APSCC E-Newsletter : March 2009


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APSCC E-Newsletter : March 2009

  1. 1. APSCC E-Newsletter : March 2009 The Asia-Pacific Satellite Communications Council (APSCC) produces this monthly e-newsletter as part of its information services for its members and professionals in the satellite industry. APSCC aims to keep its members and subscribers updated with the latest industry news as well as APSCC activities. News, comments, and suggestions can be sent to the editor at editor@apscc.or.kr. To renew your subscription, please fill out the attached Subscription Reply form and send it to info@apscc.or.kr at least every six months. To unsubscribe, send an email to info@apscc.or.kr with a title “Unsubscribe.” News in this issue has been collected from January 30 through February 26. APSCC 2009 Satellite Conference and Exhibition 29 September - 1 October, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Mark Your Calendar! The 12th Asia-Pacific Satellite Communication, Broadcasting and Space Conference and Exhibition, APSCC 2009, will be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from September 29 to October 1. APSCC 2009 will bring together the satellite community to identify key trends of the industry and address new technological and policy challenges in the Asia-Pacific region. The event will also be packed with networking opportunities with key players in the satellite and space related industries. For exhibition and sponsorship packages, please contact the APSCC secretariat by email at info@apsc.or.kr. SATELLITE BUSINESS NEWS Eutelsat and its Partners Launch Satellite Broadband in France February 2, 2009 - Eutelsat Communications and its first partners, Numeo and Sat2Way, announced the immediate launch in France of broadband access. The satellite broadband solution is based on the Tooway™ service which delivers downlink speeds to user PCs of 2 Mbps and speeds from the user on the transmit side of 384 kbps. To access Tooway™, users require a dish and modem which are included in the monthly subscription fee proposed by Numéo and Sat2Way. With no requirement for a telephone line, Tooway™ enables homes to benefit from broadband connectivity at speeds equivalent to ADSL. Service providers can also propose complementary services, including antivirus and anti- spam and can also build triple-play offers combining Internet access, Voice over IP and IPTV channels. SES NEW SKIES Signs Caprock Deal February 2, 2009 - SES NEW SKIES announced that CapRock Communications, a global provider of satellite communications to remote and harsh environments, has contracted 18 MHz of C-band capacity on the NSS-7 satellite at 338 degrees East. CapRock also renewed an existing contract for 5.8 MHz in Ku-Band on that satellite. CapRock Communications is a provider of global satellite communications for the oil and gas, government services, maritime engineering and construction, mining and disaster recovery markets. Gilat to Provide Nepal Telecom with VSAT and Cellular Backhaul Solution February 3, 2009 - Gilat Satellite Networks Ltd. has been selected by Telecommunications Consultants India Ltd (TCIL), a telecommunications consultancy and engineering company, to provide Nepal Telecom with a SkyEdge broadband satellite communications network covering hundreds of sites. Nepal Telecom will use the new VSAT network to deliver broadband Internet connectivity to remote areas and to provide toll-quality telephony to rural citizens, meeting its Universal Service Obligations. Nepal Telecom has also chosen Gilat's SkyAbis cellular backhaul solution to extend the range of GSM and CDMA services for Nepal's cellular operators. Integral Systems Announces Expansion of Relationship with B-SAT February 4, 2009 - Japan's Broadcasting Satellite System Corporation (B-SAT) has selected Integral Systems to deliver a turnkey satellite control system for the BSAT-3b and BSAT-3c satellites, scheduled for launch in 2010 and 2011, respectively. The EPOCH Integrated Product Suite (IPS) system for the two new satellites will be integrated with the BSAT-3a EPOCH IPS satellite control system, which was provided by Integral under a previous contract. Under this new contract, Integral APSCC 1 March 2009
