Should Southeast Asia copy the Silicon Valley model? I gave an opening keynote at the Hanoi Innovation Summit (#HISVN19) in August 2019. Making three points to answer the question: 1) There's a "stateless myth of Silicon Valley". The government played a key role in Silicon Valley, and needs to in #ASEAN, too 2) Silicon Valley can't be copied. It has its own unique history and competitive edge. Besides, maybe we shouldn't aspire to copy its inequality and exclusionary tendencies. #ASEAN #policymakers should strive for a model that thrives on #diversity and #inclusion 3) Governments should be empowered to take an entrepreneurial developmental state approach. Policy that is "contextually rational" performs best, rather than policy that imitates what has been done elsewhere. Promote local #innovation context, beyond "silicon ambitions".