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Social Media Strategies for Change Management

  1. Social Media Strategies for Change Management Using Social Media strategies to enable more effective Change within an organisation
  2. Introduction • This presentation aims to give some understanding of why Social Media techniques are a huge asset during Change Programmes • Part 1 aims to give an understanding of Change itself and the challenges faced • Part 2 looks at how Social Media tools and techniques can be applied to great effect without costing a fortune
  4. What is “Change Management”? • According to Wikipedia:- – “Change management is a structured approach to transitioning individuals, teams and organizations from a current state to a desired future state.” • In an IT context:- – Change Management is an IT Service Management discipline. The objective of Change Management in this context is to ensure that standardized methods and procedures are used for efficient and prompt handling of all changes to controlled IT infrastructure, in order to minimize the number and impact of any related incidents upon service.
  5. The Transition Curve • John Fisher proposed a theory in 1999 called “The Transition Curve” (updated in 2003): – Anxiety – Happiness – Fear – Threat – Guilt – Depression – Disillusionment – Hostility – Denial The next slide shows this diagrammatically
  6. The Process of Transition
  7. Hierarchy of Needs
  8. Some Initial Thoughts • “The Transition Curve” (slide 3), as illustrated in Slide 4 uses some extremely negative language to describe peoples’ mental state during Change – “Anxiety, Fear, Threat, Guilt...etc” • Clearly, some people deal with Change better than others, but most issues relate to a lack of understanding about what the changes will mean to people and these are categorised at the most fundamental and basic levels of the Hierarchy of Needs (slide 5) • On this basis, successful Change Programmes must, at the earliest possible point, start to address the uncertainties felt by individuals within the organisation, whether they are directly affected or not.
  9. Why Change Programmes Fail • According to Stephen Warrilow, there are three major reasons why Change fails: 1. The gap between the strategic vision and a successful programme implementation and the lack of a practical change management model and tools to bridge that gap. 2. The "hidden and built in resistance to change" of organisational cultures, and the lack of processes and change management methodologies to address this. 3. Failure to take full account of the impact of the changes on those people who are most affected by them i.e. the absence of good strategies for managing change. There’s also a 4th reason – “80% of companies [or rather 80% of directors] - haven't got a clue about programme management”
  10. Why Change Programmes Fail • Research Findings on Program Failure and Success Only about one-third of organizational change initiatives survive beyond the initial implementation. Two-thirds of change initiatives fail. – PERCEPTION: If the problem addressed or the solution offered doesn't resonate, then the program will not work. – TOP MANAGEMENT: The program doesn't have the support of top management. – TOP MANAGEMENT: Conversely, if the program is merely a top-down, packaged program that doesn't adequately engage people throughout the organization it will fail. – REALITY: The program doesn't address “real” problems facing the organization. – FEAR: A culture of trust is not fostered so fear persists. – RESOURCES: They are not properly resourced with time, money, and/or people. – TRAINING: Training is not provided. – RESISTANCE: For the above reasons, the change initiative is resisted by managers, supervisors, adversary groups. – EFFICACY: The program doesn't work. – SUSTAINABILITY: The problem for many innovations is not that they don't work, but that the organization cannot figure out how to implement and sustain the innovations as an organizational change. Full details at - Research Findings on Program Failure and Success
  11. The Fundamentals of Change • John Kotter’s “Eight steps to successful change” 1. Increase urgency 2. Build the guiding team 3. Get the vision right 4. Communicate for buy-in 5. Empower action 6. Create short-term wins 7. Don't let up 8. Make change stick • This is broadly similar but a more detailed version of Kurt Lewin’s “Unfreeze, Change, Refreeze” concept.
  12. “Eight steps to successful change” 1 - Increase urgency  Inspire people to move, make objectives real and relevant.  In other words – Communicate the high-level concept to the broadest possible audience right at the start in a way that motivates people to “Unfreeze”
  13. “Eight steps to successful change” 2 - Build the guiding team  Get the right people in place with the right emotional commitment, and the right mix of skills and levels.  Create a core team, covering the stakeholder community from senior management to the “shop floor” who are able and empowered to make it happen
  14. “Eight steps to successful change” 3 - Get the vision right  Get the team to establish a simple vision and strategy, focus on emotional and creative aspects necessary to drive service and efficiency.  Set objectives that will galvanise the whole organisation behind the programme, to ensure buy- in and adoption
  15. “Eight steps to successful change” 4 - Communicate for buy-in  Involve as many people as possible, communicate the essentials, simply, and to appeal and respond to people's needs. De-clutter communications - make technology work for you rather than against.  Tell it like it is. Be honest, open and straight-forward and get into a dialogue. Use Social Media as a medium to support the dialogue.
