIvitnwgmanBnøWrsμI EtKYreGayGasUreBkéRkeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 4 rkSasiT§i
  15. 15. mkdl;dIkMeNItdUntaxøÜnenAxagelI RtUvBYkGay:gyYnecaTRbkan; faCayYn eTAvij edayeGaytMélCayYnCnCatiPaKtic ehIyRtUvBYkvatamcab;dak;Kuk dak;Rcvak;RBat;RbBn§kUnbnþeTot. KYreGayGnic©abgb¥ÚnrYmQamExμreyIgTaMgenaH Bn;eBk segVKcitþesÞIsøab;TaMgrs; manTwkdIdUntaxøÜnbnSl;TukeGayenAKg;vgSEdrEtmYyCIvitrs;KμanCati KμanTwkdInwgeK enAxageRkam RtUvyYnecaTfa Exμr mintUccitþeT eBjcitþnwgTTYlEtmkdl;elIRtUvBYkk,t;l¶g;lIlaecaTfa CayYneTAvij. EteBlenH minfaEtExμreRkameLIy ExμrelIRtUvBYkvaeFIVeGayrs;elclg; kñúgPaBRketaky:ak Gt;XøanKμansIu l¶g; exøA exøacpSar RKb;eBlevlargarPitP½yxøac kñúgrbbePvrkmμ. yYngab;mYy Gak,t;ERskesÞIEbk]eXasnsB½Þ EtExμrsøab;rab;ryrab;Ban;eRBaHkarGt;Xøan KμansIu xøHRtUvRbeTsCitxag)aj;sMlab;TaMgmanépÞeBaH EtGak,t;eFVImindwgminB¤.pÞÞúyeTAvij minRtwmEtminrkxusRtUv EtBUYkGak,t;ecaTTaMgGKtifa CnTu’Kt nigkumarTaMgenaH søab;eday RsvwgRsaRsþImanépÞeBaH RtUveK)aj;søab;enaH cecshamXat;minsþab; cUlRsukeKxusc,ab; eGaysøab;eTAcuH ¡ . ExμrsBVéf¶rs;enA eRbobdUcCakUnkMRBa Kμan«BukmþayEfrkSar. etIeyIgCaGñkdwknaMExμr Edlkan;esovePAenH enAkñúgédsuxcitþebIkEPñk emIlTukçevTnarbs;Exμr b¤eyIgeRkakQr edIm,IkarBarExμr?. etIeyIgsuxcitþsøab; edaymin)antbt b¤ExμrsuxcitþerIedIm,IExμrrs;?. ExμrRk evTna RBat;R)as;RKYsareRBaH yYn nigkarRtYtRtaGak,t; h‘unEsn} ExμrBitCamanPB½V maneCaKC½y ebIExμr RbusRsI rYbrYmBYtédKμa. siT§esrIPaB ÉkraCüPaBCati Carbs;ExμrRKb;Kña. C½yCMnHrbs;Exμr ekIteLIgedaykar bþÚrQam bþÚrCIvit minEmnekIteLIgedaykarsMuTan BIecaryYn nigBYkk,t;CatieLIy. siT§esrIPaBrbs;Exμr ekIteLIgkarbþÚrCIvit bþÚrQam ¡¡¡¡¡. ExμrBitCars; eRBaHExμrh‘ansøab; ¡¡¡¡¡ dUcerobrab;kñúgRbeyaKxagelIrYcmkehIy RbCaCatiExμrRtUvEtRbugRby½tñ minEmn[EteXIj ecHPasaExμrniyayPasaExμrc,as; eyIgfaGñkdwknaMenaHCaExμr BitR)akd)aneLIy. emdwknaMCatiExμr RtUvRby½tñ GñkecHPasaeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 5 rkSasiT§i
  16. 16. Exμr EtmanKMnitbMerIyYn tamEdlyYn)anGb;rMmk nigCnCatiyYn b¤carkmμyYnecHPasaExμr bnøMdUreQμaHCaExμrCaedIm. GtItkal )anbeRgoneyIgrYcehIy Gacarü emog CaCnCatiyYn Edl)anlbmkbYseron enAkñúgvtþExμr )anbnøM dUreQμaHBI emog eTACa man ehIyeTACa sWug g:ukmij edIm,I CameFüa)ayeXasna PUtkuhk ExμrfaCa b¥Únrbs;elak sWug g:ukfaj; ehIyeqøotTajykcMeNjxagneya)aycitþsaRsþ BIRbIy_PaBrbs;elak ¬swug g:ukfaj; ¦EdlRtUvesþc sIhnu sMueGay)araMgcab;ykeTAdak;Kuk eRBaHEtRcENn nwgRbIy_PaBrbs;elak. sWug g:ukmij enHehIyEdlCa emekøagkkUrkkaysgÁmExμreGayEbk)ak;. EteyIgk¾minRtUvecHEtecaTRbkan; edayKμanehtuplKμanPsþútag KμankarsegátBinitüeLIy. karecaTRbkan; edayggitggl; KμankarBicarNaeGayl¥itl¥n; nwgnaMmknUvkarEbk)ak;. bBaðaenHminBi)akrhUtdl;eyIgeFVIminekItenaHeLIy eyIgGacsÁal;GñkTaMgenH edayeFIVkaresIubGegáteGay)anhμt;ct; tamry³kartamdansikSaRsavRCav CIvRbvtþi karsMPasn_ karesBKb; nigcuHpÞal; esIubtamdanGñkCMuvijepSg² b¤GñkPUmi m©as;Rsuk énBBYkbuKÁl EdleyIgmanmnÞilsgS½yenaHrs;enA. eyIgminEmnCaCatierIseGIg BUCsasn_eLIy EteyIgCaExμr cg;rs;kñúgsuxsnþiPaB mincg;eGayCatiNamYy mkkkUrkkay bMpøajesckþIsuxrbs;Exçr dUcknøgmkehIy ehIyvaGYtR)ab;breTsfa vaCaCatiqøat ÉExμrCaCatil¶g;exøA. Catisasn_Nak¾RtUvkar karBarGPirkS½BUCsasn_xøÜn dUcExμrEdr ehIyenHCabuBVsiT§BIkMeNIt kñúgkarrs;ranCaCatimYy.II -GñkesñhaCatiExμrBitR)akd (The Real Khmer Patriot) etIExμrGñkesñhaCatiBit RtUveFIVdUcemþc? RtUvEtCaGñkRsLaj;Cati sasna nigRbCaCatiExμr edaybþÚrpþac;manTsSn³yl;eXIjedaysSrH maneKalmaKa’ÉkraCü TaMgkarKit karBicarNa nigskmμPaB minluHtamkarjúHjg;rbs;breTs minbMerIbreTseLIy. minepþkpþÜl EteTAelICMnYyRKb;Ebb BICatid¾éTeday hYsehturhUtdl;)at;bg; KMnitBWgeliIxøÜnÉg. RtUvriHrkviFI eRbIR)as;FnFan manRsab;kñúgRbeTs CaCagedkcMaEtCMnYyBIGñkd¾éT. karBwgEp¥kelIbreTsTaMgRsug CaKMnitxJMúeK KMnitKμanÉkraCü. breTsCYyeyIg eRBaHeKsMlwgRbeyaCn_GIVmYyBIExμr ebIminedIm,IplRbeyaCn_ xagneya)ay kgT½B esdækic© kareXasna k¾edIm,IGIVmYyy:agdac;xat ebImineRcInk¾tic ecosminrYc. dUcyYn EdlCYyBYkkmμúynisþTaMgBIrRkum ¬b:ul Bt nigGay:g h‘un Esn¦k¾ eRBaHEt yYnRtUvkarx©IédBYkenH eGaykkUrbriyakaskñúgsgÁmExμr Ebk)ak;kab;sMlab;KñμavwkvremIlGIVminyl; RsYlgayva erobcM»kas mksRgÁb;pþac;RBat;Etmþg edayykelsfamkCYyExμr. ebIeTaHbI Rkum b:ul Bt dwgfa yYnb:gelbExμrehIyxMrkviFI edaHkunkþI k¾tRbeyaCn_ eRBaHyuT§saRsþneya)ayrbs;xøÜnKμansSrPaB KμanÉkraCütaMgEtBIdMbUgmkehIy. etIeGayExμrrg;caMTwkføa edIm,IemIleXIj)atfa mans¥IemþcekIt¬sMdIelak exov sMpn¦ebITaMgyYn nigGay:g kkUrsßankarN_Exμr »yl¥k;rhUtdUecñH. yYn BYkGay:g nigesþcenHehIy CaedImcmbBaða EdlbMpøaj ÉkPaBCati nigesckþIsuxrbs;Exμr. sUmkMueCO BaküqáÜtlIla EdleyIgFøab;B¤fa {GakMe)a:ge)akcin GaxiVne)akGaemrik}. RtUvcaMfamhaGMNac EdlGaceFVIxøÜnRtYtBiPBelak)an minEmnl¶g;eGaymnusSmñak;eron)anRtwmkUn DIbøÚmRsukyYnhñwge)akeK)aneGayesaH. manEtGakMe)a:gel¶IBkf¶asxøÜnÉgnwgehIy EdlRtUvyYne)akGs;kþitexae)akGs;TwkGs;dIenaH. erOgRsLaj;CatieTotesat GñkNak¾niyay)an eBalekIt)anedayminBi)ak .eyIgRtUvEtBicarNa kMuRsLaj; RtwmEtbbUrmat; minRKb;RKan;sMrab;GñkesñhaCatieLiy EtRtUvRsLaj;eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 6 rkSasiT§i
  17. 17. edayskmμPaB edaykareFVIya:gtaMgcitþ taMgKMnitmutmaMbMput minlHbg;minfmfycuHcaj; nwg]bsK½ÁepSg²edaygay² eRBaHEt ktþaenHenaHbnþicbnþÜc. RtUvEtCaskmμPaB EdleFVI edayesμI minGak;minQb;minQr edayrwgbwugrhUtTTYl)aneCaKC½ypþac;RBat;. GñkdwknaMCatiExμr BitR)akdRtUvman÷ manriyabf BaküsMdIRbcaMéf¶ minERbRbYl sMEdgecjnUv sμartIRsLaj; karBar nigelIktMekIg GIVCaExμrmanGtþsBaØaNCaExμr plRbeyaCn_CatiExμr nigvb,Fm’Exμr ¬minemIlgay bnÞabbenßak b¤ jHújg; eGayExμrEbk)ak;samKÁIPaB ÉkPaBsgÁmeLIy¦ minykbBaðapÞal;xøÜntUctac mklayLMnwg erOgCati. mansμartICatix<s; PJak;rlwksVHEsVgRbmUlrkKñamkrYmKit rYmeFVIedaymincMa)ac; maneKmkdas;etOn eRkInrMlwkeRcIneLIy. xVl;xVay P½yRBYyBIGayuCIvitRbCaCati nigRbeTsCati KitKUrBIplRbeyaCn_ CatiExμrCaFM KμanKMnitGaRkk; eKgRbv½Ba© edIm,ICaRbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜn minGatμaniym KμanbkSBYkniym KμanKMnite)akR)as; RbCaPifuti edIm,IGMNac buNüskiá RTBüsm,tiþeLIy. ha‘nlHbg;;x<s;bMput TaMgeBlevla RTBüsm,tiþ esckþIsuxpÞal;xøÜn nigGayuCIvity:agbþúÚrpþac;emaHmut RsYcRsavedayskmμPaB edIm,IkarBarCati nigha‘neFIVGIV² CaRbeyaCn_dl;CnrYmCatiExμr. Rtg;cMNucenH GacbBa¢ak;)anfa KMnitnaMeGayEsþgecjmkCasMdI sMdIecjmkCaskmμPaB skmμPaB naMeGaymanTMlab; TMlab;naMeGaykøayCa critlkçN³ critlkçN³RbcaMéf¶ naMeGayGñkpg emIleXIj nigmanCMenOelIeyIg faetI CaGñkesñhaCatiBit b¤k¾RtwmEtbbUrmat;. RbeTsCati rugerOg b¤liclg; GaRs½yelIemdwknaM EdlmansmtßPaB manKuNsm,tþiRKb;RKan; RBmlμmdwknaMeTArkkarrIkcMerIn)an . CaBiess RtUvsegátBinitü»yl¥itl¥n;fa GñkdwknaM enaHCaExμrBitR)akd CabuKÁlEdl esμaHsμRK½PkþI cMeBaHCati nigRbCaCatiExμr edayKμanlak;elomb¤l,ickic©kl, mineRkamT§iBlbreTs. ehtuenHehIy ExμrTaMgGs; RtUvBicarNa eGayl¥itl¥n; eTAelI citþ KMnitBaküsmþI skmμPaB lT§pll¥ GaRkk; TMlab; crwtlkçN³ nigRbvtþiBitR)akd rbs;buKÁlEdl eyIgpþl;kar eCOTukcitþ b¤elIkdMekIg eGayeFIVCaemdwknaM. eyIgminRtUvRbfuyRbfan pþl;CMenOeTAelIGñkNamYy edayRKan;EteKmkeFIVl¥ EtmYyEPøt b¤eGayb‘Íecg mYyfg; sarugmYy faeKl¥enaHeLIy. eyIgRtUvemIl eTAelIlT§pl énTegIVrbs;emdwknaM etIl¥b¤GaRkk; rIkcMerInb¤Tn;exSay esñhaCati b¤bMpøajCati CaExμrb¤CacarkmμbreTsmkbnøMxøÜn. critExμr eyIgEtgman karGaNitGasUr cMeBaHTuK’tCn minRbkan;faCatiNaeLIy. CakarBit critGaNitGasUr CaKuNFm’ d¾l¥ minGackat;éfø)an rbs;CnCatiExμreyIgEmnehIy Etk¾CaeTasmYyEdr EdlnaMeGayExμrFøak;xøÜn dUcsBVéf¶enH eRBaHeyIgmanesckþIseNþasRbNI edayxVHkarBicarNa xVHkarRbugRbytñ½. eTasEdlExμr TTYltbsñgBIkarGaNitGasUredayxVHkarBicarNaenH minxusKña nwgerOgel,IkExμr {GñkbreTs nigRkeBIdac;Twk b¤ GñksMupÞHsñak;b¤k¾ RtI nigkuk} enaHeLIy. ehtuenH ExμreyIg minRtUvpþl;karTukcitþ edaykarGaNitGasUr ePøckarRbugRbytñ½eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 7 rkSasiT§i
