A new Telecom World unfolding - The IPv6 factor

                                                                   Yves P...
Agenda
 Why the acceleration?

 Some perceived drivers

 VSNL - Teleglobe and IPv6




 www.vsnlinternational.com
 www....
A View from the Top
“ With the internet and the proliferation of semiconductors, you’ll end up with
  trillions of things ...
Why the Acceleration?
 A telecom Industry desperate for stability and renewed revenue growth:
    Coming out of a major ...
Convergence and disintermediation
 Multiplicity of convergences
      Network: IP convergence
      Access: Fixed and w...
Blurring distribution models
 The old order: discrete and distinct
      Telecom: voice, fixed and mobile, data, interne...
Some pitfalls of IP convergence
 The internet currently suffers from:
      Uneven distribution & looming shortage of IP...
IP convergence: the IPv6 factor
 Solves address shortage                     Neighbour discovery
 Restores p2p         ...
IPv6: prerequisite for IP convergence
 To make a commercial reality of the IP convergence vision is impossible
  without ...
Some New Telecom World drivers
 Application domains:
      Mobile IP
                                              Disru...
17 billion Networkable Devices!




 Sun Microsystems estimates that including sensor and RFID networks the
  world could...
Mobile communications: What a market!




 As reported by 3G Americas www.3gamericas.org 2 billion devices
  was reached ...
IPv6: prerequisite for IP convergence




 After the European bidding excesses and initial equipment delays 3G
  finally ...
Mobile: Japan shows the way




                       Graph by CIAJ (Communication & Information Association of Japan)
ww...
IPv6: prerequisite for IP convergence
 Disruptive effect of the Skype phenomenon :
  150 million downloads, 8 billion plu...
Digital radio, mobile TV and IPTV
 Other neologisms : podcast(ing) and mobisodes.
 Radio delivered by web, satellite and...
Grids


                                                                     ESG

 Going mainstream
      IBM : 11 datac...
Multiplayer games
 On-line gaming
      More than 5 million subscribers for most popular titles
      Average 20 hours/...
RFID’s




 January 2005: The bandwagon started rolling
    Wal-Mart Stores and DoD mandatory
     RFID support programs...
Sensor networks
 Self organizing sensor networks
    Darpa sensit, Smart Dust, motes and follow-up projects
    Pervasi...
Microsoft
 Motivation: expand application domains and revenue sources
      Multiplayer games (Xbox on-line)
      Peer...
The battle for the communicating living-room
 Consumer Electronic Show Vegas January 2004 and January 2005
    First ser...
Prevalence of fast digital access
 150.6 million subscribers end 2004
    up 26.5 million lines in 6 months (source: Poi...
BB: Again, Japan shows the way




www.vsnlinternational.com
www.vsnlinternational.com
Powerline Communication

 Utilities are showing a growing interest
 Associations in North-America, Europe and Asia
 Sta...
Software Defined Radio

 SDR promises seamless interoperability across
  virtually any wireless standard
 Makes software...
Wi-Fi, Wi-Max, ZigBee, Mobile-Fi, Ultrawideband….
 Disruptive even if a fraction
  of these market projections
  are achi...
Wi-Fi and Wi-Max
 Wi-FI
    120 million Wi-Fi chipsets shipped in 2005
    100,000 public hotspots reached, 37K in the ...
R&E networking
 R&E networks broke the IPv6 chicken and egg dilemma
    All major R&E networks are dual stack


 Next f...
National Defense
 US DoD decision to mandate IPv6 support was major catalyst in the US
    Resulted in Moonv6 test netwo...
IPv6 deployment: The China factor
 With the support from the Chinese government, China’s five major Carriers
  started to...
China’s Next Gen Internet




 CNGI fund of 1.4 billion Yuan (US$169 million) provided by the NDRC (National
  Developmen...
Korea’s u-IT839
 U-IT839
    Announced feb 8th 2006
    Successor to IT839
 Emphasis on ubiquity and on convergence:
 ...
Malaysia’s MyICMS 886 blueprint
 Launched December 19, 2005
    8 Services
         Broadband, 3G, Mobile TV, digital m...
India’s 10 point agenda
 Declared by the Honourable Minister Maran
   1. Convergence of technologies
   2. E-Governance
 ...
A high stakes game : Internet Governance!
 The internet juggernaut of the last decade took governments, regulators
  and ...
VSNL & IPv6




