Houlin Zhao  Deputy Secretary-General, ITU New ITU Directions in the field of ICT for Innovation International Telecommuni...
<ul><li>1837 Invention of the first electric telegraph </li></ul><ul><li>1844 Samuel Morse sent his first public message o...
<ul><li>Telegraph: Morse Code   telegraph    telex   (wireless)  (wired + wireless) </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone: analogu...
Competing Technologies Relative speeds (in Mbit/s) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 GPRS CDMA 2000 1x EV-DO CDMA 2000 1x E...
The trade-off between  mobility and speed <ul><li>xDSL </li></ul><ul><li>FTTH  -  Wi-Fi  </li></ul><ul><li>2G, e.g. GSM  -...
25 years of policy & regulatory reform <ul><li>~ 25 years ago, AT&T  f ormally agreed  t o the   break-up of Bell  sy stem...
<ul><li>Mega-internet service providers like Google, MSN, eBay and Yahoo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strong brands, deep pockets...
Anytime, Anywhere, by Anything and Anyone A ubiquitous network society is a society where it is possible to seamlessly con...
A new ubiquity for technology… <ul><li>Marc Weiser’s vision : dedicated IT devices will eventually disappear, while inform...
Four key technological enablers <ul><li>T agging  Things :  R FID  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>enabling real-time identification...
Characteristics of 21 st  Century Networks <ul><li>High-speed, high-capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Interchangeably fixed or mo...
Recent developments in ITU work on innovation (I) <ul><li>2003: Study Group Question on Telecoms for Disaster Relief launc...
<ul><li>November 2006: PP-06 Resolution 133 continues work on internationalised domain names </li></ul><ul><li>January 200...
Recent developments in ITU work: Focus on Cybersecurity <ul><li>July 2004: ITU hosts WSIS Thematic Meeting on combating sp...
See you in ITU, Geneva Thank you Houlin Zhao ITU Deputy Secretary-General dsg @itu.int Tel: +41 22 730 5595 Fax: +41 22 73...
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  1. 1. Houlin Zhao Deputy Secretary-General, ITU New ITU Directions in the field of ICT for Innovation International Telecommunication Union Waseda University Symposium, 23 March 2007
  2. 2. <ul><li>1837 Invention of the first electric telegraph </li></ul><ul><li>1844 Samuel Morse sent his first public message over a telegraph Iine between Washington and Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>17 May 1865 Foundation of the “International Telegraph Union” with the adoption of the “First International Telegraph Convention” </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Graham Bell patents his invention of the telephone </li></ul><ul><li>1906 First “International Radiotelegraph Convention” signed </li></ul><ul><li>1924 Paris - Creation of CCIF (International Telephone Consultative Committee) </li></ul><ul><li>1925 Paris - Creation of CCIT (International Telegraph Consultative Committee) </li></ul><ul><li>1927 Washington - Creation of the CCIR (Intl. Radio Consultative Committee) </li></ul><ul><li>1932 Madrid - Plenipotentiary Conference. Telegraph Union changes name to </li></ul><ul><li>International Telecommunication Union </li></ul><ul><li>1947 ITU becomes a Specialized Agency of the United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>1956 Geneva - CCIF and CCIT merged into CCITT (International </li></ul><ul><li>Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee) </li></ul><ul><li>1992 Geneva - Plenipotentiary Conference. Creation of 3 Sectors: </li></ul><ul><li>ITU-T replaces CCITT, ITU-R replaces IFRB, CCIR, and ITU-D replaces TCD </li></ul>ITU Landmarks
  3. 3. <ul><li>Telegraph: Morse Code  telegraph  telex (wireless) (wired + wireless) </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone: analogue  digital  IP Telephony </li></ul><ul><li>Network Switch: manual, automatic (mechanic), SPC (circuit switch, packet switch), ISDN/B-ISDN, TMN, NGN </li></ul><ul><li>Data: PSS, connectionless, internet </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission: cable, submarine cable, optical fibre, microwave, radio; broadband, PCM, DSL, LAN, DWDM, CWDM, TDM, SDH, FR, ADPCM, OTN, PON, GPON </li></ul><ul><li>Coding: Voice coding, fax coding, still image coding, moving image coding (MPEG) </li></ul><ul><li>TV: black and white, colour, high definition TV, digital TV, Cable TV, IPTV </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile/cellular: analogue, digital (GSM, CDMA), IMT-2000 (3G), Mobile TV </li></ul><ul><li>Radio: SOS, VHF/UHF, LF/MF broadcasting, satellite, space communications </li></ul><ul><li>Languages: CHILL, TTCN, ASN.1, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Other areas: QoS, security, numbering and addressing, tariff and accounting, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>New topics: </li></ul><ul><li>LAN, WLAN, Wi-Fi, WiMax, ENUM, IPv6, Universal access, Multilingual internet </li></ul><ul><li>Home networking , IPTV, RFID </li></ul><ul><li>also </li></ul><ul><li>Spam, virus, phishing, hackers, … </li></ul>Telecommunications evolution
  4. 4. Competing Technologies Relative speeds (in Mbit/s) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 GPRS CDMA 2000 1x EV-DO CDMA 2000 1x EV-DV WCDMA (HSDPA) (Wi-Fi) 802.11b 802.11g 802.11a ADSL VDSL Fibre-to-the-home Fixed WLAN Mobile
  5. 5. The trade-off between mobility and speed <ul><li>xDSL </li></ul><ul><li>FTTH - Wi-Fi </li></ul><ul><li>2G, e.g. GSM - 2.5G </li></ul><ul><li>early 3G </li></ul>high- speed high - mobility low-mobility low- speed Mobile Broadband : 3G + Mobile-Fi? WiMax ? <ul><li>Body/personal area networks e.g . </li></ul><ul><li>- RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Zigbee </li></ul>still largely untapped markets !
