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Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil University
Department of Business Management.
SUBJECT
BUSINESS ETHICS
SUBMITED TO MS .LEENA NANDANWAR
SUBMITTED ROHAN NAIK (MBA MARKETING ROLL
NO 011179)
1
Business Ethics and Social Responsibility
OBJECTIVES
After reading this chapter, you will be able to:
• Define business ethics and social responsibility and examine
their importance.
• Detect some of the ethical issues that may arise in business.
• Specify how businesses can promote ethical behavior.
• Explain the four dimensions of social responsibility.
• Debate an organization’s social responsibilities to owners,
employees, consumers, the environment, and the community.
• Evaluate the ethics of a business’s decision.
Business Ethics and Social Responsibility
In this chapter, we define business ethics as the principles and standards that
determine acceptable conduct in business organizations. The acceptability of behavior in
business is determined by customers, competitors, government regulators,
interest groups, and the public, as well as each individual’s personal moral principles and
values. Enron, one of the largest ethical disasters in the 21st century, is an example. Two
former Enron CEOs, Ken Lay and Jeff Skilling, were found guilty on all counts of
conspiring to hide the company’s financial condition. The judge in the case said the
defendants could be found guilty of consciously avoiding knowing about wrongdoing at
the company. Many other top executives including Andy Fastow, the chief financial
officer, were found guilty of misconduct and are serving time
in prison. The fall of Enron took manylayersofmanagementpushingtheenvelop.
The Role of Ethics in Business
You have only to pick up The Wall Street Journal or USA Today to see examples of
the growing concern about legal and ethical issues in business. HealthSouth, for example,
has joined the growing list of companies tarnished by accounting improprieties and
securities fraud. Former CEO Richard Scrushy was indicted for allegedly conspiring to
inflate the health care firm’s
Ethical issues are not limited to for-profit organizations either. In government,
several politicians and some high-ranking officials have been forced to resign in
disgrace over ethical indiscretions. Irv Lewis “Scooter” Libby, a White House advisor,
was indicted on five counts of criminal charges: one count of obstruction of
justice, two counts of perjury, and two counts of making false statements. Libby
was convicted on four of those counts in 2007. Although President Bush commuted the
sentence, Libby was still ordered to pay a $250,000 fine. 10While serving
as attorney general of New York, Eliot Spitzer had a reputation for fighting crime.
2
He too has stumbled into an ethical mess of his own making. The New York governor
appeared in a federal complaint charging others with managing an international
prostitution ring. Spitzer was named as a client of the crime ring, having
hired a prostitute in Washington, D.C., for $4,300. 11 During his race for governor
of New York, Spitzer spoke of his duties as attorney general, saying: “I had a simple
rule. I never asked if a case was popular or unpopular. I never asked if it was big
or small, hard or easy. I simply asked if it was right or wrong.” Spitzer resigned as
governor of New York, his career destroyed by his misconduct. Even sports can be
subject to ethical lapses. At many universities, for example, coaches and athletic
administrators have been put on administrative leave after allegations of improper
recruiting practices came to light. 12 Jimmy Johnson’s crew chief, Chad Knaus, was
thrown out of the Daytona 500 for illegal modifications made to Johnson’s car during
NASCAR pole qualifying. Although Johnson finished fifth in qualifying, he was
required to start from the rear of the field. He then went on to win the Daytona
500. 13 Thus, whether made in science, politics, sports, or business, most decisions
are judged as right or wrong, ethical or unethical. Negative judgments can affect an
organization’s ability to build relationships with customers and suppliers, attract
investors, and retain employees
Recognizing Ethical Issues in Business
Learning to recognize ethical issues is the most important step in understanding
business ethics. An ethical issue is an identifiable problem, situation, or opportunity that
requires a person to choose from among several actions that may be
evaluated as right or wrong, ethical or unethical. In business, such a choice often
involves weighing monetary profit against what a person considers appropriate conduct.
The best way to judge the ethics of a decision is to look at a situation from
a customer’s or competitor’s viewpoint: Should liquid-diet manufacturers make
unsubstantiated claims about their products? Should an engineer agree to divulge
her former employer’s trade secrets to ensure that she gets a better job with a competitor?
Should a salesperson omit facts about a product’s poor safety record in his
presentation to a customer? Such questions require the decision maker to evaluate
the ethics of his or her choice.
