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®
The Vocational Training System of Germany:
Structures, Success Factors and Innovations
Roger Hessel
Federal Institute fo...
®
The BIBB: role & tasks
The Dual Vocational
Education and Training
(VET) system in Germany
Innovative good
practices in C...
®
The Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB)
• Centre of competence for initial & continuing vocat...
®
Prof. Friedrich
Hubert Esser,
President
of the BIBB, who
started his career
as a baker
®
Decision makers in the Dual System
The Board at the BIBB:
“Parliament of Vocational Training”
Reconciliation of interest...
®
BIBB’s Cooperation Network
®
History of the German dual VET system
Guilds:
Association of
members of a trade
in cities since the
12th century
®
The productive sector: driver of the German VET system
®
Two learning venues
9
70%
Company
30%
Vocational School
®
Two learning venues
70%
of VET in
companies
30%
in vocational schools
In-company training
• Company pays training
allowa...
®
Dual VET: Two worlds under one roof
Vocational school2 learning venues
delegates authority to
chambers & social partners...
®
VET stakeholders
Chambers
• Train in-company
trainers
• Assess & certify training
companies
• Monitor & supervise
traini...
®
The Engine of VET cooperation in Germany
Employers Government
Workers
Employer/
business
associations
want to shape the
...
®
The role of the trainer
®
Source: BIBB CBS 2012/2013
€0 €5.000 €10.000 €15.000 €20.000
Net costs
Benefit
Gross costs
Net costs of apprenticeship t...
®
Benefits of Cooperatively Structured VET
For enterprises
 Next generation of skilled workers assured
 Low recruitment ...
®
• Individual support and guidance for young people
• Early preparation for a successful school-to-work
transition
• Care...
®
Pilot Projekt “Arena4You”
®
• Strong trend in Germany for career-oriented
students
• Different from dual VET
• Appropriate for the integration of yo...
®
En la práctica – desarrollo de calidad en la formación
profesional en la empresa en 8 áreas:
1. Definir los objetivos de...
®
International Marketing of
Vocational Education and Training
• Acronym: International Marketing of Vocational Education
...
®
iMOVE Publications
®
1. Cooperation between public and
private sector
2. Learning within the work process
3. Acceptance of national VET stand...
®
Developing an action plan
while taking into account
our principles of bilateral
cooperation
 Tailor-made, demand-orient...
®
Con-Ciencia Ecológica:
VET in the renewable
energies sector
„Socialisación del
conocimiento“
• Where? In remote
areas
• ...
®
„SUNSENA–Project“:
SUNSET Company, Germany (2012–2014)
• First photovoltaics technology test & training site
in Colombia...
®
Katrin Gutschow, AB 3.1
New alliance in German-Mexican VET cooperation:
• “Joint Declaration of Intent” signed in Berlin...
®
1. Dual VET is a “win-win”: companies invest in their future;
students benefit from training allowances; lesser burden o...
®
For further information:
Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB)
German Office for International ...
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R.Hessel_The Vocational Training System of Germany_SENA_Colombia_June 2015

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R.Hessel_The Vocational Training System of Germany_SENA_Colombia_June 2015

