Miniature mosaic set in wax on wood panel with gold, multicolored stones, and gilded copper tesserae; some portions restored4 3/8 x 3 3/8 in. (11.2 x 8.6 cm)
Byzantine & Islamic Art
ISLAMIC & BYZANTINE A.D. 476 – A.D. 1453
BYZANTION• Constantine the Great moved the capital from Roman to the city of Byzantion (Greece) Constatinople• Christianity spreads and later important documents are recovered from this area (Old and New Testaments, Iliad)• Sculpture of portrait busts & full length statues commemorate civic and religious figures.• Relief carvings, paintings and mosaics are popular in religious and secular artwork.
Icon with Saint Demetrios, ca. 950–1000 Byzantine Ivory Portable MosaicPortrait head of Emperor Icon with theConstantine I, ca. 324–337; VirginMarble Eleousa, early 14th
HAGIA SOPHIA• Constantine I• Marble pillars• Rich mosaics• Greatest surviving examples of Byzantine art
ISLAMIC ART• Does not just pertain to religious art but also artwork from Muslim ruled territories or art produced by Muslims.• The art styles varied within dynasties but tend to all focus on surface decoration.• The four basic components of Islamic art include: Calligraphy, vegetal patterns, geometric patterns, figural representation.
CALLIGRAPHY• Highly regarded and most fundamental element of Islamic art.• Qur’an transmitted in Arabic, meant to transmit the text, but in a decorative way.• Sometimes the art was the text, or calligraphic strokes enhanced with frames or backgrounds
VEGETAL PATTERNS• Patterns/backgrounds used with calligraphy, figural representations or geometric patterns.
GEOMETRIC PATTERNS • Used commonly in many other cultures of that period but known best in Islamic art and design. • Used as surface adornment in architectural and as décor on objects
FIGURAL REPRESENTATION• Flourished in secular art, not with religious art, religious people felt like the creation of any living thing was and should only be credited to God