Workhouses presentation


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Useful sites for researching Workhouses

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Workhouses presentation

  1. 1. byTony Sadler
  2. 2.  Excellent starting point; massive detail arranged in easily accessible ‘tabs’ Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601: parish grants of money, clothing, fuel, food (out-relief) First OED reference to a Workhouse 1652 in Exeter Workhouse Test Act 1723: parish option of denying out-relief in favour of workhouse 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act: 15000+ parishes formed Unions with purpose- built workhouses Intended as threat to able-bodied pauper Improved conditions by end 19th century System ended 1 April 1930 – Public
  3. 3.  Up to 1834 workhouses at Wellingboro’ (70 inmates in 1777), Earls Barton (36), Bozeat (10), Wollaston (10), Finedon (36), Irchester (10), Irthlingboro’ (100), Rushden (18) After 1834 Wellingboro’ Poor Law Union covered 27 parishes New Wellingboro’ Union workhouse built 1836/7 1930 Public Assistance Institution Isebrook Hospital Workhouse buildings now residential
  4. 4. Wellingborough Union workhousePoor Law Union map
  5. 5.  Admission: reasons & procedure Uniforms Inside workhouses and typical routine Rules & punishment Food Work Medical care Workhouse memories Tramps and vagrants
  6. 6.  Excellent review of origins Starts with medieval times – Poor Law Act 1388 – response to Black Death – fear of social disorder forced state to be responsible for support of poor Poor Relief Act 1576 – able- bodied needing support had to work for it – legal distinction between genuinely unemployed and the idler Many useful links See also article on ‘Pauperism’
  7. 7.  Short textual history Describes life, work, food, behaviour Focuses on Stratford-on-Avon union workhouse – an noteworthy exception from usual gloomy establishments Newspaper article published on retirement of master and matron Links to individual workhouses and general sites
  8. 8.  NT property open to 28 October – audio tours Wednesday to Sunday 11 a.m guided Welcome Tour Group guided tours Mondays
  9. 9.  Brief history of the union workhouse in Canterbury Site mainly comprises photos of buildings illustrating development Link to article on Poor Priest’s Hospital
  10. 10.  Workhouse children – pauper apprentices in textile trade Apprentice House George Courtauld Punishment in factories 1834 Poor Law – details of the act Poverty in Tudor times
  11. 11.  10% sample index of inmates (total 14200) Full index on microfiche Workhouse returns to Parliament Surname alphabetically Details location, reason, term Complements 1861 census
  12. 12.  Free download of some correspondence from selected Poor Law Unions Example of inspector’s report on Southwell Workhouse
  13. 13.  Separately details history of Epsom and Ewell workhouses Census returns for Epsom 1851 – 1901 Some more general information
  14. 14.  Workhouses at bursting point during great Irish famine 1845-51 Workhouse orphans – paupers sent abroad under 1834 act Australia – girls and young women to provide domestic service and needed to redress gender imbalance