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Comparing Scaled Agile Approaches:
Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) &
Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD)

Presented by:
Rodney ...
Assumptions – Agile Foundations

Agilex

www.agilex.com
Key Characteristics of Agile Delivery
Agile Principles and Values
Agile Manifesto Values &
Principles (DAD and SAFe)
Trans...
What do we mean by scaling?

Agilex

www.agilex.com
Agilex

Architecture Team

DevOps Team

Release Management

Product Management

Large Scale Agile Program Teams

4+ Servic...
®

Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) “Big Picture”
Well defined and proven
knowledge base for implementing
agile practices at...
Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) – 3 Levels

Agilex

www.agilex.com

7
Scale to the Portfolio Level

Roles/Teams

• Enterprise
Architect
• Epic Owner
• Program Portfolio
Management

Agilex

Eve...
Scale to the Program Level

Roles/Teams
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Agilex

Product Management
Release Management
System Team
DevOps
...
Agile Team Level

Roles/Teams
• Agile Teams
• Product Owner
• Scrum/Agile
Master

Agilex

Events

Artifacts

• Sprint Plan...
Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD) Delivery Process
Hybrid, end-to-end agile delivery
lifecycle with tailoring strategies
...
Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD) “Big Picture”

Source: Disciplined Agile Delivery, Ambler
Agilex

www.agilex.com
DAD Inception
Goals for
Inception Phase
•
•

•
•

•
•
•

INCEPTION

Form initial Teams
Identify the vision for the
project...
DAD Construction
Goals for
Construction Phase
•

•

•

•

•

CONSTRUCTION- ITERATIVE

Agilex

Produce a potentially
consum...
DAD Construction
Goals for
Construction Phase
•

•

•

•

•

CONSTRUCTION- INTEGRATED

Agilex

Produce a potentially
consu...
DAD Transition
Goals for
Transition Phase
•

•

Agilex

Ensure the stakeholders
are prepared to receive
the solution

•

T...
DAD Scaling Factors and Governance

DAD Scaling Factors
2
Co-located

Single Division

None

Team Size
Geographic Distribu...
Sample Government Deliverables and SAFe Alignments
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Shared Resources
Operational Accept Plan (MS 1)
Acce...
Agilex

www.agilex.com
i

Inception

c

i

Agilex

t

Construction

c

t

i

c

Transition

t

www.agilex.com
i
Identify, prioritize, select and fund projects

i

Agilex

Inception

c

Construction

t

Transition

www.agilex.com
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Inception

c

Construction

INCEPTION

t

Transition

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i

Agilex

www.agilex.com
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c

Inception

INCEPTION

Construction

t

Transition

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Agilex

www.agilex.com
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Inception

c

INCEPTION

Agilex

Construction

t

Transition

i

www.agilex.com
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Inception

c

INCEPTION

Agilex

Construction

t

Transition

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www.agilex.com
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Inception

c

INCEPTION

Agilex

Construction

t

Transition

i

www.agilex.com
c

CONSTRUCTION

i

Agilex

Inception

c

Construction

t

Transition

www.agilex.com
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CONSTRUCTION

i

Agilex

Inception

c

Construction

t

Transition

www.agilex.com
c

CONSTRUCTION

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Agilex

Inception

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Construction

t

Transition

www.agilex.com
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CONSTRUCTION

i

Agilex

Inception

c

Construction

t

Transition

c

www.agilex.com
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CONSTRUCTION

i

Agilex

Inception

c

Construction

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Transition

www.agilex.com
t

TRANSITION

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Agilex

Inception

c

Construction

t

Transition

www.agilex.com
t

TRANSITION

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Agilex

Inception

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Construction

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Transition

www.agilex.com
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Inception

TRANSITION

Agilex

Construction

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Transition

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www.agilex.com
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TRANSITION

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Agilex

Inception

c

Construction

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Transition

www.agilex.com
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Inception

TRANSITION

Agilex

Construction

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Transition

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www.agilex.com
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TRANSITION

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Agilex

Inception

c

Construction

t

Transition

www.agilex.com
SAFe Key Takeaways

SAFe “Pros”
Proven, well documented, and flexible
framework; lean underpinnings

SAFe “Cons”
Prescript...
DAD Key Takeaways

DAD “Pros”
Hybrid framework having foundation in
proven lean & agile approaches

DAD “Cons”
Unknown mar...
Agilex

www.agilex.com
Questions

Agilex

41

www.agilex.com
Agilex

www.agilex.com
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Comparing Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) and Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD)

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Building upon well established Scrum, XP, and lean software development methods, agile scaling frameworks such as Dean Leffingwell's Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) and Scott Ambler's Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD) address large, complex software delivery initiatives through their full delivery lifecycle from project initiation to production. These frameworks have received significant interest in both federal government and private industries, recognizing the need for continued team-based iterative and incremental adaptive approaches to software development, balanced with scaling processes and factors at the Program and Portfolio levels and organizational governance models and guidance for large enterprise engagements. This session will provide a brief overview of these two agile scaling models, address the benefits of what both are trying to accomplish, and compare and contrast specific similarities and differences.