                                   Global    Foreign
                                   Carrier   Carrier
...
Wholesale Data | Global Footprint




 www.vsnlinternational.com
 www.vsnlinternational.com
Wholesale Data | IP Backbone




 www.vsnlinternational.com
 www.vsnlinternational.com
Sonepat      Agra                Gorakhpur
                                                                               ...
Some concluding thoughts
 What will the new telecom world we are creating bring?
    Homes on-line: triple or quad play;...
Global Teams | Local Support
                                            VSNL Telecommunications (UK), Ltd
    VSNL Sing...
Thank You!




www.vsnlinternational.com
www.vsnlinternational.com
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VSNL International (IPv6 Summit, Bangkok)

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VSNL International (IPv6 Summit, Bangkok)

  1. 1. A new Telecom World unfolding - The IPv6 factor Yves Poppe Director – IP Strategy First Thailand IPv6 Summit May 2-4, 2006 - Bangkok www.vsnlinternational.com
  2. 2. Agenda  Why the acceleration?  Some perceived drivers  VSNL - Teleglobe and IPv6 www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  3. 3. A View from the Top “ With the internet and the proliferation of semiconductors, you’ll end up with trillions of things connected – not just individuals but cars, roads, homes, appliances, health-care data, and pacemakers. All of these things are available today that weren’t available in the past. In a way, everybody needs a challenge or the threat to get them going. The threat is that all these competitors are coming on-line that have global capabilities. They’re all enabled by these technologies… » Samuel J. Palmisano, Chairman IBM, interviewed by Business Week - April 3th 2006 North-American issue, pp 52-53 www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  4. 4. Why the Acceleration?  A telecom Industry desperate for stability and renewed revenue growth:  Coming out of a major recession; relentless technological change; changing regulatory environments; consolidation; globalization.  Consensus : the next multibillion revenue opportunities imply IP based network convergence, multi-functional end-devices, always on, always p2p reachable, mobile and endowed with end to end security.  Intense pressure on existing carrier business models with the advent of VoIP and new broadband wireless technologies  Visions of ubiquitous communications between billions of devices ranging from home networks to global sensor and RFID networks. www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  5. 5. Convergence and disintermediation  Multiplicity of convergences  Network: IP convergence  Access: Fixed and wireless convergence  End device: multimedia convergence  Service provision: convergence (triple, quad play)  Disintermediation  Applications, from voice to MP3 download to home security to TV distribution, independent of telecomm infrastructure provider  Results in current debate on “network neutrality” www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  6. 6. Blurring distribution models  The old order: discrete and distinct  Telecom: voice, fixed and mobile, data, internet  Broadcasters : radio, TV  Music industry  Movie industry  Print and publishing  Advertising  Gaming, gambling  Home entertainment  Production control, goods tracking  Services: banking, travel, auctions, sales of goods www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  7. 7. Some pitfalls of IP convergence  The internet currently suffers from:  Uneven distribution & looming shortage of IP addresses  Inadequacy for mobile networking  Unability for plug an play reconfiguration  Elusive quality: QoS not on par with TDM & ATM  Major network and user security issues:  Bad guy tricks: phishing, pharming, bots, typosquatting…  Internet fraud complaints in the US: from 48,252 in 2002 to 207,449 in 2004(*)  After Spam : Spim (Instant messaging Spam) and Spit (Internet Telephony spam) (*): Internet Crime Complaint Center, as reported by BW May 30 2005 issue www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  8. 8. IP convergence: the IPv6 factor  Solves address shortage  Neighbour discovery  Restores p2p  Ad-Hoc networking  Mobility  Home networks  Better spectrum utilization  Plug and play  Better battery life!  Auto configuration  Security  Permanent addresses  Ipsec mandatory  Identity (CLID)  Multicast  Traceability (RFID)  Sensors and monitoring  Better QoS (flow labels) ADSL, cable, 3G, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max provide the always-on www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  9. 