Historical figures of Ancient Rome Phillip O’Neill & Jercy Wang
Romulus and Remus Romulus and Remus were the founders of Romeaccording to the Roman mythology. They were twinbrothers who were the supposed sons of the god Marsand the priestess Rhea Silvia. Romulus and Remuswere discovered by Faustulus, a shepherd, whobrought the children to their home. the twin brotherskilled Amulius and restated Numleon, theirgrandfather as king of Alba Longa, then decided tofind their own town. Romulus and Remus had chosena town where the she-wolf had nursed them. AfterRomulus began to build walls on them Palatine Hill,but Remus jeered a them because they were so low.
Romulus and Remus cont. Then Romulus gave a name Roma to the newbuilding city, after his name. The first citizens ofRoma were mostly outlaws and fugitives, to whomRomulus gave the settlement on the Capitoline Hill.After that Romulus decided to kidnap women fromthe Sabines, which was an Italian Tribe so heproclaimed a festival and invited many Sabines to it.But, that made all the Sable men furious, thatRomulus was kidnapping the women and declaredwar on him. He soon disappeared one day during aterrible storm.
Hannibal and the Carthaginian Wars Hannibal was the leader of the military forces ofCarthage that fought against Rome in the secondPunic War. Hannibal accompanied his father on theCarthaginian expedition to conquer Spain. Hannibalwas the chief agent in carrying out the plans bywhich his brother-in-law Hasdrubal extended andconsidered the Carthaginian dominion on the IberianPeninsula. When Hasdrubal was assassinated in 221B.C, the army chose Hannibal as commander inchief. The second Punic War broke out in 218 whenHannibal took control of the Greek city and Romanally, Saguntum (in Spain).
Hannibal and the Punic wars Cont. Hannibal was full of surprises when Rome wastrying to defeat him. He went further north on theRhone river than the Romans expected and crossedthe river with his elephants on floatation devices. Hewon the battles in Trebia and at Lake Trasimene. Hecontinued through the Apennine Mountains that rundown through much of Italy like a spine. Anotherbattle victory was at the Battle of Cannae, theRomans lost thousands of troops, including theirRoman leader. Hannibal won against LuciusAemilius at Cannae.
Cicero Marcus Tullius Cicero was born on January3,106 B.C. He came from a rich municipal family ofthe equestrian order. He also considered one of thegreatest Roman orators and prose stylists. Heintroduced the Romans to the chief schools of Greekphilosophy and created a Latin philosophicalvocabulary as a linguist, translator, and philosopher.The peak of Ciceros authority and prestige camewhen the eighth-century understanding, and hisimpact on leading understanding thinkers such asJohn Locke, David Hume, and Montesquieu.
Cicero Cont. Hes one of the most important bodies of primarymaterial for the writing and revision of Romanhistory. He was a Roman philosopher. He wrotephilosophical works were the times he was forciblyprevented from taking places in politics. Heindentified himself primarily with the Academy,thought he found much to admire also on the stoaand Lyceum. He pent two years in Greece studyingphilosophy and rhetoric with Antiochus and StoicPosidonius. Upon his return he won election to amajor office that brought lifelong membership of thesenate and soon established himself as theForemost advocate of the age. Cicero sidedreluctantly with the opposition as the lesser threat toRoman institutions.
Julius Caesar and Augustus When Caesar went to Spain to fight thePompeian in 45 B.C, Gaius Octavius went with him.Augustus Caesar was born on September 23, 63 B.C.He is considered the first emperor of the Romanempire, which he ruled by himself from 27 B.C whenhe had died. He in 44 B.C via his final will andtestament and between then and 27 B.C wasofficially his name. Octavian, the heir of Julius andfirst Roman emperor is known by the nameAugustus as he was the first to be appointed withthat title and was referred to as such bycontemporaries .
Julius Caesar and Augustus CONT. The taking of the name Caesar was originated as Augustus when he was originally dictator upon his adoption. Octavian served under Julius Caesar in the Spanish expedition of 46 BC despite his delicate health. Caesars legacies to the Roman public from whatever finds he was able to raise himself. While we today know Octavian as Augustus, every emperor was certainly awarded the title. As Lepidus died when the problem with Sextus Pompeius, it gave Antony and Octavian rulers of the Roman world. Julius Caesar died on August 19, 14 AD.
HadrianHadrian was born on January "24" 76 B.C. Hadrian was the central figure of these five great emperor. Trajan also known as Hadrians birth place was Italica in Hispania Beatrice. His ancestors had come to Spain generations before from a town called Picenum at the end of the second Punic War. Hadrian carried the congratulations of the Molesian legions to Hadrian along the Rhine. He married Trajans grand niece Vibiasabina, his junior, though shes ten years old. He traveled to closely every province of the Empire. He used his relationship with his Greek favorite Antonius to underline his Philhellenism that brought cultures of ancient times.
Hadrian CONT. Hadrians parents name were Paulina Major andPaulina, Punnus Aelius Hadrianus. He was a romanemperor from 117 to 138. He is best known forbuilding Hadrians wall, which spotted the northernlimit of Roman Britain. In, Rome he rebuilt thePantheon and constructed the Temple of Verus andRoma. He spent extensive amounts of his time withthe military. He secured the Protection of the regionsreally fast- one potential opponent Lusius Quietuswas promptly dismissed. Despite his own specialreputation as a military leader, his reign was markedby a general lack of major military problems, apartfrom the Second Roman-Jewish War.