  16. “Eight steps to successful change” 5 - Empower action  Remove obstacles, enable constructive feedback and lots of support from leaders - reward and recognise progress and achievements.  Use open dialogue to identify and remove hurdles to success - make every voice valuable and every contribution recognised – top to bottom.
  17. “Eight steps to successful change” 6 - Create short-term wins  Set aims that are easy to achieve - in bite-size chunks. Manageable numbers of initiatives. Finish current stages before starting new ones.  Find things to celebrate early on. Share in the triumphs and create discrete packages of work that mean everyone can play their part.
  18. “Eight steps to successful change” 7 - Don't let up  Foster and encourage determination and persistence - ongoing change - encourage ongoing progress reporting - highlight achieved and future milestones.  Make success the norm. Ensure that everyone understands the part they must play and the value they are contributing to the overall objectives.
  19. “Eight steps to successful change” 8 - Make change stick  Reinforce the value of successful change via recruitment, promotion, new change leaders. Weave change into culture.  Make change something that people want to be part of and identify with, so they are proud to be a contributor and are constantly seeking better ways to do things.
  21. Top-Down Communication Monologue
  22. Social Media Communication Collaborative Dialogue
  23. Social Media by Definition • Organic Social media marketing is • Transparent about building ways that fans of a brand or • Authentic company can promote it themselves in multiple • Community online social media venues. –Wikipedia • User Generated Content • Word of Mouth (That includes staff!) • Viral
  24. Benefits of Social Media Dialogue • Increased Trust • Increased Affinity • Increased Advocacy • Increased Satisfaction • Reduced -ve sentiment • Reduced complaints • Reduced resolution times
  25. Heaven or Hell? This slide was designed as a Marketing slide to show how the positive interactions enabled by Social Media can move a Brand through the stages from initial “Positive Interactions” up to “Loyalty” or, conversely, can lead to a break-down in communications to ultimate disloyalty. The fact is that this principle applies just as much to employees as it does to consumers, if not more so! It must be remembered that unhappy employees spend a great deal more time together than disgruntled customers and the rot sets in much faster!
  26. Your Social Media Presence Must Be........ • Open – a true dialogue with customers – Promote free speech (-ve comments are opportunities to learn!) • Welcoming – your customers should feel that they matter – Getting customers to create content and share with their friends is marketing you simply can’t buy at any price! • Personal – people like interacting with people – Create an approachable and available persona to front your interactions • Honest – admit when you get it wrong and fix it (fast!) – You gain greater loyalty when you handle problems well • Authentic – true to your brand’s marketplace – Your Brand integrity and tone of voice must feel (and be) “real” • Coherent – resonate with your Marketing – Social media must have the same “feel” as your other (traditional) channels • Used internally too – create the same dialogue with staff! – With a tool this powerful, you’re able to engage your employees in a deep and intimate dialogue too...
  27. “What about negative comments?!” • There’s a risk that staff could say negative things but, in this case, they’re going to be saying them anyway! • The difference is that if you don’t hear them, then you can’t address them! • If the negative feedback is out in the open, then it can be handled openly and honestly, which is much healthier for everyone. • By listening to and then handling negative feedback, it may be possible to make positive improvements that address these issues.
  28. The Social Media Change Solution • Low up-front investment • Low on-going maintenance/costs • Lower HR/PR/Communications costs • Totally measurable • Active dialogue (increasingly positive over time) • Active buy-in and support • Consistent messaging • Immediate feedback • Lower support costs • Lower research/R&D costs • Lower idea evolution costs
  29. But How.......? • The short answer is: – There’s no simple or single answer to this question! • Factors to consider: – Number of locations – Number of staff – Type of change taking place (e.g. IT, merger, closures) – Types of staff (e.g. Desk-based, mobile, remote, etc) – Sentiment within organisation – Stability within organisation – Etc.........
  30. What next.....? • If you want to be in the 30% of change programmes that succeed, then you should put Social Media Communications at the heart of your strategy. • If you’d like some help getting it right, then you need to be talking to people who understand the power of Social Media and how to make it work FOR you.
  31. Do you remember when a website was optional.....? Do you remember what happened next....? If you’d like to discuss your Social Media Strategy: Rory Murray @rorymurray +44 7813 939916