  18. 18. ePøcGtItkal ePøcesckþIsuxrbs;xøÜn nigCatixøÜnenaHeT. dUntaExμr)ancgRkg CaerOgel,Ik edIm,ITUnμanbeRgoneyIgCMnan;eRkay karBiesaFn_k¾ExμreyIg Føab;Pøk; Føab;sakehIyEdr minRtUvedIrCan;dancas;eLIy. eyIgKYrelIkykerOgel,Ik { kuk nwgRtI } mksikSa nigBicarNa. enAkñúgføúkmYy TwkrIgs¶ÜtrkklnwgrIgGs; . RtI kMBWs TaMgtUcFMnaMKñaP½yRBYy BImhnþrayEdlkan;EtCitmkdl; kñúgeBlqab;². enAmat;føúk kukkBa©as;mYy EdlminGaccab;RtI)an eBaleTABYkRtIfa {´GaNitRtITaMgGs;Nas; ykl¥KYreTArkbwgRtBaMgFM²}. BYkRtIEdlminFøab;sÁal;kukesaH EtedaykarP½yRBYynwg eRKaHmkdl; k¾ePøcxøÜnfa BUCBgSxøÜnCaRtI CacMNId¾q¶aj;rbs;kuk suxcitþeCOtamcritlak;But rbs;kuk edayEkøgxøÜnCasøÚtbUt . BYkRtIeXIjdUecñH suxcitþeGay kuk BaMRtImYyeTArkbwgFM². kuk )annaMRtI eTAbgðajbwgFMmYy ehIynaMRtImkvij. rYcehIynaMRtIepSgeTot eTAemIlbwg3enaHehIynaMRtLb; mkdak;enAføúkenaHvij. BYkRtIedayxVHBicarNa k¾yl;RBmeGaykuk naMykBYkxøÜn eTAmþgmYy²edIm,IeTArkbwgFMenaH. kuk )annaMRtIeTAmþgmYy² EtBMu)annaMykeTAbwgFMenaHeLIy KWykeTAsIueTAvij rhUtdl;Gs;RtIBIRtBaMg. karBiesaFn_fμI² kñúgsm½yeyIgenH Caemerondl;ExμrRKb;rUb. carkmμyYn EdlcUlmklak;xøÜnkñúgRsukExμrenAeBlvamanKñatic EtgmancritsøÚtbUtKYreGayGaNit b:uEnþdl;eBlyYnBUnpþúMKña)aneRcIn yYncab;epþImratt,atnigvayk,alExμrEtmþg. elIsBIenHeTAeTot enAeBl esþc sIhnu GnuBaØateGayyYn dak;TB½enAelITwkdIExμr enARKadMbUg² TB½yYnTaMgenaH mancritsøÚtbUt eKarBnUvRbéBNIExμrya:gl¥. yYn enApÞHNa EtgCYye)asRcassMGatpÞHsMEbg CMnYsExμrm©as;pÞHenaH. yYn CYyBuHGus ErkTwkdak;Bag ekIbGacm_eKa Gacm_RkbI CYyeFVIkargardksÞÚgepSg². yYn minedkenAelIpÞHeT suxcitþedkeRkampÞHGñkRsuk ebIsUm,I RtUvkUnGñkRsukenamdak;k,al k¾yYnminEdlsMEdgeTamnsSesaHeLIy. enAeBlyYn ebHpldMNaMExμr yYnEtgcgluydak;tam eQITaMgenaH TukeGaym©as;. ebIyYneFVIGIV eGayxUcxatdl;RbeyaCn_Exμr yYneFVIsg b¤sgCaluyvijPøam. TegVIEbbenHehIy )aneFVIeGayExμrenAtamRsukERscMkarsøab;citþ ePøcKitRbvtþiEtGug ePøcKiterOgTwkdIExμreRkamEdlyYnelbfμI² dUcRtIePøcKitfa kuk EtgsIuRtICaGahardUecñaHEdr. ExμreCOCak;TaMgRsugfa yYnCamnusSl¥ KYreGayRsLaj;TMnukbMrug. CaerOgKYreGayGama:s;bMput EdlyYnenAelITwkdIExμrehIy yYn)ane)aHBum<Rkdas;R)ak;Exμr Ekøgkøay edIm,IykmkbgçM ExμreGaylk;RsUvGgáeGayva nigedIm,IsUk)a:n; mU:nik kñúgkarbBa©úHbBa©Úlesþc sIhnu »yyl;RBmeGayyYne)aHTB½edayxusc,ab;elITwkdIExμr. luHdl;yYnmanmUldæan mankarerobcMkMlaMgTB½ rwgmaM nig)ansabRBYs lT§ikumúμynisþ eFIVeGaysgÁmExμr Ebk)ak;regÁaHregÁI ehIyyYncab;epþImekobsgát;elIExμr enAtamCayEdnEdlCa tMbn;vadak;TB½enaH edaykarbgçMeGaylk;es,ógeGayvaEknExμrm©as;RsukeGaydwkRKab;rMesv es,ógGahareTAeGayTB½vaenAtamsmrPUmi nig RtYtRtatMbn;TaMgenaHfa CaTwkdIrbs;vaEtmþg. elIsBIenH karlYcqøgEdn cUleTAvayRbharTB½Gaemrik enAkm<úCaeRkamyYnxagt,úÚg rYcrt;mkBYnenAkñúgTwkdIExμr yYnTaMgenaH min)anlak;xøÜnenAtaméRBPñMeT vaEtge)aHTB½ enAtamPUmirbs;GñkRsuk . luHkgTB½Gaemrik nigyYnxagt,Úg vayRbedjmkvijman kar)aj;epøag b¤TMlak;RKab;EbkCaedIm EtgeFIVkarvayRbharelIPUmiTaMgenaH bNþaleGayExμrsøÚtRtg; RtUvsøab;TaMgeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 8 rkSasiT§i
  19. 19. ekμgcas; y:agGaeNacGaFmμ. erOgGs;enaH minEmnCaehtukarécdnüeT EtCaeRKagkarexμARkxVk;d¾Cak;lak;mYyEdlyYneRKagTuk nigbegáIteLIg edIm,IykelsdutsRgÁammkkñúgRsukExμr. eBlenaHehIy eTIbExμrPJak;xøÜn ekþARkhayeRkakeLIgeFIV)atukmμRbqaMgnwgTB½yYnTaMgenaH. Etesþc sIhnu RtLb;CaefáaleTas)atukrExμreTAvij.RKaenaH yYnmankMlaMgTB½RbkbedayGavuFTMenIb² mankarBiesaFn_sÞat;CMnajkñúgsRgÁamTB½éRB TB½erobry dl;eTA 60 000-80 000nak; elITwkdIExμreRkamkar]btßmÖKaMRTeBjTMhwgBIesþc sIhnu. EtkñúgxN³CamYyKñaenaHTB½CatiExμrmanGavuFFunGn;² xVHkarhVwkhVWn xVHkarBiesaFn_ KμanlT§PaBerobcMeRtomsRgÁam eRBaHRtUv)anesþcsIhnu kMritfvika nigcMnYneGaymanRtwm30 000nak; bu:eNÑaH. enHCa TegVIedayectna kñúgkarcgédTB½Exμr mineGaymansmtßPaBtbt nwgsRtUvQøanBan. sIhnu xøÜnÉgk¾dwgEdrfa nwgmanerOgCayfaehtu ekIteLIgedayeCosminrYc. erOgenH minxusBI TegVIk,t;Catirbs; h‘un Esn Edl bMpøajGavuF rab;EsnedIm ecalsBVéf¶enHeLIyCaTegVIeFVIeGayExμrsøab; edaybiTEPñkminCitenAeBlxagmux. TaMg kumμúnisþ b:ul Bt TaMgBYk kmμúynisþ h‘un Esn/Ca sIum/ ehg sMrin/ suT§swgCamnusSEdlbNþúHbNþalGb;rMedayyYn. ÉQutqak EdlnaMeGaymanval BiXatnigPaBvwkvrsBVéf¶enH k¾ecjBIneya)ayvatTI EdleRKagTukeday hU CImij enHÉg. ehtukardUcerobrab;mkenHehIy EdlCaedImcm naMeGaymanRBitþikarN_ 18 mina 1970 enaHekIteLIg. PaBmaneRbob xageyaFa nigkareRKagTukCamunrbs; yYn Edlmanesþc sIhnu CYypgenaH ehIy)anpþl;lT§PaB eGay yYn RBehIn vaysRgÁb;Pøam² y:agsahav sn§ab;mkelITB½CatiExμr enARKadMbUg² kñúgbMNgeRbIR)as;eBld¾xøIbMput nwg elbRt)ak;ykdIExμreGay)anEtmþg. EtmindUckarKitrbs;ecar yYn eLIy yuvCnExμr)aneRkakeLIgeFIVkarttaMg y:agGg;Gac eFVIeGayyYn)ak;GMNYteTAvij. ÉcMENkesþc sIhnu minRtwmEtminCYyTb;Tl;eT EtEbCanaMRbBn§ kUnTaMgBUCeTACYyyYneGaymkvayExμr nigERskefáaleTas GñkEdleFVIkar karBarCatieTAvij. kñúgRbvtþisaRsþ esþcEdlmaneQμaH sIhnu enH mancMnYn 2nak;ehIy suT§swgEteFVIkBa¢HyYnTaMgGs;. ExμrminRtUvePøc emeron GtItkalTaMgGs;enHeT karePøcGtItkal nwgeFVI eGayGtItkal lgvij enAeBlNamYyminxan. RtLb;mkvij ktþasøab;rs;rbs;Exμr sßitenAelIkareRCIserIsGñkdwknaM CaExμrBitR)akd CaGñkesμaHRtg;cMeBaHCati mankarPJak;rlwk ha‘nniyayBit eFIVBit h‘anTTYlxusRtUvcMeBaHTegVIrbs;xøÜnedaymineKcevsedaHsarRbkan;BaküBitsc©³ h‘anlHbg;GIVRKb;ya:g edIm,IeGayCatirs; Kg;vgS nigrIkcMerIn. minEmnCaGñkGatμaniym KitEtRbeyaCn_xøÜn RkumRKYsar nigbkSBYkxøÜneLIy. knøgmkehIy enAeBlEdlExμrman emdwknaM CaGñkesñhaCatiBitR)akd )aneFVIeGayRbeTsExμr minRtwmEterIbMrH BIkarrukran rbs;sRtUv)anb:ueNÑaHeT EfmTaMgeFVIeGayRbeTsCati køayCamhaGMNacmYy d¾Gs©arüenAkñúgtMbn; manTwkdIFM lVwgelVIy. dUcmanrYcmkehIy RBH)aTC½yvrμ½nTI 2TI 7/ suriyavrμ½nTI1TI2 CaedIm )annaMRbeTsCatirIkcMerIn dl;kMBUl nastvtSr_TI 7-13 knøgmk. elak sWnKuy h‘anlHbg;CIvit edIm,IeGayvb,Fm’Exμr nigRBHBuT§sasnaenAKg;vgS sMrab;ExμreRkam. semþcsgÇraC CYnNat/ swug g:ukfaj;/ Gacarü Ehm ecov/ )a:c QWn/ GIuv ekIH/ yutþivgS/ ]kj:a RkLaehamKg;h‘anlHbg;CIvit erIbMrHcMeBaHkar Kabsgát;rbs;breTs edIm,IkarBarCati matuPUmiExμr [Kg;vgS rhUtmkdl;sBVéf¶k¾eRBaHEtGs;elakTaMgenH CaGñkesñhaCatiBitR)akd. dUcenH eyIgCaGñkesñhaCatiExμr RtUvEtxitxMrkviFI CYyeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 9 rkSasiT§i
