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NSX, API, Automation and Unicorns

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Do you want to modernize your data center? NSX has introduced amazing new technology and is the perfect ally for network and security administrators. But what if you want more agility? Could you imagine drinking coffee and watching the network configuring itself? Consuming NSX through configuration frameworks like Ansible or scripting languages such as Python or PowerShell goes a step beyond the simple usage of the GUI and allow for introducing custom advanced logic and workflows. Automating your infrastructure allows you to increase productivity, reduce errors due to manual configuration mistakes and simplify processes.

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NSX, API, Automation and Unicorns

  1. 1. Romain Decker @woueb VMTN6665E #VMworld #VMTN6665E NSX, API, AutomationNSX, API, Automation and Unicorns
  2. 2. • This presentation may contain product features that are currently under development. • This overview of new technology represents no commitment from VMware to deliver these features in any generally available product. • Features are subject to change, and must not be included in contracts, purchase orders, or sales agreements of any kind. • Technical feasibility and market demand will affect final delivery. • Pricing and packaging for any new technologies or features discussed or presented have not been determined. Disclaimer 2
  3. 3. Why Automate? Application + Infrastructure App request NETWORKING SECURITY New or pre-existing virtual networking and security Infrastructure Only Infra request NETWORKING SECURITY New virtual networking and/or security infrastructure 3 Consistent configuration Accelerate workload deployment Avoid risk from human errors Compliance and auditability
  4. 4. NSX Manager NSX REST API NSX Automation Solutions 4 vRealize Automation vCloud Director vRealize Orchestrator VIO VMware Cloud Management DevOps Language / Tools
  5. 5. curl -X get https://{{nsxmanager}}/api/7.0/nsx/postman 5 Postman Collection NSX API calls can be easily added with RAML Spec https://github.com/vmware/nsxraml Variable Input Globally defined XML Body pre-populated Code Snippets Generates code snippets for multiple tools or languages
  6. 6. NSX Ansible Module 6 Infrastructure as Code to get NSX to a desired state https://github.com/vmware/nsxansible Ansible features an state-driven resource model that describes the desired state of a configuration Ansible in 5 key words: abstraction, agentless, playbooks, extensibility, idempotency Based on NSX RAML specification file describing the NSX-v API Deployment, installation and logical topologies supported macOS and Linux
  7. 7. Execution #1 2 logical switches are created Execution #2 Nothing happens, as the logical switches already exist Execution #3 Playbook re-creates 1st logical switch, and leave the 2nd one untouched Idempotency? ¯_(ツ)_/¯ Idempotence ~ property of certain operations in mathematics and computer science, that can be applied multiple times without changing the result beyond the initial application. – Wikipedia 7 Wikipedia, please help me! Idempotency ~ An operation is idempotent if the result of performing it once is exactly the same as the result of performing it repeatedly without any intervening actions. – Ansible Documentation
  8. 8. PowerNSX 8 PowerShell module that abstracts the VMware NSX API to a set of easily used functions https://github.com/vmware/powernsx Available for Windows, but also for Linux and macOS (using PowerShell Core) Requires PowerShell 3.0 Opensource  NSX Manager setup  Host Preparation  Logical Switching  Logical Routing  NSX ESG  Dynamic Routing 273 FUNCTIONS  Distributed Firewall  Service Composer  NSX Edge LB  SSL VPN #TAM3281E CONFIDENTIAL
  9. 9. Which Tools Should I Use? 9 Meet Kevin, Stuart and Bob Bob: Cloud AdminKevin: Network / Security AdminStuart: VMware Admin
  10. 10. Use the Force Code Luke! 10 Don’t be limited by existing examples Invent use cases Use the tools that you need Combine tools Describe your infrastructure: separation of configuration (WHAT) from the logic (HOW)
  11. 11. More Resources 11 Automating NSX for vSphere with PowerNSX CONFIDENTIAL PowerNSX in Hands on Labs VMware Github https://github.com/vmware/nsxansible https://github.com/vmware/nsxraml https://github.com/vmware/powernsx https://github.com/vmware/pynsxv

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