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Memorisation & Speed Reading 2017 (EN)

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Memorisation & Speed Reading 2017 (EN)

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Memorisation & Speed Reading 2017 (EN)

  1. 1. 1 Workshop TMemorisation & Speed reading R.J. Claessens & Partners Sàrl www.rogerclaessens.be 1.1. Levels of memorisationLevels of memorisation 2.2. Optimal conditionsOptimal conditions 3.3. Forgetting & searchingForgetting & searching 4.4. TechniquesTechniques 5.5. Speed readingSpeed reading
  2. 2. 2 What to expect
  3. 3. What can I do for me? 3
  4. 4. A A+ 4
  5. 5. 5 In an interview: “just all talent, no work ”
  6. 6. 6 1The three stages of memorisation
  7. 7. 7 How does memorisation work?
  8. 8. Long term memory 8 How does memorisation work?
  9. 9. A brief recognition by the mind of what the senses take in Very small amount of facts that you can hold in the mind at any one time Practically limitless capacity 9
  10. 10. Very small amount of facts that you can hold in mind at any one time PRACTICALLY LIMITLESS CAPACITY 1. ENCODING 2.RETRIEVING 10
  11. 11. UNE POSSIBILITE PRACTICALLY LIMITLESS CAPACITY 11
  12. 12. 1°1° Encode with attention 2° Classify and structure the information 3° Establish a link with an association 4° Establish a code of retrieval ▼ 1° An undivided attention 2° A conscious effort of repetition 12 Encoding
  13. 13. 13 Encoding
  14. 14. It is important to remember that the amount of information that can be held in your short-term memory is very limited! Anything that distracts you can displace what currently is in your short term memory. « What am I doing here? » 14 Encoding
  15. 15. Our long term memory refers to any information that is no longer conscious thought but is solidly stored for potential recollection. It holds multiple information such as: •What happened last Christmas •The information you need to drive a car •The situation of your portfolio •Unusual circumstances Encoding
  16. 16. 16 Unusual circumstancesUnusual circumstances EncodingEncoding
  17. 17. Ask yourself, « When is it really important for me to pay attention? » At these times, resolve to focus your awareness on the task or information at hand. Encoding
  18. 18. Can I do many things at the same time and will I be productive? No! Often one cannot avoid doing many things at the same time but focusing on one thing is still the requirement to reach one’s goal. 18 Encoding
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20 2Optimal conditions
  21. 21. 1. Association 2. Visualisation 3. Active Observation 4. Elaboration 5. Written reminders 6. Auditory reminders 7. Environmental change 8. Self-instructions 9. Story method 10. Chunking 11. First letter clues 12. Create a word 13. Categorisation 14. Search your memory 15. Alphabetical search 16. Review Techniques of memorisation
  22. 22. • Association, with something you know or remember • I have two cars that have gas caps on opposite sites and can never remember which is which Techniques of memorisation
  23. 23. How to remember their name? 23
  24. 24. • Visualise, the process of consciously creating an image in your mind • A picture is worth a thousand words • I stand up to get something and forget what I went to get Techniques of memorisation
  25. 25. 25 Visualisation
  26. 26. • Observation • Active observation is the process of consciously paying attention to the details of what you see, hear or read • I leave a car in the car park and forget where it is! Techniques of memorisation
  27. 27. Do you have to remember everything in your head? • I can be selective • I can use reminders: written, auditory, environnemental change • Writing is a powerful tool • All the written reminders need to be in the same place! Techniques of memorisation
  28. 28. The instructions Writing things down is one of the most useful memory tools • Give yourself instructions of what needs to be remembered • I have to do this before a certain time • Write it down and follow the instruction Techniques of memorisation
  29. 29. Devise a story that will connect things you want to remember • A fact, a person has his story • Keep the story in mind and you will recall the fact, the name or any other item you want to remember Techniques of memorisation
  30. 30. Chunk individual items into a group, the first letters serve as a memory cue. • 66.36.69 = 663.669 • 34.349 = 34. 34. 9 • Goals are SMART= specific, measurable, acceptable, realistic, tangible Techniques of memorisation
  31. 31. Retrieve information in a systematic way • A memory is like a piece of furniture with many drawers • Look data up in a systematic way, i.e. per alphabetical order, per association, per time of storage Techniques of memorisation
  32. 32. Retrieve information in a systematic way • If you do not recall it, relax and be patient, the information will often come to you • Give time to your memory to find the information! Techniques of memorisation
  33. 33. The memory palace technique (Matteo Ricci) • Remember the house of your parents? Walking through and place in each room what you want to remember Techniques of memorisation