  20. 20. seRgÁaHRbCaBlrdæExμr EdlkMBugEt rgnUvkarQWcab; TaMgpøÚvkay pøÚvcitþ nwgGMeBIyg;Xñg CiHCan; sgát;sgáin kab;sMlab; EbbéRBépS y:agGyutiþFm’ BIsMNak;BYkmanGMNack,t;Cati nigkarrgeRKaHedaysarGMeBIBukrlYy rbs;BYkva EdleFIVeGayExμrrs;kñúg PaBRkIRk l¶g;exøA P½yxøac Gt;Xøan.III -eKalbMNg nigTisedA (Goal and Objective) emdwknaMCatiExμr caM)ac;RtUvmaneKalbMNg nigTisedAc,as;las; eRCIserIs yuT§saRsþ nig meFüa)ayb¤viFankar RtwmRtUv RsbtamsßankarN_tMrUv edIm,InaMpøÚv GñkeRkambgÁab; Gnuvtþkic©karmYy eGay)aneCaKC½y TTYl)annUvlT§plEdlcg;)an. ebIeyIgCaemdwknaM KμaneKalbMNg nigTisedAc,as;las;eT enaHKμan GñkeRkambgÁab;edIrtameyIgeLIy. eKalbMNg eTotesat CaeKalbMNgFMcMbg minEmnCaerOgsMrab;buKÁl b¤RkumRKYsareLIy.eKalbMNg énemdwknaMExμr RtUvEtKitdl; plRbeyaCn_rYm plRbeyaCn_CatiTaMgmUl.RbCaCatiExμr nigGñkesñhaCatiTaMgGs; RtUvmansμartI sV½yPJak;rlwkneya)ayx<s; edaymincMa)ac;maneKdas;etOneRcIn ehIyh‘aneRkakQreLIgmuneK sVHEsVgrkKñIKña cgRkgkMlaMgesñhaCati eGayPJak;rlwkrYmKñaCaFøúgmYy eFVIkarts‘UedIm,IbuBVehtuCatieroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 10 rkSasiT§i
  21. 21. sasna nigRbCaCatiExμreGayrYc cakputBIkarCiHCan; rbs;BYkemRtYtRtapþac;kar h‘un Esn EdlCakBa¢Hdac;éførbs;yYn eGay)anTan;eBlevla ehIyBYtédKña naMCatieyIgeGayTTYl)annUv ÉkPaBCati sniþPaB ÉkraCüPaBGFibetyüPaB RbCaFibetyüBit nigvibulPaBBitR)akdmYyRbkbeday ]tþmPaB eGay)any:agdac;xat sMrab;xøÜneyIg nigkUnecAExμrCMnan;eRkay. RKb;degðImecjcUl eyIgRtUvTenÞj rlWk cgcaMCanic©fa etIeyIgmanbMNgeFIVGVI? eFIVya:gem:c? eFIVenAeBlNa?RtUveFIVenAkEnøgNa? nrNa cg;)annUvlT§plenH?. eyIgRtUverobcMxøÜneyIgCamun munnwgeTAdwknaMeK dUcRBHsgÇEdr RtUvbMeBjFm’Camun munnwgTTYl)ankareGankayfVaybgÁMedaysuT§citþBIBuT§brisT½. minxVHeTGñkedIrtam xVHEtGñkdwknaM EdleFVIxøÜn eGayeKTTYlRBmedIrtamb:ueNÑaH.IV -smtßPaB ÉkeTs nigkarBiesaFn_c,as;las; ( Professional Skills and Experiences) emdwknaM bIdUcCa GñkebIkbrnavamñak; CaGñkEdlsÁal;TwsedAc,as; manÉkeTskñúgkarebIkbrBitR)akdedIm,InaMExμr[dl;eRtIy RbkbedaysuvtßiPaB. EtebIxøÜnÉgminsÁal;pøÚvc,as;eTenaH nwgnaM»yGñkedIrtam vegVgpøÚvmaneRKaHfñak;dl;GayuCIvit. emdwknaMExμrBitR)akd KWCaGñkEdlmansmtßPaB manÉkeTs karBiesaFn_ nigsñaédGIVmYyBitR)akd dUcCa ÉkeTsxagc,ab; esdækic© neya)ay eyaFa sgÁmkic© nigvis½yaepSg² CaedIm. emdwknaMKμansmtßPaB b¤KμancMeNHdwg ebIeTaHCamanKMnitesñhaCatiFMb:uNÑa k¾minGacEkéxbBaðaCati)aneLIy. ebIeyIgsegátemIlRbeTsExμrbc©úb,nñ eRkamkarRtYtRtaBYk h‘un Esn CnBalkMeLA/ ehg sMrin Gñkkab;RCUk GanGkSrExμrminRtUv/ Ca sIum CaecarlYceKaenAtamRBMEdn ehIyGYtxøÜnfa CabNÐitTaMgggitggl;teGonxμas etIRbeTsCatinwgrIkcMerIn dUcemþcekIt? ebIfa bMerIplRbeyaCn_yYn edImI,GMNaceTIbRtUvCag. TegVIrbs;BYk ecar taMgxøÜneFVIecHTaMgenH maneRKaHfñak;y:agF¶n;F¶rdl;RbeTsCati b¤GacfaCaTegIVk,t;Catiedayectna dUcKñanwgBaküfa GñkxVak;naMpøÚv GñkvegVg b¤k¾fa {kardwknaMedayPaB l¶g;exøAmaneTasesμInwg GMeBIk,t; }ya:gdUecñaH Edr. Rtg;cMNucenH sUmelIkykerOgeRBgExμrmYymkviPaK GMBIkardwknaM KWerOg FnBa¢½y. GñkniBn§bgðajBIvirPaBrbs; FnBa¢½y EdlmanRtkUlCaraRsþsamBaØ GackarBarTwkdITl;nwg karQøanBanBI breTs ¬cin¦edaysarPaBeQøósév nigsmtßPaB. edaysμartITTYlxusRtUv manKMnitesñhaCatix<g;x<s; FnBa¢½y GacedaHRsayRbsña CamYyGñkR)aCJcin )anedayeCaKC½y cMENkesþc KitEterOg RsIjI sIiueCar ehIylg;nwgkarEGbGblutRkab nigraCblø½gÁ KμansmßPaBkarBarRbeTsCati minh‘anykGñkR)aCJmkCit xøaceKdeNþImGMNac rhUtbBa¢aeGayeKsMlab;GñkR)aCJecalEfmeTot. TaMgenH srbBa©ak;fa esþc GsmtßPaB l¶g;exøA rEmgP½yRBYyxøac BYkbNÐitGñkR)aCJ. cMENk FnBa¢½y CakUnrbs;BlrdæRkIRk samBaØesaH ebIeTaH RtUvrgnUvkarBaFaBüa)aT BIBYk esþcesþcsgÇ nigmRnþIEGbLby:agNakþI k¾minlHbg;nUvKMnitxVl;xVay BIeCaKvasnarbs;RbeTsCati CnrYmelahitesaHeLIy enAEtriHrkmeFüa)ay CYykarBarRbeTsCati TwkdIeGayenAKg;vgSBIkarrMelaP bMBan cg;)an TwkdIBIbreTs ¬cin¦Citxag luHRtaEt)ansMerceCaKC½y. edaymankarBüayamsikSaBI RBHRKÚecAGFikarrbs;xøÜn y:agsVitsVaj eFIVeGayFnBa¢½y mancMeNHR)aCJa GacGUsTaj BYkesdæI nigesþc »yluHtamKMnitrbs;xøÜn)an y:agRbesIr. erOgenHGñkniBn§cg;bBa¢ak;fa tYrGgÁesþc kñúgerOgenH KμansmtßPaBdwknaMRbeTsCatiTal;EtesaH nigeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 11 rkSasiT§i
  22. 22. bgðajfa Blrdæ k¾mansmtßPaBGacdwknaMRbeTspgEdr EtBYkeKKμan»kas. )ann½yfa minEmnmanEtBUC esþceT eTIbmansmtßPaB ehIyk¾minEmn eGayEtraRsþsamBaØ suT§EtGñkl¶g;exøAenaHeLIy. GñkniBn§cg;KUs bBa¢ak;müa:geTotfa esþcEdlbnþúbedaybreTs EtgmancritmYy KW { eBlGasnñ RtUvkarGñkkøahan GñkR)aCJ eBl)anblø½g )anGMNack¾xøacGñkR)aCJ GñkkøahandeNþImbuNü ehIyk¾taMgrkelssMlab;;GñkTaMgenHecal }. ehtudUecñHehIy )anCaRbeTsBak;kNþalelIBiPBelak )anedIreTArklT§iRbCaFibetyü »yGMNacRbCaBlrdæCaFM. eBlFnBa¢½yCitsøab; FnBa¢½uy )anpþaMesþcfa {ebIsIu RtIRBYlkMuecalRska sIuRtIR)a kMuecal RskI } kMufaeLIy dl;eTAKiteXIj sUm,IEtGtßn½yénRbeyaKrbs; FnBa¢½y k¾esþckMeLAenHminyl;pg. GñkniBn§k¾cg;KUs bBa¢ak; pgEdrfaeRkaysm½yGgÁr Exμrkan;EtcuHexSay erovrYjtUc mkdl;sBVéf¶ k¾eRBaHEtRbeTsExμrmanEtesþcGsmtßPaBeLIgRtYtRtaRbeTsb:ueNÑaH b¤RtUv)anRtYtRtaedayBYkesþc EdlelIkbnþúbedaybreTs b¤CaGay:gbreTsCaerogrhUtmk ¬sUmGanRbvtþisaRsþExμr¦. RbeTsExμrsBVéf¶ k¾mansPaBdUcKña nwgerOgenHEdr. enHCaktþasøab;rs;mYy naMeGayExμrrlt;rlaycuHexSay rkklnwgsøab;dUceBlbc©úb,nñ . edayehtudUc)anBnül;erobrab;mkxagelI eTIb)anCa enAkñúgsgÁmRbCaFibetyü GñkdwknaM eKeGayRbCaBlrdæmantMél mansiTi§esμIKña TaMgRbusRsI. RbCaBlrdæ RtUv)anbNþúHeGaymansmtßPaBRKb;Kña edIm,IdwknaMRbeTs eTIbRbeTs mankarrIkcMerIn minEmnmanEtmnusSmñak; EdlxøaMgdUc Gay:gyYn h‘un Esn eLIy ¬KMniteRcIn RbesIrCag KMnitmYy b¤k¾fa sþúkGñkecH RbesIrCagsþúkesμA sþúkmnusSexøA sþúkesμARbesIrCag¦. tamBitRbeTsExμrRtUvTTYl)anesßrPaB nigsniþPaB rugerOgcab;taMgBI )araMgRbKl;ÉkraCüna qñaM1954mkemøH. EtpÞúyeTAvij RbeTsExμr)anFøak;cUlkñúgs®gÁamcab;BIqñaM1964 bnþrhUtdl; RBitiþkarTMlak; sI hnu )anekIteLIgenAéf¶ 18 mIna 1970. esþcenH min)anykeBlevlad¾mantMél énsnþiPaBd¾l¥RbesIrCit 20qñaM enHedIm,IksagRbeTseT EtEbCalIla hk;elat tamExSjak; yYn cin qáÜtnwgGMNac siIueCartamkar beBa¢ar karbeBa©IcbeBa©I BIBYk yYncin TaMgenH nigKitEtEtgkunelçan EdlemIlminyl;enaHeTAvij. sUm,IEtdl; kMritsBVéf¶enHeTAehIy enAEtqáÜtnwgkarraMeRcog Etgkun EtelçandEdl . ebICa kunelçan RbvtþisaRsþCati EdlxøæÜn)an dwg)anqøgkarenaH CakarRbesIr EtCaerOglIla RsIekμgeTAvij.eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 12 rkSasiT§i
