recapLearning outcomes Understand God’s purpose for business Recognize our role in God’s plan for business Acquire principles for operating a Godly business Solve ethical and business problems
The benefits of being saved through Christ are virtues. Virtues are the fruit of the Holy Spirit working within Christians, the display of the character of God. This process transforms the human spirit as these virtues are lived out, making the human more and more like God. Virtuous living or The Christian life entails living in harmony with God, but this also includes His creation, especially fellow humanity. Living out the virtues of God through the Spirit brings out His character, and this fulfils the Christian’s purpose of glorifying God. Virtue is the habitual use of effective means toward a good end. It is a stable disposition to act well, that is, with right means in pursuit of good ends. Virtues are different from habits because they must be chosen for reasons based on your conception of a good human life. (Habits are simply tendencies to respond in patterned ways).
Virtue involves recognizing means and ends. When you have virtue, you are inclined to act (or sometimes just to feel or think) in particular way in particular circumstances. The virtues are practical, real-life expressions of human emotion and behavior. Managerial virtue unites knowledge with moral and spiritual leadership, guiding predictable and regular behavior. But note that the behavior is not guaranteed: the manager may choose to act against his virtuous dispositions or may be forced to act counter to those dispositions. Why? …for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God… Romans 3:23 So what do we do? We can display the character of Christ as the Holy Spirit transforms us to the perfect image of Jesus (2 Cor. 3:17-I8). Christ’s death on the Cross and His promise of salvation allows us to attain these traits of character. These traits have been placed by our faith in God and as our response to the gospel in our lives. Virtues represent qualities of God found also in humans who are created in the image of God.
Becoming slaves to Christ – being clothed by his grace... This is how we become imitators of God – through him molding and bending us according to his will How do these virtues form in a Christian?
The Holy Spirit oversees our growth, inspiring and enabling us in the process of moral development. Our moral development is a cooperative effort, at which we must work hard, but when we succeed, God deserves all the credit.
Continue to work out your salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God who works in you to will and to act according to his good purpose” Phil. 2:12-13 Thus, our moral growth must be guided by prayer, careful reading of the Bible and hard work. God will make you successful as much as your character will allow. Gary Oppedahl, President and CEO of TBAB Health Care Services The virtues are those habits of mind that move (or not) us toward the kind of person God has created us to be for His glory and Kingdom.
Thus he has given us, through these things, his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may escape from the corruption that is in the world because of lust, and may become participants of the divine nature. 2 Peter 1:4
The virtues build qualities within us to resist the temptation of only seeing profits or power or fame. They are not a part of an abstract theory of morality, but how people actually behave and feel. When we choose good habits, we become good; we build character to act rightly in tough situations.
A virtuous leader distinguishes right from wrong and acts to ensure justice and love prevail. He influences and enables others to pursue righteous and moral goals for themselves and their organizations. He helps others to connect to a higher purpose.
Do not withhold good from those who deserve it, when it is in your power to act. Proverbs 3:27 Thus, a just person is in right relationship with others. Managers are called to show justice, so that their intentions are in agreement with the common good. Business owners and their firms distribute a number of blessings: goods and services, jobs, wages, capital, taxes, philanthropy, etc. The way you distribute these resources or gains defines whether you are distributors of justice or not; obedient to God’s will or not. Thus, we can practice justice in our businesses through just wages, fair prices, well-designed jobs, capital distribution, charitable giving, and others. (We will get into specific case studies in just a bit). In your business this justice as fairness holds the institution together. It also provides a basis for long-term prosperity and good-will, because others will repay you with their loyalty (employees productivity) and patronage (customers and suppliers). &quot;Cursed is the man who withholds justice from the alien, the fatherless or the widow.&quot; Then all the people shall say, &quot;Amen!&quot; Deuteronomy 27:19 The rights of people outside the organization such as employees of other firms, competitors, suppliers, or customers also need to be respected. These rights concern honesty in the quality and quantities of products and services to be delivered, as well as the dignity of these individuals encountered in business settings.
Blessed are they who maintain justice, who constantly do what is right. Psalm 106:3
And let’s not forget the individual employee. We need to encourage them to recognize and practice general justice, in the form of loyalty. This demands that the employee support the organization and its leadership as well as fellow employees. Encourage employees and establish systems or processes for employees to seek the advice of a knowledgeable and unbiased third party (e.g., the clergy) before revealing “unethical” business practices to the public or government regulators. Justice also requires that your organization inspires employees to develop a sense of duty to take the necessary steps to protect the general public.
Part 1 – God and my calling
Part 2 – The God of marketing
Part 3 – Godly business Practice
What is the scope of marketing?
The activity, set of institutions, and processes
for defining, creating, communicating,
delivering, and exchanging offerings that
have value for customers, clients, partners,
and society at large.
