Urban America

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This is a power point presentation on Urban America--when America began to build up instead of out.

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  • Urban America

    1. 1. Urban America Sunday, March 1, 2009
    2. 2. Did You Know? Sunday, March 1, 2009
    3. 3. Did You Know? The ancestors of almost 1/2 of all the people living in the United States today passed through Ellis Island as immigrants. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    4. 4. Did You Know? The ancestors of almost 1/2 of all the people living in the United States today passed through Ellis Island as immigrants. Today Ellis Island is open to the public. It contains the Ellis Island Immigration Museum. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    5. 5. Section 1 Immigration Sunday, March 1, 2009
    6. 6. Section 1 Immigration Europeans Flood into the United States Sunday, March 1, 2009
    7. 7. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    8. 8. Of the 14 million immigrants who arrived between 1860-1900, many were Jews. America offered immigrants employment, few restrictions, a way to avoid military service, religious freedom and a chance to move up the social ladder. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    9. 9. Most immigrants took the trip to America in steerage. (the least expensive accommodations on a steamship) It was a 14 day trip that usually ended at Ellis Island, Ellis Island, a small island in the New York Harbor. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    10. 10. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    11. 11. Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    12. 12. Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. Some were separated from the family and sent back to Europe due to health problems. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    13. 13. Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. Some were separated from the family and sent back to Europe due to health problems. Immigrants settled into cities with neighborhoods separated into ethnic groups. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    14. 14. Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. Some were separated from the family and sent back to Europe due to health problems. Immigrants settled into cities with neighborhoods separated into ethnic groups. Within these neighborhoods they practiced their own religions & spoke their own languages. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    15. 15. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    16. 16. Immigrants who learned English adjusted well to the United States. ASIAN IMMIGRATION China suffered poverty and famine, so many Chinese immigrants came to the U.S. in the mid 1800s. In the West, they worked as laborers, servants ect. Many opened up their own laundries. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    17. 17. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    18. 18. Japanese immigration increased between 1900 and 1919. In 1910, a barracks was opened on Angel Island in California. Asian immigrants waited here for immigration hearings. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    19. 19. Nativism Immigration led to Nativism, an extreme dislike to foreigners by the people who were born in America. They tried to limit immigration In the 1800s they were against the Irish In the 1900s they were against Asians, Jews & anyone from Eastern Europe. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    20. 20. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    21. 21. Two anti-immigration groups formed. The American Protective Association had 500,000 members. Henry Bowers started the American Protective Association & he hated catholics and foreigners. Denis Kearny, an Irish immigrant, started the Workingman’s Party of California. The Workingman’s Party wanted to stop Chinese immigrants & racial violence resulted. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    22. 22. In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act. It barred Chinese immigration for 10 years. It prevented the Chinese who were already in America from becoming citizens. This act was not repealed until 1943. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    23. 23. Section 2: Urbanization Did You know that the subway from New Jersey to New York City travels two rivers into Long Island? Sunday, March 1, 2009
    24. 24. Americans Migrate to the Cities Sunday, March 1, 2009
    25. 25. Americans Migrate to the Cities Immigrants remained in the cities where they worked long hours for little pay. Farmers began moving to cities hoping to find better paying jobs, running water, indoor plumbing, electricity & entertainment. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    26. 26. As the price of land increased, building owners began to build up instead of out. Skyscrapers designed by Louis Sullivan began to be constructed. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    27. 27. Development of Mass Transit electric trolley cars, elevated railroads Sunday, March 1, 2009
    28. 28. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    29. 29. Definite boundaries existed between the wealthy, middle class and the working class people. Wealthy people lived in the heart of the city in elaborate homes. The middle class (doctors, lawyers, teachers) lived away from the city. Poor people lived in the city in tenements. Tenements were dark crowded multi-family apartments. Sunday, March 1, 2009
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    33. 33. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    34. 34. Urban Problems Crime Fire Disease Pollution From 1880-1900 there was a huge increase in the murder rate Sunday, March 1, 2009
    35. 35. Americans blamed immigrants for the increase in the murder rate. Alcohol contributed to the crime rate late in the 1800s. Contaminated water from improper sewage disposal resulted in epidemics of typhoid fever and cholera. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    36. 36. Urban Politics Party Bosses ran the political machines George Plunket, an Irish immigrant, was one of New York City’s most powerful Party Bosses. Politicians got rich due to fraud or graft- getting money through dishonest means. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    37. 37. Tammany Hall had a party boss named William Tweed. He was sent to prison in 1872 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    38. 38. Tammany Hall Sunday, March 1, 2009
    39. 39. William Tweed Sunday, March 1, 2009

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