U3a uk immigration


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People coming to Britain

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U3a uk immigration

  1. 1. Where do you come from? UK Immigration
  2. 2. CENSUSES CIVIL BMD RECORDS About 1840 PARISH RECORDS GENES REUNITED GENUKI , FHS, GOONS, ETC GOOGLE, ROOTSWEB and OTHER LISTS Ancestry.co.uk LDS 1881 Findmypast.com FreeBMD Ancestry Findmypast.com Local BMD sites LDS Microfiche LDS IGI / BVRI
  3. 3. Immigration <ul><li>Goes back a long way.... </li></ul><ul><li>Celts </li></ul><ul><li>Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Frisians </li></ul><ul><li>Vikings </li></ul><ul><li>Normans (Franco Vikings!) </li></ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul>
  4. 4. JEWS <ul><li>1066-1290, “over with the Normans and onwards” </li></ul><ul><li>Expelled by Edward 1 st in 1290 </li></ul><ul><li>Let in again from 1656, under Oliver Cromwell </li></ul><ul><li>Sephardic Jews from Spain and Portugal were followed by Ashkenazi Jews from Germany, Poland and Eastern Europe </li></ul>
  5. 5. JEWS <ul><li>Between 1881 and 1914, more than two million Jews fled from pogroms in their homelands in Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Many passing through London to Liverpool, to set off again for New York </li></ul><ul><li>Some 150,000 Jewish immigrants stayed in London, mostly settling in the East End, many others moved to other UK cities </li></ul><ul><li>Around 55,000 Jews arrived between 1933-1939 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Weavers From the Low Countries 1337-1550 <ul><li>The Flemish and Walloons came from &quot;The Low Counties&quot; which are now Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg and parts of northern France and Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>They came to East Anglia in the 13th and 14th century spurred by warfare, civil strife and good wool. They came in the 16th century escaping religious persecution. </li></ul>
  7. 7. GYPSIES <ul><li>Gypsy is often used as a generic term that usually refers to Romani people, an ethnic group living mostly in Europe, who trace their origins to mediaeval India </li></ul><ul><li>Romani Gypsies began to arrive in Britain in small numbers around 1500. Elizabeth I tried to expel them with her 1562 Egyptian (hence Gypsy name) Act </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>In the 16 th century the Huguenots, fleeing from religious persecution in France, settled in London, Norwich and Canterbury. They brought their skills of silk weaving and silver-smithing. </li></ul>Huguenots
  9. 9. Huguenots <ul><li>Protestants from France began coming in earnest around 1685, and increasingly after 1688. W. Cunningham writes that around 80,000 landed in England and Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>Some moved to America and Germany and perhaps around 40,000 remained. The CRE estimates 50,000 Huguenot newcomers between 1680 and 1720. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Palatines 1693-1709 <ul><li>Palatines from the German Rhineland Palatinate were largely unskilled displaced protestants. They were based initially in Southwark. </li></ul><ul><li>By October 1709, an estimated 13,000 had arrived in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Some moved on to Bolton and Liverpool, while others continued to Ireland, the West Indies and America </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>In Victorian times the need to transport goods to and from the mills led to a rapid expansion of the transport system - work that was undertaken by labourers from Ireland. </li></ul>
  12. 12. EUROPEANS including GERMANS AND ITALIANS <ul><li>Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, there was a steady trickle of people from all over Europe. In England and Wales, the 1871 census recorded 32,823 Germans out of an overall European-born population of 89,829, in a total population of approximately 33 million. In 1911 the English and Welsh census recorded 53,324 foreign-born Germans. </li></ul><ul><li>In England and Wales, the 1871 census recorded an Italian population of 5,063 and by 1911 this number was 20,389. In Scotland, census returns for these years were 268 and 4,594 Italians respectively. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Thousands of citizens from across the British Empire fought for Britain during the two world wars. At the end of the WW11 there was a shortage of workers, and many who had fought for Britain came to live here. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Doctors, nurses, teachers, bus drivers, factory workers etc. came from countries across the empire to help re-build Britain. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Websites <ul><li>http://www.movinghere.org.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.huguenotsociety.org.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/England.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romani_people </li></ul>
  16. 16. Where do you come from? That’s all!