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Ron Nehring's Post-Pakistan Mission Report

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In May 2011 Ron Nehring served as a member of a State Department-sponsored delegation to Pakistan. The mission took place 12 days following the death of Osama Bin Laden in Abbotabad, Pakistan. This PowerPoint presentation provides a report on the mission and conditions in the country at the time.

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Ron Nehring's Post-Pakistan Mission Report

  1. 1. Pakistan Since Bin Laden: A Mission Report on America’s Most Important Unreliable Ally Ron Nehring
  2. 2. Today’s Presentation • Background and findings from a U.S. State Departmentsponsored mission to Pakistan, May 16 – 21, 2011.
  3. 3. Why Pakistan Matters • Nuclear power. Its arsenal cannot be allowed to fall into the hands of extremists. • Borders Afghanistan, therefore essential to our success there.
  4. 4. Political Situation in Pakistan • Governed by center-left PPP. Party founded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in ‘67. • Parliamentary democracy. President Asif Zardari (PPP) elected by members of Parliament plus provincial legislatures. • Prime Minister Syed Gilani (PPP). • Main opposition party: center-right Muslim League. • “Religious” parties fare extremely poorly in Pak elections.
  5. 5. Pakistan is poor. GDP per capita is $995 (compared to $4,540 in Iran, $3,744 in China, $1,192 in India, and $45,989 in US)
  6. 6. Meeting with Pakistani Members of Parliament. This meeting degenerated into an America-bashing session, with PPP Secretary General Taj Haider attacking US policies while praising China.
  7. 7. Pakistanis Talking Points • America is unreliable. • Pak helped US during Soviet era in Afghanistan, then abandoned. • American foreign policy hurts Pakistan. • Bin Laden raid violated Pakistani sovereignty. • US financial assistance has too many conditions attached. • China is great.
  8. 8. Meetings with the Pakistanis • Degenerated into America-bashing sessions until we provided pushback with questions related to: – Haqqani network – Lashkar-e-Taiba – Hafiz Muhammad Saeed • After pushback, constructive conversations concerning economy, trade, democracy.
  9. 9. American Aid to Pakistan since 2002 Program or Account Training and equipment Counternarcotics (Pentagon) Coalition Support Funds (Pentagon) Pak frontier corp train + equip Foreign Military Financing International Mil Ed + Training Intl Narc Control + Law Enf NADR (anti-terrorism) Pak Counterinsurgency Fund Total Security-Related Amount (M) $ 212 $ 288 $ 8,881 $ 100 $ 2,160 $ 18 $ 528 $ 90 $ 1,900 $ 14,177 Child Survival and Health Development Assistance Economic Support Funds Food Aid Human Rights + Democracy Funds International Disaster Asst Migration + Refugee Total Economic-Related $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 221 286 4,797 413 17 650 152 6,536 Total Security + Economic Aid $ 20,713 Pakistan spends ~$6 billion annually on defense.
  10. 10. Common American Problems in Diplomacy • Treating diplomacy as something other than advocacy for America. • Underestimating the impact undercurrents on the “citizens” we meet. • “Clientitis” • “Mirror Imaging”
  11. 11. Meeting with Punjab Assembly Deputy Speaker Rana Mashhood Ahmad Khan. The PML(N) is in control of this province, and advocated for trade, lower taxes and regulations, and no US aid.
  12. 12. Visit to the Punjab Provincial Assembly.
  13. 13. Recommended Reading on Foreign Affairs and Diplomacy
  14. 14. Pakistan Since Bin Laden: A Mission Report on America’s Most Important Least Trusted Ally Ron Nehring

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