The Philippine 3rd republic


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The Philippine 3rd republic

  1. 1. The Third Philippine Republic
  2. 2. Manuel Roxas (1946-1948) Elpidio Quirino (1948-1953)
  3. 3. Ramon Magsaysay (1954-1957) Diosdado Macapagal (1962-1965)
  4. 4. Ferdinand Marcos (1966-1986)
  5. 5. Roxas Administration
  6. 6. He died of a heart attack on April 15, 1948, while he was visiting Clark Air Base in Pampanga.
  7. 7. He had a very pro-American policy. He had no choice because the United States was the only country which could help us with the terrible problems then.
  8. 8. The Americans agreed to help the Filipinos. But there were strings attached to the American aid. The Filipinos agreed to ratify the Parity Amendment to the 1935 constitution. This was approved on March 11, 1947.
  9. 9. Clark Air Base
  10. 10. Subic Naval Base
  11. 11. Camp John Hay in Baguio
  12. 12. He asked the Congress to pass the law giving tenant farmers 70% of the rice harvest while the landlord got the 30% of it.
  13. 13. Quirino Administration
  14. 14. He helped the poor by starting rural banks in the provinces.
  15. 15. Huks or Red communists nearly brought down the government.
  16. 16. On April 28, 1949, the Huks killed Ms. Aurora Quezon beloved widow of President Quezon and her party on their way to Baler. The nation was shocked by the communist brutality.
  17. 17. Magsaysay Administration
  18. 18. He stopped the Huk or communist rebellion. Luis Taruc, Huk supremo or chief communist leader, surrendered to him.
  19. 19. We hosted the 1954 international conference at Manila to establish the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
  20. 20. Douglas C-47 Skytrain
  21. 21. 1957 Cebu Douglas C-47 crash site
  22. 22. Mt. Manunggal in Cebu
  23. 23. President Magsaysay died early on March 17, 1957
  24. 24. Garcia Administration
  25. 25. He made the Filipino First Policy.
  26. 26. Macapagal Administration
  27. 27. He used the national language in passports, stamps, traffic signs, and typhoon names. He changed the Philippine Independence day from July 4th to June 12th. He claimed North Borneo as the pert of Philippine Teritory. Asked Congress to pass the first land reform law in 1963.
  28. 28. He helped to start the MAPHILINDO.
  29. 29. Marcos Administration
  30. 30. He promised, “This nation can be great again.”
  31. 31. Filipinos went to the Vietnam War as engineers and medical helpers. Manila hosted the international summit meeting of heads of seven democratic nations in October 1966.
  32. 32. Pope Paul VI become the first pope to visit the Philippines in November 1970.
  33. 33. Democracy died in our country from 1972 to 1986. (September 21, 1972)
  34. 34. On September 23, 1972, President Marcos dramatically announced: “My countrymen, as of the 21st of September, I signed Proclamation No. 1081 placing the entire Philippines under martial law.”
  35. 35. Under the Martial law, the Philippines government was changed by President Marcos. These were changed by President Marcos. These were the changes during the martial law era: • A new constitution; • Death of democracy; • Reorganization of government; • Control by the Marcos family and cronies; and • Stronger military power.
  36. 36. Ariel Ureta