American Marketing Association, 2013
Specific Stakeholders in an Organization*
Owners: Financial Community: Activist Groups:
Suppliers: Government: Political Groups:
Customers: Customer Advocate Groups: Unions:
Employees: Trade Associations: Competitors:
STAKEHOLDERS ANALYSIS EXERCISE
Section III – Virtuous practice
A virtue is a trait or quality deemed to be
morally excellent and thus is valued as a
foundation of good moral character. Personal
virtues are characteristics valued as
promoting individual and collective well being.
“To treat each thing, person or situation correctly
Justice means treating….
a superior as a superior,
an equal as an equal (equality) and
a subordinate as a subordinate.
How might you encourage your
managers to practice justice?
How might you encourage your
subordinates to act fairly, justly, and
*Note: For each of these
1)identify a stakeholder,
2)identify or imagine an
example that illustrates
the application of the
virtue toward that
Reell Engineering redesigned the assembly line based on Teach-Equip-Trust (TET) style of management in
which employees were taught inspection procedures, equipped with quality instruments and trusted to do
things right on their own assembly line. Employees decreased setup times for new products, reduced the
need for quality inspection, increased overall quality and required less supervision. By reducing these costs,
the company not only was able to set pay rates at a level closer to a living wage, but also created a richer
work experience by making employees accountable for developing their knowledge and skills. When work
is designed to use $7 of talent, it is difficult to pay people anything more than that amount. When an
employee is hired with no experience and no skills, the company pays the worker the market rate ($7 per
hour or whatever it is at the time), but then makes a commitment to move that employee to the target or
living wage ($11 per hour) through training and skill development. Responsibilities of employees here as
well. Employees are not merely recipients of justice, but they are also an integral part of the process of
creating right relationships in how they choose to pursue their work.
Special Group: Widows,
“To say, write or more broadly
communicate truth where it is relevant
that one so communicate it.”
“You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.” Exodus 20:16
How might you encourage your
stakeholders to act with honesty and
integrity (toward you and each other)?
A translation services company was contracted to translate materials for a
workshop in a foreign country. The parties agreed to the pay-per-page model.
The amount of work significantly exceeded the original agreement. The text
contained graphs, pictures, and charts - lots of "white space". The agency
charged for the equivalent of the actual "text" pages.
Generosity as justice is when the strong benefits the weak (the strong
could mean the financially strong, the educationally strong, the
physically strong, etc.). And the weak would be the corresponding
person or thing).
Generosity as love is when a person (strong, equal or weak) doesn't
have any obligation to help a person (usually financially, materially or
time-wise), but still chooses to do so.
“A generous person will prosper; whoever refreshes will be refreshed.”
What kind of gifts and talents has God blessed you
with? How can you share them with your
Jacks Landscaping, a landscape construction company based in Richmond Hill, ON provides
employees with proper compensation both in the winter and summer months. It is a rare
practice in the industry to compensate employees a set pay even during the winter months
with regard to snow removal. Employees are still paid whether it snows or not, which is very
uncommon in the industry. Not only compensation, but Jack's Landscaping provides
employee bbq's, outings, and employee support as a way to show generosity.
Milton Hershey was considered to be a fool by his wealthy contemporaries. His chocolate
company brought him millions of dollars, but he used most of it to invest in a school for
homeless children (now known as the ) and other charitable causes.
Forgiveness as such is a type of sacrificial love and so goes beyond
(though always through) justice.
“Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other,
just as in Christ God forgave you.”
How can forgiveness be relevant to business
What were the positive outcomes of forgiveness?
What are the consequences of non-forgiveness (that
you may have observed or suffered in business)?
John owned a Painting Business which was run as a partnership between himself and another man,
Jacob. They mostly painted commercial industrial buildings such as factories, new office buildings, etc.
After many years of working together, John’s business partner stopped showing up for work, ... in the
middle of working on a large contract. Jacob's continual absence made it impossible for their company to
finish the job on time and as a result, the building contractor who hired them for that job is no longer
willing to work with John’s company. Instead of starting a fight with his partner, however, John exercised
forgiveness because he truly cared for his partner. John was not able to find the partner for more than
two weeks, but was still able to forgive him and actually helped his partner deal with family troubles that
he was having at the time.
Special Group: Widows,
Janice is a highly educated top executive in charge of research and
development. John is her underpaid assistant, struggling to support
his family. His performance evaluations have always been more than
adequate. As one of his research projects, John designs a creative
software package that addresses major concerns within the
company. He shares this program with Janice, hoping it will bring him
a much needed promotion and raise. Janice’s boss has asked her to
design an innovative and efficient program. But pressures of her
position keep her from setting aside sufficient time to do the
requested work. Janice, eager to successfully complete the job her
boss assigned, is thinking of presenting John’s program to her boss
and passing it off as her own. If John objects, she can threaten to
lower his performance evaluations or possibly even fire him. But
Janice doesn’t pass it off as her own.