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Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT)

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What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?
What industries are affected?
What is a Low-power and Lossy Networks?
What are the differences between office LANs and industrial LANs?
What is the logical concept of IoT solutions?
What are the differences and common elements of office and IoT protocol stacks?
What alliances address interoperability issues?
The presentation gives the answers to these questions.
Find the details in my presentation on Slideshare

Published in: Internet
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Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT)

  1. 1. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 1/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) Ronaldschlager.com © Ronald Schlager
  2. 2. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 2/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Just A Few Figures  Number of Connected Devices: Devices years2005 2015 2020 2025 ? 500 Mio. 10-20 Bill. 40-50 Bill.
  3. 3. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 3/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Just A Few Figures  Additional figures: 90% of all worldwide data were generated within the last two years Source: SINTEF Every second new 205.000 Gbytes of data are generated (equals to 150 millions of books) Source: SINTEF Actually approx. 10 – 20 billions of connected objects Source: SINTEF
  4. 4. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 4/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Just A Few Figures Farbod Saraf @FarbodSaraf twittered Oct 6, 2015 Machines are coming… #GartnerSYM „By 2025, one in three jobs will be replaced by smart machines“ IT Leaders: Are You Ready to Rethink Your Workplace Through 2025 Gartner.com/SmarterWithGartner
  5. 5. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 5/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Definition of Terms  Machine-to-Machine (M2M):
  6. 6. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 6/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Definition of Terms  Industry 4.0
  7. 7. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 7/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Definition of Terms  Internet of Things, Internet of Everything:
  8. 8. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 8/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Definition of Terms This is not what might happen if we choose this road over another. This is what will happen regardless of which road we take. Dr. Shawn DuBravac
  9. 9. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 9/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Definition of Terms „The Internet of Things builds out from today´s Internet by creating a pervasive and self-organising network of connected, identifiable and addressable physical objects enabling application development in and across key vertical sectors through the use of embedded chips, sensors, actuators and low-cost miniaturisation.“ RAND Europe
  10. 10. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 10/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Applications / Industries Internet
  11. 11. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 11/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Low-Power and Lossy Network (LLN)  IoT solutions are bases on this type of network: Low CPU power Low memory Battery-powered High packet loss Low data rate Instabile IoT Device generates and routesdata
  12. 12. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 12/22  Connected Devices Low-Power and Lossy Network (LLN) copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Sender Receiver Sender / Receiver Sender / Receiver Point-to-Point Receiver Sender Point-to- Multipoint Multipoint- to-Point
  13. 13. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 13/22copyright © 2008 by schlager communications services GmbH LLN - Communications Characteristics Office LAN Lossy Network Lifetime of DataYears Fractions of Seconds Amount of DataGiga Bytes - Tera Bytes Bits Bytes Response TimeSeconds Fractions of Seconds Number of networked StationsMany Quite a lot
  14. 14. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 14/22copyright © 2008 by schlager communications services GmbH LLN - Environmental Conditions Office LAN Lossy Network Environmental Temperature0 - 40oC 0 - 60oC Electromagnetic DisturbancesLow High VibrationsLow (Exception: Earthquake) Strong PollutionLow Strong
  15. 15. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 15/22copyright © 2008 by schlager communications services GmbH Communications Hierarchies Office LAN Industrial LAN Workplace Departments, Workgroups Field Level Process Cells Process Control Shop Foor (Production Management) Core Business Management Core Business Management
  16. 16. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 16/22copyright © 2008 by schlager communications services GmbH Different Networks for Different Requirements  Industrial Environment Office LAN Real-time LAN Serial Bus, Field BusField Level Process Cells Process Control Shop Foor (Manufacturing) Corporate Management
  17. 17. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 17/22copyright © 2008 by schlager communications services GmbH Challenge: Data Silos (Examples) Industrial Ethernet Profibus Office Ethernet WLAN KNX MODbus BlueTooth CAN LON BACnet Chain OSGi
  18. 18. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 18/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Logical Concept of IoT Solutions Wired / wireless Network App Sensors IoT Device Collects data of sensors, communicates with actuators, other devices and apps Detects events or changes in its environment, generates data Data Transfer Data Processing Big Data Actuators
  19. 19. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 19/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Logical Concept of IoT Solutions IoT Device Clouds Clouds Clouds Gateway Wired / wireless LAN Sensor Hub IoT Device Sensor Hub AppApp Internet Sensors, Actuators Sensors Sensors, Actuators
  20. 20. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 20/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Protocol Stacks  „Office“ and IoT Protocol Stack compared: PHY MAC Network Transport L5-7 ProfiBus, KNX, Arcnet, LON, 6LoWPAN, Eth., Ind.Eth., RFID/NFC,… Adaptation IPv6 TCP / UDP / (D)TLS CoAP Eth., WLAN, BlueTooth, WAN, WWAN IPv4 / IPv6 TCP / UDP / (D)TLS HTTP SIP … SEP IPSO Applications Applications Applications
  21. 21. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 21/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH IoT Alliances (Exampes)  AllSeen Alliance  Eclipse Foundation  Industrial Internet Consortium  Internet of Things Consortium  IPSO Alliance  IoT Alliance  Oasis  OneM2M  Open Interconnect Consortium (OIC)  Thread Group  ZigBee Alliance
  22. 22. Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT) 22/22copyright © 2015 by schlager communications services GmbH Resources Many thanks for your visit. Visit Ronald Schlager´s resources for more information: This presentation is part of my courseware: „Networks for the Internet of Things (IoT)“ (in German) Find more courseware about networks and IPv6 (in English): „Basics in Data Communications“ (Parts 1 – 3) „IPv6 - Details“ (Parts 1 and 2) Web: Ronald Schlager´s IPv6 Blog www.ronaldschlager.com LinkedIn: https://at.linkedin.com/in/ronaldschlager/en Twitter: https://twitter.com/RonaldSchlager

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