• A natural disaster is when the earths creats hazards. These are like floods, tornados, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, heatwaves and landslide. They can lead to financial, environmental or human losses. If these disasters continue it would be a great danger for the earth. This understanding is concentrated in the formula: "disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability."
• A natural event becomes a hazard when it threatens humans and the built environment. Natural events like earthquakes can become a hazard when builds are destroyed or when people can be potentially injured.
• hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis, typhoons, volcanic eruption, avalanche,blizzard, drought, earthquake, heat wave, flood, famine, landslide, sandstorm, wildfire, an impact of a meteor, comet etc , limnic eruption
• Magnitude Rule of Thumb• 4.0-4.9 --------- 1 per day• 5.0-5.9 --------- 2 per month• 6.0-6.9 --------- 2 per year• 7.0-7.9 --------- 1 per 3 years• 8.0 or over ----- 1 per century
• 1846 Taupō landslide• 1855 Wairarapa earthquake• 1868 Great storm• 1886 Tarawera eruption• M 8.2, Wairarapa, January 23 1855
• A place can be vulnerable to earth quakes because they could be between two tectonic plates. These plates are moving and can cause earth quakes. Countries that are quite flat con be flooded easily as torrential rain may not be able to drain off as quickly as it came.