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Making a contribution

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Introduction to Swales C.A.R.S. and related concepts.

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Making a contribution

  1. 1. Making a contribution W R I T I N G I V (HE285) Prof. Dr. Ron Martinez drronmartinez@gmail.com
  2. 2. Goals for the week • Look at the “C.A.R.S.” model – its specific and broader purpose.
  3. 3. Today’s agenda • Visit classmates’ blogs • A little language focus (from the midterms) • Review the Miller & Parker paper • Consider the importance of “problematizing” • Reflect on what a “hypothesis” is and how it fits into academic discourse • Analyze real cases
  4. 4. Admire each other’s work!
  5. 5. Correction Tic-Tac-Toe Her most recent novel innovates in different levels. The writer is prolific in the same proportion as he is innovative. Through the experiment the hypothesis was verified. We will seek daily for producing better results. There are few research in the area of Portuguese for foreigners. The fact that he hid the money was an evidence of corruption. The study aims to indicate their behavior differences in eating. He affirms that it is wrong to say a man is always better than a woman, as to state the contrary. The article does not document chronologically the history of education in Brazil.
  6. 6. Correction Tic-Tac-Toe Her most recent novel innovates in different levels. The writer is prolific in the same proportion as he is innovative. Through the experiment the hypothesis was verified. We will seek daily for producing better results. There are few research in the area of Portuguese for foreigners. The fact that he hid the money was an evidence of corruption. The study aims to indicate their behavior differences in eating. He affirms that it is wrong to say a man is always better than a woman, as to state the contrary. The article does not document chronologically the history of education in Brazil.
  7. 7. Discuss: Who can an academic writer be compared to? • Politician? • Salesperson? • Teacher? • Firefighter? • Doctor? • Lecturer? • Architect? • Other?
  8. 8. • Arguably the most important section in an essay.
  9. 9. A “problem-solution” approach
  10. 10. Briefly discuss the Miller and Parker article: • Who is the article intended for? • Did you like the article? • Did you understand the “moves” (“establish territory” etc.)?
  11. 11. “C.A.R.S.” (John Swales)
  12. 12. “C.A.R.S.” (John Swales) YOUR (HIDDEN) “POSITION”
  13. 13. Miller & Parker paper:Where’s the “gap”? • Hint: Where could you insert the word “however”? 1 2 3 4 5 6
  14. 14. Where’s the “gap”? • Hint: Where could you insert the word “however”? 3
  15. 15. Territory, Niche, and Occupation of Niche
  16. 16. A typical “processo seletivo” dialogue. What’s the problem? BANCA MEMBER: Uh-huh. I see. OK, so what is your hypothesis? MESTRADO CANDIDATE: I want to compare the work of Monteiro Lobato to J.K. Rowling. BANCA MEMBER: Uh-huh. I see. OK, so… Do you have a hypothesis? MESTRADO CANDIDATE: I intend to look for similarities between the use of imagery and onomatopoeia. BANCA MEMBER: Uh-huh. I see.
  17. 17. What is a hypothesis?
  18. 18. Analyze an abstract 1. Download the article (online). 2. Read the abstract. 3. What was the authors’ hypothesis? (Discuss.)
  19. 19. “C.A.R.S.” (John Swales) OR “CONTRIBUTION”
  20. 20. A better “processo seletivo” dialogue: What changed? BANCA MEMBER: Uh-huh. I see. OK, so what is your hypothesis? MESTRADO CANDIDATE: I want to compare the work of Monteiro Lobato to J.K. Rowling. BANCA MEMBER: Uh-huh. I see. OK, so… Do you have a hypothesis? MESTRADO CANDIDATE: I intend to look for similarities between the use of imagery. I have noticed that both authors choose to only provide detailed imagery for younger protagonists, and so I want to explore this further. BANCA MEMBER: Ah ha! I see. Interesting…
  21. 21. A “problem-solution” approach
  22. 22. Can you contribute? Consider your midterm topic. Imagine you wanted to propose a new research project on that subject. Is there a research gap (or niche) that could be occupied? What would be the contribution of your research?
  23. 23. For homework… • Do “Ex. 2” online (analysis of introductions) • Write a brief introduction (1 paragraph) in which you signal a “gap” in the area you wrote about for your midterm. • Bring the introduction to class on Monday (you can email it to yourself).

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