  34. 34. Four helpful techniques 1. Search your memory by means of related facts or data that may serve as a cue 2. Alphabet search 3. Review in advance what you may be called upon to remember 4. Refresh your memory, use it often to recall things you retained in your memory. Techniques of memorisation
  35. 35. • Some additional comments: – It is easier to remember things in a familiar field – Learning a language is, above all, a matter of sensitivity to vocal flexibility – One remembers better when « emotion » is involved. 35 Techniques of memorisation
  36. 36. – Remember that the brain requires a lot of energy, think about how you eat – Motivation is essential, we remember much better what motivates us – Forgetting is a necessary process of the good functioning of our memory. 36 Techniques of memorisation
  37. 37. 1° Undivided attention 2° Positive expectations 3° Relaxed 4° Organised (Time Management) 5° Good physical condition 6° Sustained activity 7° Confidence ▼ MOTIVATION – CONCENTRATION - PERCEPTION Techniques of memorisation
  38. 38. 38 Forgetting & searching 3
  39. 39. 1° Some information never got into the memory 2° Too much subsequent similar information 3° Few associations 4° No proper trigger that retrieves the information 5° No recent retrieval 6° Memory changes over time 39 Why do we forget?
  40. 40. Letting your brain search for information 41
  41. 41. PourquoiPourquoi oublionsoublions nous?nous? 42
  42. 42. 43
  43. 43. 44 4Developping your personal technique
  44. 44. Some personal examples Based on : 1.Choosing something specific that I want to remember 2.Selecting a technique 3.Repetition, repetition and repetition!
  45. 45. Some personal examples 46 How to memorise an economic issue? « Dessine-moi l’économie »
  46. 46. 47
  47. 47. Products & Services GDP Consumers Salaries, interest, rentals Employment Entrepreneurs Offer Quoi? Comment? Pour qui? Dem and Dem and Offer Governement Central bank 48
  48. 48. Five major markets: 1. The money market 2. The capital market 3. The foreign exchange market 4. The stock market 5. The futures market. The financial markets
  49. 49. What are those markets again?What are those markets again? 50
  50. 50. What are the principalWhat are the principal functions of a bank?functions of a bank? 51
  51. 51. The mental picture W H A T IS A B A N K ?
  52. 52. • 3 short term • 8 bonds • 12 shares Remembering low to high volatility
  53. 53. 54 The effects of training or learning on performance
  54. 54. 55
  55. 55. 56 The pleasure of memorisationThe pleasure of memorisation
  56. 56. 57 5Speed reading
  57. 57. 1. Read without pronouncing the words, just look at them 2. Use your finger to guide and support your eyes in going faster 3. Increase your finger speed gradually 4. Learn to look at three words simultaneously 5. Learn to look at group of words (requires a lot of exercise!) Summary
  58. 58. 59 Speed reading technique • You do not need to pronounce (vocalize) • Disconnect reading from speaking • Think about extracting information • Visual regression (do not go back to what you have read fast) • Use a song anchor loop (same song while reading) • Use peripheral vision
  59. 59. 60 • Skim before reading; it will improve your comprehension (pre-rading) • Read what you underlined in a book at least two to three times (remember repetition is the key to memorisation) • If you had to give a summary of what you just read, what would you write Speed reading technique
  60. 60. 61 The benefits of speed reading • You can read more • It will take less time • It is a good exercise for your memory • It will allow you to retrieve the information faster • It will force you to concentrate • It will allow to read at least a second time
  61. 61. 62 The down side of speed reading • Inadequate for legal documents • Not appropriate if you want to enjoy literature • Not wanted for important personal messages • Also not appropriate for instructions for use
  62. 62. 63 “Cash is king” is often quoted. Any company should monitor and manage carefully its cash position, understand and anticipate how cash is generated. The balance sheet would record any change in cash over a given period of time; and the change is cash is between two dates could provide the net cash generated over that period.
  63. 63. Financial Times • 80 % of the information is in the first paragraph and in the last paragraph + a figure, if any 64 The benefits of speed reading
  64. 64. Data management • Choose the sources which take you the least time and provide you the required information. •Leave blanks in your agenda to read information you consider important, 65
  65. 65.  Do you find the information you are looking for quite quickly?  How is your office organised?  How do you organise the incoming information? 66 Data management
  66. 66. You can only be good when pasionate about it
  67. 67. 1. Believe in yourself 2. Make choices about what you want to remember 3. Focus your attention on what is essential 4. Cut out distractions 5. Give yourself time 6. Use all your senses 7. Be organised 8. Recognise what might prevent you from retrieving the information 9. Be relaxed 10. Enjoy past memories Final tips
  68. 68. • Intelligence is a gift • Good thinking and remembering is an art 69
  69. 69. Leave from here thinking that YOU are AWESOME
  70. 70. 71 Your personal slides on WWW.ROGERCLAESSENS.BE Good luck

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