  6. 6. 25 years of policy & regulatory reform <ul><li>~ 25 years ago, AT&T f ormally agreed t o the break-up of Bell sy stem; </li></ul><ul><li>about 10 years ago, in concluding the WTO basic telecoms agreement, some 80 countries have committed to telecoms market liberali z ation; </li></ul><ul><li>Now, 145 independent regulators established; </li></ul><ul><li>Countries with privatized operators and some degree of competition are now in majority among ITU 191 Member States. </li></ul><ul><li>Many new comers, ISPs joined the markets </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Mega-internet service providers like Google, MSN, eBay and Yahoo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strong brands, deep pockets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entering audiovisual content business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Most internet traffic will be video in a few years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>entering voice markets and some infrastructure provisioning </li></ul></ul>New players
  8. 8. Anytime, Anywhere, by Anything and Anyone A ubiquitous network society is a society where it is possible to seamlessly connect “ anytime, anywhere, by anything and anyone ”, and to exchange a wide range of information by means of accessible, affordable and user friendly devices and services. … It will support the design and realization of a people-centered information society, where the secure and reliable flow of information will be ensured. Chairman’s Report, WSIS Thematic Meeting on “Ubiquitous Networks Societies”, Tokyo, 16-17 May 2005, Para 4.
  9. 9. A new ubiquity for technology… <ul><li>Marc Weiser’s vision : dedicated IT devices will eventually disappear, while information processing capabilities will be increasingly available </li></ul><ul><li>Ubiquity refers to unobtrusive connectivity anytime and anywhere, by anyone … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extending connectivity to the underserved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early example: reaching two billion mobile phones in 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… but also by any thing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating a “network of things” </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Four key technological enablers <ul><li>T agging Things : R FID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>enabling real-time identification and tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>S ensing Things : S ensor technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>enabling detection of environmental status and sensory information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T hinking Things : S mart technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>building intelligence into the edges of the network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enabling smart homes, smart vehicles etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>S hrinking Things : N anotechnology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>making possible the “networking” of smaller and smaller objects (more powerful?!) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Characteristics of 21 st Century Networks <ul><li>High-speed, high-capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Interchangeably fixed or mobile </li></ul><ul><li>Differing ranges for different networks </li></ul><ul><li>Each household or office may have dozens of devices and sensors connected </li></ul><ul><li>Billions of objects will have RFID chips </li></ul><ul><li>Flat-rate pricing models will be dominant </li></ul><ul><li>Options to pay for premium content, extra security etc </li></ul>
  12. 12. Recent developments in ITU work on innovation (I) <ul><li>2003: Study Group Question on Telecoms for Disaster Relief launched </li></ul><ul><li>2004: NGN Focus Group established, for smooth transition from PSTN to IP </li></ul><ul><li>2004: Study Group Question on Distributed Speech Recognition (DSR) and Distributed Speaker Verification (DSV) launched </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2006: Work begins on RFID </li></ul><ul><li>April 2006: IPTV Focus Group formed </li></ul><ul><li>May 2006: VDSL2 standards established </li></ul><ul><li>June 2006: Regional Radio Conference establishes transition plan for digital broadcasting </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>November 2006: PP-06 Resolution 133 continues work on internationalised domain names </li></ul><ul><li>January 2007: ITU-T and Universities workshop </li></ul><ul><li>January 2007: New Initiatives workshop on “Future of Voice” </li></ul><ul><li>January 2007: Workshop on “Market mechanisms for spectrum management” </li></ul><ul><li>February 2007: Focus Group on Identity Management formed </li></ul><ul><li>February 2007: Study Group 2 discusses numbering allocation for Child HelpLine Int’l </li></ul><ul><li>March 2007: Fully-networked car workshop (during Geneva car show) </li></ul>Recent developments in ITU work on innovation (Cont’d)
  14. 14. Recent developments in ITU work: Focus on Cybersecurity <ul><li>July 2004: ITU hosts WSIS Thematic Meeting on combating spam </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 2005: ITU nominated by WSIS as coordinator for action line C5 (Cybersecurity) </li></ul><ul><li>May 2006: “Partnerships in Global Cybersecurity” launched following May 15-16 meeting </li></ul><ul><li>May 2006: Cybersecurity gateway launched (www.itu.int/cybersecurity) </li></ul><ul><li>October 2006: ITU joins “Stop Spam Alliance” with other international organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 2006: PP-06 identifies cybersecurity as a high priority work item in Res 130 </li></ul><ul><li>May 2007: Second C5 facilitation meeting to be held, 14-15 May 2007, Geneva </li></ul>
  15. 15. See you in ITU, Geneva Thank you Houlin Zhao ITU Deputy Secretary-General dsg @itu.int Tel: +41 22 730 5595 Fax: +41 22 730 5137

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