U3A Genealogy Group introduction


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This is the initial presentation given to the newly formed Higham and Rushden University of Third Age (U3A) Genealogy Group in August 2009. It gives a brief background to Family History research and what is planned for the Group's development

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U3A Genealogy Group introduction

  1. 1. Where do you come from? INTRO
  2. 2. U3A The Third Age Trust is the national representative body for the Universities of Third Age (U3As) in the UK.  U3As are self-help, self-managed lifelong learning co-operatives for older people no longer in full time work, providing opportunities for their members to share learning experiences in a wide range of interest groups and to pursue learning not for qualifications, but for fun.
  3. 3. Potential Subjects of Interest <ul><li>FREEBMD and other BMD Records </li></ul><ul><li>Censuses </li></ul><ul><li>Parish Records </li></ul><ul><li>National Burial Index </li></ul><ul><li>ROOTSWEB </li></ul><ul><li>The National Archives </li></ul><ul><li>Wills and Probate </li></ul><ul><li>Using GOOGLE for research </li></ul><ul><li>DNA and Genetics in Genealogy </li></ul><ul><li>Family Search, IGI and BVRI </li></ul><ul><li>Surnames </li></ul><ul><li>War and Military records </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration / Emigration </li></ul><ul><li>Non-conformist records </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Monumental Inscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Irish and Scottish records </li></ul><ul><li>Overcoming brick walls </li></ul><ul><li>Old Handwriting / transcription </li></ul><ul><li>Obituaries </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Directories </li></ul><ul><li>Genes Reunited </li></ul><ul><li>Genealogy Software Choices </li></ul>
  4. 5. DNA and Chromosomes <ul><li>22 X chromosome pairs </li></ul><ul><li>Some characteristics from both parents </li></ul><ul><li>23 rd chromosome determines male or female X + X or X + Y? </li></ul><ul><li>Y chromosome traces back through the male line largely unchanged </li></ul><ul><li>Mitochondrial DNA traces back through the female line largely unchanged </li></ul>
  5. 6. Who am I? As they get older, many people start to wonder where they came from, who they came from, and who else followed a similar path… i.e. their relatives, known and unknown……………
  6. 7. For me……… <ul><li>Find out about my families </li></ul><ul><li>More than names and dates </li></ul><ul><li>More time to do so later in life </li></ul><ul><li>Realising I am just a link in the family chain </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual challenge in overcoming brick walls </li></ul>
  7. 8. How Many? <ul><li>Remember, you are descended from both your father and mother. </li></ul><ul><li>You have two parents Four grand parents Eight great grandparents Sixteen great-great grandparents Thirty-two great, great, great, grandparents (3g grandparents) Sixty-four 4g grandparents One hundred twenty-eight 5g grandparents and so on. </li></ul><ul><li>By the time you have gone back ten generations, you will be looking for 1,024 ancestors in this tenth generation. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Do…….. <ul><li>Define your goals </li></ul><ul><li>Be methodical in your research </li></ul><ul><li>Get organised…chart, forms, logs, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Use primary sources where possible </li></ul><ul><li>Keep track of your sources </li></ul><ul><li>Be persistent when you hit brick walls </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy the discovery process, no matter where it takes you! </li></ul>
  9. 10. Don’t…. <ul><li>Expect any of your ancestors to be royalty or famous </li></ul><ul><li>Assume Family History research is a simple process </li></ul><ul><li>Assume everything you find on the internet or someone else’s family tree is correct </li></ul><ul><li>Expect to find all the information in 1 day </li></ul><ul><li>Forget your female lines </li></ul>
  10. 11. How to Proceed <ul><li>Gather records that you already have </li></ul><ul><li>Document what you already know </li></ul><ul><li>List all of your blood relatives and people who have married into the family </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to relatives and document what they know </li></ul><ul><li>Gather records that they have </li></ul>
  11. 12. Existing family history records including: <ul><li>Birth / baptism / marriage / divorce / death / funeral certificates and documents </li></ul><ul><li>Diaries / Family bibles / photographs / correspondence / personal possessions </li></ul><ul><li>School records </li></ul><ul><li>Call-up records, Service records, medals </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper items </li></ul>
  12. 13. How to Proceed <ul><li>Determine how you are going to keep your family history information </li></ul><ul><li>Start entering the information </li></ul><ul><li>Broaden the net of informants by joining Genes Reunited </li></ul><ul><li>Add any information found </li></ul><ul><li>Move onto central registration documents and census returns </li></ul>
  13. 14. Genes Reunited <ul><li>Website to compare people in your family trees to people in other family trees </li></ul><ul><li>Find someone who may be “shared”, ask the other people to compare what is known about their equivalent to your information </li></ul><ul><li>Gain access to their family trees information with their permission </li></ul>
