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Making a Contribution 2

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Introduction to citation

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Making a Contribution 2

  1. 1. Making a contribution - 2 W R I T I N G I V (HE285) Prof. Dr. Ron Martinez drronmartinez@gmail.com
  2. 2. Review of “moves” • Compare your homework (with the three introductions) with a classmate’s. Do you have the same answers? • Now show your introduction to your partner – can (s)he find Move 1, Move 2, and Move 3?
  3. 3. A “problem-solution” approach
  4. 4. “problematizing” • Weekends • Sunny days • Pizza • Kittens • Losing weight • Earning more money • Having a baby • World peace • Brushing you teeth • Carnaval
  5. 5. Example: “Sunny days” There is a general consensus that people enjoy sunny days. After all, sunny days have been known to positively affect people’s moods, and to be conducive to outdoor activity. However, while it is true that sunny days carry a positive association, it can be argued that not everyone benefits equally from sunshine. For example, it has been well established that the sun can also damage one’s skin, and contribute to premature ageing and skin cancer. There is also growing evidence that violent crimes tend to increase on sunny days. Following a careful analysis of some of the most harmful and beneficial effects of sunny days, this essay will suggest that while sunny days should still be thought of as a positive and welcome occurrence in our lives, there are important caveats to heed.
  6. 6. What’s missing? There is a general consensus that people enjoy sunny days. After all, sunny days have been known to positively affect people’s moods, and to be conducive to outdoor activity. However, while it is true that sunny days carry a positive association, it can be argued that not everyone benefits equally from sunshine. For example, it has been well established that the sun can also damage one’s skin, and contribute to premature ageing and skin cancer. There is also growing evidence that violent crimes tend to increase on sunny days. Following a careful analysis of some of the most harmful and beneficial effects of sunny days, this essay will suggest that while sunny days should still be thought of as a positive and welcome occurrence in our lives, there are important caveats to heed.
  7. 7. What’s missing? There is a general consensus that people enjoy sunny days. After all, sunny days have been known to positively affect people’s moods, and to be conducive to outdoor activity. However, while it is true that sunny days carry a positive association, it can be argued that not everyone benefits equally from sunshine. For example, it has been well established that the sun can also damage one’s skin, and contribute to premature ageing and skin cancer. There is also growing evidence that violent crimes tend to increase on sunny days. Following a careful analysis of some of the most harmful and beneficial effects of sunny days, this essay will suggest that while sunny days should still be thought of as a positive and welcome occurrence in our lives, there are important caveats to heed.
  8. 8. To cite or not to cite… (homework)
  9. 9. To cite or not to cite (homework) • Why do people cite sources in academic writing? • Were you surprised/confused at any of the citations in the homework? • Sometimes authors cite more than one source for the same statement – why does this happen?
  10. 10. “posse gathering”
  11. 11. Where would you cite? There is a general consensus that people enjoy sunny days. After all, sunny days have been known to positively affect people’s moods, and to be conducive to outdoor activity. However, while it is true that sunny days carry a positive association, it can be argued that not everyone benefits equally from sunshine. For example, it has been well established that the sun can also damage one’s skin, and contribute to premature ageing and skin cancer. There is also growing evidence that violent crimes tend to increase on sunny days. Following a careful analysis of some of the most harmful and beneficial effects of sunny days, this essay will suggest that while sunny days should still be thought of as a positive and welcome occurrence in our lives, there are important caveats to heed.
  12. 12. Prof. Ron’s suggestions: There is a general consensus that people enjoy sunny days (Burns, 2001; Rays, 2011). After all, sunny days have been known to positively affect people’s moods (Prozac, 1999), and to be conducive to outdoor activity (Jetski, 2009). However, while it is true that sunny days carry a positive association, it can be argued that not everyone benefits equally from sunshine. For example, it has been well established that the sun can also damage one’s skin, and contribute to premature ageing and skin cancer (Nivea, 1987; Sundown, 2014). There is also growing evidence that violent crimes tend to increase on sunny days (Shortfuse, 2002). Following a careful analysis of some of the most harmful and beneficial effects of sunny days, this essay will suggest that while sunny days should still be thought of as a positive and welcome occurrence in our lives, there are important caveats to heed.
  13. 13. Now you try! 1. Read your “problematized” paragraph again, and this time insert an arrow where you think a citation should go. (Insert 2 or more arrows if you think it is relevant.) 2. Show your citation points to a classmate – does (s)he agree? 3. If time: try to think of names of “authors” for your citations. (Remember: the focus now is on when and why to cite, not “who” to cite... yet.)

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