The world of Unmanned Systems is Evolving. DRONES TAKE OFF !

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  • First of all I wouldlike to THANK Aimé for INVITING us to this conference to talk about the research we did in the market of ‘drones’.I know it is getting late, you have been listening all day suppose, but I will try to make my presentation as interesting as possible.
  • Before we start I would like to show you this futuristic video which, I hope , I gave you some FOOD for THOUGHT
  • This was a video production made for a contest, so it is not reality (yet) but it gives you a nice view on the future of the droneThis quote is from General Norton Schwartz, Chief of Staff of the US Navy, …. He clearly states that ther is a lot of misunderstanding of what drone are. …On picture we see the groundstation cockpit where 2 pilots control a drone used by the army. 15 screen, 2 keyboerds, 4 joystick,… all to control the drone. So it is really a Remote Piloted Aircraft.
  • At the end of the day, ‘Drone’ ‘UAV’ and RPAS are the most used words
  • Another interesting person who I met at the DARC Conference at NY University is Prof. Mary Cummings.She explained that she was so proud to be the first woman flying a F18 fighter jet and so proud she could get that bombastic fighter jet to land on the Aircraft Carrier.Now on the other hand she also told me a little secret, she told me the landing was an automatic process. Approaching the carrier, they just had to push a button and the machine took over and landed savely. And that was exactly her point !Mary was the first fighter jet pilot landing on large aircraft carriers (vliegdekschepen)
  • Drones exist in all shapes and sizesMass in lbs (pound) : 1 lbs = 0,45 kg
  • Depending on the Category of drone it will have a different PAYLOAD (laadvermogen)different RANGE CATEGORY or ENDURANCE
  • The overall perception is that “done” = BAD
  • Public Acceptance / Risk Acceptance: when people hear the word DRONE they think about war, danger and all kinf of bad thingsA lot of work to be doneon Drone IMAGE BUILDING, associate a drone with the good instead of the bad. We need Standards/Certifications/TrainingPower/Energy - Battery life time is one of the biggest chellenges. Sense and avoid: needs all attention  it can support the public acceptance: PARACHUTTE and AIRBAGSIt s a balance between devices on the drone, payload and the ENDURANCE(uithoudingsvermogen)Need to reserve a Communications/Frequency Spectrum. => in interference with other communication layersNeed a European Legal framework / Privacy Cyber security: watch out for drone hijackers via GPS spoofing : US drone hijacked by Iran or HezbollahLiability and Insurance: the risk related to Drone is not well understood, limited number of insurrance companies that are prepared to underwite an INSURANCE POLICY contracts because they have issues in doing the real risk assesment.Exports Controls - different rules in different countries
  • A user makes a purchase on his or her smartphone, and selects Flirtey as the delivery method of choice. Back at headquarters, a human packs up the purchased items — although Zookal hopes to automate the packing in the future — and attaches it to the drone. A few minutes later, the drone and your package arrive. Total time from submitting an order to having the book in your hand: two or three minutes, Haider said.Flirtey can deliver packages to any outdoor space, including doorsteps, backyards, street corners and even balconies. At first, the drones will be able to deliver books within a kilometer radius (about 0.6 miles) from a dispatch center, but Haider said that as the team improves the technology, he hopes to increase delivery distance to five or 10 kilometers (three to six miles). Flirtey has been tested in the area around Zookal's Sydney headquarters, but will become an option for customers located in many Australian cities, since Zookal has operations nationwide. Australian students will be able to choose drone delivery starting in March 2014. Zookal plans to test the drones in Asian markets before bringing them to the United States in 2015."People are generally amazed when they see it," Haider said, "But all technology seems a little bit crazy before it becomes mainstream. Decades ago, traveling by plane would have seemed farfetched, but look how common it is today."Haider emphasized that the team put an emphasis on safety while it was developing the delivery system. The drones have built-in collision-avoidance technology to make sure they don't cross paths with birds, trees and buildings. Flirtey is a hexacopter, meaning it flies with six rotors, and can still function if one of them is lost or damaged. Privacy was another top priority for Zookal and Flirtey. The drones have no cameras and cannot record images or audio. They also don't have the ability to collect data, Haider said." We didn't want this to become 1984 We didn't want this to become 1984," he reassured.Right now, the only goods you can have shipped via drone are textbooks and other educational supplies, but Haider said that in the future, the technology can be utilized by other companies to ship clothing, electronics, homewares and and other goods.
