ISS Presentation

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With Thanks to NASA and Challenger Learning Centers!
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ISS Presentation

  1. 2. A human outpost in space bringing nations together for the benefit of life on Earth… and beyond. We will make revolutionary discoveries and establish a permanent international presence of humans in space, to advance the exploration of the solar system and enable commerce in space. Vision
  2. 3. Mission Safely build, operate, and utilize a continuously inhabited orbital research facility through a partnership of governments, industries, and academia.
  3. 4. science capabilities: laboratories from four space agencies planned, U.S. Lab “ Destiny” operating since Feb. 2001. The International Space Station is more powerful, and will be 4 times larger than any human space craft ever built. orbital inclination/path: 51.6 degrees, covering 90% of the world’s population . speed: 17,500 miles per hour, orbiting the Earth 16 times a day. dimensions: 171 ft. long, 240 ft. wide, 90 ft. high, 15,000 cubic feet of living space . weight: 477,000 lbs. altitude: approximately 220 miles above the Earth. ISS Today
  4. 5. Integrating International Partners Prioritizing Science Organization, Budget, and People Engineering Excellence 24/7 Space Operations ISS Today Multi-dimensional challenges:
  5. 6. October 10, 2007 - 9:22am EDT Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Update: Launch of Expedition 16 Yuri Malenchenko Flight Engineer Peggy Whitson Commander
  6. 7. Oct. 24 – Nov. 7, 2007: STS-120 successfully delivers and installs “Harmony” module. Also brings up Mission Specialist and Expediton 16 crew member Dan Tani to take the place of Flight Engineer Clay Anderson aboard the Space Station. Update: Station assembly continues…
  7. 8. Almost eight years of continued human presence on station…
  8. 9. 5 International Partners United States Canada Russia Europe Japan
  9. 10. ISS Technical Configuration P5 Truss Segment Multipurpose Laboratory Module (MLM) and ERA Node 2 U.S. Lab Canadarm2 S0 Truss Segment PMA 1 Docking Compartment (DC) 1 PMA 3 Airlock Zarya Control Module Z1 Truss Segment P1 Truss Segment S1 Truss Segment PMA 2 Starboard Photovoltaic Arrays ELCs SPDM/”Dextre” JEM RMS & Exposed Facility Mobile Remote Servicer Base System (MBS), Mobile Transporter (MT) ELC Port Photovoltaic Arrays JEM ELM-PS JEM PM Columbus Zvezda Service Module ESP-3 Node 3 ESP-2 S5 Truss Segment Cupola Node 1 ESP-1 S6 Truss Segment P6 Truss Segment S3/4 Truss Segment P3/4 Truss Segment Elements Currently on Orbit Elements Pending US Shuttle Launch Elements Pending Russian Launch Mobile Servicing System Research Module (RM) MLM Outfitting SM MMOD Shields
  10. 11. Mar 2001 – Aug 2001 James Voss - Flight Engineer Yury Usachev - ISS Commander Susan Helms - Flight Engineer Nov 2000 – Mar 2001 Yuri Gidzenko - Soyuz Commander Bill Shepherd - ISS Commander Sergei Krikalev - Flight Engineer Aug 2001 – Dec 2001 Mikhail Tyurin - Flight Engineer Frank L. Culbertson - ISS Commander Vladimir Dezhurov - Soyuz Commander 3 2 1 Expeditions Crews
  11. 12. Nov 2002 –May 2003 Donald Pettit - Flight Engineer Kenneth Bowersox - ISS Commander Nikolai Budarin - Flight Engineer June 2002 – Nov 2002 Valery Korzun - ISS Commander Peggy Whitson - Flight Engineer Sergei Treschev - Flight Engineer Dec 2001 – June 2002 Daniel W. Bursch - Flight Engineer Yury I. Onufrienko - ISS Commander Carl E. Walz - Flight Engineer 6 5 4 Expeditions Crews