3

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Business ethics assignment

  • 1. Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil University Department of Business Management. SUBJECT BUSINESS ETHICS SUBMITED TO MS .LEENA NANDANWAR SUBMITTED ROHAN NAIK (MBA MARKETING ROLL NO 011179) 1
  • 2. Business Ethics and Social Responsibility OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you will be able to: • Define business ethics and social responsibility and examine their importance. • Detect some of the ethical issues that may arise in business. • Specify how businesses can promote ethical behavior. • Explain the four dimensions of social responsibility. • Debate an organization’s social responsibilities to owners, employees, consumers, the environment, and the community. • Evaluate the ethics of a business’s decision. Business Ethics and Social Responsibility In this chapter, we define business ethics as the principles and standards that determine acceptable conduct in business organizations. The acceptability of behavior in business is determined by customers, competitors, government regulators, interest groups, and the public, as well as each individual’s personal moral principles and values. Enron, one of the largest ethical disasters in the 21st century, is an example. Two former Enron CEOs, Ken Lay and Jeff Skilling, were found guilty on all counts of conspiring to hide the company’s financial condition. The judge in the case said the defendants could be found guilty of consciously avoiding knowing about wrongdoing at the company. Many other top executives including Andy Fastow, the chief financial officer, were found guilty of misconduct and are serving time in prison. The fall of Enron took manylayersofmanagementpushingtheenvelop. The Role of Ethics in Business You have only to pick up The Wall Street Journal or USA Today to see examples of the growing concern about legal and ethical issues in business. HealthSouth, for example, has joined the growing list of companies tarnished by accounting improprieties and securities fraud. Former CEO Richard Scrushy was indicted for allegedly conspiring to inflate the health care firm’s Ethical issues are not limited to for-profit organizations either. In government, several politicians and some high-ranking officials have been forced to resign in disgrace over ethical indiscretions. Irv Lewis “Scooter” Libby, a White House advisor, was indicted on five counts of criminal charges: one count of obstruction of justice, two counts of perjury, and two counts of making false statements. Libby was convicted on four of those counts in 2007. Although President Bush commuted the sentence, Libby was still ordered to pay a $250,000 fine. 10While serving as attorney general of New York, Eliot Spitzer had a reputation for fighting crime. 2
  • 3. He too has stumbled into an ethical mess of his own making. The New York governor appeared in a federal complaint charging others with managing an international prostitution ring. Spitzer was named as a client of the crime ring, having hired a prostitute in Washington, D.C., for $4,300. 11 During his race for governor of New York, Spitzer spoke of his duties as attorney general, saying: “I had a simple rule. I never asked if a case was popular or unpopular. I never asked if it was big or small, hard or easy. I simply asked if it was right or wrong.” Spitzer resigned as governor of New York, his career destroyed by his misconduct. Even sports can be subject to ethical lapses. At many universities, for example, coaches and athletic administrators have been put on administrative leave after allegations of improper recruiting practices came to light. 12 Jimmy Johnson’s crew chief, Chad Knaus, was thrown out of the Daytona 500 for illegal modifications made to Johnson’s car during NASCAR pole qualifying. Although Johnson finished fifth in qualifying, he was required to start from the rear of the field. He then went on to win the Daytona 500. 13 Thus, whether made in science, politics, sports, or business, most decisions are judged as right or wrong, ethical or unethical. Negative judgments can affect an organization’s ability to build relationships with customers and suppliers, attract investors, and retain employees Recognizing Ethical Issues in Business Learning to recognize ethical issues is the most important step in understanding business ethics. An ethical issue is an identifiable problem, situation, or opportunity that requires a person to choose from among several actions that may be evaluated as right or wrong, ethical or unethical. In business, such a choice often involves weighing monetary profit against what a person considers appropriate conduct. The best way to judge the ethics of a decision is to look at a situation from a customer’s or competitor’s viewpoint: Should liquid-diet manufacturers make unsubstantiated claims about their products? Should an engineer agree to divulge her former employer’s trade secrets to ensure that she gets a better job with a competitor? Should a salesperson omit facts about a product’s poor safety record in his presentation to a customer? Such questions require the decision maker to evaluate the ethics of his or her choice. 3