• Q: WHY DO GENEALOGISTS DIE WITH
SMILES ON THEIR FACES?
• A: BECAUSE THEY KNOW THEY ARE
ABOUT TO GET ONE MORE
DATE ON THEIR PEDIGREE CHART!!
Census New relatives BMD
Information Information Information
Other Sources Yourself Parish
LDS Microfiche Ancestry.co.uk
CENSUSES LDS 1881
LDS IGI / BVRI sites
GENUKI , FHS, GOONS, ETC
GOOGLE, ROOTSWEB and OTHER LISTS
Naming Patterns in England
1st son -- father's father
2nd son -- mother's father
3rd son -- father
4th son -- father's eldest brother
1st daughter -- mother's mother
2nd daughter -- father's mother
3rd daughter -- mother
4th daughter -- mother's eldest sister
Naming Patterns in
• Younger children would be named after earlier
ancestors, but the pattern in their case was more varied.
• One variation from the above was for the eldest son to
be named after the mother's father and the eldest
daughter after the father's mother. In this case the
second son would be named after the father's father and
the second daughter after the mother's mother.
Occasionally the second son and daughter would be
named after the father and mother instead of the third
son and daughter. Another variation was to name the
third daughter after one of the great-grandmothers
instead of after the mother. In such a case, the fourth
daughter would usually be named after the mother.
What’s in a Name?
• One of the best aspects of genealogy research is
learning some of the names my ancestors saw fit to
bestow upon their children. When I first started and I
found my 4th g grandfather Micah and his sister
Silence, I was fascinated.
• Some names just jump out at you. My current favourites
Clotilde LeGrand (1st cousin twice removed)
Bezaleel Howe (b.1750 MA,d.1825 NY - 4th g grand
uncle) (his son was also Bezaleel)
Ignatius Malloy (b. after 1845 - 1st cousin 3 times
and my winner... S. Imogene Addison (b. abt 1820 - 1st
cousin 4 times removed.) I think that the "S" was for
• Polly is Mary Anne (or Mary)
• Sally is Sarah
• Tillie is Matilda
• Nellie is Ellen or Eleanor or Helen
• Peggy or Meg oe Maggie or Molly is Margaret
• Patty is Martha, not Patricia until c1920
• Bessie, Lizzie, Libby, Betty, Beth, Liza is Elizabeth (or
• Dolly is Dorothy
• Cissie might be Cicely, but is often Sister
Family history research.......
A seventh-grader and her 80-year-old
grandfather are allegedly the first people
to discover that President Barack Obama
is related to all other U.S. presidents
except one. Bridge Anne
d'Avignon, showed that Obama, and all
other U.S. presidents except Martin Van
Buren, are related to King John who
signed the Magna Carta.
Following the female line...
• ―It may have been the curiosity of their
surname that brings people into family
history research. We tend to spot our
name when we come across it.
• The trouble with women is that they
change their names, often with depressing
• All in all, women are awkward people to fit
into family trees.‖
Most Common Mistakes in
• Not using family group sheets and pedigree charts.
• Not contacting relatives for assistance.
• Assuming that "no one else is working on my line."
• Not using maps of the area at the time your ancestors
were living there.
• Not knowing the history of the area in which you are
• Not using common sense when reading family histories.
If a source for information is not listed, be cautious about
accepting it. Some information may be hearsay.
• Gathering information on everyone with "that"
surname, unless it is an uncommon one.
Most Common Mistakes in
• Not using primary sources -
land, probate, church, county records - but relying on
printed histories. NOTE: Many primary & secondary
records are becoming available online.
• Not making photocopies.
• Not making a master copy. Leave the master copy at
home when you travel to do research and take a
duplicate with you.
• Not organizing your records.
• Not paying attention to clues your ancestors might have
• Assuming that your surname is never spelled a different
• GIVING UP!!
Someone living in Hainford, Norfolk
walking three miles in various directions
could reach 12 other parishes
Finding Parish Records
• The best website for finding where a specific
parish register is likely to be stored is probably
the Society of Genealogists. Not many parishes
have published their record details, but it is
always worth trying Google. A growing collection
of sites which should not be ignored is the on-
line Parish Clerk which for a number of counties
offers transcripts of the parish registers. Last,
but not least is the IGI at Family Search.
Top 10 Indicators that you've
become a GENE-AHOLIC
• You introduce your daughter as your descendent.
• You've never met any of the people you send e-mail to, even
though you're related.
• You can recite your lineage back eight generations, but can't
remember your nephew's name.
• You have more photographs of dead people than living ones.
• You've ever taken a tape recorder and/or notebook to a family
• The local genealogy society borrows books from you.
• The only film you've seen in the last year was the 1880 census
• More than half of your CD collection is made up of marriage
records or pedigrees.
• Your elusive ancestor has been spotted in more different
places than Elvis!
• CANNOT provide you with your entire family tree
or tell you who your ancestors are.
– Determine if two people are related
– Determine if two people descend from the same
– Find out if you are related to others with the same
– Prove or disprove your family tree research
– Provide clues about your ethnic origin
• Genealogy brick walls often fall into one of
– There seems to be no suitable candidate for
an ancestor in the records.. Where have they
– There are too many candidates for an
ancestor in the records.. Oh for an uncommon
first name or surname!
Remember that keeping parish registers
did not end with the introduction of civil
registration (England 1837, Scotland 1855,
Ireland 1864) So if you cannot find a Birth
Marriage or Death civil record record, see
if there is a parish baptism, marriage or
Overcoming brick walls
• Review what you already have
• Go back to the original source
• Broaden your search
• Question and verify all assumptions and data
• Check name variations
• Check boundaries
• Look sideways
• Ask for help
Questions to researchers
• Someone wrote and said, ―I’m interested in
tracing part of my family tree—my mother’s and
father’s side only.‖
• Another person wrote, ―Please send me some
record and document on where I came from and
• Someone telephoned an LDS library and asked
the librarian if she could find her ancestors in the
microwave [what she really meant was the
Lose a few members from a
family at one time?
• A cholera epidemic in 1831-2 caused
32,000 deaths. One in 1848-9 caused
• In 1918 some 225,000 died in Britain from
a ―Spanish flu‖ pandemic that reportedly
killed 50-100 million people around the
world. This was 3-7 times the casualties of
the first world war
• In 1752, England and her American colonies changed from the
Julian to the Gregorian calendarGregorian calendar
• The Gregorian calendar is the internationally accepted civil
calendar. It was first proposed by the Calabrian doctor Aloysius
Lilius, and decreed by Pope Gregory XIII, after whom the calendar
was named, on 24 February 1582
• In the same year, the date the new year began was changed. Prior
to 1752 it was 25 March; this was changed to 1 January
• Many other European countries had already made the calendar
changes before England, sometimes centuries earlier. By 1751
there was an 11 day discrepancy between the date in England and
the date in other European countries