  23. 23. esþcetOenH minRBmeFIVsm<n§½miRtkñúgPaBesμImux nwgmhaGMNacputelx elIelakeT EtsuxcitþRbmUlTaMgBUC eTAeFVI´kBa¢Hdac;éførbs; EqábMerI ¬h‘un Esn¦yYn eTAvij. kMhusqÁgrbs; esþc sIhnu kñúgkarGnuBaØaateGayecaryYneyokug dak;taMg T½BCit 1Esn nak; ¬eBlenaH TahanExμr manmindl; 40000nak; pg¦ enAelITwkdIExμrCaehtunaMeGaysgÁmCati )ak;EbkERbHqaCabkS CaRkum nigCaedImcmnaMeGaymanRBitþikar 18 mina 1970 enaHekItmaneLIg eRkamkardwknaM rbs;elak ln; nl; nigRTg; sIusuvtßi sirimt³ edIm,Iedj yYn eyokkug BITwkdIExμr.sUmbBa¢ak;fa RBitþikarN_ 18 mina 1970 enaH minGacekItmaneLIgedayÉkÉg b¤edayécdnüeLIy ebIKμanGMeBIk,t;Catirbs;esþc sIhnu eTenaH. sRgÁamvwkvr eBjépÞRbeTs rvag kgTB½kumμúynisþ EdlmanyYn eyokkug CYyKaMRTy:ageBjTMhwg )anrIkraldalrhUt dl;éf¶ 17 emsa 1975. éf¶ 17 emsa 1975 Caéf¶ C½yCMnHrbs;yYnkumμúynisþNÐÚcin minEmnCaeCaKC½yrbs;BYkkumμúyhisþ b:ul Bt eT. cab;BIéf¶ 18 mina 1970 dl; 7 mkra1979 yYn)aneRbI esþc sI hnu EdlmanKMnMusgswk nwgCnrYmCatiExμrsøÚtRtg; EdlmindwgGI ehIy nigsPaCatiExμr Edl)anTMlak;xøÜnBIGMNac eGayGMBavnav tamviTüúeb:kaMg dl;Exμr eGaycUléRBm:aKI ¬cUl éRBts‘U¦mkc,aMgnwgExμrKñaÉg. esþclIlaenH eFVIedayrIkray TaMggegIlBkf¶as edayminKitfaxøÜnkMBugEtsMlab;CnCatiExμrTaMgLay EdleKarB EdlehAxønÉgfa « « « eBjmat; . yYneRbIR)as; lT§ikumμúynisþ CameFüa)ayedIm,IbMEbkbM)ak;sgÁmExμr nigeRbIR)as;BYkExμreyokmij EdlyYn)an cab;bBa¢ÚneTA bMBak;lT§ikumμúynisþ enAyYnxageCIg nigeqVgRCulniym b:ul Bt sIhnu edaymanPñak;garyYn bnøMxøÜnCaExμr bgáb;CamYy BYkRkhm TaMg 3RkumenH eFIVkarjúHjg; eGaymankarkab;sMlab;KñarvagExμrKñaÉg CaBiess eGayeFVIkarkab;sMlab;sgswkeTAelI BYkGñkCatiniym EdlRsLaj;lT§iRbCaFibetyü ¬BYksaFarNrdæ ln; nl; nig sirimt³¦ ehIylabBN’TMlak;kMhusTaMgRsugeTAelI rbb b:ul Bt. rYcehIyyYndEdlenH )anykBYkExμreyokmij mYyRkumeTotEdlman Eb:neroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 13 rkSasiT§i
  24. 24. suvNÑ/ ehg sMrin/ Ca sIum/ h‘un Esn CaExl edIm,IvaylukcUlRsukExμr edayykelsfa mkCYyrMedaHExμrBIrbbvalBiXateTAvij. yYnTuk sI hnu CaExlsMlab;citþBlrdæExμr rhUtmkdl;bc©úb,nñ. éf¶ 7 mkra 1979minEmn Caéf¶ rMedaHeT EtCa éf¶EdlyYn QøanBanelb ykTwkdIExμr nigbøn;ykRTBüsm,tiþExμry:agR)akd ehIyk¾Caéf¶EdlyYn elIkbnþúb BYkk,t;Cati ehg sMrin/ h‘un Esn/ Ca sIum eGayRtYtRta RbeTsExμr edIm,IbnþGnuvtþn_ neya)aykab;sMlab; rMlayBUCsasn_ExμrteTAeTot ¬sRgÁamépÞkñúg nig k5¦rhUtdl;qñaM 1993. rhUtmkTl;sBVéf¶enHeTotesat Gay:g h‘un Esn/ Ca sIum/ ehg sMrin/ enAEtGnuvtþn_neya)aykab;sM;lab;enH CadrabmkedayKμanQb;Qr eRkampøak raCaniymfμI manesþc sIhnu CYybiT)aMg neya)ayk,t;Catirbs;BYkva nigEpnkarexμARkxVk;rbs;yYn. ebIyYn CYyExμr ehtuGVI )anCamankarcgRkgRbvtþisaRsþEkøgkøay TukeGayExμreronenHminKWCamhcäitaelbykdIExμr EdlmankareRKagTuky:agl¥itl¥n;eTb¤?. RBHBuT§CaGgÁm©as;)anRtas;fa {minRtUveGayCnBalGviC¢a manGMNacdwknaMeLIy eRBaHfaCn RbePTenHmanEtkarelaPln; sahavyg;Xñg nigkareRskQamRbCaBlrdæÉg b¤«BukmþaybegáItxøÜnÉg edIm,IGMNac}. KMnitmYyeTot)aneBalfa {minRtUv[CnBalmanGMNaceLIy EtRtUvdkhUtGMNacBICnBal mkRbKl;CUnGñkEdlmanKuNFM’ mansmtßPaB esμaHRtg;nwgCati RbCaCatiExμrvij} . ktþaEdlnaMeGayExμrmansRgÁambgðÚrQamedaysar ³ • {kMhusemdwknaM } ¬Caesþc EdlbnþúbedaybreTsQøanBan CaCnelμaPGMNac KμanKMnitesñhaCati sasna nigRbCaCatiExμrTal;EtesaH. emdwknaM GsmtßPaB dwknaMedaybuKÁlmñak; minEmnCaRkum emdwknaM ¦ . • {neya)aydwknaM} ¬neya)aydwknaMminRtwmRtUv Kμanckçúvis½y KμanÉkraCü KμansSrPaB xagKMnit. • {RbB½n§RKb;RKg} ¬RbB½n§dwknaMEbbbuKÁlniym cas;KMril pþac;kar GtþaFibetyüniym ¦. • {vib,tþiraCvgS} ¬Tas;ETg deNþImGMNacKña BwgBak;breTs nwgPaBCaGay:gbreTs ¦. • neya)ayvatTIniym elbTwkdIBIsMNak; yYn esom CaedIm ¬yk menaKmn_viC¢akumμúynisþ b¤ sasna CameFüa)ay¦.eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 14 rkSasiT§i
  25. 25. • ExμremIlgayxøÜnÉg ¬emIlgayxøÜnÉg eGaytMélCatid¾éTCagExμrKñaÉg BwgEp¥kEteTAelI breTs edIm,IGMNac. Exμr)at;bg; RBlwgÉkPaBCati RBlwgCaGñkkøahan RBlwgCaGñkksagGgÁr .V -esckþIkøahan nigkarebþCJacitþ (Braveness and Commitment) eyIgCaemdwknaMExμr RtUvEtmanesckþIkøahan naMmuxeK muneK BuHBarRKb;]bs½KÁCanic© minRtUvrYjra b¤kMsakxøacsøab;enaHeT,Iy. eBalKW eyIgminGacdwknaMeK)aneT ebIeyIgenABIxageRkayeK. dUcBMuenalmYyeBalfa {ebIdwgehIyminh‘an eronecHehIymineFIV b:gehIysÞak;esIÞrminbþÚrpþac; sMerccitþminTan;eBlevla etInwgmanRbeyaCn_GIV?} . eyIgCaExμrGñkesñhaCatiRKb;rUb RtUveronykcMeNHmkCYy bMerICatieyIgeGayrIkcMerInrugerOg. KμannrNamñak;EdlGacrs;enA CaGmt³eLIy ekItmkehIyKg;Etsøab;eTAvij . ehtudUecñHehIy kñúgnamCaemdwknaMExμrmYyrUb eyIgRtUvEth‘aneFIVGIVmYyCaRbeyaCn_ dl;sgÁmCati nigRbCaCatiExμr edayminxøacrGa cMeBaHesckIþsøab; eRBaHfa esckþIsaø b;mancMeBaHmnusSRKb;rUb KμannNamñak;ecosputeLIy RKan;EtmunnigeRkayEtb:eu NÑaH. RbeTsCatikMBgFøak;kgmhnþrayehIy eyIgCaemdwknaMExμr RtUvEtsVHEsVgrt;rkrYbrYmKña eRkakQreLIg eFVkar seRgÁaH karBar u úñ ICati kMeu Gay)at;bg;. esckþIkøahan enATIenH sMedAeTAelIGñkEdlh‘aneRkakQr ha‘nniyay ha‘neFIV nigxitxMRbwgERbg ya:geBjTMhwg Gs;BIkMlaMg kay citþ edayminedkrg;caMmanemdwknaMÉNaeLIy. eyIgCaExμr manbuBVsiT§ieBjeljRtwmRtUv Rsbc,ab; kñúgkarnaMKñaeRkakeLIg edayesckþItaMgcitþ y:agmutmaM edIm,ICYyeRsacRsg; seRgÁaHCatiExμrEdlkMBugQaneTArkhaynPaB d¾F¶n;F¶renH. eRBaHfa ebICatiExμrrs; eTIbeyIgCaRbCaCatiExμrTaMgGs; rs;enAedaymantMélCamnusS mankitüanuPaBnigemaTnPaBCaExμr enAelIBiPBelakenH. eyIgminRtUvrg;caMGñkmanbuNüBINamkdwknaMExμreLIy eRBaHBaküfa GñkmanbuNü RKan;EtCaBakü eFVIeGayExμredklk; GacCaBaküe)akR)aserobcMeLIgeday BYkGñksRgÁamcitþsaRsþrbs;yYn edIm,IRKan;EtCameFüa)ayeFVIeGayExμr sgÇwmenAkñúgreNþAmrN³Etb:ueNÑaH. karrg;caMenH Cakarrg;xül; rg;caMpáayelIemX EdlKμanéf¶ekItmankarBitesaHeLIyehIyCakarrg;caM Tuk»kaseGayyYneRbI h‘un Esn sMlab;qnÞ³Exμr rhUtdl;kMerIkElgrYc )at;bg;TIkdITaMgRsugdUcRbeTscM)a: nigkm<úCaeRkamEtb:ueNÑaH . eBlenaH ExμreyIg R)akdCa hYseBleTAehIy. ebIeyIgTaMgGs;KñabENþtbeNþay TukeGayCatieyIgsøab; enaH RbvtþisaRsþ mnsikar nwgedoletμHeyIgfa CaCnrmilKuNCati EdlCaGñk)anpþl;kMeNIteGayeyIgral;Kña. CatieyIg kMMBugEtmanCMgW bIdUcCa«Buk mþayeyIgmanCMgWdUecñaHEdr ebIeyIgminbI)ac;rkSakarBar b¤Büa)alelak eGaymanCIvitCIv:a Tan;eBlevlaeT eBlEdlelaksøab; eTAvaKμanRbeyaCn_GIV EdleyIgnaMKña yMesakseRggsþayeRkay RbwgeFIVbuNüeGayenaHesaHeLIyeRBaHfa elakminGacrs;mkvij)aneT. cMeBaHCativijk¾dUecñaHEdr eyIgRtUvEtnaMKñaEfrkSa kaBarCamun kMueGay)at;bg;TwkdI nigBUCsasn_eyIgCadac;xat. karrYbrYmBit CakMlaMgclkrd¾mhasal GacvayrujRcan sRtUvyYneroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 15 rkSasiT§i
  26. 26. nig Gay:geGayrlaysabsUnü)an ebIeyIgTaMgGs;KñamanesckþItaMgcitþmutRsYcCagxaμMg ts‘UGt;Fμt; RTaMGt; RTaMXøanx<s;CagxμaMg eyIgR)akdCa)aneCaKC½½y. cegáwHmYy)ac; yYnkac;min)ak; ebIeyIgEtmñak; yYnnwgbM)ak;)an.y:agNamij ebIeTaHbIeyIgmanKMnitesñhaCati RCaleRCAkMritNa bþÚrpþac;fñak;NakþI EtebIeyIgminsVHEsVg rt;rkcg)ac;KñaCa)ac; CaFøúgmYyeT eyIgminGacTTYleCaKCy½)anesaHeLIy. eyIgKYrelIkyk erOgGaxVak;GaxVin mkBicarNa nwgeFVIeGayeyIgyl;)anfa GñkniBn§cg;bBa¢ak;fa esþcEdltaMgxøÜnCam©as;EpndI manEtPaBkMsak suxcitþ»yraRsþ søab; CMnYsxøÜneTAvij edayeFVIya:gNa eGayEtxøÜn)anrs;enAblø½gÁ elIGMNacb:ueNÑaH xVHkarTTYlxusRtUv xVHkþIkøahanGg;Gac eGaysmzan³ xVHPaBbþÚrpþac;rYmsuxrYmTukçCamYyraRsþxøÜnÉg. pÞúyeTAvij edaysμartIsamKÁI rYbrYmKña nayxVak;nayxiVn CaCnsamBaØ ebIeTaHbIxøÜnCaCnBikar nigdwgxøÜnfaRtUvsøab;kþI Et)anBYtédrYmKña y:agekøovkøaGg;Gackøahan eBjedImRTUgCakUYnRbus egIbeLIgts‘U edImI,karrs;ranrbs;xøÜn nwgRbCaCati. BYkeKminRtwmEt GackarBarCIvitxøÜn BIcMNIykSb:ueNÑaHeT EtGackarBarCIvit RbCaCati CnrYmCati eGayrs;rUYcputBIcMNIykS )anedayeCaKC½y. nayxVak;nayxVin min)anedkrg;caMGñkmanbuNü Gs©arüNa mkCYyxøÜn edayePøckarBwgEp¥kelIxøÜnÉgesaHeLIy. enHCaemerond¾RbesIr EdlRbCaCatiExμrTaMgGs; KYrføwgEføg RtgRtab; yktMrab;tam ehIyeRkakeLIgrYmKña eFIVemdwknaMedayxøÜnÉg dUcnayxVak;nayxiVn edIm,IGayuCIvitRbCaCatiExμr plRbeyaCn_Cati nigRbeTsExμreyIgeGayKg;vgS kñúgkal³eTs³enH.VI -suxPaBl¥ (Healthy) suxPaBenATIenH sMedATaMgBIry:ag TaMgsuxPaBxagpøÚvkay nigsuxPaBpøÚvcitþ. suxPaBxagpøÚvkaysMedAeTAelIkaysm,Ta. kñúgzan³Ca emdwknaM RtUvEtCamnusSEdlmanlkçN³eBjelj Rbus b¤RsI BitR)akd minEmnCamnusSBika nUvjaNmYYyNa ehIyKμan CMgWQWF¶n;F¶r. suxPaBemdwknaM eRbobdUcCassr sMrab;RTRTg; pÞH TaMgmUl eGaymanlkçN³rwgmaM. emdwknaMExμr RtUvmanGnam½yCanic© rh½srhYn skmμkargar nig]sSah_ Büayam.emdwknaM minEmnCamnusSEdlx¢ilRcGUs b¤Rbmwk EdlRbRBwtþiGMeBITuc©rit man El,g RsI Rsa BukrlYy GyutiþFm’nigPUtPrkuhk enaHeLIy. emdwknaMExμr RtUvmanTwkcitþrIkray Rss;føa rak;Tak;dak;GñkeRkambgÁab;munCanic©. emdwknaMCatiExμr minRbkan;erOgkMbiukkMbu:k b¤k¾Rbkan; b¤kRkGWtRkTm dak;GñkeRkambgÁab; b¤k¾ kwbekg CiHCan; rwbykplRbeyaCn_RbCaBlrdæ edIm,ICaRbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜn b¤bkSBYkeLIy. emdwknaMExμr manriyabT viC¢man nig sμartIrwgbwug TwkmuxFmμta Canic© eTaHCakñúgeBlCYb]bs½KÁ b¤kal³eTs³EbbNakþI. ¬sUmsikSabEnßm viFIeFIV eGaycitþbrisuT§ rbs;elak yan yab ¦. suxPaBpøÚvcitþ³ emdwknaMRtUvmanmenamyiTi§. emdwknaMExμr RtUvman citþsaRsþx<s; GacsÁal;BIcitþ tMrUvkarnig GacTak;TajGñkeRkambgÁab; eGayeKarB RsLaj; nig cUlcitþxøÜn. emdwknaMExμr minRtUvmancitþesAhμg TukçRBYy xVayxVl; GIVTaMgGs;. emdwknaM RtUvmansmaFi ¬citþs¶b;¦ . emdwknaM RtUvRKb;RKgGarmμN_xøÜn eGay)anl¥minqab;rMePIb sIueCar GMNYt Gn;citþ xwgeqvqav RcENnQñanIs. emdwknaMExμr RtUvmancitþl¥ citþTUlay nigecHCYyGñkdéT. mü:agvij eTot emdwknaMExμr RtUvxitxMBüayam hVwkhat; eGaymanmenayiT§i. emdwknaMExμr Gachat;eroneroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 16 rkSasiT§i
  27. 27. edayxøÜnÉg)an tamry³karhat;bBa¢a elIGarmμN_xøÜnÉg kalNaeyIgbBa¢aelIGarmμN_rbs;xøÜnÉg)anehIyeBlenaH eyIgCak;Ca GacbBa¢aelIGarmμN_ GñkdéT)andUcKñaEdr.VII-KuNFm’ (Virtue) emdwknaMExμr CaRkumCnEdlGacdwknaMRbeTseTArk suxsniþPaB suPmgÁl RbCaFibetyü yutþiFm’ rugerOgdl;sgÁmCati. emdwknaMExμr RtUvEtCaGñkmanKuNFm’ cMeBaHRbCaBlrdæExμr eRBaHfaemdwknaM eRbobdUcCa «Buk rIÉ GñkedIrtam b¤RbCaBlrdæExμr eRbobdUcCa kUn nigCakIþsgÇwm sMrab;RbCaCatiExμr CaelIkcugeRkay . dUcenH emdwknaMExμr RtUvRbkan;x¢ab;nUv RBhμviharFm’ nig TsBiFraCFm’ . k-RBhμviharFm’ etIRBhμviharFm’manGIVxøH? RBhμviharFm’ manemtþa kruNa muTita nig]ebkça. 1-emtþa (Love) emtþa KW esckIþGaNit RsLaj; cg;eGayGñkpg)ansux. emdwknaMExμr EtgEtmankarGaNitGasUrCanic©dl; GñkeRkambgÁab; nigRbCaBlrdæExμr . ykcitþTukdak;x<s;bMput eBalKW ebIeyIgRsLaj;xøÜnÉgb:uNÑa eyIgRtUvEt RsLaj;GñkdéT Rkumkargar kUnecA GñkeRkambgÁab; nigRbCaBlrdæExμr bu:NÑwgEdr. RBH)aTC½yvrμ½nTI7 CakSRt Edlman TsBiFraCFm’ nigRBhμviharFm’BitR)akd RTg;ykRBHT½yTukdak;xVayxVl;cMeBaHra®sþCanic© {RTg;manRBH T½yRBYy)armÖ cMeBaHeraKrbs;RbCaraRsþRBHGgÁ CagRBHGaBaFRBHGgÁeTAeTot eRBaHfaesckIþTukç rbs;raRsþ KWCa esckIþTukçrbs;GñkRKb;RKgTaMgLay minEmnesckIþTukçpÞal;RBHGgÁeT EdlnaMeGayRBHGgÁRBYyQWcab;enaH } . cUr eyIghat;RsLaj; GñkNaEdlGñks¥b;bMput ¡. 2-kruNa (Help) kruNa ecHCYyseRgÁaH GñkdéT»y)anesckIþsux. emdwknaMExμr RtUvecHCYyseRgÁaH GñkRkIRklM)ak GñkrgeRKaH GñkEdlsißtkñúgPaBl¶g;exøA nigGñkmanvibtþiepSg². emdwknaMExμr RtUvEth‘anlHbg;RKb;Ebbya:g edIm,ICYyseRgÁaHCnrYmCatixøÜn »yrYcputBIesckIþTukçevTnaTaMgGs;enH EtdMeNaHRsaykñúgkarCYyseRgÁaHRtUvedaHRsayBIedImcm énbBaða kMuBüayamedaHcugbBaða vaCakarxateBl xatFnFantRbeyaCn_ ehIyebIeyIgRbwgedaH xøaMgb:uNÑa bBðaak¾nwgekIneLIgb:ueNÑaH eTaHedaHrhUtsøab;TaMgxøÜneTot k¾BMuGaccb;)aneLIy. RBHBuT§GgÁ CaKMrURsab; RBHGgÁ h‘anlHbg; raCsm,tiþ ysskiá esckþIsuxpÞal;xøÜn nigkamkiels tNðaepSg² rhUtdl;GayuCIvit edIm,I sVHEsVgrkpøÚv seRgÁaHmnusSelakTUeTA »yrYcputBI GviC¢a KW esckIþTukç. elak swn Kuy CavIr³bursExμreRkam h‘anlHbg;CIvit edIm,IrkSaTuknUv RBHBuT§sasna vb,Fm’ TMenomTMlab; nigRbéBNIExμr enAkm<úCaeRkameGayKg;vgSrhUtmkdl;bc©úb,nñ. buBVbursExμr GñkesñhaCati CaeRcIneTot Edlsuxcitþl³bg;bUCaCIvit edIm,ICYy karBar CatiTwkdI ekrþ_tMENl nigvb,Fm’Exμr eGayrYcputBIkarQøanBan elbRt)ak;rbs;breTs eFIVeGayTwkdIExμr)an Kg;vgSrhUtmkdl;eBlenH. cMENkeyIgCa GñkdwknaMExμrmñak; EdlkMBugGanesovePAenHenAkñúgéd eyIgk_RtUvEtmankartBVkic© eRkakQredaysVy½PJak;rlwk CYyseRgÁaHCati bgb¥ÚnrYmQamExμrTaMgGs; eGayrYcputBIkarelbRt)ak;rbs; ecaryYn EdlkMBugeFVIGaNaniKmn_EbbfμI edayman huk LgDI/ sux Kg;/ nig CnCatiyYneRcIn eToteroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 17 rkSasiT§i
  28. 28. kMBuglak;xøÜnbgáb;kñúgsßabn½sMxan;² rbs;Cati RtYtRtaRbeTsExμr nigRtUvCYyseRgÁaHCatiExμreGayrYcput BI rbbkumμúynIsþpþac;kar h‘un Esn bMerIyYn ehIynaMRbCaCati nigRbeTsExμr edIreq<aHeTArkkarrIkcMerIn Kg;vgS kñúgvibulPaB nigmanfamBl sßitesßr esμImuxnwgRbCaCatikñúgelakeGay)an. etI eyIgTaMgGs;Kña CaCatiExμr suxcitþ QreGabédemIlTukçevTna RbCaBlrdæExμr EdlkMBugEtdegðayehArk eyIgral;KñaCaGñkesñhaCati eGayCYyseRgÁaHCYyrMedaH erogral;éf¶)aneT? b¤eyIgTuk eGayBUCsasn_ExμreyIg RtUvrlay)at;bg;BIelakenHeTA nasm½yenH? 3-muTita (Unjealous) muTita emdwknaMExμr minRtUvmancitþRcENnQñanIs b¤Gn;citþcMeBaHkarrIkcMerIn eCaKC½yrbs;GñkdéT b¤GñkeRkambgÁab; b¤RbCaBlrdæeLIy. pÞúyeTAvij emdwknaMExμr RtUvsb,ayeRtkGr nwgesckIþsuxcMerIn rbs;RbCaCatiExμr b¤rIkraysaTr eBleXIj Exμr )anesckIþsuxedaysarxøÜn. eRkayBIeBl xøÜn)anCYyseRgÁaH eTaHbICaeKminEføgGMNrKuNk¾eday k¾minRtUveTamnsS. mann½yfa emdwknaMExμr minRtUvrMlwk KuNrbs;xøÜn GYtR)ab;eKeGaydwgeBlCYyGñkdéTenaHeT . EtpÞúyeTAvij emdwknaMExμr RtUvsresIr nigGrKuN cMeBaHRbCaCatiExμr Edl)an eFIVl¥mkelIxøÜn eTaHCaGMeBIl¥enaHtickIþ eRcInkIþ. eCOerOgKYreGayGam:as; nigQWcab; EdlRbCaCatiExμrrs;eRkam)ateCIgCnBalkMeLAdUcbkSBYk h‘un Esn sBVéf¶enH. CnkMeLAenH EtgEtbBa¢aeGay dkhUtykeTAvijnUv rbs;rbrTaMgLay Edlvaykmke)akExμr ebItMbn;enaHraRsþExμrmine)aHeqñateGayva. eBlfμIenH va)anRbkasEkþg²favanwgeFVICanaykrdæmRnþI mYyCIvit Etvanwgminsagsg;salaeroneToteLIy ebIvaFøak;BIGMNac. vaminEdl dwgKuNGrKuNExμreT EtvarEmgrlwkKuN dwgKuNecaryYn mindac;BImat;. dUcesþc sIhnu minEdl GrKuN ExμrGñkts‘UkñúgkarCUndMeNIrxøÜneGay)aneLIgesayraCüenaH esaHeLIy EtesþcenH GrKuNGay:gk,t;Cati h‘un Esn eTAvij. 4-]ebkça (Justice) ]ebkça emdwknaMExμr RtUvRbkan;citþCakNþal minlMeGog eRBaHs¥b; RsLaj; RcENn ninÞaQñanIs Gn;citþ. emdwknaMExμr esμaHesμIcMeBaH RbCaCatiExμrTUeTA edayminerIseGIg edaysarPaBGKti nigkarRbkan; bkSBYkneya)ay dUcGak,t; h‘un Esn sBVéf¶enHeLIy. GñkdwknaMExμr RtUvbegáIteKalkarN_rYm nigc,ab;rdæCac,ab; mYymansmPaBGnuvtþn_ elICnTUeTAdUc²Kña ehIyCaGñk naMmuxeK Rbtibtþi Rbkan;eKalkarN_ nigGnuvtþc,ab; [)anRtwmRtUv. Etkñúgrbbk,t;sBVéf¶c,ab; sMrab;cgédExμrsøÚtRtg;eTAvij ÉRkumRKYsarBYkk,t; minEdlmaneTasesaHeLIy. ]³ enA qñaM 1999 RbBn§ h‘un Esn )ancat;eGayEqárbs;xøÜn )aj;sMlab; sil,krExμrd¾l,I GñkRsI BisidæBlIkar eRBaHEtkarRbc½NÐ edayKμaneTaséBr_. enAqñaM 2004 kμÜyrbs; h‘un Esn eQμaH nYYn suPa )aj;sMlab;y:agrgÁal elIGñkRkIRkTaMgkNþaléf¶ kNþalTIRkugPñMeBj edayKμanGñkNarkyutþiFm’eGayesaH. elIsBIenHenAtamTIRkug RbCaBlrdæExμr RtUv)anBYkGay:g beNþjecjBIpÞHsMEbgedayKμansMNg KμankaredaHRsay edIm,IykdIlk;[QμÜjbreTs. pÞúyeTAvij CnCatiyYn EdlmktaMgTIlMenAxusc,ab; RtUv)anBYkvaxñHExñgrkpÞH sMEbgdIFøI nigkar]btßmÖy:agRbesIr. minEmnRtwmEt lMeGogedayGKit eT EtvaCakarbgðajy;:agc,as;RkELt nUvPaBeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 18 rkSasiT§i