  • When human response time is just too slow, robots can pick up the slack. That's the idea behind the Defikopter, a drone that parachutes defibrillators to heart-attack victims and emergency responders.Created by German nonprofit organization Definetz and drone-developer Height Tech, the Defikopter is controlled by a GPS-enabled smartphone app, which lets users request an emergency defibrillator. It can travel within a radius of 10 kilometers (a little over 6 miles), and fly at speeds of up to 70 kilometers per hours (around 43 miles per hour). In addition to avoiding traffic jams that would slow down ambulances and other on-the-ground vehicles, the drone would be useful in areas that are sparsely populated, or have difficult terrain for travel, according to a release.The American Red Cross reports that "For each minute defibrillation is delayed, the chance of survival is reduced approximately 10%," so a drone's quick response time may make all the difference.What do you think of the Defikopter? Tell us in the comments, below.
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundations
  • Mr Immamora
  • Mr Immamora
  • What EU definesd as Essential requirements considered for RPAS integrationVFR: VLOS, EVLOS, BVLOSIFR: RLOS, BRLOS (0 – 150m, >150m - 500m, >500m)
  • 1. Very Low Level (VLL) RPAS operations below IFR and VFR altitudes (<150 meters above ground)VLOS = Visual Line of sight : <500 meters from the remote pilote and visual contactE-VLOS = Extended Visual Line of sight : >500 meters, observers visual contactB-VLOS = Beyond Visual Line of sight : beyond visual line-of-sight requiring additional technological support2. VFR/IFR RPAS operations (> 150 meters above ground)VFR = Visual Flight Rules : are a set of regulations under which a pilot operates an aircraft in weather conditions generally clear enough to allow the pilot to see where the aircraft is going.IFR = Instrument Flight Rules : is operation of the aircraft primarily through referencing the instruments rather than visual reference. RLOS = In Radio Line of sight : in non-segregated airspace where manned aviation is present – detect and avoid is required-BRLOS = Beyond Radio Line of sight : satellite communications services by a COM service provider, flight profiles similar to current manned commercial air tranportSegregate = scheiden
  • If you want the report, feel free to drop me a mail.
  • At this point there is local/national regulation in preparation (with local lobbying) + the EU is also preparing a framework to cover all legal aspects on crossborder level
  • LQR = Linear Quadratic RegulatorFor trajectory tracking, we can use LQR control techniques to obtain an optimum control law based on minimizing control effort and tracking er-ror.
  • Inertial measurement unit = IMU-camera and a Laser Scanner
  • Mobile TRAILORROOF can automatically open to allow the drone to TAKE OFFOn return roof opens again, drone will LAND on PLATFORM
  • The world of Unmanned Systems is Evolving. DRONES TAKE OFF !

    1. 1. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants The world of Unmanned Systems is Evolving DRONES TAKE OFF ! 12 Feb. 2014 Ronny Kenens / RiskMatrix Resultants Europe
    2. 2. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Topics • • • • • • • Drones … what’s in the name ? Different type of Drones ? What are the challenges in the Drone world ? Where are Drones used today ? European Commission - Roadmap for the Drone integration RiskMatrix’ Drone project concepts in ‘Security’ Closing statements
    3. 3. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants
    4. 4. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants ”Drones mischaracterize what these things are. They are not dumb. They are not unmanned. They are remotely piloted aircrafts.” General Norton Schwartz Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force Augustus 10, 2012
    5. 5. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants What’s in the name ? • • • • • • • • • • Drone Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Unmanned Aerial System Remotely Piloted Vehicle Remotely Piloted Aircraft Remotely Piloted Aircraft System Remotely Operated Air Vehicles Micro Aerial Vehicle Drone  UAV  UAV  UAS  RPV  RPA  RPAS  ROAV  MAV
    6. 6. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants ‘Computers do things more precisely and faster than humans … ‘ "Computers do things more precisely and faster than humans, but we need humans to deal with uncertainty. It's this combination that interests me.“ "People are running around, relying on intuition, and accidents happen. I want to make that go more smoothly.“ Prof. Mary Cummings - 1e female US Navy F18 fighter jet pilot, landing on aircraft carriers (1988-1999) - Professor Aeronautics & Astronautics at MIT Univ. USA
    7. 7. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Type of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles related to mass
    8. 8. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Scope Unmanned Aerial Vehicles UAS Category Max Takeoff Weight (kg) Range Category Micro 0.10 Close Range Mini W <10 Close Range Small 10-150 Close Range Medium Short 150-500 Short Range Medium 500-2000 Medium Range Large W >2000 Long Range
    9. 9. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Public Perception = Overall confusion • • • • • • • • Drone are bad Drones are only used in the army Drones are always unmanned Drones are dangerous Drones are uncontrolled projectiles Drones are not safe Drones are useless for citizens Drones are useless for business  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true  Not true
    10. 10. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Challenges in the Drone world • • • • • • • • • Public Acceptance / Risk Acceptance Standards/Certifications/Training Power/Energy - Battery life time Sense/detect and avoid Communications/Frequency Spectrum Legal framework / Privacy Cyber security / Hijacking via GPS spoofing Liability and Insurance Exports Controls - different rules in different countries
    11. 11. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Overview where Drones are used today ? Aerial Photography Real-estate Mapping Transport Suspect Tracking Traffic Monitoring Disaster Response/Relief Damage Assessment Infrastructure Monitoring Fertilizer Management Pipe/Power line Surveillance Border Surveillance Crowd Control Mail/Fright Transport Agricultural Applications Movie Productions Sporting Event Coverage Mining detection Fishery Control
    12. 12. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drone Applications and Concepts per sector
    13. 13. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones - Industrial Oil and gas off-shore inspections using a drone : • Scandinavia, Middle East, Asia, US, …. • Topographical survey • Arial photography
    14. 14. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones - Maritime Marine observation missions • AeroVironment Inc.’s Puma AE, 19 July 2013 – oil-spill monitoring and wildlife observation over the Beaufort Sea • Insitu’s ScanEagle X200 , in 2013 – survey ice floes and migrating whales in Arctic oil exploration areas.