  2. 2. Systems will provide two new, fully redundant, integrated satellite control systems for two Lockheed Martin A2100 satellites. The new satellite control systems will leverage Integral Systems' complete EPOCH IPS as well as the Compass software products of its subsidiary, Newpoint Technologies. iDirect Selected by Australian Satellite Communications for Launch of DVB-S2 Network February 10, 2009 - VT iDirect, Inc. (iDirect), a subsidiary of VT Systems Inc., announced that Australian Satellite Communications Pty Ltd (ASC) has chosen the iDirect Evolution platform to implement a DVB-S2 network covering Australia and New Zealand. ASC will leverage the next- generation platform to introduce new services for existing and prospective customers. Based on the DVB-S2 standard with ACM, the network will provide broadband voice and data services over Ku-band, delivering significant gains in bandwidth efficiency and throughput rates. Intellian Debuts k4 Ka-band Marine Satellite High Definition TV Antenna February 10, 2009 - Intellian Technologies, a leader in marine satellite entertainment and communications, announced the latest addition to its line of marine satellite TV antennas, the k4. The new Intellian antenna offers the greatest number of high-definition (HD) channels at sea. k4, along with the recently announced k6, is the only in-motion marine antenna that are capable of receiving Ka-band signals and more than 130 DirectTV HD channels broadcast over it. k4 and k6 can be used in conjunction with Intellian Technologies’ Ku-band antenna to provide boaters with all 500 DirectTV’s HD and SD programming channels. Intellian’s new Dual Antenna Control Unit (DACU) allows boaters to seamlessly switch between DirecTV’s five satellites providing the same full digital and HD programming enjoyed by home viewers. k4 is compatible with any Intellian Ku-band antenna providing more programming thanany other marine satellite antenna package on the market. Telecom Fiji Expands Gilat SkyEdge Network for Cellular Backhaul Application February 11, 2009 - Telecom Fiji Ltd. (TFL) has added Gilat's SkyAbis cellular-backhaul solution to its satellite communications network to enhance Fiji's mobile service. The addition of Gilat's SkyAbis cellular backhaul solution has enabled TFL’s expansion of CDMA services to regions where it was not economically feasible before. The expansion followed TFL’s deployment and operation of a Gilat SkyEdge network which provides a number of diverse services and applications in the remote Fiji islands. TFL provides high-speed IP services to more than 120 remote villages and private resorts throughout Fiji as a DSL alternative. In addition, solar powered SkyEdge VSATs provide rural services to villages that previously had no telephony connectivity. Globecomm Systems Receives Service Contract with a Major US Government Prime Contractor February 13, 2009 - Globecomm Services Maryland, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Globecomm Systems Inc., has received a one-year service contract from a major U.S. Government prime contractor valued at $13.7 million. On January 2, 2008, Globecomm was awarded a service contract renewal from a major U.S. Government prime contractor valued at up to $42.4 million over four years, if all options are exercised, to provide satellite, data, voice and microwave services to several locations in the Middle East, Africa and Asia as well as certain Pacific and Caribbean islands. The scope of work specified that Globecomm would provide fully managed engineering support, teleport services, and equipment, complete with installation and maintenance. Each option year requires incremental funding and includes additional options to increase the scope of work for both locations and services offerings. This $13.7 million contract has been issued under the previously announced multi-year contract, is fully funded and includes a significant increase in scope over the base contract. SES NEW SKIES Signs New Multi-Transponder Agreement with TIBA February 17, 2009 - SES NEW SKIES announced that Telepuerto Internacional Buenos Aires (TIBA) has signed a new multi-transponder, multi-year agreement for satellite capacity on the NSS-806 satellite at the orbital location of 319.5 degrees East. With this new 7 year agreement, TIBA now has a total of 187.4 MHz on NSS-806 under contract. TIBA is a Latin American provider of satellite, telecommunications and full management content services for television signals. TIBA owns teleports equipped with state-of-the-art technology in Argentina, and provides operations to broadcasters and has on board more than 120 television channels. APSCC 2 March 2009
