Calix-Enabling the Smart Home

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Calix-Enabling the Smart Home

  1. 1. CANTO Presentation: Enabling the Smart Home
  2. 2. Requirements Defined by Services Mosaics Games Services News Commerce Smart Home Sports Real-time Info Communication
  3. 3. A Massive Shift in Content Distribution <ul><li>Video consumption patterns unquestionably shifting to internet-sourced content, home media distribution hub... but how rapidly? </li></ul>
  4. 4. New Service Models Under Construction <ul><li>Network no longer defined by media type, service providers seeking opportunities to deliver value by connecting targeted content to subs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some embracing entire service experience – from content to presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others focusing on the access “pipe” and fostering strategic partnerships </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Smart Home – Consumer Simplicity is Key <ul><li>Where is the home network going… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One network - any service, anywhere, anytime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What access media? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copper, fiber, wireless… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What access technology? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DSL, PON, pt-to-pt Ethernet, WiMax… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How much bandwidth is required? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li><15 Mbps, 20-30 Mbps, >30 Mbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How old is the “digital home”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age often defines what physical media is available / pre-wired </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determines how many man hours to wire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What type of data network? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Old networks are not sufficient to deploy demanding next generation applications </li></ul></ul></ul>?
  6. 6. The Customer Premises Challenge <ul><li>Broadband historically has been used for Internet access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers typically near phone and power, less often near coax network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homes with multiple computers have networking solution (10/100 Base-T) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless sometimes sold as value add, typically 802.11g or older technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IPTV reveals service delivery challenges, exposes networking “faults” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple endpoints mandate in-home network… beware of older solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IPTV requires much greater bandwidth than traditional Internet access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IPTV is unforgiving… packet loss = customer dissatisfaction, service call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most existing home networks do not address quality of service (QoS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once you enter the home, everything becomes “your problem” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User experience becomes indistinguishable from the service provider </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Physical Network Media Choices <ul><li>Wire building with CAT5 (Ethernet) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be expensive (2 people for 3-4 hours) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides dedicated pt-to-pt bandwidth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liability risk, some homeowners will not allow home re-wiring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leverage existing premises wiring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coax network (shared) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power line network (shared) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone line network (shared) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use wireless technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed for data applications, Internet access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potentially problematic for IPTV (pre 802.11n) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New solutions (Ruckus Wireless) rapidly solving issues </li></ul></ul></ul>Home Bandwidth Scale 200+ Capacity (Mbps) Wireless: 802.11n (MiMo Tech.) Wired: Phone Line (HPNA v3.0+) Wired: Power Line (HomePlug AV) Wired: CAT5 (pt-to-pt) COAX (MOCA / HPNA v3.1) 150+ 100+ 50+
  8. 8. Home Networking Technologies/Solutions <ul><li>HPNA v3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed by Home Phone Networking Alliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works over phone lines or RG-59/RG-6 coax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HPNA v3 over coax called HCNA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MoCA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed by Multimedia over Coax Alliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works over RG-59/RG-6 coax </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HomePlug / HomePlug AV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Powerline Alliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works over existing in-home power network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WiFi / Wireless Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by the WiFi Alliance (consortium of companies) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works anywhere but operated in unlicensed spectrum </li></ul></ul>Beware of proprietary solutions – generally lead to stranded investment
  9. 9. Great Debate: HPNA v3 or MoCA <ul><li>HPNA v3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratified as HomePNA v3.1, ITU G.9954 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology / chipset developed by CopperGate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operates in 4-28 MHz range </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted to be “friendly” with cable spectrum (in-home coax network) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telco vendors heavily involved; several chip vendors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides bandwidth in excess of 100 Mbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synchronous operation with QoS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry proponent: AT&T </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.homepna.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MoCA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defined by Multimedia over Coax Alliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology developed by Entropic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operates in the 900 Mhz to 1.2 GHz range </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed to enable DOCSIS and RF return </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cable MSOs and cable vendors heavily involved; 11 chip vendors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides bandwidth in excess of 100 Mbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides QoS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry proponent: Verizon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.mocalliance.org/ </li></ul></ul>Motorola 2-Wire Scientific Atlanta (Cisco) ReadyLinks