  12. 13. Apr 2004 – Oct 2004 Mike Fincke - Flight Engineer Gannady Padalka - ISS Commander Apr 2003 – Oct 2003 Yuri Malenchenko - ISS Commander Ed Lu - Flight Engineer Oct 2003 – Apr 2004 Alexander Kaleri - Flight Engineer Michael Foale - ISS Commander 9 8 7 Expeditions Crews
  13. 14. Oct 2004 – Apr 2005 Leroy Chiao - ISS Commander Salizhan Sharipov - Flight Engineer Apr 2005 – Oct 2005 Sergei Krikalev - ISS Commander John Phillips - Science Officer Oct 2005 – Apr 2006 Bill McArthur - ISS Commander Valery Tokarev - Flight Engineer 12 11 10 Expeditions Crews
  14. 15. March 2006 – Sept 2006 Thomas Reiter (ESA) - Flight Engineer 13 and 14 Pavel Vinogradov - ISS Commander Jeff Williams - Flight Engineer 13 Expeditions Crews Sept 2006 – Apr 2007 Sunita Williams - Flight Engineer 14 and 15 Michael Lopez-Alegria - ISS Commander Mikhail Tyurin - Flight Engineer 14 Apr 2007 – June 2007 Sunita Williams - Flight Engineer Fyodor Yurchikhin - ISS Commander Oleg Kotov - Flight Engineer 15
  15. 16. Expeditions Crews June 2007 – Oct 2007 Clayton Anderson - Flight Engineer Fyodor Yurchikhin - ISS Commander Oleg Kotov - Flight Engineer 15 Oct 2007 – present Dan Tani - Flight Engineer Peggy Whitson - ISS Commander Yuri Malenchenko - Flight Engineer 16
  16. 17. Integrated Engineering in Space
  17. 18. Elements are constructed around the world and come together in space with hairline tolerance.
  18. 19. STS-88 - 2A (U.S. Node) STS-96 - 2A.1 (Logistics) STS-101 - 2a.2a (Logistics) STS-106 - 2B.2B (Logistics) STS-92 - 3A (Z-1 Truss) STS-97 - P6 (Solar Array) STS-98 - 5A (Destiny Lab) STS-102 - 5A.1 (MPLM, Expedition 2) STS-100 - 6A (Canadarm2) STS-104 - 7A (U.S. Airlock) STS-105 - 7A.1 (MPLM, Expedition 3) STS-108 - UF1 (Expedition 4) STS-110 - 8A (S0 Truss) STS-111 - UF2 (Science and Expedition 5) STS-112 - 9A (S1 Starboard Truss) STS-113 - 11A (P1 Port Truss) STS-114 - LF1 (Logistics) STS-121 - ULF1.1 (Logistics) STS-115 - 12A (P3/P4 Truss) STS-116 - 12A.1 (P5 Integrated Truss) STS-117 - 13A (S3/S4 Truss) STS-118 – 13A.1 (S5 Truss) 2 Proton, (FGB, Service Module) 26 Progress re-supply ships 16 Manned Soyuz 1 Unmanned Soyuz, (Docking Compartment) 68 Flights to the ISS so far (11/98-11/07) STS-120 – 10A (Harmony module) 23 shuttle flights 45 Russian flights
  19. 20. Present ISS Launch Vehicles Proton Soyuz Shuttle Ariane HIIB
  20. 21. <ul><li>FGB Zarya </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>3 Pressurized Mating Adapters </li></ul><ul><li>Service Module Zvezda </li></ul><ul><li>Z1 Truss </li></ul><ul><li>P6 Solar Array </li></ul><ul><li>Destiny Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Canadarm2 & Mobile Base System </li></ul><ul><li>Quest U.S. Airlock </li></ul><ul><li>Pirs Russian Docking Compartment </li></ul><ul><li>S0 Central Power Data Truss </li></ul><ul><li>S1 Right Truss </li></ul><ul><li>P1 Left Truss </li></ul><ul><li>P3 Left Truss </li></ul><ul><li>P4 Solar Array </li></ul>17 Major Elements Assembled Photos from STS-115
  21. 22. ISS Elements at Kennedy Space Center Space Station Processing Facility (SSPF) Operations and Checkout Facility (O&C) Node 2 and Kibo
  22. 23. Integrated Space Flight Operations
  23. 24. NASA and International Partner Control Centers Present and Future MSS Control St. Hubert, Canada POC Huntsville, AL ISS Mission Control Houston, TX Shuttle Launch Control KSC, Florida Ariane Launch Control Kourou, French Guiana Columbus Control Center Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany ISS Mission Control Moscow, Russia ATV Control Center Toulouse, France Soyuz Launch Control Baikonur, Kazakstan JEM/HTV Control Center - Tsukuba, Japan H-IIB Launch Control Tanegashima, Japan
  24. 25. Johnson Space Center – Houston Shuttle mission control room Johnson Space Center – Houston ISS mission control room NASA ISS Control Centers