    15. 15. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Logistics Service delivers textbooks to students in minutes - Australia • Bookrental company ZOOKAL partnered with FLIRTEY, a commercial drone service, to ship Australian students their textbooks just minutes after they place an order • Planned as of March 2014 • Radius 10km • Plans for tests in Asian & US in 2015.
    16. 16. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Medical When human response time is too slow, Drones could save Heart-Attack Victims' Lives • Defikopter, a drone that parachutes defibrillators to heart-attack victims and emergency responders. • The Defikopter is controlled by a GPS-enabled smartphone app, which lets users request an emergency defibrillator. • Fly at speeds up to 70 km per hour • Radius 10 kilometers
    17. 17. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Agriculture Drones could do insect mapping and extermination Farmers in S- Africa use drones to fly over their large crop fields and • detect areas where insects are damaging the crops using multi-spectral and thermal imaging • second drone to follow-up and spray with pesticides
    18. 18. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Agriculture Drones could do Weed Mapping in Maize Fields Drones flying over the crop field • mapping aerial image, via color–infrared composition, on an altitude of 30 m • showing the maize rows and some weed patches
    19. 19. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones - Logistics Matternet Concept : a network of Delivery Drones • Matternet wants to build networks for “micro-transportation” that will allow unmanned aerial vehicles to ferry all sorts of goods across long distances, especially in places where the roads either suck or are perpetually crammed full of commuters. • Network of landingstations on the roof of the buildings
    20. 20. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Charity in developing countries • • • In Africa, 85% of roads are unusable in rain season Need for JIT medical delivery (blood, medicines,…) Medical Supply Vehicle: • vertical take-off and landing • Radius 10 km / payload 2kg • • • Landing stations: delivery + automatic battery swaps Cost per mision (2kg/10km) = 24 cents Testing is done / possitive results MATTERNET
    21. 21. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones for emergency missions at sea • • • A drone equipped with three Life preservers that could be dropped down to rescue drowning victims Using heat-sensingcameras to detect the exact location of victims, even in the darkness. The drone will charge its batteries at a solarpowered charging station on the ship.
    22. 22. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Drones – Security • • • Two years ago, a Japanese security firm ‘Secom’ has developped a drone that will track burglars. Drone has been designed to fly to the scene of a break-in and wait until the perpetrator tries to leave. Drone will hover and record images Drone can do license plate recognistion
    23. 23. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Roadmap for the integration of civil Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Systems into the European Aviation System Final report from the European RPAS Steering Group (June 2013) 19/02/2014
    24. 24. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Essential requirements considered for RPAS integration • RPAS should be able to operate in airspace, mixed with a variety of manned aircrafts under VFR (Visual Flight Rules) or IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) adhering to the requirements of the specific airspace layer in which they are operating. • RPAS must comply with the Communication, Navigation an Surveillance requirements applicable to the class of airspace in which they operate. • Three pre-requisites to safeguard the total aviation safety system: • • • 19/02/2014 RPAS must be approved by a competent authority according to the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) RPAS operators must hold a valid RPAS operator certificate Remote pilots must hold a valid pilot license
    25. 25. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Milestones for a progressive integration 19/02/2014
    26. 26. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Final report from the European RPAS Steering Group (June 2013) ronny.k@riskmatrix.be 19/02/2014
    27. 27. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Legal Situation on Drones • • • • Airspace Regulation Data protection Certification Privacy 27
    28. 28. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants RiskMatrix’ Drone Project Concepts in the world of “Security” These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.
    29. 29. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project concepts Drone Applications: • Project 1 : Outdoor Security Assistant • Project 2 : Indoor Exploration • Project 3 : Mobile Drone Activity Platform (MDAP) Drone Infrastructure: • Project 4 : Drone Mesh Network (DMN) These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.