  3. 3. JSAT MOBILE is Granted License to Offer BGAN and FleetBroadband Services in Japan February 18, 2009 - Stratos Global Corporation (Stratos) announced that JSAT MOBILE Communications Inc. (JSAT MOBILE) has been granted a radio license by the Kanto Bureau of the Japanese Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. The license authorizes JSAT MOBILE to offer Inmarsat BGAN and FleetBroadband mobile satellite communications services in Japan and on Japanese-registered vessels. Inmarsat’s BGAN and FleetBroadband mobile satellite offerings use portable, lightweight terminals to provide simultaneous, high-speed data and voice connectivity anywhere in the world. FleetBroadband from Stratos provides on-demand guaranteed IP data rates (up to 432 kbps), regardless of the vessel’s location. Stratos has activated hundreds of FleetBroadband terminals for commercial, military and leisure vessels. Thuraya Appoints Fonenet as Distributor For ThurayaIP February 22, 2009 - Fonenet, a UK-based telecom solution provider, will be marketing and distributing ThurayaIP, a competitive mobile satellite broadband service, in UK and major African markets. With a strong distribution network, Fonenet will be targeting key market segments such as oil and gas operations and NGOs offices, as well as private customers. ThurayaIP, introduced mid of last year, has advanced features making it an ideal communication partner. Sleekly designed with a compact A-5 size and transmission speed upto 444 Kbps, it also has a video streaming capacity that functions at a speed of 384 Kbps. APSI to Operate as Common Carrier of Satellite Mobile Communication in Korea February 24, 2009 - APSI announced that the Company will operate as a common carrier of satellite mobile communication in Korea, which will be APSI's secondary source of growth. To operate the satellite system, APSI has already constructed the L-band antenna, satellite modem channel, a ground network access switchboard and an accounting application system. Furthermore, APSI will also build a C-band satellite earth station and a satellite network station, which means investing an additional KRW 12.8 billion from 2009 to 2013. Thuraya Service provides various satellite terminals such as satellite mobile phones, Maritime terminal, Thuraya IP, Fixed Docking Unit, etc. Inmarsat Completes I4 Repositioning February 25, 2009 - The new global I-4 satellite network went live when broadband services were successfully transferred to the Inmarsat-4 (I-4) F1 spacecraft at 20:00 UTC on Tuesday, 24 February. Also involved in the transfer were Inmarsat's satellite phone services (SPS) - IsatPhone, LandPhone and FleetPhone, which have now commenced operation on two I-4 satellites. As a result, satellite phone services are now available on both the I-4 EMEA and I-4 Asia-Pacific satellites. The restoration of services on the I-4 F1 brings Inmarsat's satellite repositioning program to a successful conclusion. C-COM Satellite Systems Receives Multiple System Orders from Malaysia February 10, 2009 - C-COM Satellite Systems Inc. has received an initial order for a number of iNetVu Mobile systems from its reseller, Numix Engineering Sdn Bhd in Malaysia. The mobile satellite antenna systems are going to be deployed by Telekom Malaysia Berhad (TM) for its mobile retail outlet, which will comprise a fleet of vehicles fully customized to operate as a “one stop centre” for its sales & marketing activities. Newtec FlexACM Increases Service Availability for SkyVision February 26, 2009 - SkyVision, a provider of turnkey broadband Internet solutions has implemented Newtec’s FlexACM for use on a high speed IP point-to-point link on an inclined orbit satellite between Kenya and Austria. The activation of FlexACM on this link increases throughput on average by 85 %, and guarantees up to 100 % link availability. SkyVision’s point-to-point link between its teleport in Kenya and its main teleport in Austria uses an inclined orbit satellite. In order to follow the position of the inclined orbit satellite, SkyVision needs to use tracking on outbound and inbound antennas. The Newtec FlexACM solution, that enables the usage of higher modulation schemes and lower error correction, results in an average data throughput of 74 Mbps, an 85 % improvement on performance from the previous system, and with peak-throughput speeds of 95 Mbps or 137 % during the best link conditions. APSCC 3 March 2009
  4. 4. BROADCASTING NEWS AsiaSat Signs France 24 Capacity Deal February 2, 2009 - Asia Satellite Telecommunications Company Limited (AsiaSat) and FRANCE 24 signed a contract to distribute FRANCE 24’s English-language 24-hour international news channel across the Asia-Pacific region through AsiaSat 2’s C-band platform at SatLink Communications. With the launch of its free-to-air English-language service on AsiaSat 2, FRANCE 24 is able to access all leading cable and satellite television networks, terrestrial television stations and hotel networks throughout Asia, Australasia and the Middle East. The channel covers all world events with a focus on five major sectors: news, economics, culture and arts, sports and world weather forecast. Fashion TV’s HD Service Chooses