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In 1842 Charlotte Jungstedt married Gustav Faberge, famed for establishing the House of
In the book “F...
to be a discrepancy over his first name as Geza von Habsburg and John Booth both
suggest his first name was Erik. It is no...
The Faberges remained protestant throughout their life’ s journey. Can we find any records
from churches, cemeteries etc? ...
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Charlotte Faberge (Jungstedt)


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Very little information is available about the life of the wife of Gustav Faberge, founder of the Russian Imperial Jeweller "FABERGE". Sponsors are welcome to contact. Research in St. Petersburg and Dresden is included in the project.

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Charlotte Faberge (Jungstedt)

  1. 1. Background In 1842 Charlotte Jungstedt married Gustav Faberge, famed for establishing the House of Faberge. In the book “Faberge - His life and work” published in 1949 and written by Henry Charles Bainbridge the author suggests Charlotte was possibly of Swedish or Danish origin. However, authors John Booth and Geza von Habsburg both suggest that Charlotte was Danish. Her father has also been described as being a painter. A. Kenneth Snowman in his book “The Art of Carl Faberge” published in 1962 goes one step further and writes the father of Charlotte was called Carl Jungstedt and a Danish painter. However, reference books at the Royal Art Library at Charlottenborg Palace in Copenhagen show no evidence of any painter called Carl Jungstedt producing any work in Denmark. Gustav Faberge was born in 1814 in Pernau, Estonia. His ancestors were Huguenots and forced to flee Picardy, Northern France in 1685 as a result of the “Revocation of Edict of Nantes”. The family first settled in Schwedt-on-Oder near Stettin in Pomerania, Prussia and later moved to Pernau, Estonia where Gustav was born. It is not known what year Gustav arrived in St. Petersburg, Russia nor the circumstances of how he met Charlotte Jungstedt. Gustav Faberge first appears in the city registers during the 1830´s working with a jeweller called Andreas Spiegel and afterwards with a well known jeweller of Prussian origin called Johann Wilhelm Keibel. Gustav and Charlotte appear to have married in 1842, the same year he opened his first shop at 12 Bolshaya Morskaya Street. Four years later their famous “goldsmith” son, Peter Carl Faberge was born. The date being 30 May 1846. Peter Carl was baptised at the Swedish Church in St. Petersburg and later attended the exclusive St. Anne´s Gymnasium. In 1860 Gustav and Charlotte retired to Dresden, Germany. In 1861 there is information to suggest that Peter Carl attended the Dresden Handelsschule and was Confirmed at the Dresden Kreuzkirche. It is not known where the Faberge family lived nor how they met their daily living costs in Dresden. However, it is assumed some sort of income was received from the Faberge business in St. Petersburg which was being managed by Peter Hiskias Pendin and a person called Zaionchovsky. Pendin, who had originally trained as an optician, was a great influence on Peter Carl Faberge and encouraged him to visit the Green Vaults Museum in Dresden as often as possible. It is assumed that Gustav and Charlotte Faberge both died in Dresden and were buried at a cemetery within the city. The author A. Kenneth Snowman confirms in his book that Gustav Faberge died on his 79th birthday. The date being the 30th February 1893. In 1870 Peter Carl Faberge became head of the family firm and in 1885 the House of Faberge was awarded its second Gold Medal at the Nuremberg, Fine Art Exhibition in Germany. The master goldsmith and craftsman responsible for the “Scythian reproduction project” at the House of Faberge was a Swedish-Finn called Edward Kollin (There seems
  2. 2. to be a discrepancy over his first name as Geza von Habsburg and John Booth both suggest his first name was Erik. It is not known why Henry C. Bainbridge suggests his name was Edward because he was close to the Faberge family and would have known this detail). The “reproduction project” which started the House of Faberge on its path to huge success was focused on creating various copies of Scythian gold burial treasure discovered at Kerch in the Crimea in 1867. There is no mention if the craftsman made identical copies or incorporated their own sense of creativity for modern purposes such as using the Scythian art to design gold bracelets or cufflinks. The idea for the project came from the Art Connoisseur and President of the Imperial Archaeological Society, Count Sergei Stroganoff. The project also received Royal approval from Tsar Alexander III of Russia. It is also considered that due to the proximity of Nuremberg and the distance from Dresden, both Gustav and Charlotte may have visited the 1885 Art Exhibition, making use of the Saxon-Bavarian railway. Henry Charles Bainbridge mentions in his book that the original Scythian treasure is located in the Hermitage, St. Petersburg. However, the reproductions that won the Gold Medal at Nuremberg in 1885 are nowhere to be found and remain a mystery. This is because no owner, who may have purchased an item, has ever revealed their identity. Thus any information that could have been gleaned from 20th century exhibitions and catalogues is not available. There is also another mystery concerning the inventory of what was discovered at Kerch and the work of the original Greco-Scythian goldsmith. Expert Caspar Meyer, who has studied Greco-Scythian treasure, believes the original gold was from Kul-Oba in 1830 and not Kerch. In 1898 Peter Carl Faberge opened a new building complete with shop, goldsmith workshop and living accommodation at 24 Bolshaya Morskaya Street. Faberge´s clients were the rich and famous from all over Europe. The firm was at the height of its success. However, within twenty years and in 1918 the Faberge´s were forced to flee the Russian Revolution and live in Wiesbaden and Bad Homburg, Germany. During his 74th birthday celebrations with friends he was taken ill. He moved to Lausanne in June and lived out his final days in Switzerland. On the morning of 24 September 1920 he died at Hotel Bellevue, La Rosiaz and was cremated and buried in the protestant cemetery in the town. His wife, Augusta Julia Faberge, died in 1925 in Cannes, France and the ashes of Peter Carl Faberge were transferred from Lausanne to Cannes in 1929 where he was reburied with his wife in the local protestant cemetery. After a journey of 244 years and almost like completing a full circle, the Faberge family were reunited in France. THOUGHTS A major collector of Faberge in Sweden was Dr Emanuel Nobel. Did he keep any diaries?
  3. 3. The Faberges remained protestant throughout their life’ s journey. Can we find any records from churches, cemeteries etc? Dresden and St. Petersburg are key areas for research. President Valdimir Putin was a KGB Officer based in Dresden during the Cold War, can he help? There will have been various observations recorded when Gustav retired early. It does seem that the couple were very fond of Dresden due to the 1850 photograph. Did anyone keep a diary? Dresden seems to have played a key part in their lives and yet there is very little information available. Why? What was their address? There is also not much known about the goldsmith work of Gustav Faberge. Why? Was Edward (Erik) Kollin a colleague of Gustav?