    30. 30. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 1 : Outdoor Security Assistant Drone solution to support the Mobile Security Guard / Dispatch Centre • Drone station on top of building • • • 24/7 availability Battery charging Drone stand-by position • Drone activation : • • • On demand by Mobile Guard On demand by Dispatcher Triggered on motion alert • Drone activity & reporting: • • • • Go to required GPS location and inspect object Stream live video to guard/dispatch Voice/sound capturing sent to dispatch Address individuals on location via Drone communication facilities These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.
    31. 31. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 2: Indoor Exploration Drone solution to conduct autonomous indoor exploration of a building, including the mapping of the inside of the building in a 3D model. (RMR in discussion with Prof. Kumar from University of Pennsylvania USA)
    32. 32. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 2: Indoor Exploration Drone is equipped with technologies : • IMU-Camera • Inertial Measurement Unit with 3 gyroscopes and 3 acelerometers (Role,Pitch & Yaw Rate) • Sensors for environment scanning • Laser Scanner Hokuyo UTM-30LX • Sensor for voice, movement and gesture recognition • Microsoft Kinect • LQR Controller • Linear Quadratic Regulator with external force compensation used for trajectory tracking • Onboard CPU for processing and calculations: • • • • • Realtime plan generation allows navigation in the building Mapping of the surroundings and abostacles Mapping heights Reconstructing 3D building model Obstacle sense and avoidance
    33. 33. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 2: Indoor Exploration • Drone station in the building • 24/7 availability • Battery charging • Drone stand-by position • Drone activation : • On demand by Dispatcher • Triggered by motion alert • Planned automated patrol • Drone activity & reporting: • Explore new building • Patrol defined route • Check for open doors/windows • Alert unexpected person or object locator • Level mapping • Video/ voice / sound capturing sent to dispatch
    34. 34. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 3 : Mobile Drone Activity Platform (MDAP) MDAP is a mobile multifunctional drone activity platform • • • • • • Mobile unit containing drone Roof can open, liftsystem to allow drone to take off/return MDAP battery power unit is loaded via solar cells / Drone battery charges in base station Drone data transmission to base station (2.4 GHz) Video streaming form drone to base station (5.8 GHz) Live video streaming to internet from base station (via Minicaster technology) These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.
    35. 35. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 3 : Mobile Drone Activity Platform (MDAP) Applications • • • • • • • • Traffic control ‘GoogleMap’ data capture Agriculture: – Insects detection – Fertilizer spraying Infrastructure Monitoring Surveillance at construction sites Sport/Music Event coverage Surveillance … These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.
    36. 36. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Project 4 : Drone Mesh Network (DMN) Drone Docking Stations (DDS) • • • DDS 24/7 availability for battery charging Drone stand-by position Remote controlled by Lincensee / Managed by Licensee The Drone Mesh Network will do for Physical Transportation what the Internet did for flow of information. These concepts and document are created and revised by RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document is strictly confidential. Each element in this document falls under the intellectual property of RiskMatrix Resultants SA. The content of this document can under no circumstances be used or distributed by third parties without the express consent of the company RiskMatrix Resultants SA.
    37. 37. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants Closing Statements • Countries with more relaxed UAV laws are good candidates for commercialisation and are a proving ground for developed technologies. • There is a growing use of UAVs in the agricultural sector, surveillance sector and in transport & logistics sector. • Public concerns of privacy and legal liability are still there. • Expanding utilization of UAVs for both the governmental and commercial sectors will further drive demand. • Greatest challenge is posed by a “Sense/Detect and Avoid" solution. • Increasing autonomy in flight control systems will result in higher safety with lower operating costs, however it requires solid contingency plans. • UAVs will be more efficient and less costly. In other words, more capability at less cost will encourage more market growth !
    38. 38. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants We, at RiskMatrix, strongly believe that the Drone TECHNOLOGY will have a similar impact on the human being as the mobile phone had. We will continue our research and do investments in this space ! Total Unmanned Aircraft Systems Forecast 2015 – 2035 Sept. 2013 Source: US Dept. of Transportation / Research & Innovative Technology Administration DOT-VNTSC-DoD-13-01
    39. 39. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants About the RiskMatrix Resultants Group • What we are : • a consultancy company with a solid track record in the security business • a software and technology provider • Our value proposition : • Consultancy & Coaching • I-BOSS Security platform = an end-to-end operational solutions in combination with smart technology that supports Security companies in managing their operations. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix 39
    40. 40. Copyright © 2014 RiskMatrix Resultants “Smart Technology will be a key driver in the future business landscape.” F.Vanwelkenhuyzen / CEO RiskMatrix

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