Integrated Institutions for Integrated Solutions

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Presentation by Professor Greg Marsden www.its.leeds.ac.uk/people/g.marsden

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Integrated Institutions for Integrated Solutions

  1. 1. Institute for Transport Studies title style FACULTY OF EARTH AND ENVIRONMENT Integrated Institutions for Integrated Solutions Professor Greg Marsden Institute for Transport Studies University of Leeds
  2. 2. Integration style title • Strategic – between policies for different modes – between policies on infrastructure, management, information and pricing – between transport and land use • Operational – interchanges – fares, service levels, information
  3. 3. Transport for London title style • Its main role is to implement the Mayor's Transport Strategy for London and manage transport services across the Capital for which the Mayor has responsibility. Services include: – – – – – – – London's buses London Underground Docklands Light Railway (DLR) London Overground Tramlink London River Services Victoria Coach Station • Other roles include – – – – – Managing the Congestion Charge Maintaining 580km of main roads and all of London's traffic lights Regulating the city's taxis and private hire trade Dial-a-ride, Taxicard and travel for mobility impaired Promoting a range of walking and cycling initiatives
  4. 4. Transport for London and the Boroughs title style • 95% of the road network is managed by the Boroughs • Local Implementation Plans and grant funding
  5. 5. London Key Statistics title style
  6. 6. London key statistics title style
  7. 7. Importance of funding certainty title style • 5 year funding settlement from central government
  8. 8. Income vs expenditure title style Source: TfL Business Plan
  9. 9. Integration of Land-Use and Transport title style • New regeneration sites • Borrow against Community Infrastructure Levy
  10. 10. Innovation in Financing title style
  11. 11. Incentives for efficiency title style • Incentives are there to save so can borrow and reinvest • £294m of savings in 2014/15 • £1bn of engineering savings from Cross Rail
  12. 12. Role of local accountability title style • Annual business plan • Annual performance reporting • GLA scrutiny committee
  13. 13. A site of national innovation title style Source: The Guardian – Graham Robertson Source: www.jeremyjacobs.com Source: TwoWheelsGoodFourWheelsBad.blogspot.com Source: The Guardian – Daniel Berehulak
  14. 14. 4 critical governance dimensions title style • • • • Strategy Coordination and Legal Status Delivery Funding and Finance
  15. 15. Governance Reforms - Manchester title style • 10 districts – Greater Manchester Combined Authority • Comprised of 33 elected members from the Districts - but not ‘directly accountable’ • Transport for Greater Manchester – Strategy – Full control – Coordination and legal status – Legal entity, partial coordination (buses, rail) – Delivery – all non-rail major schemes – Funding and financing – With more limits than London
  16. 16. Scale title style
  17. 17. And there is not a Mayor... title style
  18. 18. Governance Reforms – Kuala Lumpur title style • 20 years in the discussion • Reform done at national level as laws not really configured for regional body • Core capacities also held nationally • Led by Prime Minister (initially) • Tackled corruption in licensing system Source: www.exploration-online.co.uk
  19. 19. Governance Reforms – Kuala Lumpur title style • Governance reform (SPAD) – Strategy – Full control (but unwilling partners) and planning filter – Coordination and legal status – Legal entity, partial coordination (licensing) – Delivery – oversight – Funding and financing – Largely held by other central government departments Source: www.exploration-online.co.uk
  20. 20. Governance Reforms - Bangalore title style • UMTA established to access funds from national government • No legal status • Politically unappealing position • No technical capacity • Existing agencies lost none of their funds or delivery remit • Easy strategies possible but no major changes • Other governance reforms hang over UMTA
  21. 21. Governance Reforms - Bangalore title style • Reforms – Strategy - partial – Coordination and legal status – weak and no powers – Delivery – none – Funding and financing – through other agencies
  22. 22. Some concluding thoughts title style • Integrated solutions to cross-cutting problems • Key elements of effective institutional frameworks – – – – Strategy Coordination and Legal Status Delivery Funding and Finance • Governance reforms are a process • First stage of the process is critical – – – – Integration of remit important – strategy owner ‘Long-term’ funding settlements Financial freedoms Joint funder status • Democratic accountability – facilitator • Technical and financial capacity - important
  23. 23. title style Thank You G.R.Marsden@its.leeds.ac.uk

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