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Starting a new library in the Google age


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The OAPEN Library ( was set up to create a platform to enhance the usage of scholarly and scientific monographs. This presentation describes the steps taken to make the contents as widely used as possible. Not only by catering for search engines, but mostly by working together with others, especially academic libraries.

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Starting a new library in the Google age

  1. 1. Starting a New Library in the Google Age Internet Librarian 2012 22 October 2012 Ronald Snijder Amsterdam University Press / OAPEN Foundation24/10/2012
  2. 2. Ronald Snijder• Amsterdam University Press: project manager digital publications• OAPEN Foundation: technical coordinator• Background: libraries and IT24/10/2012
  3. 3. Agenda• Why bother?• Start with a good platform• Search engines are not easy• Get connected• Branching out with DOAB• Usage• Future developments24/10/2012
  4. 4. The OAPEN Library24/10/2012
  5. 5. Why bother?• Collection• Number of books, publishers, languages• Way to enhance usage for monographs• Platform for publishers24/10/2012
  6. 6. Why bother?• Collection: – Monographs – mainly in humanities and social sciences – Quality controlled – Open Access: “Free to read” or “Free to share”24/10/2012
  7. 7. Why bother?• Number of books, publishers, languages: – 1000+ titles – 35 publishers – 11 languages24/10/2012
  8. 8. Why bother?• Way to enhance usage for monographs: – Declining sales • Library purchases go down from 1500 (70’s) to 200-300 Greco & Wharton (2008) • Print runs & sales go down from 2000-3000 (70’s) to < 750. Half sells less than 500 Thompson (2005) – Result of ‘serials crisis’24/10/2012
  9. 9. Why bother?Serial costs Serial Expenditures (+402%)24/10/2012
  10. 10. Why bother?Serial costs Serial Expenditures (+402%)vs.Monographcosts Monograph Expenditures (+71%) Monographs Purchased (10%)24/10/2012
  11. 11. Why bother?• Platform for publishers: Showcase their books24/10/2012
  12. 12. Start with a good platform• XTF, by California Digital Library• Standard functions• Extra functions• On top of repository database24/10/2012
  13. 13. Start with a good platform• XTF, by California Digital Library: – eXtensible Text Framework (XTF) – Open Source software –
  14. 14. Start with a good platform• Standard functions: – Enables serendipity: combination of searching and browsing – Full text search24/10/2012
  15. 15. Start with a good platform• Extra functions: – Multi lingual search – Export in RIS format: EndNote, Mendeley – Social media24/10/2012
  16. 16. Start with a good platform• On top of repository database: – Institutional Repositories platform – Exchange (meta) data using OAI PMH24/10/2012
  17. 17. Search engines are not easy• OAPEN not always on first results page• Google Scholar or Books?• Technical measures24/10/2012
  18. 18. Search engines are not easy• OAPEN not always on first results page: – Compete against Amazon, publishers – Content is mainly PDF, indexing is not great24/10/2012
  19. 19. Search engines are not easy• Google Scholar or Books? – Google Scholar does not index books – Google Books requires uploading books through publishers24/10/2012
  20. 20. Search engines are not easy• Technical measures: – Site map – based on protocol – model for books24/10/2012
  21. 21. Get connected Data Aggregators Academic Search libraries engines24/10/2012
  22. 22. Get connected• OAPEN is about usage, regardless of the platform• Metadata• Get connected• Diversify: DOAB24/10/2012
  23. 23. Get connected• Metadata: – Daily updated – Several types: CSV, MARC, Excel optimized, ONIX – CC zero license24/10/2012
  24. 24. Get connected• Get connected: – BASE (Bielefeld University Library) – Aggregators • Serials Solutions (ProQuest) • Primo Central (ExLibris) • EBSCO Discovery Service – Libraries • Union catalogue of the GVK-GBV, library network Germany • Universiteitsbibliotheek Gent, Belgium • James Hardiman Library of the National University of Ireland – OCLC WorldCat24/10/2012
  25. 25. Get connected• Diversify: DOAB – Directory of Open Access Books – www.doabooks.org24/10/2012
  26. 26. Get connected: the complete picture24/10/2012
  27. 27. Branching out with DOAB24/10/2012
  28. 28. Branching out with DOAB• Discovery service for peer reviewed OA books• Differences between OAPEN and DOAB24/10/2012
  29. 29. Branching out with DOAB• Discovery service for peer reviewed OA books: – Only “Free to share” – Publishers provide – and maintain – metadata – Full text books on OAPEN Library or publisher’s website – Beta version, launched in April 201224/10/2012
  30. 30. Branching out with DOABDifferences between OAPEN and DOAB: OAPEN Library DOAB Contents • Full text Metadata only • Metadata License • Free to read Free to share only • Free to share Search • Full text • Metadata • Metadata • Classification: LCC • Classification: BIC24/10/2012
  31. 31. Usage• What to measure?• Choosing the right tool• Usage statistics24/10/2012
  32. 32. Usage• What to measure? – Main statistic: number of downloads – All other statistics are connected to that24/10/2012
  33. 33. Usage• Choosing the right tool: – We started with Google Analytics: • Only downloads via website, not ‘direct’ downloads • Number of measured downloads not great: approximately 10% of all downloads – Now: usage measured at server level – No ready-made solution for statistics at book level – Still a work in progress24/10/2012
  34. 34. Usage Usage: visitors, visits and book downloads 60000 50000 40000 Unique visitors 30000 Visits Books downloaded 20000 10000 0 Aug/11 Sep/11 Oct/11 Nov/11 Dec/11 Jan/12 Feb/12 Mar/12 Apr/12 May/12 Jun/12 Jul/1224/10/2012
  35. 35. Usage August 2011 – July 2012 Unique visitors 227,897 Books dowloaded 400,763 Books per visitor 1.78 Visits per visitor 1.3724/10/2012
  36. 36. Future developments• Sustainability• More cooperation24/10/2012
  37. 37. Future developments• Sustainability: – platform for more publishers – platform for research funders24/10/2012
  38. 38. Future developments• More cooperation: – E-depot (Dutch Royal Library): long term preservation – Europeana: OAPEN as supplier24/10/2012
  39. 39. Thank you!More on OAPEN:•••• Twitter:@OapenbooksDirectory of Open Access Books:•• Twitter: @DoabooksContact me:•• Twitter: @Ronaldsnijder24/10/2012