9. IPv6: prerequisite for IP convergence  To make a commercial reality of the IP convergence vision is impossible without moving to a new IP version  The current one (IPv4) deployed on 01 /01/1983 is totally inadequate to meet current network needs.  IPv6 is the only way out of current IP address shortage for major developing economies such as China and India.  Essential for mobility, improved security and QoS  Essential for plug and play home networking, mobile ad-hoc networks (MANET’s) and networks in motion (NEMO’s)  Critical component for session and event based billing in the 3G and B3G (Beyond 3G) world based on IMS and SIP.  One of the building stones toward ITU-T defined NGN www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  10. 10. Some New Telecom World drivers  Application domains:  Mobile IP Disruptive on most existing carrier  Voice, radio, TV over IP business models  Grid  Massive multiplayer games  RFID, control and sensor networks  Microsoft  Critical mass of:  digital communicating end-user devices  high speed always on access  National policies:  Research and Education networks  National Defense  National/regional policies and economic weight www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  11. 11. 17 billion Networkable Devices!  Sun Microsystems estimates that including sensor and RFID networks the world could have a trillion communicating devices in a decade! www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  12. 12. Mobile communications: What a market!  As reported by 3G Americas www.3gamericas.org 2 billion devices was reached sometime mid 2005! www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  13. 13. IPv6: prerequisite for IP convergence  After the European bidding excesses and initial equipment delays 3G finally take off  Number of 3G/UMTS users reached 35 million by mid 2005; 50 million units were forecasted by end 2005 !  Saturation in mobile voice stimulates interest in « rich media » high speed applications, seamless wireless mobility, location based services information. The MNO dilemma is the risk of becoming a bit pipe implied by the move to data.  IMS (Internet Multimedia subsystem) is key to the billing of these new services services and IPv6 essential for a scaleable IMS approach. www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  14. 14. Mobile: Japan shows the way Graph by CIAJ (Communication & Information Association of Japan) www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  15. 15. IPv6: prerequisite for IP convergence  Disruptive effect of the Skype phenomenon : 150 million downloads, 8 billion plus minutes, 1.5 million users on-line after two years.  In North-America: 400+ providers  Japan’s Yahoo BB is the biggest VoIP provider  Market will really explode with dual wi-fi/cellphone end-devices  What role for Google, Microsoft, E-Bay, Apple iPhone?  Enterprise VoIP:  Q1 05 PBX shipments: 15% pure IP (rev. +36%) , 57% hybrid, 28% TDM ; 2008 forecast: 28% IP, 67% hybrid, 8% TDM (Infonetics)  IP centrex market starts to take off: perfect match for IPv6 www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  16. 16. Digital radio, mobile TV and IPTV  Other neologisms : podcast(ing) and mobisodes.  Radio delivered by web, satellite and cellphones.  HD-Radio : CD quality sound; digital plus data alongside existing AM or FM channels.  Barriers to entry to a 21 billion $ industry (in the US) go down; XM, Sirius, Yahoo, MSN new names in broadcasting.  Mobile TV: Qualcomm MediaFlo vs. Modeo Consortium  Mobile broadcast : Potentially 270 million subs worldwide by 2009 (Visiongain)  Forecasts of 200 million digital TV’s worldwide by 2007 and 20 million IPTV subscribers by 2008 (IPTV News) www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  17. 17. Grids ESG  Going mainstream  IBM : 11 datacenters around the world as computing grid  Sun Microsystems; grid on demand service  Globus Consortium with IBM, Sun, Intel etc promote de facto standard  numerous trials in the R&E world www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  18. 18. Multiplayer games  On-line gaming  More than 5 million subscribers for most popular titles  Average 20 hours/week on-line! Monthly fee 10 to 15US$  Sales of virtual goods reached US$200 million!  Japan on-line gaming to reach 93.8 billion yen end 2005!  Multiplayer cellphone gaming takes of exponentially  On-line gambling  Virtual poker tables, tournaments etc.  Partygaming IPO : US$ 9 billion valuation June 2005 www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  19. 