  29. 29. Ca´kBa¢Hdac;éfø lk;Catilk;TwkdI rbs;BYkGak,t; h‘un Esn sBVéf¶enH. emdwknaM RtUvRbkan;yutiþFm’ nigkareKarBc,ab;CaFM CacMbg edayEp¥kelIRbeyaCn_ CatiExμrCaFM. x-TsBitFm’ TsBiFFm’ KWCaeKalFm’TaMg 10Rbkar EdlemdwknaM RKb;rUbRtUvEtRbkan;x¢ab;Canic©. eKalFm’TaMg 10Rbkarman ³ 1-Tan (Donation) Tan KWkarpþl;eGaydUcCa vtßú sMPar³ cMeNHdwg Gb;rM k,Ünc,ab; nigkarGb;rMRBHFm’ dl;RbCaCatiExμr CaTIRsLaj;rbs;xøÜnCaedIm. emdwknaMExμr RtUvh‘anlHbg;FnFanpÞal;xøÜn eFVIGMeNayTan dl;RbCaBlrdæExμr EdlRkIRklM)ak. emdwknaMExμr RtUveFVITan kñúgKnøgKtibNÐit minEmnkñúgEbbRbCaPifuteLIy. eBalKW GMeNayCa Epø ExSsnÞÚc nigcMeNHdwg edIim,IeGayExμr ecHrk ecHsÞÚcRtI ciBa©wmCIvitedayxøÜnÉg. EtminEmn ykRtI sMGuymYyknÞúyknÞbsarugmYy eTAeGayraRsþExμr ehIybgÁab;ExμreGays¥b;ExμrKñaÉg RsLaj;ecaryYnbøn;TwkdIenaHeLIy. TegIVrbs;bkSBYk h‘un Esn EdlykGMeNay b‘ÍecgmYykBa©b; nigknÞbsarugmYy eTAEckeGayExμr CaTegIVEbbhutTwksMlwgkak edIm,Ie)akR)asExμr bþÚryksnøwkeqñat ykGMNaceTAbMerIplRbeyaCn_ bkSBYkvamYykþab;tUc nigyYnecAhVayva. 2-sIl (holy) GñkdwknaMl¥ KWCaGñkEdlRbkan;x¢ab;vin½y GMeBIl¥ tam»vaTRBHBuT§. emdwknaMExμr RtUvmansIl 5kñúg xøÜn. TI1-sIlTaMg5 rYmman÷ GñkdwknaMExμr minsahavyg;Xñg minRbRBwtþGMeBITuc©ritepSg² minebotebonmitþrYmkargar GñkeRkam»vaTRbCaBlrdærbs;xøÜn rhUtdl;karkab;sMlab;CaedIm. ]TahrN_ dUcCarbb hVasIus GIuEtø/ m:UsUlInI/ ma:kS elnIn/em:A esTug/ b:ul Bt/ kumμúynisþNÐÚcin ¬yYn¦ ExμrRkhm h‘un Esn Edl)aneFIVeGaymnusSsøab;rab;lannak;. TI2-GñkdwknaMExμr minRtUvBukrlYy sIusMNUk lYcbnøM ekgykRTBüsm,tiþCati b¤RTBübuKÁl b¤RkumRKYsarNamYy edIm,IRbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜn b¤RbeyaCn_RkumRKYsar nigbkSBYkeLIy. emdwknaM RtUvEtmankaresμaHRtg; cMeBaHCatiRKb;eBlevla. etIbkSBYk h‘un Esn manluymkBINa rab;landuløa dak;FanaKareRkARbeTs nigRTBüsm,tiþhUrehorepSg² eTot? eyIgKYrBicarNaemIlfa h‘un Esn ehg sMrin nigbkSBYk ecjBIrbbRbl½yBUCsasn_kumμúynisþNÐÚcin man)atédTeTr dUcExμrdéTeTotEdr EtBYkenHmanRTBüsm,tiþeRcInsni§wksn§ab; cayminGs; ehIyykeTAlak;TukecalenAFnaKar breTsrab;Ban;landuløaeTot enHmin KWCakarlYcqk;bøn;RTBüsm,tþiExμreTb¤?. suxcitþlYcykluyCati eTATukecal EteGayRbCaBlrdæExμr RkIRk rehm rham Gt;Xøan dac;eBaHsøab;. BYkCnpþac;karTaMgenH lYcRTBüsm,tiþCati edIm,IxøÜnÉg RKYsarnigbkSBYkxøÜnEtb:ueNÑaH. éRBeQI FnFanFmμCatieRkamdI elIdI Er:eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 19 rkSasiT§i
  30. 30. mas Er:t,Úg RtUvBYkenH XubXitlk;eGayQμÜjbreTs eFIVkarkab;Kas;kkay Kμansl; eFVIeGayekIteRKaHraMgs¶ÜtTwkCMnn;. kargarensaT GaCIvkmμ CMnajepSg² RtUvBYkenHbeNþayeGayyYn cUlmkdeNþIm ykKμansl;eFIVeGayExμrkøayCaCnRkIRk rt;lUneTArkrs; enARbeTsCitxag ya:glM)akevTna ehIyRtUveK)aj;sMlab; TaMgkUnkñúgépÞ edayKμanRbNIemtþa . eTaHdUecñHkþI BYkenHminEdlrkxusRtUveGay ExμrsøÚtRtg;TaMgenaH Tal;EtesaH .pÞúyeTAvij ebICnCatiyYn xusc,ab;gab;mñak; vaERskesÞIEbkviTüúTUrTsSn_rbs;Exμr. enHCaPaBkBa¢Hdac;éførbs;BYkGak,t; h‘un Esn. BYk h‘un Esn/ Ca sIum/ ehg sMrin CaCnk,t;Cati CaeQøIgsgÁm CaRBaybIsacCBa¢k;QamExμr CaRkumecarlYcCati lk;Cati CaedIimcm énTukçevTna karRBat;R)as; PaBl¶g;exøA P½yxøac Gt;Xøanrbs;Exμr RKb;RsTab;. dUcmankñúgr)aykarN_ køúbblvidENs ecjpSay Ca]TahrN_Rsab;.etIeyIgCabBaØvnþ½Exμr CaGñkdwknaMExμr suxcitþeGay Cnk,t;CatiTaMgenH bMpøajExμr sMlab;Exμr rhUtdl;putBUCb¤eyIgRtUverI edIm,Irs; man sSr³PaB esμImuxCamnusS dUcCatinana?. TI3-GñkdwknaMCatiExμr minRtUveBalBakükuhk RtUvEtesμaHRtg; taMgBIkarKit niyay nigkaeFIVeLIgeTA .eBal KW Kit niyay nigeFIV Et1. emdwknaMCatiExμr minRtUvKitepSg² niyayepSg eFIVepSgenaHeT. GñkdwknaMExμrminRtUvPUtPr kuhk e)akR)asExμredIm,IGMNac dUcBYkGay:g h‘un Esn EdlFøab;eFVI nigkMBugeFVIsBVéf¶enHeLIy.eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 20 rkSasiT§i
  31. 31. TI4-GñkdwknaMCatiExμr minEmnCaGñkEdlelμaPkamtNða buNüskái GMNac nigRTBüsm,tiþCatiieLIy. minRtUvb:HBal;kUn RbBn§eK b¤ eFIVeGayxUcxatplRbeyaCn_Cati nigRbCaBlrdæExμr. CaerOgd¾GaRsUvbMput EdlmanGMNacdUc h‘un Esn ehIyeTArMelaPbMBanelIRbBn§kUnraRsþÉg ehIybeNþayeGayRbBn§ xøÜnÉg eRbIGamIuGaefageTA)aj;sMlab;éRBépS edayKμaneTaséBr_esaHenaH¬erOg Bisidæ BIlIka¦. TI5-emdwknaMCatiExμr minRtUvlg; kñúgkaresBeRKOgjan GaePon kBaäa RsI Rsa El,g eRBaHnaMeGay xUcsμartI nig b:HBal;dl;suxPaB. CaBiess emdwknaMExμr RtUvRby½tñ carkmμyYn dak;fñaMtammðÚbGarhar fñaMeBTü edIm,IsMlab;eyIg b¤eFIV»yeyIgmanCMgWepSg² dUcCarlakeføIm søab;mYycMehogxøÜn nigdac;srésQamxYrk,alCaedIm.l. Cakarcukcab; bMputcMeBaHmuxmat;ExμrRKb;rUb EdlRtUvbiT)aMglabln edayCnjaNfñaM dUcGak,t; h‘un EsnrUbenH. etInwgbMbiTfñaMjaN emþc)an ebIva CaemekøagjaNfañM nig Caemekøagrt;fñaMjaNdUecñH. sarubmk emdwknaMRtUvRKb;RKgGarmμN_TaMg6 eGaymanPaBRbRktICadac;xat KWPaBsamBaØ minvegVg niglg;tamGarmμN_TaMg 6 enaHeLIy eRBaHnaMeGayeyIgmancMNucexSayePøcsμartI. RBHBuT§RTg;Rtas;Tukfa{ GñkeFVsRbEhs )at;bg;sμartI eRbobdUcmnusSsøab;} . 3-bric©aK b¤karlHbg; (Sacrifice) bric©aK b¤ karlHbg;. emdwknaMExμr RtUvlHbg;xøÜn edIm,ICYyseRgÁaHCati eGayrs;ran manCIvitKg;vgS.karlHbg; CaktþasMxan;kñúgTak;TajCMenOBI GñkeRkam»vaT b¤GñkCMvij eGayedIrtamxøÜn. PaBkMNaj;sVit nwgeFIVeGayGñkdwknaM )at;bg;RbIy_PaB )at;bg;CMenO BIGñkpg. karlHbg;TIenH cg;niyaysMedA eTAelIkarlHbg; edIm,Isag RbeyaCn¾GIVmYysMrab;sgÁmCatiExμr. kñúgzan³ CaemdwknaMExμμr RtUvh‘aneFVIKMrU naMmuxeK kñúgkareFVIBlIkmμGayuCIvit lHbg;taMgBI FnFan eBlevla esckþIsuxpÞal;xøÜn kitþiysmuxmat; rhUtdl;CIvit edIm,IeFVIRbeyaCn_ CUnCatinigCYyseRgÁaH RbCaCatiExμr EdlkMBugrgTukçevTna RkIRk Gt;Xøan l¶g;exøA nigP½yxøac rs;kñúgrbbePrvkmμ.etIRtUveFVIkarlHbg;GVIxøH? -lHbg; PaBmuxmat;niym sMParHhWuha GMnYtGYtGagniym Gatμaniym nigPaBePøItePøIn. dUceBalxagelIxøH²mkehIy edIm,IdwknaMeKRtUveFVIeGayeKmanCMenOmkelIxøÜneyIg RsLaj;eKarBeyIgCamun. edIm,IeGayGñkpg eCORsLaj;eyIg eyIgRtUveFVIxøÜneGaysmsYn manbJkBaréføfñÚr edaykarvacak GMeBIeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 21 rkSasiT§i
  32. 32. G)aymuxepSg². CaBiess lHbg;kareRskXøanmuxmat;GMnYtGYtGag PaBePøItePøInigsMParHniym hWuhasMbUr KμanRBMEdn. -lHbg; PaBmuxmat;niym -kñúgzanHCaGñkdwknaMExμr RtUvh‘anlHbg; minRtwmEtRTBüFn eBlevlab:ueNÑaHeT EtRtUrh‘anlHbg;taMgBImuxmat; kitþiys eLIgeTA. eBalKW RtUvEtcuHbMerIBlrdædl;TIkEnøg. edaysßanPaB sBVéf¶Gay:g h‘un Esn nigyYn )aneRbIRKb;meFüa)ay edIm,IeFVIeGayExμrminTukcitþKña. ehtuenHehIyedIm,ICMnH EpnkarexμARkxVk;enH eyIgRtUvEth‘andak;xøÜn eGayTab lak;xøÜntamEbbepSg² edIm,IeGayeyIg)anpSarP¢ab;CamYyRbCaCatiExμr EdlCaehtunaMeGayeyIgGacTajykkarTukcitþKña RsLaj;KμñakñúgnamCnrYmCatiExμrEtmYy)an. ebIeyIgminenAEnbNitCitsñiT§ral;éf¶eT eKmineCOeyIgeLIy. CagenHeTAeTot xμaMgeRbIR)as;RKb;kll,icedIm,IbMEbkbM)ak;eyIg. BlrdæeyIgmankarRBWrgar ehtuenHeyIgRtUvEtCYyelIksÞÜysμartI das;etOneRkInrMlwkCaRbcaM . eyIgGacrkviFIeTACYYb eTArkedayeRbIviFIKMrbeRcIny:ag dUcCa ½ CaGñkrt;m:UtU Cakg;Dub CaGñkb:Hkg; .l. RBHBuT§GgÁsuxcitþlHbg;raCsm,tþi kþIsuxpÞal;xøÜnedim,IEsVgrkpøÚvseRgÁaHCIvitmnusSelak suxcitþ RTaMRTlM)akRKb;y:agedaykarrs;nwg)ay)at. edIm,IsMercEpnkar