  1. 1. ® The Vocational Training System of Germany: Structures, Success Factors and Innovations Roger Hessel Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) hessel@bibb.de caceres-reebs@bibb.de T. +49 228 107-2936 SENA Conference 17 July 2015, Bogotá
  2. 2. ® The BIBB: role & tasks The Dual Vocational Education and Training (VET) system in Germany Innovative good practices in Colombia Policy recommendations
  3. 3. ® The Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) • Centre of competence for initial & continuing vocational education and training Germany (located in Bonn) • 630 employess • Contributes to the improvement of VET via R&D and advisory services Research Policy advice Shaping the future
  4. 4. ® Prof. Friedrich Hubert Esser, President of the BIBB, who started his career as a baker
  5. 5. ® Decision makers in the Dual System The Board at the BIBB: “Parliament of Vocational Training” Reconciliation of interests and consensus Federal government State governments EmployeesEmployers
  6. 6. ® BIBB’s Cooperation Network
  7. 7. ® History of the German dual VET system Guilds: Association of members of a trade in cities since the 12th century
  8. 8. ® The productive sector: driver of the German VET system
  9. 9. ® Two learning venues 9 70% Company 30% Vocational School
  10. 10. ® Two learning venues 70% of VET in companies 30% in vocational schools In-company training • Company pays training allowance • Training under real-life working conditions Vocational education provided free of charge Approx. duration of Dual VET: 2 – 3.5 years
  11. 11. ® Dual VET: Two worlds under one roof Vocational school2 learning venues delegates authority to chambers & social partners Chambers, employers & trade unions State Employer Trainee Company
  12. 12. ® VET stakeholders Chambers • Train in-company trainers • Assess & certify training companies • Monitor & supervise training companies Employers & Employees • Negotiate training allowances • Works Councils monitor in-company trainings Government • Finances & supervises public VET schools • Supports institutionalised VET research (BIBB)
  13. 13. ® The Engine of VET cooperation in Germany Employers Government Workers Employer/ business associations want to shape the framework of Dual VET Government develops policy framework pursuing regulative interests Main Board at BIBB Labour unions want to shape the framework of Dual VET „Interlocked“ through
  14. 14. ® The role of the trainer
  15. 15. ® Source: BIBB CBS 2012/2013 €0 €5.000 €10.000 €15.000 €20.000 Net costs Benefit Gross costs Net costs of apprenticeship training in 2012 per apprentice and year of training
  16. 16. ® Benefits of Cooperatively Structured VET For enterprises  Next generation of skilled workers assured  Low recruitment costs For apprentices  Labour market relevance: improved employability; uniform qualification standards  “Earning & learning”  highly motivated students  Acquisition of social skills  personality development For the state  VET offers for all school leavers  Private sector contribution eases the burden on public budgets  Finding partners for developing internationally competitive standards
  17. 17. ® • Individual support and guidance for young people • Early preparation for a successful school-to-work transition • Career guidance should be integrated in the curricula of the school (“career orientation culture") • Labor market orientation: involve all VET stakeholders; action-oriented focus • The tools: - 2 days analysis of the potential of pupils - 2 weeks “shop floor exercise“ • Funding: Federal Ministry of Education & Research and Federal Ministry of Labor Career Guidance in the Life Course
  18. 18. ® Pilot Projekt “Arena4You”
  19. 19. ® • Strong trend in Germany for career-oriented students • Different from dual VET • Appropriate for the integration of young academics into the labor market • Often not appropriate to resolve the challenge of a lack of skilled workers • A one-to-one transition of the German dual study programs into other socio-economic contexts is hardly possible Dual Study Programs
  20. 20. ® En la práctica – desarrollo de calidad en la formación profesional en la empresa en 8 áreas: 1. Definir los objetivos de calidad: Hacia dónde queremos ir? 2. Desarrollar una conciencia de calidad 3. Aprovechar el marco legal 4. Mejorar la cooperación entre los lugares de aprendizaje: escuela y empresa 5. Calificar el personal de formacón (émpresa-escuela) 6. Acompanar la transición a la formación profesional 7. Aumentar la calidad de aprendizaje 8. Asegurar los resultados del aprendizaje
  21. 21. ® International Marketing of Vocational Education and Training • Acronym: International Marketing of Vocational Education • Initiative of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) • Division of the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) Cooperation platform for German training providers and their international partners
  22. 22. ® iMOVE Publications
  23. 23. ® 1. Cooperation between public and private sector 2. Learning within the work process 3. Acceptance of national VET standards 4. Qualified VET staff 5. Institutionalized research & advice Five VET Quality Features
  24. 24. ® Developing an action plan while taking into account our principles of bilateral cooperation  Tailor-made, demand-oriented, country-specific approach  Ownership principle: the partner defines the contents and speed of cooperation as well as the area for the first pilot project/s BIBB – How to implement a bilateral cooperation?
  25. 25. ® Con-Ciencia Ecológica: VET in the renewable energies sector „Socialisación del conocimiento“ • Where? In remote areas • How? Practical exercises in workshops directly offered to municipalities • Target group: those who apply the technology
  26. 26. ® „SUNSENA–Project“: SUNSET Company, Germany (2012–2014) • First photovoltaics technology test & training site in Colombia • Where? In remote areas • How? 50% of training via practical exercises: „No conocimientos generales” • Sustainability: Long-term cooperation with SENA, Puerto Carreño; aiming at collaboration with a local partner • Innovation: launching the training course „Solateur“
  27. 27. ® Katrin Gutschow, AB 3.1 New alliance in German-Mexican VET cooperation: • “Joint Declaration of Intent” signed in Berlin in June 2015 • German-Mexican Binational Commission inaugurated • Aim: 3000 Mexican trainees in work-based training by end of 2015
  28. 28. ® 1. Dual VET is a “win-win”: companies invest in their future; students benefit from training allowances; lesser burden on state budgets 2. VET quality feature “Learning within the work process” 3. VET quality feature “Cooperation Government – Business – Social partners” via a sustained process of mutual, institutional trust-building 4. Transfer of elements of the German VET system can be a success, provided that an extensive and sustained cooperation is undertaken 5. Dual study programs: a sound “school-workplace- connectivity“ is crucial Policy Recommendations
  29. 29. ® For further information: Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) German Office for International Cooperation in Vocational Education and Training (GOVET) Roger Hessel, Diana Caceres-Reebs, Tobias Wolfgarten Robert Schuman-Platz 3 53175 Bonn – Germany T. +49 228 107-1904 E-Mail: govet@govet.international http://www.bibb.de/en/index.php http://www.bibb.de/zentralstelle

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