19. RFID’s  January 2005: The bandwagon started rolling  Wal-Mart Stores and DoD mandatory RFID support programs started.  Generalized RFID implies terabytes of traffic daily.  RFID for authentication and for traceability: drugs, passports, banknotes, secure papers, concert entry ticket, casino chips, luggage tags ….  3.1 billion tags for pallets&cases in 2006; by 2008 a US$7.26B market with 15.3 billion tags for pallets &cases and 6.8 for non retail item level (luggage etc) 48% Asia, 32 % North America by 2010 (source: IDTechEx analysis). www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  20. 20. Sensor networks  Self organizing sensor networks  Darpa sensit, Smart Dust, motes and follow-up projects  Pervasive computing, context-aware computing etc.  Habitat, water&pollution levels, structural integrity, biomedical  Intel’s vision  Intel Deep Networking projects: “Locally networking billions of embedded nodes, driving computing deeper into the infrastructure that surrounds us.”  Intel Mote: “Motes are tiny, self-contained, battery-powered computers with radio links, which enable them to communicate and exchange data with one another, and to self-organize into ad hoc networks. Motes form the building blocks of wireless sensor networks” www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  21. 21. Microsoft  Motivation: expand application domains and revenue sources  Multiplayer games (Xbox on-line)  Peer 2 peer ( end of NAT issues)  Mobility (session continuity , mobile VPN, VoIP)  End to end security: temporary addresses and Ipsec  Secure neighbor discovery  Plug and play (instant network)  Microsoft and IPv6 support  Windows XP SP1, PocketPC, CE.NET have an IPv6 stack  Messenger, Windows Media Player, Direct Play, Threedegrees  Windows Vista will have IPv6 as default protocol. Revised release date Q1 2007 www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  22. 22. The battle for the communicating living-room  Consumer Electronic Show Vegas January 2004 and January 2005  First serious salvos in a titanic battle between the computer industry (Intel, Microsoft) and the electronics industry (Sony, Philips, Toshiba, Panasonic..)  The essence of the battle is a kind of a home « mediacenter » with all devices connected in a plug and play mode, preferably wireless.  Consumer Electronic Show january 2006  CEA press-release jan 8th:  “Convergence was a big trend on the show floor in 2006 as traditional product categories merged together to create unique, multi-functional digital devices.”  Huge stakes: $135 billion consumer electronics market in the US alone for 2006 (Consumer Electronics Association) www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  23. 23. Prevalence of fast digital access  150.6 million subscribers end 2004  up 26.5 million lines in 6 months (source: Point Topic)  200+ million were estimated end 2005  DSL dominates except in North America  Growth continues unabated:  FT: end Q2 2005: 6.4’ subscribers +80% in 1 year  Telefonica: end Q2 2005: 4’ subs +56% in 1 year  UK: high speed internet connections overtake dial-up (June 05)  It took mobile phones 5.5 years to go from 10 to 100 million subscribers worldwide; Broadband achieved this in 3.5 years.  It took mobile 5.5 years to grow from 10 to 100m worldwide; Broadband achieved same growth in 3.5 years www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  24. 24. BB: Again, Japan shows the way www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  25. 25. Powerline Communication  Utilities are showing a growing interest  Associations in North-America, Europe and Asia  Standardization process accelerates  Products are coming on the market after around 100 trials in 40 countries  Opens the way to networking for the myriad home appliances all the way to the individual lightbulbs www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  26. 26. Software Defined Radio  SDR promises seamless interoperability across virtually any wireless standard  Makes software control of operating frequencies and output power possible..  Allows for multimode, multiband, multifunctional devices to be adapted, updated or enhanced by software  Mandated by the US DoD under JTRS (Joint Tactical Radio System) program  European Union formed a very active SDR group: E2R (End 2 End Reconfigurability)  Seen as essential for B3G (Beyond 3G)  Standard disputes underway www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  27. 27. Wi-Fi, Wi-Max, ZigBee, Mobile-Fi, Ultrawideband….  Disruptive even if a fraction of these market projections are achieved  Constant re-evaluation of current business models both for access and service revenues is essential. Business Week, April 26th 2004 www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  28. 