elbRt)ak;ykRbeTsExμr CnCatiyYn suxcitþlHbg; zan³Ca]tþmesnIy bnøMxøÜnrs;CaGñkb:Hkg; CaRsIeBsüa kúñgkardwknaMGnuvtþn_kic©karrbs;va. eyIgCaExμrRtUvEtmankarlHbg; h‘aneFIVGIVRKb;y:agedayPaB mutRsYcCagva xøaMgCagva eTIbeyIgGacrMedaHCatieyIgeGayrYcputBI])ayklrbs;va)an. eyIgminRtUveFVIRtwmEt edIr eBalLÚLa xateBltRbeyaCn_ EteyIgRtUveFVIGIVEdlCaKnøWHCaCMhannaMeTArkeCaKC½y. CatiExμrnwgrs; ebIRbCaCatiExμrPJak;rlwk rYbrYmsamKÁIKñaeRkakeLIg eFVIkarts‘Uedayminxøacsøab; . eBlenH matuPUmiRtUvkareyIg[mankarlHbg;mYyd¾FM sMrab;ExμreyIgTaMgmUl kMurg;caM[yYn sMlab;rgÁalrhUtdl;)at;sμartI gab;esckþIkøahan b¤TukeGay yYn eRbIl,icsMlab;Exμr RbmaN 2lannak; kñúgsm½yBYkRkhmb:ul Bt eTot. valBiXat knøgmk Caemeron EdlExμrRtUvEtPJak;xøÜn nigcgcaMCanic©. semþcsgÇ CYn Nat/swug Kuy/ XøaMg emOg/ swug g:ukfaj;/ b‘uNÑ cn½Þm:ul/ Gacarü Ehm ecov/ eBar kMe)ar/ )a:g xat;/ hU sux/ CaviC¢a nigRBHetCKuN sM b‘uneFOn RBmTaMgbuBVbursExμrCaeRcInrab;minGs; )anlHbg;CIvit edIm,IkarBarCati matuPUmiExμr eGayenAKg;vgSrhUtdl;sBVéf¶. etIeyIgCakUnecACMnan;eRkay CaGñkTTYlxusRtUv cMeBaHmuxRbvtþisaRsþdUnta suxcitþrs;enATaMgexøacpSar emIlyYn nigGay:g eFIV)abCiHCan;Exμr »yvinasdUc sm½ykSRtIGgÁmuI ¬1835-1841 yYn eRTOg mij ya:g¦b¤ya:gNa?. 4-GaC¢v³ b¤ esckþIesaHRtg; (Honest) GaC¢v³ KWCaesckIþRtg; minevocevr RkLicRkLúc. emdwknaMExμr RtUvesμaHRtg;cMeBaH ]tþmKtirYm muxgar tYrnaTI rbs;xøÜn Rtg;cMeBaH Rkumkargar Rtg;cMeBaHRbeTsCatiExμr nigRbCaBlrdæExμr Rtg;TaMgkarKit karniyay nigkarGnuvtþkargar Rtg;cMeBaHGñkeRkambgÁab; nigRtg;cMeBaHesckIþl¥TaMgLay. PaBesμaHRtg; CapøÚvd¾l¥mYy jaMugeGaymankareCOCak; BIGñkCMuvijxøÜn. CMenOCak;BIGñkpgTaMgBYg nwgeFVIeGayman karrYbrYmsamKÁIKñaCMuvijxøÜn eyIgeroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 22 rkSasiT§i
  33. 33. CaGñkdwknaM ehIyGacCYyeFVI»y kardwknaM rbs;eyIg edIreTArkeCaKC½y)anqab;rh½s. k¾b:uEnþ enAeBl EdlmankarrYbrYmCMuvijxøÜnehIy eyIgCaemdwknaM minRtUvePøcxøÜnePøItePøIn emIlgayGñkpg CMuvijeLIy. kan;EtmankarrYbrYmCMuvijxøÜn xøaMgeLIgkalNa kan;Etpþl;sarHsMxan; dl;shkarICMuvijxøÜn kan;EteGanlMeTan RbkbedayesckþIéføfñÚrx<s;eLIgCanic©. minKYrniyayBIGñkeRkam»vaT faGaRkk;y:agenH minl¥y:agenaHeLIy. RtUvriHrkviFIEkéxedayPaBesμaHRtg; edIm,IeFIVeGaymankarrIkcMerInTaMgGs;Kña edIreTACamYyKñaeq<aHeTArkeCaKC½y. RtUvcaMfa GgÁkarneya)aydwknaMrbs;eyIg eRbobbIdUc CaRkumtUrütRnþImYyEdr. RtUvmanPaBb;iunRbsb; kñúgkargarerogxøÜn dUcKñaesμI²Kña. ebI sÁrelgl¥ EthÁIta elgGn; k¾minkRnþak; Tak;GarmμN_ GñkemIlGñksþab;. ebIsÁ hÁIta elgl¥ EtebIGñkeRcog eRcogminBieraH KμankarTak;Taj enArwgsþÚk k¾mi;nGacTak;GarmμN_ GñkeRkamqak eGayhk;elateLIgraM)aneLIy. eBalKW TaMgGs;Kña CaRkumkargar EdlesμaHRtg;nwgKña mankarTTYlxusRtUvtammuxgarerog²xøÜnedayesμaHsμRK½ Kμanl,icEb:geCIg Eb:gédKñaeLIy. y:agNamij kñúgPaBCaGgÁkarneya)aymYy RtUvEtksageGay eTACa Rkumkargarl¥rlUnbMput ¬Best and smooth Team Work¦eTIbGacCMrujeGayRbCaCatiExμrTaMgGs; PJak;rlwkeCOCak;elIeyIg)an. mñak;² manPaBesμaHRtg;cMeBaH Par³rbs;xøÜnCaGñkdwknaM minfafñak;Na enATINa kEnøgNa mincaM)ac; edkcaMeGaymanGñkdas;etOn b¤eFVIedIm,IpÁab;muxmat;eLIy. mñak;²RtUvKitfa eyIgecHGIVmYy EdlGñkÉeTotminecH EtGñkÉeTot k¾ecHGIVmYyEdleyIgminecH. ehtuenH edIm,IsMerceCaKC½y GñkdwknaMmanParHBUt RbmUlpþúM smtßPaB nigkarRbwgERbg rbs;GkCMuvijxøÜn edIreq<aHeTArkeKaledArYm edayPaBesμaHRtg; ñnigBuHBar Büayam bþÚrpþac; y:agGt;Fμt;bMput edaykarnaMmuxeKCanic© kñúgkarBuHBar]bsKÁ½epSg². cUrBicarNacgcaMnigyl;y:agCak;fa ExShÁItamYy mansMelgEtmYyb:ueNÑaH ExSTaMg5mansMelgxus²Kña EtedayPaBbiunRbsb;rbs;GñkelghÁIta ecHrYmpSMsMelgExSTaMgenaH bBa©ÚlKñaeFIV[Gñkelg GacelgePøg)any:agBieraHrNþM naMRBlwgGatμ½n Gñksþab; GñkTsSna eGaylg;lk; eTAtamcMNg;rbs;eK)an. etIGñkNamYy GacTayfa GñkelgEdl eRbIR)as; hÁIta enH nwgelg)an RtwmEtb:unμanbT R)akdCaKμancMeLIyeT. y:agNamij eyIgCaGñkdwknaMCatiExμr EdlRsLaj;CatiBit k¾RtUveronsURtBIenHEdr eTIbeyIgGacksag Rkumkargarl¥rlUn)an. eRkABIenH karrYmsux rYmTukçCaktþasMxan;xøaMgNas;. eyIgCaemdwknaM RtUvrs;enArYmsuxrYmTukçCamYyKña minrt;minedaHykrYcxøÜn kñúgRKaGasnñminedkRsYl sIuq¶aj; yksuxEtmñak;Ég b¤eRbIehIyminTTYlxusRtUv b¤mYyk¾ e)akR)aseRbI enaHminEmnCakarl¥dl;emdwknaMesaHeLIy. dUcerobrab;mkxagelI mkehIyKW GñkdwknaMExμr RtUvEtesμaHRtg; RKb;riyabfTaMGs; taMgBI karKit karniyay kareFVI karrs;enAeday PaBbþÚrpþac; cMeBaHCatimatuPUmi RbCaCatiExμr nigGgÁkarneya)ayrbs;xøÜn EdlxøÜnmantYnaTIdwknaM edIm,ICMrujkarts‘Ueq<aHeTArkeCaKC½ypþac;RBt½ü edayKμanevocevr. {dak;xøÜn»yTab edIm,IemIleGay)andl;CMerAbBaða EteRkakQr»yx<s; edIm,IemIl»y)anq¶ay edayPaBPøWsVagénGnaKt}. cUr {xitxMeron xMeFVI xMksagkMlaMg edIm,IdeNþImykGMNac BICnBal mkbMerIRbCaCati nigCati} Et {kMueroneFVI ksagRbmUlpþúMkMlaMg edImI,eTAsMuGMNacBICnBal b¤ eTAbMerICaxJMuúCakBa¢Hdac;éførbs;BYkk,t;Cati }. 5-mTÞv³ b¤ PaBrabsarTn;Pøn; (Gentle)eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 23 rkSasiT§i
  34. 34. mTÞv³ CaesckIþrabsarTn;Pøn;. emdwknaMExμr RtUvsMEdgnUvTwkmuxjjwm rYsrayrak;Tak; Canic© cMeBaHGñkeRkambgÁab; nig RbCaBlrdæExμrTUeTA eTaHCaenAeBl man]bsKÁ½ Bi)akya:gNakþI. esckþIrIkray rbs;emdwknaMCa»sf GacelIkTwkcitþTahan b¤GñkeRkam»vaT eGaymanTwkcitþRbyuT§ b¤mankþIsgÇwmeTAmux)an. ehtuenH emdwknaMExμr minRtUveFIVmuxRsBab;RseBan muxRkjÚvmuxs¥úy Rbkan; b¤kRkGWtRkTm RceggRcgag eqvqav GagfaxøÜnÉgGñkFMmanGMNac b¤emeKenaHeT. emdwknaMRtUvEt rak;Tak;dak;GñktUc GñkeRkambgÁab; nigRbCaBlrdæsamBaØmunCanic©. RtUvBüayamsÁal;eQμaHGñkeRkam»vaT eGay)anGs; nigRtUvehAeGaycM²eQμaH faelak> k>>> b¤ elak>>>x CaedIm. karehAcMeQμaH mann½yxagcitþsaRsþmYyFMNas; CaBiess cMeBaHGñkEdlmanzan³tUcTabCag .eRkABIenH emdwknaMRtUvTTYlnUvesckIþeKarB BIGñkpg edaykarykcitþTukdak; minRBegIykenþIy ehIyRtUvdak;xøÜneGaymanlkçN³samBaØ CamYynwgRbCaBlrdæ nigGñkeRkambgÁab;. minsIueCar GYtGag eBleKsresIr minRtUvGgÁúyelIceg¥relIkxøÜnÉg ehIybnþúHbg¥ab;GñkdéT eBal KWminRtUvniyayBIerOg xøÜnÉgfa RKan;ebICag GñkdéT b¤taMgxøÜnÉgCa emdwknaMrbs;GñkTaMgGs;enaH. pÞúyeTAvij eyIgRtUvtaMgxøÜneyIg CaGñkbMerI RbCaBlrdæExμr eTIbRbesIr. emdwknaM RtUvh‘ansarPaBkMhus edaykarTTYlxusRtUv nigedayTwkmuxjjwmeBjcitþ cMeBaHGIVEdl eyIg)aneFIVxus b¤eyIg)ancat;karxus . emdwknaMExμr RtUvTn;Pøn; EtminTn;RCayenaHeT ebIeRbobeFobeTA nigedIm eQIemdwknaMRtUveFIVdUcCaedIm p©wk RkjÚg nigebg CaedIm EdlmanPaBTn;xageRkA Etrwgbwugxagkñúg. emdwknaMExμr minRtUveFIVdUc edImlðúg nigGMeBA EdlmanlkçN³rwgeRkA EtRbehagkñúgenaHeT. emdwknaMRtUvecH sÁal;kal³eTs³ nigsßankarN_ etIeBlNa eyIgRtUveFIVemdwknaMeK? ehIyeBlNaeyIgRtUveFIVCaGñkeRkambgÁab;eK?. kan;Etman karrYbrYm maneCaKCy½kñúgkareFIVeGayGñkpgrYbrYmKñaedIrtamxøÜn GñkdwknaMCatiExμr kan;EtmanPaBrabsarTn;Pøn;eGanlMeTan cMeBaHGñkCMvijxøÜn xøaMgeLIgCalMdab;. PaBrYsray rak;Tak;eGaylMeTan rbs;GñkdwknaM Camnþesñh’mYyGaceFIVeGayeKedIrtam eKalkarN_nanarbs;xøÜn nigrbs;GgÁkarneya)ayxøÜn)any:agmanRbsiT§PaB. { edIm,IdwknaMeK RtUveFVIeGayeKRsLaj;eyIgCamun edIm,IeGayeKRsLaj;eyIg eyIgRtUvRsLaj; eKedayesμaHsμRK½ Camun}. enAeBl RbCaCatiExμrTUeTA mankareCOCak;elIeyIg nigmankarPJak;rlwk dUceyIgehIyenaH enaHnwgjaMugeGayeyIg GacCMrujkarrMedaHCatirbs;eyIgqab;)andl;TwisedA. EtRtUvcaMfa {eyIgCaGñkbMerI CatiRbCaCati min IEmnCaGñkCiHCan;sgát;sgáinraRsþExμrtUctaceLIy} 6-tb³ b¤s¥ats¥M (Clean) tb³ karduHxat;sMGatcitþ b¤kMcat;nUvGMeBIGaRkk;kñúgxøÜn. etIRtUvkMcat;;GIVxøH? emdwknaM RtUvkMcat;GarmμN_EdlnaMeGayeyIg RbRBwtþiGMeBIGaRkk;TaMgLay nigbBa¢aGarmμN_rbs;xøÜnÉg mineGayekþARkhay. emdwknaMExμrmineFIVeGayekþARkhaydl;citþGñkdéT GñkeRkam»vaTeLIy. eyIgRtUvmanEpnkar kalviPaK kMNt;c,as;las;sMrab;kic©karRbcaMéf¶ ehIyGnuvtþtamEpnkarenaH. dUecñH eyIgRtUvsegátemIlskmμPaB rbs;eyIgRKb;eBlevlaebIeyIgdwgfa eyIgeFIVxus b¤eFVIGMeBIGaRkk; eyIgRtUvEkERbecj. pÞúyeTAvij ebIdwgxøÜnfamankMhus ehIyminRBmTTYlkMhus minEkERb dUc h‘un Esn KWCamnusSKMrk;bMput. ebIeyIgdwgfa xøÜneyIgGatμaniym KitEtRbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜn eyIgRtUvQb;eFIV dUecñaH eyIgRtUvRtLb;mkKitdl;RbeyaCn_Cati RbeyaCn_sgÁm nigRbCaCatiExμr TaMgmUlvijpg. kñúgnam eyIgCaemdwknaMExμr RtUveFIVdUcRBHGaTitüpg nigCaRBHc½nÞpg. etIGIVxøHeTot EdlemdwknaMExμr KYreroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 24 rkSasiT§i
  35. 35. lHbg;ecj? emdwknaMExμr RtUvlHbg; Qb;KitBüa)aT ExμrKñaÉg Qb;eQøaHRbEkkCamYyExμr Qb;cgKMnuM KMuKYn nwigExμrKñaÉg nigQb;niyay DWdgLkLWyedomdam edayBaküEpøpáar b¤GMNYt EbbmnusSBal)atpSar b¤ mYlbgáac;TMlak;kMhusdak; GñkesñhaCatieTot. emdwknaMExμr RtUvQb;kMNaj; b¤mayalak;But. emdwknaMExμr minRtUveFIVCamnusSk,al rwg cecs RtUvecHsþab;ehtupl nigsþab;eyabl;GñkeRkambgÁab;ykmkBicarNa. RtUvcaMfa ebIeyIgcg;dwknaMeK eyIgRtUvEt ykKMnit eyabl;GñkeRkambgÁab; mkKitmkBicarNa føwgEføg CaKtixøH. {GñkTabtUcminsuT§EtCaGñkl¶g;exøAeLIy ÉGñkEdlman mansBaØabRt½ bNÐit minEmnsuT§ EtCaGñkKit RtUveqøovqøat CageKÉgTaMgGs;Edr} ¬]³ bNÐitc,ab; neratþm rNriT§ CaedIm eFVItaMgBIQñHeqñat rhUtdl;Gs;exa eRBaHEt KMnitGjniymGtþaFibetyüniym¦. ebIeyIgbdiesFKMnit eyabl; GñkeRkambgÁab;TaMgRsug enaHeyIg minGaceFIV CaemdwknaMeK)aneT BYkeKnwgminedIrtameyIgeLIy. emdwknaMExμr RtUvlHbg;ecalnUvkarRbkan;b¤kx<s;. tamkarBiteTA karkac;b¤k kac;rag CaPaBl¶g;exøArbs;emdwknaMeTAvijeT. kñúgPaBCa emdwknaMExμr Qb;KitfamanEtxøÜnÉgxøaMg emIlgayRbmafGñkdéT RtUvRbkan;ykKMniteRcIn eRBaHfa KMnitBIrRbesIr CagKMnitmYy ehIyrwtEtl¥ kalNamanKMnitkan;EteRcInenaH. Ep¥ktam karerobrab; mkenH etI KMnitesþcsIhnu Etmñak;Ég Edleronmincb; DIbøÚm RsukyYn pgenaH GacQñHyYn EdlvaRbmUlKñaeRcInKit ehIysuT§swg EtCaGñkecHdwgesμaHRtg;nwgCativaeTotpgenaH)aneT.min)ac;ERskfa yYn rmilKuNeT enaHCakMhus qáÜtlIlarbs; xøÜnÉgTaMgGs;. esþc sIhnu minEdlTukcitþExμrEdldak;citþ dak;kaybMerICakUn CaecA rbs;xøÜnesaHeLIy . taMgBIenAesayraCü esþc sIhnu minEdlykGñkecHExμreFIV TIRbwkSaeLIy luHNaEt GñkenaHÉgecH)aT ecHéheGI rhUteTIbenACit)an. pÞúyeTAvij esþcenH suxcitþyk)araMg b¤CnCatiepSg² EdlsuT§swgEtCaBYk niymkumμúynisþ EdlyYn)anbBa¢Únmk mkdak;enAEGbxøÜnCanic©. ebIsUm,IEtsBVéf¶enHeTAehIykþI esþcenH minTukcitþExμreT suxcitþykGgÁrkS½ CaCatid¾éT ¬kUerxageCIg ¦ eTAvij. dUcKñaenHEdr Gay:g h‘un Esn suxcitþerIs CnCatiyYn mkeFVICaGgÁrkS½ CaGñkkarBarGMNacrbs;va eTAvij nigbMBak;GavuFTMenIb² elIskgTB½Exμr EdlvaTukeGay enAtamCnbTéRBPñM tMbn;RKuncaj; edIm,Ikarsøab;CMnYs vanwgyYn.R)agÁR)asaTGgÁr Camrtk’ Exμr h‘un Esn minTukcitþExμreT EtEbrCaeGayeTA sux Kg; CnCatiyYn mkekIbykluyTaMg lanTaMgekadiduløa y:agdUecñH etIvaCaCnk,t;Cati b¤ CaEqábMerIyYn. ebIemdwknaM suT§swgCaCn KμancitþbrisuT§citþs¥ats¥M KμancitþesμaHcMeBaHCati KμanKMnitRsLaj;GIVCaExμr citþeBareBjeday PaBesAhμgesμaKeRKak dUecñH etIRbeTsCati nwgrIkcMerIn suxekSmkSanþ eTAemþc)an. GñkdwknaMExμr RtUvEts¥atsM¥TaMgcitþKMnit TaMgsμartI minRbRBitþiGIVEdl CaGMeBIesμaKeRKak Ga)aymuxepSg²EdlnaMeGay manerOgGaRsUvdl;ekrþ×eQμaH nigeFVIeGaykardwknaMminTTYleCaKC½y. eRkABIenH minRtUvTTYlyksMNUksUk)a:n;epSg² EdlnaM»yRbLak;RbLÚs dl;kitþiysrbs;xøÜn b¤naMeGaymanGyutþiFm’ kñúgkardwknaM edaysarEtkarTTYlyksMNUksUk)a:n;enH. eTaHCa emdwknaMExμr RtUvEtRbkan;nUvPaBs¥ats¥M minTak;Tamnwg GMeBIminl¥minRtwmRtUvtamsIlFm’ EtGñkdwknaMExμr minRtUvraErknwgGIV EdlxøÜnyl;fa RtwmRtUvsMrab;karseRgÁaHCati karrMedaHRbCaCatiExμreLIy. { Exμrrs;eRBaH Exμrh‘ansøab;} Et {Exμrnwgsøab; ebIExμrkMsakxøacesckþIsøab;}.eroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 25 rkSasiT§i
  36. 36. 7-GekáaF³ (Peace) GekáaF³ KWkarmingayxwgeRkveRkaF. emdwknaMExμr minRtUvxwgeRkveRkaF eqvqavCadac;xat eRBaHkar xwgenH KWCarnaMg)aMgeGayeyIgggwt minsÁal;xusnigRtUv l¥nigGaRkk; yutiþFm’nigGyutiþFm’ edaysarEtesckIþ vegVgnwg ePIøgkMhwg. ebIemdwknaMExμr manesckIþeRkaF enaHminEmnCakarl¥esaHeLIy eRBaHesckIþeRkaF eRbobdUc CaERcH rbs;GavuFkñúgelak eRbobdUcCaePøIgeqHsMrab;naMeTArkesckIþvinas. GñkeRkaFrEmgmindwgnUv ehtupl nigeFIV»y citþekþA esakesA¬mins¶b;¦manTukçCanic©. eKsMKal;esckþIeRkaF )antamry³ karmineBjcitþ karTas;citþkarekþA BuHkeRBa¢al karKiteQøaHRbEkk nigkarcgKMnMusgswk. mü:ageTotBaküfa eRkaF k¾mann½yfa xus dUecñHebIemdwknaMExμr xwg b¤xJal; mann½yfa xus dUcBakücas;eBalfa {xwgxus xwgxUc xwgxat }¬cUremIlerOg maeyIg¦.GaRs½yehtuenH emdwknaMExμr RKb;lMdab;fñak; minRtUvykkarxwgeRkveRkaF mkdak;xøÜneLIy. sBVéf¶enH RbeTsExμr KμansuxsnþiPaBeLIy eRBaHRbCaBlrdæExμr rs;TaMgRtdr eRkam)ateCIgrbs; CnBal CaePvrkr eRskXøanQam RbRBitþi EtGMeBIGyutiþFm’ ekobsgát;CiHCan; bNþúHPaBl¶g;exøA begáItGMeBIecarkmμXatkmμ kab;sMlab;EbbePrvkmμ EdlGnuvtþn_edayCnk,t;Cati h‘un Esn nig ecaryYn kMBugeFVImkelI RbCaBlrdæExμrRKb;vinaTI. yYn h‘un Esn EtgeXasnafa RbeTsExμrmansnþiPaBehIy Kμans®gÁameT. BaküsMdIeBareBjedaykarcgKMnMu cgGaXadnwgExμrKñaÉg. Twkmux dUcCabIsac eRskQam. vabegáIt eGayman karCiHCan; karqk;bøn;dIFøI karkab; sMlab; EbbePrvkmμ. bkSBYkvaEdlmanGMNac EtgEtRtUv EtgEtQñH. snþiPaB sBVéf¶ CasnþiPaB enAelImat;reNþAPMñePøIg EdlrkklnwgpÞúH eRkamkll,icerobcMedayyYn. vaCakarjauMgeGayExμr yl;xusTaMgRsug Bakü famansniþPaB luHRtaEt RbeTsExμreyIgman ÉkraCü snþisux RbCaBlrdæman CIvPaBFUFarRKb;Kñamin)armÖBIbBaða RkBH P½yxøac nigsuvtßiPaB. luHRtaEt RbeTsExμr eyIg manRbCaFibetyü BitR)akd tamqnÞHrbs;Exμrcg;)an eTIbmanesckIþs¶b; enaHeTIbehAfa mansniþPaB. 8-GvihwgSa (Unviolent) GvihwgSa mann½yfa mineboteboneFIVeGayGñkdéTekþARkhay ekItTukçedaysarxøÜn CaBiesselI Blrdærbs;xøÜnÉg. emdwknaMExμr minRtUvykGMNactYnaTIrbs;xøÜn eTAKabsgát;CiHCan;KMramkMEhgRbCaBlrdæ edIm,IEtplRbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜn b¤plRbeyaCn_bkSBYkxøÜnenaHeT. emdwknaMExμr RtUveKarBsiT§iBlrdæ kumar cas;TMu nigRsIþePT.emdwknaM minRtUveRbIGMeBIhiwgSacMeBaHCnrYmCatieLIy RtUvRbkan;ykRbCaFibetyü ykRbCaCatiExμrCaFM. emdwknaMExμr RtUveGayGP½y nigelIkElgeTas cMeBaHGñkedIrtam b¤RbCaBlrdærbs;xøÜn EdleFIVxus. minEmnxuséd ykéd xuseCIg ykeCIgeT. RtUvcaMfa GñkedIrtam nigRbCaBlrdæExμrKμankMhuseT xusb¤RtUv KWCalT§plrbs;emdwknaM eRBaHemdwknaMCaGñkTTYlxusRtUv. RbCaBlrdæExμreRbobdUcCakUneyIg EdlBYkeKmindwgGIVeT. ehtuenHehIy emdwknaMExμr RtUveFIVkarGb;rMbNþúHbNþal BlrdæExμr »ymancMeNHdwg nigsmtßPaBRKb;²Kña. ebIGñkeRkam»vaT eFIVxus b¤braC½ykñúgkic©karGIVmYy kMhusRtUvFøak;elIemdwknaM CaGñkxus minRtUvdak;kMhuseroberogeday GtItsa®sþacarü s FmμrgSI 26 rkSasiT§i

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