Published in: Technology, Business
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Comparing Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) and Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD)

  1. 1. Comparing Scaled Agile Approaches: Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) & Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD) Presented by: Rodney Bodamer - Agile Coach, SAFe SPC, CSP Greg Pfister - VP Agile Practices, SAFe SPC, CSP Agilex www.agilex.com
  2. 2. Assumptions – Agile Foundations Agilex www.agilex.com
  3. 3. Key Characteristics of Agile Delivery Agile Principles and Values Agile Manifesto Values & Principles (DAD and SAFe) Transparency, Program Execution, Code Quality, Alignment (SAFe) Source: National Audit Office review of literature Agilex www.agilex.com
  4. 4. What do we mean by scaling? Agilex www.agilex.com
  5. 5. Agilex Architecture Team DevOps Team Release Management Product Management Large Scale Agile Program Teams 4+ Service and Support Teams 10+ Delivery Teams www.agilex.com
  6. 6. ® Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) “Big Picture” Well defined and proven knowledge base for implementing agile practices at enterprise scale Scales successfully to large numbers of practitioners and teams Building off of Scrum, XP, and Lean agile development approaches Synchronizes alignment, collaboration and delivery “Big Picture” highlights the individual roles, teams, activities and artifacts necessary to scale agile from the team to program to the enterprise level Elaborated in books: Agile Software Requirements (2011) and Scaling Software Agility (2007) Source: Scaledagileframework.com Agilex www.agilex.com
  7. 7. Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) – 3 Levels Agilex www.agilex.com 7
  8. 8. Scale to the Portfolio Level Roles/Teams • Enterprise Architect • Epic Owner • Program Portfolio Management Agilex Events • Strategic Investment Planning • Kanban Portfolio (Epic) Planning Artifacts • Investment Themes • Business and Architecture Epics • Portfolio Backlog • Portfolio Vision • Metrics www.agilex.com
  9. 9. Scale to the Program Level Roles/Teams • • • • • • • • Agilex Product Management Release Management System Team DevOps Business Owners System Architect Release Train Engineer UX Architect Events • PSI/Release Planning • System Demo • Inspect & Adapt Workshop Artifacts • • • • • • • Product Roadmap Vision Program Backlog Team Backlog NFRs Architecture Runway Business and Architecture Features • PSI Objectives • Metrics www.agilex.com
  10. 10. Agile Team Level Roles/Teams • Agile Teams • Product Owner • Scrum/Agile Master Agilex Events Artifacts • Sprint Planning • Backlog Grooming • Daily Stand-up • Sprint Demo • Sprint Retrospective • HIP Sprints • Team Backlog (incl. NFRs) • Team PSI Objective • Sprint Goals • Working Software • Spikes • Metrics www.agilex.com
  11. 11. Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD) Delivery Process Hybrid, end-to-end agile delivery lifecycle with tailoring strategies Building off of Scrum, XP, and Lean agile development approaches and methods Scalable, people first, learning oriented, agile, goal-driven, enterprise aware, risk and value driven “DAD is a goal-driven process framework that is people-first, learning-oriented hybrid agile approach to IT solution delivery. It has a risk-value lifecycle, goal-driven and scalable” Guidelines for governing enterprise teams in an agile manner Elaborated in the book: Disciplined Agile Delivery (2012 Source: Disciplined Agile Delivery, Ambler Agilex www.agilex.com
  12. 12. Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD) “Big Picture” Source: Disciplined Agile Delivery, Ambler Agilex www.agilex.com
  13. 13. DAD Inception Goals for Inception Phase • • • • • • • INCEPTION Form initial Teams Identify the vision for the project and get approved Align with enterprise direction Identify initial technical strategy, requirements, and release plan Set up work environment Secure funding Identify risks i Source: Disciplined Agile Delivery, Ambler Agilex www.agilex.com
  14. 14. DAD Construction Goals for Construction Phase • • • • • CONSTRUCTION- ITERATIVE Agilex Produce a potentially consumable solution Address changing stakeholder needs Move closer to deployable release Maintain or improve upon existing levels of quality Prove architecture early c www.agilex.com
  15. 15. DAD Construction Goals for Construction Phase • • • • • CONSTRUCTION- INTEGRATED Agilex Produce a potentially consumable solution Address changing stakeholder needs Move closer to deployable release Maintain or improve upon existing levels of quality Prove architecture early c www.agilex.com