28. Wi-Fi and Wi-Max  Wi-FI  120 million Wi-Fi chipsets shipped in 2005  100,000 public hotspots reached, 37K in the USA (Jiwire study, reported in Computerworld January 23, 2006)  Wi-Max  Potentially disruptive; rival for fixed BB and 3G?  Intel Wi-Max ready chipset started shipping  “We want to enable the next billion broadband users” (Ron Peck, Intel director marketing WiMax, quoted in C|net apr 18th)  $250+ per access down to $50 by 2008 – price level needed for generalized inclusion in laptops, cellphones etc.  Deployments announced and starting:  Clearwire, Speakeasy, AT&T, Qwest, Korea’s Wibro  Jan 2006: first WiMax Forum certified products www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  29. 29. R&E networking  R&E networks broke the IPv6 chicken and egg dilemma  All major R&E networks are dual stack  Next frontier: ultra high bandwidth communication with projects such as GLIF www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  30. 30. National Defense  US DoD decision to mandate IPv6 support was major catalyst in the US  Resulted in Moonv6 test network  Australian, Canadian, German,Japanese, UK and other defense ministries plan for IPv6  NATO Interoperable Networks for Secure Communication (INSC) project has IPv6 focus  Defense mobile networking needs: adhoc networks (MANET), networks in motion (NEMO) and end system mobility are just not achievable without IPv6 www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  31. 31. IPv6 deployment: The China factor  With the support from the Chinese government, China’s five major Carriers started to build the CNGI: China Next Generation Internet  Objective stated in 2004: " It will become one of the largest IPv6 networks in the world by the year of 2005, speeding up the IPv6 R&D in China and providing tremendous business opportunities for industry global wide. "  CERnet2, China’s new R&E network is IPv6 only and connect 20 cities at speeds of 2.5 and 10 gigabit per second. Became operational in Dec-04.  Chinese officials restated that they want the Chinese internet to be completely IPv6 in time for the 2008 Olympics  China 2005 IPv6 Summit Theme was: “IPv6 & CNGI---Innovation in Action, Connecting Everything” China 2006 IPv6 Summit Theme is: “IPv6: The New Internet-The Future is Here”  2008 will be showcase for the IP converged Olympics with full deployment completed in time for the Shanghai 2010 Worldfair www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  32. 32. China’s Next Gen Internet  CNGI fund of 1.4 billion Yuan (US$169 million) provided by the NDRC (National Development Reform Commission) to support six next generation networks www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  33. 33. Korea’s u-IT839  U-IT839  Announced feb 8th 2006  Successor to IT839  Emphasis on ubiquity and on convergence:  Mobile communications and telematics  RFID and USN (ubiquitous sensor network)  T-DMB(Digital Multimedia broadcasting) and DTV  BCN (Broadband Converged Network) includes IPv6  Some of the 2006 objectives;  Commercialization of HSDPA and Wibro  Nation wide DMB and DTV services  BB internet and WLAN controlled household robot  Motivation: grow IT from 13.3% of GDP in 2006 to 21.8% in 2010 www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  34. 34. Malaysia’s MyICMS 886 blueprint  Launched December 19, 2005  8 Services  Broadband, 3G, Mobile TV, digital multimedia broadcasting, digital home, RFID, VoIP, universal service provisioning  8 Infrastructures  Three hard: Multi service convergence network, 3G telegram network, satellite  5 soft: IPv6, Information and network security, PC and internet adoption, computer development and product design and manufacturing  6 Growth areas  Content development, ICT education, set talk boxes, digital radio receivers, VoIP phones and overseas investment consultancy  Motivation: grow C&M from 9.7% of GDP www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  35. 35. India’s 10 point agenda  Declared by the Honourable Minister Maran 1. Convergence of technologies 2. E-Governance 3. Broadband connectivity 4. Next Mobile Wireless 5. National Internet exchange & Indian Domain Name 6. IPv6 7. Security & digital signature 8. Media Lab Asia: seamless communication to rural areas 9. Language computing: given India’s multilingual nature 10.Outsourcing skilled manpower and R&D thrust  Will help grow IT share from current 4.8% of GDP www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  36. 36. A high stakes game : Internet Governance!  