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Risk Factors for Oral Cancer

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Rodney Goodie, MBA, has served as the CEO of the St. Hope Foundation in Houston, Texas, since 1999. Rodney Goodie oversees all aspects of the practice, including its dental care services, which include screening for oral cancer.

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Risk Factors for Oral Cancer

  1. 1. Risk Factors for Oral Cancer Rodney Goodie
  2. 2. Introduction  Rodney Goodie, MBA, has served as the CEO of the St. Hope Foundation in Houston, Texas, since 1999. Rodney Goodie oversees all aspects of the practice, including its dental care services, which include screening for oral cancer. Although oral cancer can affect anyone at any age, it is more prevalent among individuals over the age of 55. It is twice as prevalent in men as in women, although experts are unsure as to whether this difference is purely due to sex or related to the higher use of tobacco and alcohol among men. Recent studies show that the latter may be true, since the difference between genders is decreasing as more women engage in substance use. Marijuana use in particular may increase an individual's risk of contracting oral cancer, as may a diet low in fresh fruits and vegetables. Poor oral hygiene can have a similar effect. Genetic links exist between oral cancer and a number of inherited conditions, including dyskeratosis congenita and fanconi anemia.
  3. 3. OralCancer  There are also a number of non-genetic conditions that increase risk; one prominent example is infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Although the HPV is most commonly known for its connection to cervical cancer, approximately 25 percent of individuals with oral and oropharyngeal cancers have the same HPV infection as cervical cancer patients. Finally, individuals who have undergone organ transplants may have a higher risk of oral cancers. This risk may be connected to graft-vs-host disease or to immune system oppression, which also causes an increased risk in persons undergoing treatment for autoimmune conditions.

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