AsiaSat 2 February 9, 2009 - AsiaSat and Fashion TV (FTV) signed an agreement for C-band capacity on AsiaSat 2 to launch FTV HD, the new high definition channel by FTV, in Asia Pacific. Broadcast of FTV HD has commenced on AsiaSat 2. Through AsiaSat 2’s coverage and penetration, the channel is distributed to all major cable and satellite networks, and pay TV platforms across the region, providing Asian viewers access to exceptional picture and sound quality of new programming on fashion, beauty, lifestyle and luxury. FTV has also chosen RRsat Global Communication Network Ltd., a provider of comprehensive content management and global distribution services to the television and radio broadcasting industries, to provide the playout and uplink services for the FTV HD channel to AsiaSat 2. THAICOM to Transmit Next Step Programs February 3, 2009 - Commercial satellite operator and the operator of the IPSTAR satellite broadband system, THAICOM Public Company Limited, has signed a contract with Real Metro Company Limited for capacity on the THAICOM-5 satellite platform to transmit its seven television channels under the production and operation of Next Step Company Limited “Next Step”, its subsidiary. The total Contract value is approximately $6.68 million. In addition, THAICOM has already broadcasted Next Step’s seven channels on the THAICOM-5’s Ku-band transponder since the beginning of 2009. Eutelsat Doubles its Broadcasting Resources at 9 Degrees East February 24, 2009 - Eutelsat Communications announced the entry into commercial service of its EUROBIRD™ 9A satellite at 9 degrees East. Redeployment of the satellite was made possible with last week's entry into service at 13 degrees East of HOT BIRD™ 9, which released EUROBIRD™ 9A (formerly HOT BIRD™ 7A) for its new commercial mission to support the rapid pace of growth at Eutelsat's 9 degrees East broadcast neighborhood. It will replace EUROBIRD™ 9 at this position, doubling operational resources from 20 to 38 transponders. The smooth transfer of 175 television channels and 25 radio stations onto EUROBIRD™ 9A was completed by Eutelsat's control centre, working closely with broadcast clients and providers of uplink services. SPACE / LAUNCH NEWS Arianespace Orders 35 Ariane 5 ECA Launchers from Astrium February 2, 2009 - On January 30 at European Space Agency headquarters in Paris, Jean-Yves Le Gall, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Arianespace, and Alain Charmeau, Chief Executive Officer of Astrium Space Transportation, signed a contract for the production of 35 Ariane 5 ECA launchers (designated the “PB” batch), worth more than 4 billion Euros. The launchers in the PB batch will be used starting in the second half of 2010, after the 30 Ariane 5 launchers ordered in 2004 (“PA” batch). With this contract, Arianespace now has 49 Ariane 5 launchers under production along with the upcoming service entry of the Vega and Soyuz launchers at the Guiana Space Center in French Guiana. Astrium is the sole prime contractor for Ariane 5, delivering a complete, tested and integrated launcher to Arianespace at the Guiana Space Center. Astrium and Thales Alenia Space Partners of Arabsat for Two more Satellites February 4, 2009 - ARABSAT has selected the consortium of Astrium and Thales Alenia Space to build and deliver in orbit two new satellites, Arabsat 5C and Arabsat 6B. Astrium and Thales Alenia Space APSCC 4 March 2009
  5. 5. are jointly responsible for building the satellites and delivering them in orbit. Astrium, the leading partner, will supply the Eurostar E3000 platforms and integrate the satellites. Thales Alenia Space will design and build the communications payloads. The team will also upgrade the ground control segment for the extended ARABSAT satellite fleet. A Eurostar E3000 model equipped with a payload featuring 26 active transponders in C-band and 12 in Ka-band, Arabsat-5C will have a spacecraft power of 10kW at the end of its 15-year design lifetime. Arabsat-6B will be co-located with the rest of ARABSAT's BADR constellation of DTH satellites at its 26 degrees East video "hot-spot", extending in-orbit capacity for television services. Both satellites will be launched by Ariane 5 in the timeframe 2010-2012. Thales Alenia and Arianespace Space Announce Contract with Gazprom for Two Satellites February 6, 2009 - Gazprom Space Systems and Thales Alenia Space (TAS) signed a contract for manufacturing and delivering two Yamal-400 new generation communications satellites, Yamal-401 and Yamal-402. The launch contract was signed with Arianespace following the contract signed by Thales Alenia Space and Gazprom for the in-orbit delivery of the satellites. TAS, as the prime contractor, will be