The internet juggernaut of the last decade took governments, regulators and carriers by surprise  The looming IP convergence and an era of ubiquitous communications raises growing concerns about national interests, security, privacy and control  IPv6 is a once in a generation opportunity to influence governance and control of telecommunications  For the first time since IPv4 was introduced in jan1983, the internet is moving to a new protocol version and address scheme  At stake: a more regulated structured growth versus a liberal highly creative, competitive more chaotic growth.  July 14th 2005: impasse between the U.N. and the USA. The U.N. panel presents 4 options including status-quo.  November 2005 WSIS conference in Tunis: compromise reached www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  37. 37. VSNL & IPv6 Global Foreign Carrier Carrier or ISP or ISP IP Convergence requires seamless connectivity www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  38. 38. Wholesale Data | Global Footprint www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  39. 39. Wholesale Data | IP Backbone www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  40. 40. Sonepat Agra Gorakhpur Patiala Allahabad Bhubaneshwar Faridabad Meerut Udaipur Ludhiana Cuttack Bhilwara Ghaziabad Durgapur Ambala Agartala Karnal Hissar Guwahati Ajmer Chandigarh Asansol Alwa Rohtak Ranchi Shillong r Kota Dehradu patna n Jamshedhpur Amritsar Eluru Sambhalpur Jodhpur Adoni Guntur Gurgaon Nellore Valsad Barielly Jaland Kanpur ar Tirupathy Lucknow Silvass Bharuch a Surat Jamnagar Jaipur Vishakapatnam Anand Gandhinagar Noida Warangal Delhi Kolkotta Himatnagar Medak Rajkot Vijaywadai Baroda Samathanagar Mehsana Ahmedabad Hyderabad Rajamundry Korba Kakinada Raipur Mysore Gwalior Bangalore Kolar Bhopal Mumbai Hasan Bhilai Mandya Chennai Indore Tumkuri Pune Ernakulam Coimbatorei Belgaum Vashi Jabalpur Mangalore Verna Hubli Tuticorn Panjim Sangli Solapur Erode Hossur Vellore Pune shivaji Kolhapur Madurai Tirupur Nasik Nagpur Salem Satara Ahmednagar Aurangabad Baramati Pallaka Trichy Calicut Palghat Pondicherry VSNL India: Jalgaon Thrissur d Cannonore Kollam Trivandraum 114 POP’s IPv6 ready www.vsnlinternational.com Allepey
  41. 41. Some concluding thoughts  What will the new telecom world we are creating bring?  Homes on-line: triple or quad play; home gateways for work, entertainment, security and monitoring.  Goods on-line: tagging of practically everything  Revenues on-line: whole industries attracted by the vortex  Nations on-line: prerequisite to compete and generate wealth in a increasingly global economy.  Humans on-line: we will be networks in motion moving around carrying some terabytes of information and communicating with the rest of the world at gigabit speeds  Our brains on-line?  IPv6 will be a small but essential cog in this big wheel. www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  42. 42. Global Teams | Local Support  VSNL Telecommunications (UK), Ltd  VSNL Singapore Pte Ltd. 5th Floor, 30-34 Moorgate  Teleglobe No. 5 Shenton Way London, EC2R 6PJ 1555 Rue Carrie-Derick UIC Building #22-07 United Kingdom Montreal (Québec) Singapore 068808 +44 20 7519 4610 Canada, H3C 6W2 +65 637 22 574 +44 20 7519 4609 +65 642 30 315 (Fax) +1 514 868 7272 +1 514 868 7234 (Fax)  Suite - 7th Floor  VSNL America, Inc. 2 Harbour Exchange Square 2100 Reston Parkway - Suite 320 London, E14 9GE, England  VSNL India Headquarters Reston, VA 20191 +44 207 519 4610 Lokmanya Videsh Sanchar Bhavan USA +44 207 519 4609 (Fax) Kashinath Dhuru Marg +1 703 547 5900 Prabhadevi, Mumbai 400028 +1 703 547 6555 (Fax) India  VSNL Hong Kong Limited 2402 Bank of America Tower +91 22 5652 6400  VSNL Telecommunications (US) Inc. 12 Harcourt Road +91 22 5652 6401(Fax) 90 Matawan Rd Central Suite 101 Hong Kong Matawan, NJ 07747  Middle East & North Africa +852 3693 8888 + 1 732 203 3000 +852 3690 2022 (Fax) Hamdan Street, City Center Building + 1 732 203 3003 (Fax) Block A, Office 204B  Asia-Pacific - Hong Kong P.O. Box 41660  750 College Road East 2508 Two Pacific Place Princeton, NJ 08540 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 88 Queensway, Hong Kong +1 609 750 3333 +852 2530-8500 +971 2 626 6223 +1 609 419 1511 (Fax) +971 2 627 2624 (Fax) +852 2537 7417 (Fax)  Teleglobe  Thailand Office 12010 Sunset Hills Road 36th Floor, CRC Tower Reston, Virginia 20190 All Seasons Place, 87/2 Wireless Road +1 703 766 3100 +66 2625 3113 +1 703 766 3102 (Fax) +66 2625 3003 (Fax) www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com
  43. 43. Thank You! www.vsnlinternational.com www.vsnlinternational.com

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