  16. 16. DAD Transition Goals for Transition Phase • • Agilex Ensure the stakeholders are prepared to receive the solution • TRANSITION Ensure the solution is production ready Deploy the solution into production t www.agilex.com
  17. 17. DAD Scaling Factors and Governance DAD Scaling Factors 2 Co-located Single Division None Team Size Geographic Distribution Organizational Distribution Compliance DAD Governance Strategies 1000s Global Outsourcing • Life Critical • Straightforward Domain Complexity Very Complex • Straightforward Technical Complexity Very Complex Copyright 2013 Scott Ambler + Associates • • Agilex Scaled IT projects are governed in some way DAD supports different governance types Scope and breadth of governance adapts with work environment Leverage existing corporate assets to address issues that optimize performance Push decisions to local level wherever possible www.agilex.com
  18. 18. Sample Government Deliverables and SAFe Alignments • • • • • • • • • Shared Resources Operational Accept Plan (MS 1) Accept Criteria Plan (MS 1) Reqs Specification Doc (MS 1) Sys Security Plan (MS 2) Production Ops Manual (MS 2) Security Guide (MS 2) 508 Certification (MS 2) ATO (MS 2) Privacy Impact Assess (MS 2) User Guide (MS 2) SLA (MS 2) Architectural Standards Data Exchange Standards Hosting Strategies Security Standards Product and Release Management PMP (MS 1) Transition Plan (MS 1) Risk Register / Log (MS 1) Outcome Stmt (MS 1) Version Descrip Doc (MS 2) Deployment Plan (MS 2) Lessons Learned (MS 3) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Program Portfolio Mgmt Quad Chart (MS 0) IPT Charter (MS 0) BRD (MS 0) Project Charter (MS 0) Acquisition Strategy (MS 0) • • • • • • • Legislation Budget Policy Directives System Team • Test Evaluation (MS 2) • Master Test Plan (MS 2) System Architect • System Design Doc (MS 1) SAFe roles with software development lifecycle documentation responsibilities Agilex www.agilex.com
  19. 19. Agilex www.agilex.com
  20. 20. i Inception c i Agilex t Construction c t i c Transition t www.agilex.com
  21. 21. i Identify, prioritize, select and fund projects i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  22. 22. i Inception c Construction INCEPTION t Transition i i Agilex www.agilex.com
  23. 23. i c Inception INCEPTION Construction t Transition i i Agilex www.agilex.com
  24. 24. i Inception c INCEPTION Agilex Construction t Transition i www.agilex.com
  25. 25. i Inception c INCEPTION Agilex Construction t Transition i www.agilex.com
  26. 26. i Inception c INCEPTION Agilex Construction t Transition i www.agilex.com
  27. 27. c CONSTRUCTION i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  28. 28. c CONSTRUCTION i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  29. 29. c CONSTRUCTION i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  30. 30. c CONSTRUCTION i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition c www.agilex.com
  31. 31. c CONSTRUCTION i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  32. 32. t TRANSITION t i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  33. 33. t TRANSITION t i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  34. 34. t i c Inception TRANSITION Agilex Construction t Transition t www.agilex.com
  35. 35. t TRANSITION t i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  36. 36. i c Inception TRANSITION Agilex Construction t Transition t www.agilex.com
  37. 37. t TRANSITION t i Agilex Inception c Construction t Transition www.agilex.com
  38. 38. SAFe Key Takeaways SAFe “Pros” Proven, well documented, and flexible framework; lean underpinnings SAFe “Cons” Prescriptive People-centric view on agile delivery with clear roles, artifacts, events Holistic, 3-tier view of value stream including Portfolio level Heavy weight Strong Code Quality (Agile Engineering and DevOps) focus Established scaling framework in marketplace Constant refinement of SAFe knowledge base Agilex Certification-centric www.agilex.com
  39. 39. DAD Key Takeaways DAD “Pros” Hybrid framework having foundation in proven lean & agile approaches DAD “Cons” Unknown marketplace adoption Phases with milestones emphasize reality of large-scale agile delivery lifecycle Flexibility with strong emphasis on agile adoption tailoring Limited broad-based training certification and knowledge-base refinement Strong technical architecture / engineering focus Governance clarity for program / product management Agilex Lack of prescriptiveness requiring agile consultants www.agilex.com
  40. 40. Agilex www.agilex.com
  41. 41. Questions Agilex 41 www.agilex.com
  42. 42. Agilex www.agilex.com

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