responsible for the design, manufacture, testing and turnkey delivery of the satellites as well as for the associated ground segment deployment. The new satellites launch is scheduled for 2011. Offering a design life exceeding 15 years, the two satellites will provide fixed communications and television transmission services. Yamal-401 will weigh 4,900 kg at launch, and will be equipped with 36 Ku-band and 17 C-band transponders. It will be positioned at 90 degrees East. Yamal-402, weighing 4,800 kg at launch, will have 46 Ku-band transponders and be positioned at 55 degrees East. SES Selects Space Systems/Loral to Provide Satellite for EchoStar February 11, 2009 - SES S.A. has signed a contract with Space Systems/Loral for the procurement of QuetzSat-1, a communications satellite with coverage of Mexico, North America and Central America. QuetzSat-1 is fully contracted to a subsidiary of EchoStar Corporation and will be used in part by Dish Mexico, an EchoStar joint venture, for DTH services in Mexico. It is further expected that EchoStar and its Satellite Services division will provide capacity on QuetzSat-1 to a subsidiary of DISH Network Corporation for use in connection with its U.S. DTH business. QuetzSat-1, which is scheduled for launch in 2011, is a Ku-band satellite designed to provide service for 15 years or more. The satellite will be located at 77 degrees West. RSCC Announces Successful Launch of Express-AM44 and Express-DM1 February 11, 2009 - The Express-AM44 and Express-MD1 satellites have been successfully launched onto target orbit by a Proton-M rocket with Breez-M accelerator and taken under control by RSCC satellite mission control center. At present RSCC via its terrestrial facilities controls AM44 and MD1 movement onto geostationary orbit at 11 degrees West and 80 degrees East orbital slots, respectively. The new satellites will provide the Russian customers with the TV and radio broadcasting services, telephony, data transmission and broadband Internet. Express-AM44 was manufactured by ISS Reshetnev with the French branch of Thales Alenia Space. The Express-AM44 carrying capacity is 1265 MHz, including 10 C-band transponders, 16 Ku-band transponders and 1 L-band transponder. Express-MD1 was manufactured by Khrunichev SCRPC with the Italian branch of Thales Alenia Space. Express-MD1 is equipped with 8 C-band transponders and 1 L-band transponder. The carrying capacity of the satellite is 321 MHz. Ariane 5 Begins 2009 with the Successful Launch of HOT BIRD 10 and NSS-9 February 12, 2009 - Arianespace initiated another busy year of launch activity with the successful Ariane 5 launch on February 12, which orbited payloads for two satellite communications operators - Eutelsat and SES. HOT BIRD 10 is to be used by Eutelsat for cable and satellite broadcasting duties, and it ultimately will be located at the company's video neighborhood orbital slot of 13 degrees East. The spacecraft was manufactured by EADS Astrium using the Eurostar E3000 spacecraft bus spacecraft, and is equipped with 64 Ku-band transponders. SES NEW SKIES' NSS-9 had a liftoff mass of about 2,240 kg and is designed to provide coverage for a variety of customers - including TV broadcasters, government users, operators and transport firms in the Pacific islands, as well as the maritime industry. Produced by Orbital Sciences Corporation with its Star-2 satellite bus, NSS-9 is configured with 44 C-band transponders, and will be positioned at an orbital slot of 183 degrees East. Update on Iridium Satellite Constellation APSCC 5 March 2009
  6. 6. February 13, 2009 - Iridium Satellite has completed its service hole patch in relation to its recent satellite loss. The company announced on February 11 that it lost an operational satellite as the result of a collision with a non-operational Russian satellite. The company also announced that the satellite loss may have resulted in very limited service disruption in the form of brief, occasional outages. Though the satellite loss has had minimal impact on Iridium’s service, the company has taken immediate action to address any impact. The Iridium service hole patch addresses a significant portion of outages that customers otherwise might have experienced. The company also is taking the necessary steps to replace the lost satellite with one of its in-orbit spares, and the operational planning stage is underway. ILS and AsiaSat Announce Proton Launch of AsiaSat 5 in 3rd Quarter 2009 February 24, 2009 - International Launch Services (ILS) and Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd. (AsiaSat) announced a contract for the launch of the AsiaSat 5 satellite on an ILS Proton. The satellite is under construction by Space