  14. 15. A word of warning <ul><li>With any information obtained from other family researchers, treat it with some suspicion </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese whispers, misunderstandings, leaps of faith </li></ul><ul><li>Always try to check the original records, especially where they relate to a key person in your family chain </li></ul>
  15. 16. Life Events <ul><li>Births / baptisms </li></ul><ul><li>Marriages </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths / funerals / wills </li></ul><ul><li>Adoptions </li></ul><ul><li>Job changes </li></ul><ul><li>Going to war </li></ul><ul><li>Moving house / parish / county / country </li></ul>
  16. 17. Approximately when? <ul><li>After 1837, there was civil registration of births, marriages and deaths, you can get a certificate if you find the record in the indices </li></ul><ul><li>Before 1837 there were parish records that recorded similar, but different information, namely baptisms, marriages and burials. There are no certificates to get for these events </li></ul>
  17. 18. Free BMD   This free website for post 1837 events is being developed by volunteers and already includes many millions of entries copied from the General Register Office indexes of births, marriages and deaths. With over 110m entries, it is not yet complete. We typically use Free BMD via the internet to identify these events
  18. 19. DETAILS YOU WILL FIND ON A MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE DETAILS YOU WILL FIND ON A BIRTH CERTIFICATE DETAILS YOU WILL FIND ON A DEATH CERTIFICATE When married Name and surname Age Condition Rank or profession Residence at the time of Marriage Father’s name and surname Rank or profession of Father Date Bride and Groom Ages Bachelor/Spinster Widow/Widower Divorcee Employment details Address Both father’s names Both Father’s professions When and where born Name if any Sex Name and surname of father Name, surname and maiden name of mother Occupation of father Signature, description and residence of informant Date of Registration Date and place of birth Name, or Female/Male Girl/Boy Fathers name Mothers name/formerly Employment details Name, address, status, address Date When and where died Name and surname Sex Age Occupation of deceased Cause of death Signature, description and residence of informant When registered Date and place of death Name of deceased Male/Female Age at death Occupation of deceased   i.e. Widow/son/daughter and address Date death registered
  19. 20. Society Views <ul><li>Censuses </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral lists </li></ul><ul><li>Tax lists </li></ul><ul><li>Trade directories </li></ul><ul><li>School / college / workhouse records </li></ul><ul><li>Clergy lists </li></ul><ul><li>Military records </li></ul>
  20. 21. Census <ul><li>A census was taken to record those living in each household at midnight on a Sunday. The dates of the census varied from year to year </li></ul><ul><li>Sun/Mon. 6/7th June 1841 </li></ul><ul><li>Sun/Mon. 30/31st March 1851 </li></ul><ul><li>Sun/Mon. 7/8th April 1861 </li></ul><ul><li>Sun/Mon. 2/3rd April 1871 </li></ul><ul><li>Sun/Mon. 3/4th April 1881 </li></ul><ul><li>Sun/Mon. 5/6th April 1891 </li></ul><ul><li>Sun/Mon. 31st March / 1st April 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Sun/Mon 2/3rd April 1911 </li></ul>
  21. 23. Census returns 1851-1901 <ul><li>The following data can be expected for each individual : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forename, (sometimes middle name or just an initial), and surname </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship to head of household </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marital status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age at last birthday, including how many months for infants under 1 year old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupation or source of income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>County and parish of birth if in England or Wales; or country of birth if outside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any medical disabilities they might have suffered from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From 1891 in Wales: language spoken </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Typical problems / issues <ul><li>Incomplete records </li></ul><ul><li>Common names </li></ul><ul><li>Inaccuracies / transcription errors </li></ul><ul><li>Tying generations together in parish records </li></ul><ul><li>Moving about </li></ul><ul><li>Coming forward with siblings descendants </li></ul><ul><li>Not at home on census day </li></ul>
  23. 25. CENSUSES CIVIL BMD RECORDS About 1840 PARISH RECORDS GENES REUNITED GENUKI , FHS, GOONS, ETC GOOGLE, ROOTSWEB and OTHER LISTS Ancestry.co.uk LDS 1881 Findmypast.com FreeBMD Ancestry Findmypast.com Local BMD sites LDS Microfiche LDS IGI / BVRI
  24. 26. Library Access <ul><li>Both High and Rushden Libraries have PCs that you can use to access the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li>This will give you free access to FREEBMD and the LDS Family Search site with the IGI </li></ul><ul><li>Both libraries have free access to the Library gateway to Ancestry.co.uk </li></ul>
  25. 29. Where do you come from?