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Prepared By
Ronnith Nandy
Introduction
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent.
At about 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it
covers six percent of Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of its
total land area.
The continent is surrounded
by the Mediterranean
Sea to the north, both
the Suez Canal and
the Red Sea along the Sinai
Peninsula to the northeast,
the Indian Ocean to the
southeast, and the Atlantic
Ocean to the west.
Air Transport
Airlines flourished because, in many African countries, road
and rail networks are not well developed due to financial
issues, terrain, and rainy seasons.
Africa had about 4,000 airports
and airfields. Only 117 of
Africa’s airports are classified
as international airports.
Airlines, like Air Afrique, were
jointly sponsored by multiple
governments. Joint carriers,
such as Central African
Airways, East African Airways,
and West African Airways,
were established when the
United Kingdom colonized
parts of Africa.[
Water Transport
Inland water transport: This covers transport on rivers, lakes, lagoons and canals. Some of
the large rivers and lakes in different parts of the world are important mean of
transportation.
Ocean transport: This means of
transport carries much of the world's
trade. There are various vessels used.
E.g. Cargo Liners, Passenger Liners,
Tramp Steamers, Oil Tankers and
Refrigerated Ships, Naval Vessels
Lakes used for transport
included, lake victoria in East
Africa, the Great Lakes of North
Africa, Lake Malawi in southern
Africa, Lake Chad in West
Africa, etc.
Land Transport
Road transport is the most dominant mode of motorized transport in
Africa, accounting for 80 per cent of the goods traffic and 90 per cent
of the passenger traffic on the continent. African countries together
have about 2.06 million km of roads
The continent had a
total railway network of
90,320 km
Wildlife of Equatorial
ForestsThe rainforests have Africa's richest
assortment of animals.
A four-mile patch
of rainforest
could contain up
to 400 species of
birds, 150 species
of butterflies and
60 species of
amphibians!
Wildlife of Savanna
Many animals live in savannas,
from invertebrates (like
grasshoppers, termites, and
beetles) to large mammals (like
lions and leopards).
The animals that live in savannas
have adapted to a great deal of
variability in the food supply
throughout the year
Wildlife of Tropical Deserts
The harsh conditions found in the Sahara Desert have also played a role in
the presence of animal life in the Sahara Desert. In the central and driest
part of the desert there are around 70 different animal species, 20 of which
are large mammals like the spotted hyena.
Gerbil,
sand fox
and Cape
hare plus
Reptiles
like the
sand viper
and the
monitor
lizard are
present in
the
Wildlife of Mediterranean
CoastThe Mediterranean woodlands and forests were home to a large variety of
large mammals. Unfortunately, many of those (especially the large
predators) has disappeared as a result of human influences.
Examples of large mammals
Mediterranean woodlands
and forests of North Africa are
the Egyptian wolf, the Atlas
bear, the Barbary lion and
the Barbary leopard
Wildlife of Temperate
GrasslandsTemperate grasslands are home to many large herbivores. Some of
these include bison, gazelles, zebras, rhinoceroses, and wild horses.
Carnivores like lions and wolves are also found in temperate
grasslands.
Other animals of this region include: deer, prairie
dogs, mice, jack rabbits, skunks, coyotes, snakes,
foxes, owls, badgers, blackbirds, grasshoppers,
meadowlarks, sparrows, quails, and hawks.
Wildlife of Madagascar
IslandMadagascar has many insects,
fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds
and animals which are unique
to the island.
There are over
340 species of
reptile in
Madagascar,
which include
around half of
the world’s
species of
chameleon.
Wildlife of South Eastern
CoastMany of the larger mammal species are shared with the neighboring
Eastern Miombo Woodlands, including elephant (Loxodonta africana),
buffalo (Syncerus caffer), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger), roan
antelope (H. equinus), and Lichtenstein’s hartebeest (Alcelaphus
buselaphus lichtensteini).
Wildlife of Ethiopian
HighlandsEndemic species include the rarest canid in the world - Ethiopian wolf,
Walia ibex, Mountain nyala ,and the Giant root rat .