Systems/Loral, and is expected to be delivered to the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan early this summer. ILS and Khrunichev are implementing a mission integration schedule to support a third quarter 2009 launch. AsiaSat 5 will replace AsiaSat 2 at the orbital location of 100.5 degrees East. The new AsiaSat 5 will offer an enhanced pan Asian C-band footprint and high-power Ku-band beams over East Asia, South Asia, and an in-orbit steerable Ku beam. The satellite is a Space Systems/Loral 1300 platform, designed for a lifespan of 15 years. Land Launch Success for Telstar 11N Satellite February 26, 2009 - The Land Launch Zenit-3SLB system successfully inserted Telesat’s Telstar 11N communications satellite into a geosynchronous transfer orbit from the Zenit launch site at the Baikonur Space Center in Kazakhstan on February 26. Space Systems/Loral built Telstar 11N on its 1300 series platform for Telesat to provide state-of-the-art satellite capacity for a broad range of video and data applications that connect the continents of North America, Europe and Africa. The spacecraft has 39 high-power Ku-band transponders as well as a unique Atlantic Ocean beam, which will support growing demand for mobile broadband from maritime and aeronautical markets. It has a 15-year design life. Sri Lanka Announces Plans for First and Second Satellite February 18, 2009 - Sri Lanka is set to launch its first satellite in 2009, a spacecraft named after science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke, Sri Lankan government officials confirmed in a press announcement released February 16. The officials also confirmed that a second satellite, a geostationary spacecraft, would follow. The Sri Lankan government has not named any potential partners, manufacturers or financiers but said it is exploring public-private partnerships and foreign assistance to launch the satellites. The first satellite is expected to cost about $20 million, with the second estimated at about $100 million. APPOINTMENTS Integral Systems Appoints Levi Royster as VP of Information Technology & Information Security February 18, 2009 - Integral Systems, Inc. announced that it has hired Levi A. Royster to serve as vice president of information technology and information security. In his position, Royster is responsible for developing a company-wide approach to addressing security processes that protect the people, information and property at Integral Systems' locations. In addition, Royster is responsible for the design, development and implementation of the company's information technology infrastructure and information security processes. Norbert Hölzle Appointed CEO of ND SatCom February 11, 2009 - ND SatCom announced that Norbert Hölzle has been appointed new CEO as of March 1, 2009. The new chief executive takes over the responsibility from Padraig McCarthy who served as an interim CEO since September 2008 and will continue in his role as SES ASTRA Chief Financial Officer and member of the ND SatCom shareholder committee. Hölzle has worked several years as Managing Director, Head of Sales and executive board member at T-Systems International. Before, he served as Head of Business Customer and member of the management board at O2, Germany. Between 1988 and 1994, he was NATO Officer with the German Air Force and holds a telecommunication engineering degree of the University of the German Armed Forces. APSCC 6 March 2009
  7. 7. UPCOMING EVENTS Satellite MENA 2009, March 3-5, Dubai, UAE, www.satellitemena.com Satellite MENA is being launched in response to the increasing demand of the satellite communications industry in the Middle East, North Africa & South Asia region. Held alongside CABSAT MENA, the event will serve broadcasters, commercial entities, telecom operators, government, NGOs and the military. Satellite MENA will be the industry's networking platform to explore business opportunities, formulate strategies and create partnerships for video, voice data and IP communication over satellite. Satellite 2009 Conference & Exhibition, March 24-27, Washington, DC, USA, http://www.satellitetoday.com/satellite2009/ MSUA-6, March 26-27, Washington, DC, USA, www.satellitetoday.com/satellite2009/msua-6/ SatCom Africa 2009, April 6-9, Johannesburg, South Africa, www.terrapinn.com/2009/satcomza NAB Show, April 18-22, Las Vegas, USA, www.nabshow.com Editorials and Inquiries: Anna Kim, Editor Asia-Pacific Satellite Communications Council (APSCC) Suite T-1602 Poonglim Iwantplus, 255-1 Seohyun-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, Kyunggi-do, 463-824 Korea Tel: +82 31 783 6246 Fax: +82 31 783 6249 E-mail: editor@apscc.or.kr Website: www.apscc.or.kr APSCC 7 March 2009