  10. 10. HomePlug – “Ready Made” Network <ul><li>HomePlug </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defined by HomePlug Powerline Alliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HomePlug 1.0 provides up to 8 Mbps throughput, good for data / Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newer HomePlug AV provides bandwidth up to 200 Mbps, designed for video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throughput can be affected by phase, location of devices and “noisy” household appliances (vaccuums, can openers, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.homeplug.org/ </li></ul></ul>Linksys (Cisco) Asoka Netgear ZyXEL Actiontec Aztech
  11. 11. Wireless – Cutting the Cord… Maybe <ul><li>WiFi / Wireless Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widely used for basic home networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speeds can range from 11 Mbps (early tech.) to upwards of 200 Mbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operates in unlicensed spectrum so it’s susceptible to interferrence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newer 802.11n (draft spec.) utilizes MIMO technology (antenna array) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both 802.11n and proprietary MIMO solutions enable QoS, video services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all WiFi solutions are created equal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very difficult to troubleshoot remotely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security may be an issue (people don’t enable it choose weak passwords) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.wi-fi.org/ </li></ul></ul>Linksys (Cisco) Dlink Belkin Netgear Standard Max Uplink / Downlink Approx. Range WiFi: 802.11a 54 Mbps ~30 meters WiFi: 802.11b 11 Mbps ~30 meters WiFi: 802.11g 54 Mbps ~30 meters WiFi: 802.11n 200+ Mbps ~50 meters
  12. 12. Premises Service Distribution <ul><li>CAT5 to multiple STB model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video / data over CAT 5 wire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value is “known” infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Centralized gateway model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary STB with 2-3 decoders for multiple video streams </li></ul></ul>TV+STB PC TV+STB TV+ Multi Decoder STB ONT / NID (POTS splitter) TV PC TV Existing Coax Splitter ONT / NID (POTS splitter) DSL HPNA Coax POTS CAT 5 Wireless
  13. 13. Premises Service Distribution <ul><li>HPNA3 distribution model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video and data over existing coax using HPNA v3 adaptors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated into ONT / home device </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wireless distribution model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethernet distribution over 802.11 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earlier flavors not robust enough for video / high-bandwidth apps </li></ul></ul>TV+STB PC TV+STB PC TV+STB TV+STB ONT / NID (POTS splitter) ONT / NID (POTS splitter) DSL HPNA Coax POTS CAT 5 Wireless
  14. 14. More Sophistication  More Support Internet Security Home Networking PC Hardware/Software Problems Associated With (Estimated # of U.S. Households): 41.3M Problem Resolved How? Source : Managing the Digital Home: Installation and Support Service © 2007 Parks Associates 21.7M 12.3M Myself: 66% Contacted ISP: 24% Friend/family: 24% New software: 13% Professional repair: 9% On-site service: 3% Myself: 70% Contacted ISP: 27% Friend/family: 27% New software: 18% Professional repair: 13% On-site service: 4% Myself: 62% Contacted ISP: 34% Friend/family: 31% New software: 15% Professional repair: 11% On-site service: 7%
  15. 15. Service Opportunities in the Home
  16. 16. The Next Wave – “Service Intelligence” <ul><li>What needs to be done? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart home “systems” need to plug-n-play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple networks need to converge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networks enabling service integration, intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who are the major players? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UPnP Forum – discovery and configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Home Alliance – service integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DLNA – service delivery standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who wants to “own” the home / subscriber? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better question, who doesn’t? </li></ul></ul>Discovery, Configuration & Delivery Device Interconnection Technology Companies with Service Gateways, Partnerships or Plans for Direct to Consumer Revenue
  17. 17. Home Gateway: TR-069 / ACS Integration <ul><li>TR-69 extend network management into the customer premises </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Associate network / subscriber management to ACS database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support 3 rd party DSL modems, Ethernet switches or other TR-69 manageable devices (home gateway) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baseline TR-69 functionality includes: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remote device management: upgrade, downgrade & provisioning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Device / network diagnostics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Device / service troubleshooting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear Access provides a complete TR-69 CPE and ACS solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear access CPE supports advance subscriber management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless network management / provisioning </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remote in-home device configuration (ex: HP printer) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Firewalling / port filtering </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear Access also supports 3 rd party, standards based TR-69 CPE w/three tiers or support </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read only </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read only with software flashing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full support </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Streamlining Subscriber / Network Mgt. CMS Enables Unified, Streamlined Management Interface Subscriber / Network Management
  19. 19. Innovation & Evolution – What’s Next? <ul><li>Provide consumers with ubiquitous, managed, smart in-home networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete media independence to provide: any service, any device, anywhere, anytime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open standards facilitate service innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreasing consumer loyalty to a device for a service – convergence is king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local home and Internet sourced media will become increasingly integrated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t try to out smart the smart home… flexibility & management is key to success </li></ul><ul><li>The smart home requirement… </li></ul>Home Media Server Mobile / WiFi Home Access Point (QOS Enforcement) Information Communication Entertainment TR-69 Broadband Device / Home Mgt. Gateway Fiber Copper Broadband WiFi
  20. 20. Thank You

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