Among the
species
endemic to the
ecoregion are
amphibians
such as
Grassland
forest treefrog
,Bale
Mountains frog
,and Osgood's
Ethiopian toadBirds with limited distributions include Ankober serin and White-winged flufftail .
THANK
YOU

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Africa's Diverse Wildlife Regions in 40 Characters

  • 2. Introduction Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent. At about 30.2 million km2 (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of its total land area. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
  • 3. Air Transport Airlines flourished because, in many African countries, road and rail networks are not well developed due to financial issues, terrain, and rainy seasons. Africa had about 4,000 airports and airfields. Only 117 of Africa’s airports are classified as international airports. Airlines, like Air Afrique, were jointly sponsored by multiple governments. Joint carriers, such as Central African Airways, East African Airways, and West African Airways, were established when the United Kingdom colonized parts of Africa.[
  • 4. Water Transport Inland water transport: This covers transport on rivers, lakes, lagoons and canals. Some of the large rivers and lakes in different parts of the world are important mean of transportation. Ocean transport: This means of transport carries much of the world's trade. There are various vessels used. E.g. Cargo Liners, Passenger Liners, Tramp Steamers, Oil Tankers and Refrigerated Ships, Naval Vessels Lakes used for transport included, lake victoria in East Africa, the Great Lakes of North Africa, Lake Malawi in southern Africa, Lake Chad in West Africa, etc.
  • 5. Land Transport Road transport is the most dominant mode of motorized transport in Africa, accounting for 80 per cent of the goods traffic and 90 per cent of the passenger traffic on the continent. African countries together have about 2.06 million km of roads The continent had a total railway network of 90,320 km
  • 6. Wildlife of Equatorial ForestsThe rainforests have Africa's richest assortment of animals. A four-mile patch of rainforest could contain up to 400 species of birds, 150 species of butterflies and 60 species of amphibians!
  • 7. Wildlife of Savanna Many animals live in savannas, from invertebrates (like grasshoppers, termites, and beetles) to large mammals (like lions and leopards). The animals that live in savannas have adapted to a great deal of variability in the food supply throughout the year
  • 8. Wildlife of Tropical Deserts The harsh conditions found in the Sahara Desert have also played a role in the presence of animal life in the Sahara Desert. In the central and driest part of the desert there are around 70 different animal species, 20 of which are large mammals like the spotted hyena. Gerbil, sand fox and Cape hare plus Reptiles like the sand viper and the monitor lizard are present in the
  • 9. Wildlife of Mediterranean CoastThe Mediterranean woodlands and forests were home to a large variety of large mammals. Unfortunately, many of those (especially the large predators) has disappeared as a result of human influences. Examples of large mammals Mediterranean woodlands and forests of North Africa are the Egyptian wolf, the Atlas bear, the Barbary lion and the Barbary leopard
  • 10. Wildlife of Temperate GrasslandsTemperate grasslands are home to many large herbivores. Some of these include bison, gazelles, zebras, rhinoceroses, and wild horses. Carnivores like lions and wolves are also found in temperate grasslands. Other animals of this region include: deer, prairie dogs, mice, jack rabbits, skunks, coyotes, snakes, foxes, owls, badgers, blackbirds, grasshoppers, meadowlarks, sparrows, quails, and hawks.
  • 11. Wildlife of Madagascar IslandMadagascar has many insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and animals which are unique to the island. There are over 340 species of reptile in Madagascar, which include around half of the world’s species of chameleon.
  • 12. Wildlife of South Eastern CoastMany of the larger mammal species are shared with the neighboring Eastern Miombo Woodlands, including elephant (Loxodonta africana), buffalo (Syncerus caffer), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger), roan antelope (H. equinus), and Lichtenstein’s hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus lichtensteini).
  • 13. Wildlife of Ethiopian HighlandsEndemic species include the rarest canid in the world - Ethiopian wolf, Walia ibex, Mountain nyala ,and the Giant root rat . Among the species endemic to the ecoregion are amphibians such as Grassland forest treefrog ,Bale Mountains frog ,and Osgood's Ethiopian toadBirds with limited distributions include Ankober serin and White-winged flufftail .