  25. 26. Kennedy Space Flight Center – Cape Canaveral, Florida Shuttle Firing Room Marshall Space Flight Center – Huntsville, Alabama Payload Operations & Integration NASA ISS Control Centers
  26. 27. Korolev, Russia ISS Mission Control Center Tsukuba Space Center – Japan JEM Mission Control Room International ISS Control Centers
  27. 28. St. Hubert , Canada MSS Control Center Columbus Control Center - Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany Main Control Room International ISS Control Centers
  28. 29. From laptop, to ISS, to the World Payload Operations Centers ISS Payload Operations Center - MSFC
  29. 30. Future Assembly Missions to Completion
  30. 31. <ul><li>Activate permanent external thermal control </li></ul><ul><li>system/radiators </li></ul><ul><li>Deploy truss elements </li></ul><ul><li>Activate/relocate photovoltaic arrays </li></ul>
  31. 32. 12A1/STS-116 Reconfiguring to permanent power and thermal control systems, addition of P5
  32. 33. 13A/STS-117 Installation of S3/4 Solar Arrays
  33. 34. 13A.1/STS-118 Addition of S5
  34. 35. 10A/STS-120 Move P6, add Node 2
  35. 36. 1E/STS-122 ESA’s “Columbus” science lab added
  36. 37. 1JA Canada’s “Dextre” robotic manipulator and Japan’s “Kibo” stowage module added
  37. 38. 1J Japan’s “Kibo” science lab added
  38. 39. 15A/STS-119 Installation and deploy of S6 Solar Array
  39. 40. 2JA “ Kibo” complete
  40. 41. 20A Node 3 and Cupola added
  41. 42. 9R Station complete
  42. 43. Science Onboard the ISS
  43. 44. <ul><li>Expedition crews conduct science daily. Ninety U.S. investigations have </li></ul><ul><li>been conducted on the ISS over 61 months of continuous research, with </li></ul><ul><li>12 of these ongoing (as of March 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Through Expedition 11, 92 scientists, from as many institutions, have been </li></ul><ul><li>principal investigators on ISS research that has been completed or is ongoing. </li></ul><ul><li>NASA research has included lead investigators from in the U.S., Belgium, </li></ul><ul><li>Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, and Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>The ISS provides an excellent viewing platform for Earth, covering more than </li></ul><ul><li>90 percent of the populated Earth. Station crews have taken more than 191,800 </li></ul><ul><li>images of Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Students from hundreds of schools in the United States and other countries </li></ul><ul><li>participate directly in ISS research activities. Thousands of other schools use </li></ul><ul><li>video clips and imagery from ISS to supplement their science curricula. </li></ul>Science Onboard the ISS
  44. 45. Human Research Facility Racks 5 EXPRESS Racks Microgravity Science Glovebox MELFI EMCS Current onboard U.S. Research Facilities (Racks)
  45. 46. Laboratories of the Future ESA’s “Columbus” lab
  46. 47. Laboratories of the Future Japanese Experimental Module “Kibo”
  47. 48. ISS Functionality and Capabilities
  48. 49. ISS Today Canadarm2 Quest Solar Arrays Zvezda Progress Soyuz Destiny Zarya Unity Pirs
  49. 50. Supplies and fuel are brought to the Station by the Russian Progress vehicle. Supplies are also brought up via the payload bay of the Shuttle in one of three Italian built Multi-Purpose Logistics Modules – Leonardo, Rafaello, and Donatello. Progress approaching station MPLM Progress Supplying the Station
  50. 51. “ Zvezda”, or the Service Module, serves as the Station’s crew quarters, providing a place for the astronauts to eat, live, rest, and conduct science experiments. Zvezda Living Quarters
  51. 52. Astronauts exit the Station using the Russian docking compartment, “Pirs”, and the Joint Airlock, “Quest”. Working Outside the Station Quest Pirs
  52. 53. During space walks astronauts are able to maneuver and assemble the Station’s massive elements with the help of the Canadian robotic arm system. Working Outside the Station Canadarm2
  53. 54. The Russian built Zarya, or functional cargo block (FGB) was the initial building block, control center, and propulsive power of the Station. Zarya Zarya
  54. 55. The Soyuz provides crew rotation and emergency evacuation Soyuz Soyuz
  55. 56. With six docking ports, “Unity” (or Node1) is the nexus of the U.S. segment connecting the lab, airlock, and solar array structure. Unity Unity
  56. 57. The Station’s main U.S. science facility is the home of four different types of racks, where ongoing experiments are performed and monitored by the crew. Research aboard the Station Destiny
  57. 58. The Solar Arrays are the main source of power for the Station. During the shadow phase, the Space Station relies on banks of nickel-hydrogen rechargeable batteries to provide a continuous power source Solar Arrays Solar Arrays
  58. 59. The Station's outstretched radiators are made of honey-comb aluminum panels. There are 14 panels, each measuring 6 by 10 feet for a total of 1680 square feet of ammonia-tubing-filled heat exchange area. Thermal Control Subsystem
  59. 60. Electrical powered attitude control provided by U.S. Control Moment Gyros. Service Module jets can also be used. CMGs The Shuttle and the Progress boosts the Station when docked. Progress Guidance, Navigation, Control, and Propulsion
  60. 61. The Space Station systems are controlled by nearly 4 million lines of software code, about half provided by the US in core computers (MDMS) and laptops and the balance from Russia and Canada controlling their systems. Still to be added are another 2.5 millions lines of code controlling the European and Japanese modules. Command data and Handling
  61. 62. Canadarm2 represents next-generation robotics. By flipping end-over-end between anchor points it can move around the ISS like an inchworm. With its seven joints, Canadarm2 is more maneuverable than its predecessor on the shuttle and even more agile than a human arm. Robotics
  62. 63. The ISS is advancing human and robotic space operations to new heights. To date astronauts have logged more than 483 hours of space walking activity, experimenting with tools and equipment. Human and Robotic Integration
  63. 64. Science Leads the Way Space Commerce test bed Inspiring the Next Generation Exploration of the Universe Space Engineering The ISS is a Springboard for Many Futures
  64. 65. IN SUMMARY: The International Space Station is critical to the continuation of space exploration. It is the only platform for learning how to live and work during longer missions in space. It's where we're learning how to combat the physiological effects of being in space for long periods of time and serves as a unique test bed for innovative technologies. O ur partnership with 15 other nations will aid international cooperation in the Vision for Space Exploration . As outlined, NASA intends to continue using the Space Shuttle with the goal of completing assembly of the Station by the end of the decade. We will continue conducting research on the Station to support space exploration goals, and to fulfill our commitments to our International Partners.
  65. 66. The Mission Continues...
  66. 67. See the International Space Station fly over your town at: www.jsc.nasa.gov/sightings/

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